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HISTORY of the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY

Presentation notes by Perry Ruff Longaker, b. 1934
In 1895, a group of people in the Philadelphia Pa. area met to form an organization to implement the reunion of the Longacre, Longaker, and Longenecker Families, the descendants of the two Swiss Langenegger brothers, Daniel and Ulrich. The first president of the committee was the Honorable A. B. Longaker of Norristown, Pa. From the beginning of this committee, efforts were made to solicit biographical information from the families with the idea of future publication. It appears that Judge Longaker had been gathering historical material for some time before the formation of the committee and was likely one of the prime movers in this endeavor. The first convention was held in Pottstown Pa. in 1896 and subsequent reunions were held in the same area at least until 1915.

In 1902, a 310 page, hard-bound book was printed entitled, "History of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family" with A. B. Longaker as the editor and historian of the Association. An original copy of the "History" has been scanned and translated and is presented here in a single (.htm) file.

It is as faithful to the original printing as is possible without making excessive demands upon the software with which it might be read. It does, of course, only include information collected by the Association up to 1902. It appears that A. B. Longaker has added short genealogical linkages to many of the biographical sketches. These must be considered, in some cases, as educated guesses and not as documented evidence. The Index of the "History", which is not comprehensive as far as all names mentioned, contains on occasion, details that do not appear in the text.

HISTORY of the LONGACRE-LONGAKER- LONGENECKER FAMILY


PUBLISHED FOR THE COMMITTEE.


PHILADELPHIA, PA. - LUTHERAN PUBLICATION SOCIETY.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.
Origin-Organization-Minutes of the Proceedings-Members' Names-List of Subscribers for the History -Re-unions, When and Where Held-The Business Transacted-Programme of the Exercises-Election of Officers,etc .....Page 9

CHAPTER II.
General Biography-Ancestral Stems-Colonial Immi-grants-Their Number-Whence they Came-When and Where they Settled-Their Vocations-Real Estate Purchased-Their Posterity, with Biographies and Genealogies to the Beginning of and Including a Period of About Twenty-five Years of the First Part of the Nineteenth Century-Services in the War of the Revolution-In the War of 1812-1814-Civil War-And Spanish-American War.....Page 73

CHAPTER III.
Genealogies of those Living-Sketches of Families-Branches-Ancestral Stems-Pedigrees-Personal Traits -Temperament-Color of Hair and Eyes-Height-Weight - Complexion - Characteristics - Professions- Vocations-Date of Birth and Death-Date of Marriage-Issue-Names of those Dead and those Living-Those Serving in the Civil War-Letters-And Extracts from Letters, etc .....Page 97


Key to Abbreviations.-b. (for born), d. (died), m. (married), numerals [1], [2], [3], etc., by surname from lowest to highest denote, in pedigree, generations by an ascending scale, and from the highest to the lowest denote generations by a descending scale.

PREFACE

After the first meeting had taken place and resulted in a Re-union Association, to meet periodically, about every three years, it was desirable to adopt some medium for an interchange of sentiment; and in order to obtain harmonious action amongst all who might be disposed to promote the objects of the work a special correspondence was tried for a period of nearly two years; it failed to produce a definite and harmonious result.

A circular letter, with diagram and chart attached, was then issued, as follows:

Surname, Given name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Remarks, Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry, Names of her children.

Father's name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death, Date of death. Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage, Wife's name. Remarks on her parentage and ancestry.

(Paternal) grandfather's name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth. Place of death. Date of death. Remarks concerning him. Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry.

Great-grandfather's name, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death. Date of death. Remarks concerning him. Date of marriage. Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry.

Great-great-grandfather, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death, Date of death, Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage. Wife's name. Remarks on her parentage and ancestry.

Great-great-great-grandfatber, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth. Place of death, Date of death. Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry.

If there are more than the six generations, for which space has been allowed on preceding pages, tbey can be given on a separate sheet of paper. Names of the children of each generation,with dates of birth, death, marriage and to whom married, can also be given on a separate sheet; also additional remarks.

Anyone will be furnished, upon application, with additional copies of this blank form, either for their own use or for that of their friends or relatives, and they are cordially invited to write, below, the names of persons who may be interested in the work.

No charge is made for inserting a lineage. If a copy of the volume is desired (price, $1.00, payable after delivery and acceptance as satisfactory), please make a note of it below.

LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER REUNION.

By a thorough, though not entirely an exhaustive research, it is believed-that the Colonial Ancestry of these families is from three stems, viz.: Daniel Longenecker, who immigrated from Switzerland between 1720 and 1727, and purchased 240 acres of land at Mingo, Montgomery County, Pa., in 1733; Ulrich Longenecker in 1733, with his sons Ulrich and Jacob; having been preceded by his sons, David in 1719, John in 1727, and Christian in 1729; they settled in Lancaster County; and Andrew Longacre some time prior to 1700, who filed a draft for 250 acres of land in Philadelphia County. July 9th, 1706.

From these three stems there comes a posterity, many of whom are residents of the counties of Montgomery, Chester, Delaware, Lancaster, York, Cumberland, etc., Philadelphia City, and others in many of the States of the United States, now known under the names of Longenecker, Longnecker, Longanaker, Longaker, and Longacre.

The objects of the Association are the holding of re-unions, and the preservation of ancestral pedigree by the publication of a volume containing biographical sketches with incidents and events, either public or private, which are worthy of historic record, and as well the proceedings of the first Re-union, which was held in 1896, giving a list of the names of those who were in attendance (in number about 250). It is under consideration to have a second re-union some time the current year; the time and place will be hereafter announced.

Each person receiving this circular is requested at an early date (at the furthest before July 1st next) to fill attached blank and return the same, giving pedigree as far back as known, names, ages, and marriages of their children, carefully forming legibly each letter or figure, so that mistakes may be avoided, together with all matters of interest incident thereto, to be used by the historian in arranging the pedigree and biographical sketches; and especially narrate all facts, events, etc., which are important in the family history, with profession, business pur- suits or vocation; and the personality of the subject, noting general appearance, height, weight, cast of features, complexion, shape of nose, forehead, mouth and head, color of eyes and hair, temperament, etc.-these all are interesting features in family history. A. B. LONGAKER, President.
NORRISTOWN, PA., April, 1899

The correspondence, which theretofore had been fragmentary and fugitive, then became definite and cohesive; and, as a result, well-prepared biographical sketches have been presented and printed, as the subsequent pages of this volume fully show; and also genealogies, herein submitted, whether by diagram, chart, or narrative, will afford those interested in the work well-prepared forms to suit the most exacting, and will enable anyone desirous to do so to complete his pedigree by supplying the missing link with a continuing and connected entry upon the intervening blank pages inserted for that purpose.

In order to confine this volume within the number of pages intended, it became necessary to exclude a chapter devoted to letters, records, drafts, etc. As the book progressed this omission has been supplied by inserting extracts from letters pertinent to the subject matter, and of which they are explanatory or illustrative.

It seems to be physiologically true that some of the children of subsequent generations will be of a type strongly resembling their ancestral prototype; it is therefore desirable to give, as has been done by some, their personal characteristics, so that their offspring may be able to know the features, form, etc., of their progenitor. There is an ever-pervading sentiment, not born of curiosity, but innate in the economy of the development of the human race, to know, and to perpetuate and reproduce, the personality of those long since departed; and therefore to note the features, complexion, color of the hair and eyes, temperament, physical form, and traits of character, is regarded a special privilege, if not a duty, afforded the members of this Association to give to their posterity a recorded memorial of their family history, and to perpetuate that which is now known to them, and to afford to those who may desire to do so an opportunity to prosecute further search to find out that which still remains unknown.

The volume itself is an unfinished, not a completed, book. The prospectus designed nothing more than sketches, and while some biographies are quite full and some genealogies are complete and an unbroken pedigree from the colonial and ancestral immigrant to the present time, others are incomplete, and, as soon as data shall be found to supply that which is wanting, they also will be completed.

It is believed that the submission at this time of the doings, acts, and undertakings of the members of this Re-union, and as is here presented, have erected a fundamental structure upon which to rear in the future a superstructure fitting and unique in all its proportions, and that it may well be said, by those who may hereafter complete the work, that this ASSOCIATION "builded better than it knew."

In submitting his work in the compilation and arrangement of the subject matter, the historian recognizes very able and zealous co-workers, who gave very valuable assistance and suggestions, and who especially submitted various diagrams, forms, sketches, genealogies, and biographies so well adapted to the subject matter; whatever may be found worthy of commendation, each did his part so well and willingly, as well as the publisher, that all are alike to be commended.

HISTORY OF THE LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY - CHAPTER I

ORIGIN AND ORGANIZATION OF THE REUNION ASSOCIATION.
The Report of the Secretary and Minutes set forth sufficiently its Origin and Organization.
FIRST CONVENTION, AUGUST 30, 1896. AT RINGING ROCKS, NEAR POTTSTOWN, PA.


FIRST MEETING.

Yerkes, Pa., September 28, 1895.

A number of the members of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family met at the home of Mrs. Caroline E. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa.. on the 28th day of September, 1895, for the purpose of forming an organization to effect a re-union of the family. Mr. C. Lincoln Boner was made temporary chairman and Miss Gertrude B. Longaker temporary secretary. Rev. Frank C. Longaker opened the meeting with prayer, after which an organization was formed, and officers were elected as follows:

After a short retirement on the part of this committee, the following was submitted:

After some discussion, item No. 3 was dropped, and the report then adopted as corrected.
It was moved and seconded that a committee on programme be elected, and that the mover, Mr. Henry A. Longacre, be precluded from the committee. Motion lost.
On motion, the following committees were appointed:

Rev. Frank C. Longaker made a motion that a committee on constitution be appointed. Motion lost.
On motion, the ladies of the Programme Committee attend to the matter of refreshments.
Moved and seconded that Committee on Finance, with Treasurer as chairman, be appointed to raise money necessary for the movement. Motion lost.
Moved and seconded that the next meeting be held at 220 Chestnut Street, Pottstown, Pa., on the first Saturday night in December, at 7 o'clock.
There being no further business, those present were invited to the dining-room, where refreshments were served.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary.

SECOND MEETING.

Pottstown, Pa., December 7, l895.

A meeting of several members of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family was held at 220 Chestnut Street, Pottstown, Pa. In the absence of the President, Mr. C. Lincoln Boner, Vice-President, called the meeting to order. The meeting was opened with prayer by Mr. Walter F. Longacre. The minutes of the previous meeting were then read. Then followed the reports of committees. On Programme, Mr. Walter F. Longacre, chairman, reported the Hon. A. B. Longaker had consented to give a sketch of the family, and Rev. F. C. Longaker would contribute a poem. The Committee on Place suggested Ringing Rocks Park, Pottstown, Pa., which was adopted, and the committee continued. Mr. Henry A. Longacre, chairman of Committee on Arrangements, reported progress.

On motion, the time for the Re-union was left to the Committee on Arrangements. The procuring of refreshments was given into the hands of the ladies. Under the head of new business, Mr. W. F. Longacre suggested that a register be procured for the day of the Re-union, in order that all members might register.

Moved and seconded that his suggestion be adopted.
Adjourned to meet at Jeffersonville, Pa., on May 2, 1896.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary,

THIRD MEETING.

Jeffersonville, Pa., May 2, 1896.

A meeting of the committee was held at Jeffersonville, Pa., Hon. A. B. Longaker, President, in the chair. Meeting opened with prayer by W. F. Longacre. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. Committee on Arrange- ments reported progress. The Entertainment Committee reported that Rev. J. H. Longacre, Weissport, Pa., would take the part on the programme assigned to him. It was suggested that one of the committee correspond with the members of the family in Lancaster County, Pa.

It was moved and seconded that No. 10 be stricken from the order of business.

It was moved and seconded that the next meeting be held on June 6, 1896, at the Hartranft House, Norristown, Pa.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary.

FOURTH MEETING.

Norristown, Pa., June 6, 1896.

The meeting was called to order by the President, Hon. A. B. Longaker, at 8 o'clock p. m.

It was moved and seconded that Miss Gertrude B. Longaker arrange with the manager of Ringing Rocks Park for a date, either the third or fourth week in August.

On motion, the members of the committee pledged themselves to defray expenses.

It was moved and seconded that Mr. Henry A. Longacre and Miss Gertrude B. Longaker be appointed a committee on invitations.
Adjourned.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary.

The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family was held at Ringing Rocks Park, Pottstown, Pa., on August. 20, 1896. The day was a beautiful one, and the family largely represented. A few minutes past 11 o'clock a. m. the meeting was called to order by Hon. A. B. Longaker, President. The meeting was opened by Rev. L. K. Evans, Pottstown, Pa., who invoked the blessing of God upon the assembly. Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, then delivered the address of welcome, in a very pleasing manner, which was followed with a piano solo by Miss Florence Shenkle, Phoenixville, Pa. The Hon. A. M. Beitler, Philadelphia, Pa., then delivered an address on the Brower Branch of of the Longaker Family. A piano solo by Miss Anna R. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., was next in order. Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa., then gave a great many interesting facts in reference to the Longaker Family, from the time they came to this country from Switzerland, about 1727 to 1733, to the present day. Mr. David Evans, Philadelphia, Pa., then favored us with a cornet solo. The programme being concluded, a short business session was held.

On motion of Mr. Henry A. Longacre, of Jeffersonville, Pa., the convention was changed into a permanent organization, with the Hon. A. B. Longaker, of Norristown, Pa., as its chairman. It was then moved and seconded that the present committee be continued, with the addition of enough more persons to make the number fifteen.
The following officers were then elected:

The matter of holding a re-union every three or five years was left to the discretion of the committee. During the day a telegram was received from Judge J. H. Longenecker, Bedford, Pa., regretting his inability to be present, and wishing all a very joyous Reunion. All departed in the evening with the recollection of having spent the 20th of August, 1896, both profitably and pleasantly.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. Pottstown, Pa., August 20,1896.

ADDRESS OF WELCOME.

BY REV. FRANK C. LONGAKER.

The present occasion is not a new one. Reunions of this kind are so surprisingly frequent at the present as to assume somewhat the nature of a fad. Yet we would not call this occasion the outgrowth of a desire to be in the fashion. While other re-unions may fall under this head, we still congratulate ourselves that our gathering is necessary, that it has in it a purpose nobler than mere notoriety.

But, after all, to most of you this Re-union is a new idea, having never before been so directly interested in a family Re-union. On the other hand, to those who arranged for the present gathering, the idea is an old and familiar one. Already in January, 1895, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, now Secretary of the General Committee, wrote to me concerning the advisability of such a re-union. Others were at work before, offering suggestions and attempting to give the matter permanent form. For years Hon. A. B. Longaker was gathering material for a biography of the Longakers. From the time of Miss Gertrude's first letter to me until the first meeting of the committee, correspondence and personal interviews were frequent. The plans suggested had a sensible appearance; and so earnest and zealous were some of our cousins, that, when the first meeting of the committee was held at Yerkes, in September, 1895, the Reunion was an assured fact At the first meeting of the representatives of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family, a temporary committee was organized to take this year's convention in hand. The committee met from time to time to plan and arrange for a successful gathering. In their meetings there was more than mere talk-and I say this all the more gladly on account of having attended only once.

The work of this temporary committee is before you. In to-day's convention and festivities it is all summed up. No one need imagine that it was an easy matter to arrange to-day's exercises. Difficulties showed themselves again and again. How to get the people-the Longakers-interested in this Re-union? was the perplexing problem. Some could not see the use of a re-union, while others thought it would be a picnic for the committee only. Well, it was a kind of a picnic for them, I confess.

However, in the work of planning and arranging some pleasing episodes were sandwiched in. Soon after becoming a resident of Ohio, I learned of Longakers or Longaneckers living near Columbiana of that State. A letter of inquiry was at once addressed to them, and the Re-union project presented. In due time a reply was received. Their family history was plainly and briefly stated. But at the conclusion of his letter, the dear cousin said: "But it is impossible for you to be related to us, since we and our people have been Mennonites from time immemorial." Another, not invited by the first invitation sent out, wrote to the Secretary that he would come, invited or uninvited, if he had to travel a thousand miles. These examples show that some were afraid of the Re-union; afraid that it would establish false relationships, and do violence to religious convictions of long standing. Others were afraid that we should miss them in the invitations, and so be deprived of their smiles for this occasion.

So instances of amusing happenings and difficulties might be multiplied. But you ask, Why all this labor, and, I may add, expense? Only for the purpose of becoming acquainted with each other, of shaking each other by the hand, and saying, "I, too, am a Longaker." Yes, these are some of the reasons for our gathering to-day. But not all. We desire to become acquainted with our past; we want to know whence we came, and how we came hither; we want to know who our forefathers were, whether noble or ignoble, whether famed in myth and legend or unsung and forgotten, whether they feared God or served time and the world.

These things we desire to know. To-day steps are to be taken to organize a permanent committee. In the years to come this committee is to dig and search in the records of the past for our fathers, and the part they took in developing civilization. The work of the present is incomplete. New members are to be enlisted in the work. New material for the family history is to be collected. Hence our meeting is for profit and pleasure. Let us have the profit, and the pleasure will come.

You have been invited here, Longakers' and Longeneckers' by proxy. The time of year is such as to cause you to long for a brief rest from your work, whatever it may be. The place selected is intended to invite you. Touch yonder rocks, and they will ring out a glad welcome to you all. To attend to the business before us you are urged; to participate in the pleasures provided you are invited. Let this day be long remembered. And now to all alike: Salve! All hail!

ADDRESS OF HON. A. M. BEITLER, (One of the Judges of the Courts of Philadelphia)

Mr. Chairman and Kinsfolk:

To me has been given the pleasant but difficult task of speaking on the Brower branch of the Longaker Family. I appreciate the honor and recognize the duty, but, at the same time, I feel my inability to do justice to the subject.

We, of the Browers, can trace, our line back, by links unquestionable, to Henry Brower, who had the good sense, or good fortune, his first wife having died, of selecting a Longaker as his second wife. She was the grand-daughter of Daniel Langenecker. Her mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Langenecker, who had married Jacob High. He came to this country with the German name of Hoch. He evinced a progressiveness which has ever since been a distinguishing trait in his posterity, and soon anglicized his name and was called High.

Henry Brower and Barbara High were married about 1750, or a year or two prior thereto. The exact date I believe is unknown. We know that in 1741 he purchased a farm from Peter De Fraine, father of his first wife. His last child by that marriage (there were but two) was born April 1, 1845; The date of the death of his first wife, nee De Fraine, I do not know.

Henry Brower's second wife bore him five children, four sons and one daughter. One of the sons died unmarried. The daughter married Jacob Urmy.

Henry Brower's children by the first marriage were a son and a daughter. Both married, the daughter, Jacob Baugh; the son, Magdalena Buck-walters.

Were I to attempt to trace the descendants of Henry Brower by his two marriages through his sons and daughters, and through the five or six generations who have come into the world since his death, I would assume a task which would be impossible of performance on my part for lack of data, and would make an essay less interesting and longer than a candidate's acceptance of a nomination. I may safely say, however, that one may go through Chester and Montgomery Counties and find his descendants in every township and in every walk of life. They are good citizens, living up to the highest standards of morality in public and in private life, and performing each, conscientiously and manfully, the duty in life allotted to him.

If we would inquire what character of men our ancestors were, we find, as to them as individuals, but little positive data but much negative in character. They were all Mennonites. Daniel Langenecker was a Mennonite preacher. This sect had peculiar religious beliefs. Prominent was the desire to avoid vanity. This led them to keep self in, the background. No credit was taken for a good deed done; no record made of achievements indicating the possession of ability above the ordinary. If a church was built, no record of those subscribing, no mention of the committee through whose efforts the funds were obtained or under whose supervision the work was done were preserved. If a book was printed the author's name was not disclosed. They were indifferent to their past They lived sober, solemn, godly lives. They esteemed godliness above everything else; in fact, all else was vanity. Hence, we do not find much to aid us in determining just what our ancestors a hundred and fifty years ago were like or did. But one of the things ordained by Penn, and scrupulously carried out by his systematic and Quaker officeholders, was to keep neat, accurate, and complete public records; and, while the records show that it was not unusual, two hundred years ago, to find a Mennonite decline to serve in public office, the records show no ancestor of ours at the bar of justice for offense against the law. They were non-resistant in belief. They were called "defenseless Christians." Those records which evidence the ownership of real property, its transmission by deed and will, bear frequent witness to the thrift of our people. Their material prosperity was spoken of by everyone who made a study of them. If we would know more of them, we must, in default of accurate knowledge of individuals, study them as a class, and this retrospect has to do almost exclusively with the Mennonites. In speaking of them, however, brief mention of our State's history must be made for the sake of continuity of narrative and historical accuracy.

Pennsylvania, of all the present States of the Union, bears the imprint of the Dutch and the German more plainly than any other. The earliest settlers were the Dutch. They came in 1623. After them came the Swedes, who were, in turn, supplanted by the Dutch, who finally were compelled to give way to the English.

The first real explorer of the Delaware was Captain Hendrickson, a Dutchman. In 1616 he came up the river as far as the mouth of the Schuylkill. The Dutch made their first settlement in 1623, on the Jersey side of the river opposite the present site of Philadelphia. This settlement was subsequently abandoned for Newcastle in Delaware.

In 1638 the Swedes came. They founded the present city of Chester, and built a fort at Tinicum. The Dutch secured control again in 1655, though they did not dispossess the Swedes of their holdings.

In 1664 the English conquered the province, and from thenceforth their dominion continued.

Subsequently, in 1681, the province of Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn.

The Swedes, the Dutch, and the English, prior to Penn's acquisition, had made but little headway in settling the country or establishing a government. True, each has left some landmarks, but the creation of the Commonwealth dates from the charter to Penn, and a study of the character of the immigration for the next fifty years makes clear how much our State is indebted to the Quakers, the Tunkers, the Mennonites, and those Germans, Swiss, and Dutch who came here to find an asylum from religious persecution.

The men who founded Pennsylvania were of intense. religious convictions. The foundation stone upon which the colony was built was religious liberty.

The Quakers, the Tunkers, and the Mennonites had much in common, both in creed and in manners. They had been preceded in the years of the Reformation by many sects, some strong, some weak, some lasting for but a little while, others enduring for years. Their names now seem strange, and a study of their creeds would be interesting only to the historian or to the theologian. Most of these sects, such as the Anabaptists, Familists, Seekers, and others, were swallowed up by the Baptists and Quakers in England, and by the Mennonites and Tunkers in Holland and Germany. The Quakers may be said to have had their beginning about the middle of the seventeenth century. The English Quakers of Penn's time dressed in plain garb. They were opposed to war, official oaths, and politics. Their methods were peaceful. Those who came to the new colony were compelled, however, by their very surroundings, to assume a very prominent part in the government and politics of the colony, and by force of circumstances many of their Society openly favored defensive war.

Penn guaranteed religious liberty in his colony. At that time the Mennonites were being persecuted in Switzerland and in Germany, and the new colony, holding out the hope of peace and the enjoyment of religious belief without molestation, became a Mecca for these persecuted ones to seek. Hence we find the Germans and Dutch flocking to Pennsylvania-the first considerable body coming in 1683. From that time forward the Germans and Dutch came in great numbers. They were almost entirely of the Mennonite sect.

The origin of this sect is not free from doubt. By some they are said to have been the successors of the Anabaptists, or an outgrowth from that sect. Others trace their descent from the Waldenses. This much is known: That Menno Simons was born in 1492; that he was educated for the priesthood and ordained, and that in 1536 he severed his connection with the Romish Church. He taught the severance of Church and State, non-resistance, and opposition to the taking of oaths. He soon became the leader of a sect. They adopted plain dress and simple manners. They grew in numbers and were called Mennonites. A study of the tenets of faith of the Quakers leads to an appreciation of the fundamental likeness of the two sects, and indeed the Mennonites and the Quakers fraternized abroad and here, holding services in the same meeting-houses and greeting one another as friends. It is not at all strange that the Quaker colony attracted the Mennonites who were worn out with persecution abroad.

For historical accuracy mention should be made of the fact that with the Mennonites and Tunkers, though in less numbers, came the Pietists, the Schwenkfelders and numerous other sects, each holding as its own some peculiar tenet of faith, but all alike in the main. The Tunkers believed in baptism by immersion, while the Mennonites baptized by sprinkling. They differed but little in any other point in their creed from the Mennonites. They were, however, more peculiar than the latter in the severity of the plainness of their dress. From a split in the Tunkers came the German Seventh- Day Baptists, who established the settlement at Ephrata.

A review of the immigration of the last century into Pennsylvania would be interesting, but it does not concern us to-day. Our ancestors, both Daniel Langenecker and Henry Brower, were Mennonites of the true faith. They came either from Switzerland, Germany, or Holland. It is proper that we, their descendants, should at this time, lacking details as to their life and achievements, glance at what their sect did.

Too little credit has been given in the history of our State to the impress made by the Germans or Dutch. Their coming was coincident with the Quakers. They held the same belief as to non- participation in government as the Quakers. The latter were, by circumstances, compelled to assume direction and control of public affairs. Our ancestors held to their faith. They studiously avoided participation in public matters. They shrank from the public gaze. They clung together, living up to their beliefs and fashioning their daily lives by them.

They were tillers of the soil and artisans. One of their number, Willem Rittinghuysen (Ritten-house), built on the Wissahickon the first papermill erected in the colonies. They came here each with his Bible, and that sacred book was printed in German in America many years before it was in English. The settlement at Ephrata had a printing-press, and, in 1748, they printed for the Mennonites the "Martyr's Mirror," fifteen men being engaged, in the work for three years. The paper was made, the printing done by hand, sheet by sheet, and the book bound by the brethren at the Monastery.

If we study the history of our State we will find the Germans adding lustre to every page. Such names as Muhlenberg, Rittenhouse, Wister, Shoemaker, Hiester, Hartranft, and scores of others that might be mentioned, are a part of the history of the province and the State.

A study of the home life of the Mennonites and of their predominant traits should make us proud of our ancestors. They were of sturdy stock. In spite of persecution so bloody as now to be almost past belief, they adhered to their religious doctrines. They were imprisoned, tortured, murdered, but they never gave up. They were driven from place to place; they had no spot to call home. They were poor and oppressed in every way, and yet they clung to their faith and their belief in God, and their magnificent courage never forsook them.

In their daily life here, in Penn's Quaker province, they were industrious, frugal, and thrifty. They understood husbandry thoroughly. They purchased the best land. Frequently their barns were built before their houses were planned, and the barn was frequently more pretentious than the house, and generally larger. The men were quiet, persistent, hard-working, and to each his word was his bond. The simplicity of his church was reflected in the simplicity of his home. He was eminently domestic. Nothing has impressed me more, in the study of the character of these old Mennonites, than the fact, traceable at least in all the family history of the Langeneckers and the Browers, that almost all the men married, and apparently all the women who were asked did the same, and small families were the rare exception.

The women were true helpmeets. They were retiring, modest, but intensely home-loving and thrifty.

The sect has added more to the material prosperity of the state than can be calculated. They have made the southeastern part of Pennsylvania noted for its productiveness.

How much the intensely religious character of these our old ancestors, how much the German-mysticism so predominant in their make-up, how much their quiet, retiring lives and their peaceful, thrifty ways have gone in making Pennsylvania the prosperous, law-abiding, and magnificent commonwealth she is, we cannot of course determine. Sure it is that a state is an aggregate of individuals, that as the people are God-fearing, peace-loving, honest, and thrifty, so will the state be. Each citizen makes his impress upon the state; it may be so little as to be inappreciable, it may be so great as to mould history. Each community likewise stamps its character upon the general mass. When we consider that the Germans in Pennsylvania have been estimated to be from one-third to one-half the total population, we must conclude that the mass must have been greatly moulded and affected by the good qualities of such a large proportion of the whole.

In the early part of the eighteenth century, Governor Keith and Governor Gordon, noting the great numbers of Dutch and Germans reaching the province, secured the adoption of a resolution by the Council that these foreigners landing should take the oath of allegiance, and that the master of each ship should make up a list of his passengers. This order was not at first strictly enforced, but along about 1725 the provisions seem to have been more strictly complied with. The lists of those arriving contained the names of males above sixteen. We can gain some idea of the great number added to the comparatively small population of the province, when we consider that Rupp gathered thirty thousand names of German immigrants from these imperfect and partial lists.

I have already wearied you with the length of my remarks. The subject is interesting, however, and it is difficult to decide how little to say with reference to it or to do even partial justice to it and be brief.

Before I close, however, I want to call your attention to one act of our early Mennonite fathers, the effect of which no man can measure.

On April 18th, 1688, Dirck Op den Graff, Abraham Op den Graff, Gerhard Hendricks, and Francis Daniel Pastorius sent to the Friends' Meeting at Germantown the first protest made in this country against human slavery. This protest shows that while our Mennonite ancestors would not take part in government, and called themselves "defenseless Christians," yet they were ready to raise their voices in protest against that which their religion taught them was wrong. They were protesting against an institution already well established on this continent.

Little did they think that in the years to come mankind would, closer and more closely, study the question then presented by them to the Friends at Germantown. The Friends, who at that time found the question too weighty for their determination, became, nearly two centuries later, the foremost advocates of the abolition of the institution the Mennonites protested against in 1688.

The protest is quaint in its language, but it has the force of truth, that mighty force that, nearly two hundred years later, burst the shackles from four million slaves and rid us forever of the curse of human slavery.

The protest was in these words:
"This is to ye Monthly Meeting held at Rigert Worrells.

"These are the reasons why we are against the traffick of mens-body as followeth: Is there any that would be done or handled at this manner? viz. to be sold or made a slave for all the time of his life? How fearful & faint-hearted are many on sea when they see a strange vassel being afraid it should be a Turck, and they should be tacken and sold for Slaves in Turckey. Now what is this better done as Turcks doe? yea rather is it worse for them, wch say they are Christians for we hear, that ye most part of such Negers are brought heither against their will & consent, and that many of them are stollen. Now tho' they are blace, we cannot conceive there is more liberty to have them slaves, as it is to have other white ones. There is a saying, that we shall doe to all men, like as we will be done ourselves: macking no difference of what generation, descent, or Colour they are. And those who steal or robb men, and those who buy or purchase them, are they not all alicke? Here is liberty of Conscience, wch is right & reasonable, here ought to be lickewise liberty of ye body, except of evildoers, wch is an other case. But to bring men hither, or to robb and sell them against their will, we stand against. In Europe there are many oppressed for Conscience sacke; and here there are those oppressed wch are of a black Colour. And we, who know that men must not comitt adultery, so doe comitt adultery in others, separating wifes from their housbands, and giving them to others, and some sell the children of those poor Creatures to other men. Oh! doe consider well this things, you who doe it, if you would be done at this manner? and if it is done according Christianity? you surpass Holland & Germany in this thing. This mackes an ill report in all those Countries of Europe, where they hear off, that ye Quackers doe here handel men, Licke they handel there ye Cattle; and for that reason some have no mind or inclination to come hither. And who shall maintaine this your cause or plaid for it? Truely we can not do so except you shall inform us better hereoff, viz. that christians have liberty to practise this things. Pray! What thing in the world can be done worse towarts us then if men should robb or steal us away & sell us for slaves to strange Countries, separating housband from their wife & children. Being now this is not done at that manner we will be done at, therefore we contradict & are against this traffick of men body. And we who profess that it is not lawful to steal, must lickewise avoid to purchase such things as are stolen, but rather help to stop this robbing and stealing if possibel, and such men ought to be delivred out of ye hands of ye Robbers and set free as well as in Europe. Then is Pensilvania to have a good report, in stead it hath now a bad one for this sacke in other Countries. Especially whereas ye Europeans are desirous to know in what manner ye Quackers doe rule in their Province & most of them doe loock upon us with an envious eye. But if this is done well, what shall we say, is don evil?

"If once these slaves (wch they say are so wicked and stubborn men) should joint themselves, fight for their freedom and handel their masters and mastrisses, as they did handel them before; will these masters & mastrisses tacke the sword at hand & warr against these poor slaves, licke we are able to belive, some will not refuse to doe? Or have these negers not as much right to fight for their freedom, as you have to keep them slaves?

"Now consider well this thing, if it is good or bad; and in case you find it to be good to handel these blacks at that manner, we desire & require you hereby lovingly that you may infome us herein, which at this time never was done, viz. that Christians have Liberty to do so, to the end we shall be satisfied in this point, & satisfie lickewise our good friends & acquaintances in our natif Country, to whose it is a terrour or fairfull thing that men should be handeld so in Pensilvania.

"This was is from our meeting at Germantown hold ye 18 of the 2 month 1688 to be delivred to the monthly meeting at Richard Warrels.

Pennsylvania takes just pride in the fact that upon her territory was fought the decisive battle of the Civil War, and that at Gettysburg the Rebellion reached high-water mark, and that that great battle, fought under the able leadership of one of her own sons, was the beginning of the downfall of the Rebellion. She must ever, while our independence exists, stand pre-eminent among the original colonies by reason of the fact that within her borders the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed, the first Continental Congress was held, and the Government of the new Union spent the first few years of its life. But when this quaint but sturdy protest of these old Mennonites comes to be well known, Pennsylvania will claim for herself and will be conceded a still more exalted and prominent position among the colonies because it was from amongst her own people that this first protest against human slavery emanated, and we, who trace our ancestry from these Mennonites, who had the foresight and the courage to make this protest and on such incontrovertible grounds, may justly be proud of such ancestry.

The address of Hon. A. B. Longaker is omitted because the subject matter of his remarks appears more fully in the colonial history and biography of the first immigrants.

THOSE PRESENT AT RE-UNION OF 1896.


LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS TO THE HISTORY OF THE LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY.


At a Business Meeting it was resolved that each member shall pay twenty-five (25) cents to defray the ordinary expenses.


At the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family Re-union, held at Ringing Rocks Park, in the summer of 1896, the members there assembled voted to have the proceedings of the meeting published in book form, together with the papers read before the meeting, and any other data relating to the early history of the family which the committee might be able to secure.

The committee have, since the Re-union, held several meetings and have secured considerable, additional information, largely through the efforts of, Judge A. B. Longaker, of Norristown, one of the members of the committee.

RE-UNION OF 1896.

The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family was held at Ringing Rocks Park on August 20, 1896. The day was a beautiful one, and the family largely represented.

A few minutes past eleven A. M., the meeting was called to order by the President, Hon. A. B. Longaker, and it was opened by the Rev. L. K. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., who invoked the blessing of God upon the assembly. Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, then delivered an address of welcome, in a very pleasing manner.* Miss Florence Shenkle, of Phoenixville, then rendered a piano solo, and the Hon. A. M. Beitler delivered an address on the Brower Branch of the Longaker family.** A piano solo by Miss Anna R. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., was next in order. Hon. A. B. Longaker then gave a great many interesting facts in regard to the Longakers, from the time they came to this country from Switzerland, about 1727 to 1733, to the present day. Mr. David Evans, of Philadelphia, then favored us with a cornet solo.

******** * See page 16. ** See page 20.

The programme being concluded, a short business session was held. On motion of Mr. Henry A. Longacre, of Jeffersonville, the convention was changed into a permanent organization, with the Hon. A. B. Longaker, of Norristown, Pa., as chairman. It was then moved and seconded that the present committee be continued, and others added so as to make the number fifteen. On motion, Mr. C. Lincoln Boner, of Philadelphia, was made Vice-President; Miss Lizzie Dismant, of Limerick, Pa., Treasurer; Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa., Secretary.

The matter of holding the Re-union every three or five years was left to the discretion of the committee. During the day a telegram was received from Judge J. H. Longenecker, of Bedford, Pa., expressing his regret at his inability to be present, and wishing all a very joyous re-union.

Two hundred and eighty-five persons entered their names on the register. All departed in the evening with the recollection of having spent the twentieth of August both profitably and pleasantly.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER,
Secretary.

COMMITTEE MEETING.

A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Long-aker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held September 12, 1896, at the Hartranft House, Norristown, Pa..

The meeting was called to order by the President, Hon. A. B. Longaker.

On motion of Mr. H. A. Longacre, it was ordered that the Secretary send a circular to each member of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family, notifying them that on receipt of twenty-five cents they would be registered and a pamphlet, containing proceedings of the Re-union of August 20, 1896, would be sent them.

It was moved and seconded that the Secretary be instructed to write Hon. A. M. Beitler for his address furnished on that occasion, to be filed with the records and published.

Moved and seconded that the Rev. F. C. Longaker also be asked to furnish his address, together with an account of the origin of the movement, and the Hon. A. B. Longaker his history of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family.

On motion, the Secretary was paid $6.92 for expenses incurred.

The following persons were then added to the committee:

It was moved and seconded that the President and Secretary call the next meeting at a time to be set by them.

There being no further business, the meeting adjourned.
GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER,
Secretary.


RE-UNION OF 1899.

The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family was held at Sanatoga Park, Pa., on August 23, 1899.

About eleven o'clock the relatives assembled in the pavilion, and the meeting was called to order by the President, the Hon. A. B. Longaker. After the reading of the minutes by the Secretary, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, the following officers were elected to serve for three years:

An Executive Committee of fifteen persons was appointed by the Chairman, consisting of the following persons:

The Treasurer reported six dollars and forty-two cents in the treasury. It was requested that every member pay twenty-five cents every three years to help defray expenses. The meeting then adjourned, to meet at half-past one.

The Convention re-convened at one-thirty, when the Rev. L. K. Evans opened with prayer. Hon. A. B. Longaker then gave an interesting address, after which Miss Shenkle, of Phoenixville, Pa., rendered a very pretty piano solo. This was followed by a recitation by Miss Mabel Longaker, Pottstown, Pa;, and Daniel L. Evans, of the same place, sang a solo. Miss Mae Longacre, of Eagleville, Pa., gave a recitation, and the programme was closed by a pretty vocal solo by Miss Bertha Detwiler, of Oaks, Pa.

The meeting then adjourned, and the relatives, who had spent a thoroughly enjoyable day together, returned to their different homes.
ANNA R. EVANS,
Secretary.

LIST OF THOSE PRESENT AT THE RE-UNION OF 1899.


MINUTES OF COMMITTEE MEETING,

HELD AT NORRISTOWN, JUNE 22, 1901.

Those present were Hon. A. B. Longaker, M. R. Longacre and wife, C. Lincoln Boner, D. Brower Longaker, Dr. Daniel Longaker, and Henry A Longacre.

Hon. A. B. Longaker occupied the chair, and stated that the object of the meeting was to discuss the issuance of the History of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family.

After considerable discussion, the following was adopted:

Resolved, That the material we have be put into shape at once and printed, and that the price be kept within the limitation of one dollar ($1.00), and that the book be sent to those who have subscribed and who may subscribe for same.

Judge A. B. Longaker stated that the reason more rapid progress had not been made on the manuscript for the book was due to the fact that his eyes have been and still are in a very bad con- dition, and that it would be necessary to employ an amanuensis or stenographer to complete the book, whereupon it was

Resolved, That Judge A. B. Longaker select a stenographer to assist in the preparation of the manuscript for the publishing house, the remuneration not to exceed fifty (50) dollars, and to be paid out of the proceeds of the sale of the book.

There being no further business, the meeting, on motion, adjourned.
HENRY A. LONGACRE,
Secretary Pro Tem.


Norristown, Pa., March 29, 1902.
A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held at the Hartranft House, Saturday, March 29, at three o'clock.

The object of the meeting was to select a place at which to hold the next Re-union, and also to hear any reports concerning the Family History.

Judge A. B. Longaker occupied the chair, and those present were:

Mr. Henry A. Longacre moved that the Re-union be held on Wednesday, August 20, 1902, at Pottstown, and this was adopted. It was also moved and seconded that the place of meeting be Sanatoga Park, and the Secretary was instructed to see the authorities of the Park, and engage it for that day, so that the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family could have sole possession.

A Programme Committee of three, consisting of Henry A. Longacre, Rueben R. Longaker, and Miss Anna R. Evans, was appointed to provide suitable entertainment for the day. This committee was given power to increase their number by the addition of a Reception Committee, consisting of as many as they may deem proper to place thereon.

The subject of badges came up for discussion, but was left over for further consideration.

Judge A. B. Longaker reported progress in his work of preparing the History, and stated that he thought in about four weeks, at least, part of it would be ready for the printer's hands, and in eight weeks he hoped to have it entirely finished.

There being no further, business, the meeting adjourned, to meet at the call of the Chairman of the Programme Committee.
ANNA R. EVANS,
Secretary.

MINUTES OF BUSINESS MEETING, HELD
JUNE 4, 1902.

A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held at the Hartranft House, Norristown, Wednesday evening, June 4, at 7.30 o'clock.

Those present were: Judge A. B. Longaker, H. A. Longacre, C. Lincoln Boner, R. R. Longaker, W. P. Detwiler, Lizzie Dismant, and Anna R. Evans.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. The Treasurer's Report was then read and accepted, and the Secretary was instructed to spread this report on the minutes of the meeting.

TREASURER'S REPORT.

LIZZIE DISMANT,
Treasurer.

Matters concerning the coming Re-union were discussed, and Mr. Henry A. Longacre and C. Lincoln Boner both handed in forms for the invitations to be sent out Both were read, and then the Secretary was asked to write a third, combining the ideas of the two, and send it to Mr. H. A. Longacre for approval.

Judge A. B. Longaker stated that already portions of the book were in the hands of the printer, and the work was going on.

It was moved and seconded that Mr. R. R. Longaker provide suitable badges for distribution to the members of the family on Re-union Day.

The printing of the invitations was given in charge of C. Lincoln Boner.

``

There being no further business, the meeting adjourned at 8.30 o'clock.

ANNA R. EVANS,
Secretary.


INVITATION.

Pottstown, Pa., July 1, 1902.
The Third Triennial Re-union of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family will be held at Sanatoga Park, Pottstown, Pa., on Wednesday, August 20, 1902, at eleven A. M.

Yourself and family are cordially invited to be present.

Sanatoga Park is located about three miles below Pottstown, by which it is connected by trolley, and it can also be reached by trolley from Philadelphia and Norristown.

Express trains on the Reading Railway, leaving Philadelphia at 8.36 and 10.21 A. M., arrive in Pottstown at 9.27 and 11.32 A. M., respectively, and those leaving Reading at 9.25 and 10.15 A. M. reach there at 9.49 and 10.46 A. M., respectively. The trolley cars from the town to the Park run every ten minutes, and accommodations are good.

Persons, not desiring to bring their lunch with them, can obtain the same on the grounds at reasonable rates.

A business meeting will be held at 1.30 P. M., immediately after which a short Literary and Musical Programme will be rendered. A full representation is earnestly requested, as the History of the Family will be ready for distribution at that time.

If you have not as yet sent in your order for the book, you may, if you desire, send a postal asking to have one or more copies reserved for you until Re-union Day. The demand so far has been reasonably good, and assures the committee that before long the edition will be exhausted.

You will confer a great favor on the committee by extending this invitation to any member of the family with whom you may come in contact, as the list of names in possession of the Secretary is doubtless very incomplete.

The day and grounds have been reserved exclusively for the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family, so come and make this Re-union the most successful one ever held.

Cordially yours,
ANNA R. EVANS,
Secretary.
By order of the Committee.

CHAPTER II.


BIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF THE COLONIAL ANCESTORS-COLONIAL STEMS.

Ulrich and Daniel, brothers, are the Colonial ancestors of the Longenecker family in America. 1722 to 1733, and it is probable that some of them were in and around London eight to ten years before sailing for the American Colonies. They were Huguenots, and in Europe, as well as here, were German Quakers and affiliated and worshiped with the English Quakers. Their ancestors fled from the Spanish Inquisition, and, after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, escaped to Switzerland and settled in and near to Zurich.

They were educated, and in literary attainments are to be regarded as progressive as were those educators who settled in provinces along the Rhine, and who were at least one hundred years in advance of other European districts.

Daniel was a Mennonite preacher and Christian, a son of Ulrich, also, at the time he immigrated, and both upon their arrival in the New World continued active in their ministerial duties. They were persecuted at home, and to obtain religious and civil liberty they went abroad. They were co-workers in a common cause, and much that they did was accomplished by associated effort; but, in order to be explicit, it is deemed better to present the biography of the one as distinct from the other where it can be done judiciously.

It is well to notice, preliminarily, that there is a third colonial stem bearing the name of Longacre, and, in order to eliminate their descendants from the other two, it is deemed well to show that there is no kinship amongst the three, or at least it is not acknowledged here; although it may be probable that within two or three centuries ago-if research shall be made-it will be found that there, was a common ancestry amongst the three stems.

Andrew Longacre in 1634, prior to the grant of the province to William Penn, came with the Swedes and settled on the Delaware at Kingsessing. The letter of Andrew, Longacre, D. D., of New York City, and a descendant of Andrew Longacre the first, is so clear and satisfactory that it is here inserted.

"New York, 31 East 60th St., July 3rd, 1896.
Hon. A. B. Longaker:

Dear Sir: In reply to yours of June 30th, as to our family history. We trace our ancestry to the Swedes who settled on the Delaware River below the site of Philadelphia in 1634. In a deed between Penn and the twenty-four principal Swedes, our ancestor's name is written as I write mine, "Andrew Longacre," but it is signed "Anders Long'ker," or as it was sometimes written, Longoker; which has, I believe, the same significance as Longacre.

We have almost unbroken records of the family from that time gathered from public records. The family has remained very steadily in the neighborhood of Kingsessing. A branch of it settled in Winchester, Va., and another branch about two generations back settled in New Jersey near the Delaware. My father's name was James Barton Longacre, an engraver, and for twenty-five years and over the engraver of the Mint of the United States. He died in 1869. His father's name was Peter, who is buried at Kingsessing, and his father's name was Andrew (I believe).

As a descendant of the original Swedes, my father voted in the election of pastors for the Swedes' Church in Philadelphia, until the law was passed giving that privilege to the actual pew-holders.

My father was always under the impression that your family (Longaker, of Norristown) was an early off-shoot from ours; but I see by your brief sketch of your ancestry that could not have been the case.

My brother, James M. Longacre, 32 S.Walnut Street, Philadelphia, and I will be glad to give you any further information in our power, but we have no claim to unite in the family re-union on August 20th.

Very truly yours,
ANDREW LONGACRE.

Andrew Longacre-Draft for 250 acres, assignment to John Culin, has endorsed on it under date of 9th day, 7th month, 1706, assignment to John Hughes (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. II., page 740).

Request of Andrew and Peter Longoker to resurvey and divide 200 acres of land at Siamessing, 2nd month, 5th day, 1736, page 77; ibidem, page 81; patent to Andrew Longaker for 140 acres in Kingsess, Philadelphia Co., an old Swedes' grant, 8th day, 7th month, 1736-same vol., page 81, Peter Longoker presented draft of about 40 acres of Swamp Cripple, or meadow, lying in Kingsess, next to the Schuylkill, desiring confirmation of the same, etc. Neither warrant nor survey of the same could be found, therefore it is referred for further consideration.

Patent to Peter Longoker for old Swedes' land in Kingsess, Philadelphia Co., was granted 6th month, 12th day, 1738, p. 105.

Israel Longacre owned two tracts of land on the west side of Schuylkill River, one of 200 acres, in which, as grantee, he is described as residing at Darby; Andrew Culin and wife, of about 200 acres, granted to him by deed, dated 1759, recorded in Book Y, page 111, at Westchester; the other John Knowles and wife, granted 1764, Book Y, page 116.

He was also enrolled and mustered with the militia in 1778 to 1780-Capt. Diehl's company (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. VI., page 174). He is buried in the Mennonite graveyard, near Spring City, and his grave is yearly decorated by the Zook Post of the Grand Army, as one of the Revolutionary soldiers there buried.

Dismissing this digression the biography of the other stems will be resumed.

Ulrich Longenecker immigrated in 1733. His age was 69 years, and there came with him his wife and two sons-Ulrich, Jr., aged 22 years, and Jacob, 19 years. He located upon a tract of land of 229 acres, lying upon the west side of the Schuylkill River-now in North Coventry Township, Chester Co., for which a warrant issued April l0th, 1736, to Ulrich Loninnacre-and a deed of Ulrich Loninnacre and wife, dated May 17th, 1749, was executed to John Staner (now Steiner), recorded at Philadelphia, in Deed Book A, Vol. 10, page 25. In 1767 the tract was patented to Henry Benner, and the adjoining owners are mentioned to be Hans Switzer, Marten Switzer, Adam Henry, and Andrew Wolf (vide letter of Geo. P. F. Wanger, June 25th, 1895, in Chapter entitled "Letters").

It is traditionary amongst his descendants that he was a book-printer at Zurich, Switzerland. Three other sons preceded him in coming to the new world. David immigrated about 1722. Rupp says it was as early as 1719; whatever was the date, it is quite probable that he sailed in the same vessel in which his Uncle Daniel and family came. John immigrated in 1727 and Christian in 1729; these sons, except Jacob, settled in Lancaster County, Pa., as did their father at a later period.

Daniel 1st had four sons-David, John, Henry, and Jacob-and two daughters-Elizabeth and Magdalena; in all two fathers and nine sons, making eleven immigrants from Europe settling in the new Colonies (it being traditionary that eleven came, of whom nine settled in northern part of New York State and two in Penna. (vide infra), but nine did not settle in New York and only two in Pennsylvania. It is a fact corroborating the records as presented subsequently in this volume, that all finally settled in this State.

It may be true that Daniel-being a Mennonite preacher and coming some six to eight years earlier than the others-did go first to northern New York, to the German Quaker settlement, near to the line of Pennsylvania, in the vicinity of Wilkes-Barre; but certain it is that he was officiating as preacher at Manatawny some few years prior to 1727.

>Here the letter is inserted:

"ISLIP, L. I., OCTOBER 12,1896.
A. B. Longenecker, Esq.:

Dear Sir.: Your communication of October 8th duly received, and in reply will say I have no knowledge of my ancestors. Early in life, had I been interested, I could have known much, as it was often talked of by my father, but I was too young to have it make any impression or for it to excite any interest in the conversation. I often beard my father say eleven brothers emigrated to this country from Switzerland; two settling in Pennsylvania, the other nine in the northern\ part of New York State. I never saw my grandfather; believe his name was Peter; died in Lancaster Co.

Some years ago my brother David (the only brother I had) made a trip to Europe to ascertain about our ancestors; as far as my memory serves, with but little success. He brought with him a genealogical tree, but I never saw it.

You might possibly get some information from the only remaining nephew, Dr. Jerome Longenecker, of Philadelphia. I have not his address.*

I remember someone saying the Longeneckers were book publishers in Switzerland, in Tell's region.

There is a Judge Longenecker in Chicago; also a prominent officer in the navy, I have forgotten his title; also a Colonel Longenecker, probably the one you speak of. Several by the same name in Ohio, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.

My father was born in Lancaster Co., 1783; died March, 1861, aged 77. My brother died several years ago, in his seventy's. I was born 1823, consequently am in my 74th year.

* The address, 3409 Spring Garden Street.

A short time ago a gentleman called at my son David's office in Brooklyn; told him much about the Longeneckers; apparently much interested. I will try and get his address and send it to you. I have had ten sons (no daughter), a fair prospect of the continuance of the name. Six are living; all practicing dentistry in New York. Dr. C. B. Longenecker, of Philadelphia, can give you Dr. Jerome Longenecker's (his uncle) address.

Will be pleased to hear from you again; hoping you will be successful in your researches.
Yours truly,
JOHN H. LONGENECKER."

Another letter is here presented as important, as to the locality from which the immigrants came and as regards the orthography of the name.
SPRINGHOUSE, TENN., AUG. 19, l886.

Mr. J. H. Longenecker

DEAR SIR: Your kind letter of the 5th inst. to hand. My thanks to you for your information concerning your Association. My native State, properly Canton, is Appenzell, in which the name of Longenecker is quite numerous. I knew a great many of that name in the County of Gais. Where I came from it is spelled with an a instead of an o, Langenecker.* A Langenecker emigrated from my native town a few years before I did. I supposed you was the man. He left Switzerland about 1850. I left in 1853; last heard of him he was in Cincinnati, 0.
Truly, etc.,

ULRICH HEIM."

*A (with umlaut) is soft, equivalent to ae diphthong, phonetically Laengenecker.

I heard nothing further from him, but the statement confirmed the impression previously entertained that the family originated in Switzerland.

Very sincerely, etc.,

J. H. LONGENECKER.

Ulrich[1], about 1746, after selling his lands upon the Schuylkill, went to Lancaster County with his son Ulrich[2]. He acquired no other lands. It is not known when he died, nor where he was buried.

Of his five sons, four-David, John, Christian, and Ulrich[2]-died possessed largely of real estate, the deeds for which were recorded, as appears subse- quently in Chapter entitled "Records," together with extracts from their wills; and Jacob, his youngest son, settled near what is known now as Parker-Ford, and married the widow (Susanna) of his cousin, John Longenecker. Jacob Longenecker[2], grandson of Ulrich[1], about 1780, changed the name to Longaker, and the descendants of Daniel, their names to Longacre.

The descendants of Ulrich[1] in Lancaster County and their descendants elsewhere generally retained the name of Longenecker; one branch, however, adopted Longnecker, and a few Longanaker, and under these names their descendants are residing in many of the States and Territories of the United States.

Ulrich[1] and Daniel[1] each named his eldest son David; and it is not improbable that he who shall search their European pedigree will discover that David was the paternal ancestor. This narrative is all that is known of Ulrich[1] since his landing in America.

The biography of Daniel[1] presents an interesting and active life amongst the earlier Colonial settlers in Eastern Pennsylvania. His mission as preacher amongst the Mennonites gave him charge of the Manatawny district. At what time his charge began is not known; but it is known that he and Jacob Bechtle (now Bechtel) were representatives in the Convention of Quakers held at Germantown in September, 1727. May 1, 1733, Patent Book A, Vol. 6, p. 174, Philadelphia.

John Penn, Thomas Penn et al. conveyed to Daniel Longeneker 230 acres of land on the southeast side of the Schuylkill River, then Philadelphia County, at Mingo Creek, and extending along said river southeasterly to the land now known as the Almshouse Farm at Black Rock. A reference to this grant is recited in deed recorded at Norristown, in Deed Book No. 13, page 260, dated March 30, 1756, in which the heirs of said Daniel, deceased, are the grantors to their brother David.

The time of his death is not known exactly, but it is probable that it occurred in 1756, as his widow, Elizabeth, then renounced her right to administration, and to David, the eldest son, letters issued, with John Bookwalter and Jacob Hoch (now High) sureties, dated October 12th, 1756. To this bond he signed his name in German, David Langenacker, a (diaresis) is soft and pronounced as (Laengenacker).

On the 13th day of November, A. D. 1756, Elizabeth, the widow of said Daniel, and his children, to wit: Elizabeth, wife of Jacob High; Magdalene, wife of John Buckwalter; Ann, wife of Philip High; Mary, wife of Valentine Clemmer; Jacob Longacre, Jr., and the widow and children of his son John, deceased, joining therein; Susanna, late the widow of said John, married to Jacob Longenecker; Elizabeth, married to Nicholas Cressman; Catherine, Daniel, and Sarah, conveyed said 220 acres of land to his said son David.

DEED.
GEORGE NORTH AND WIFE TO DAVID LONGENACRE: Mill and tract of land on Mingo Creek, 31 acres for mill-race, etc.
Dated April 16th, 1773, Book I, page 105, at Norristown. As the sons of Daniel and Jacob, son of Ulrich[1], were intimately associated and co-workers in that which was done, their doings being so blended, their biography is discussed together, giving incidents, records, and pedigree of those who were born not later than about 1770. David (son of Daniel[1]), in his will dated 2nd day of January, A. D. 1776, probated in Phila., August 18th, 1776, names legatees his widow, Barbara, and children-John, Mary, Magdalena, David, Jacob, Henry, Daniel, Peter, and Isaac, the last five being minors; his son John, and Daniel, a son of his deceased brother John, are appointed executors. The estate is divided, equally amongst his children-having provided for his wife, Barbara, during her life. Mary married Christian Maris; he died, leaving, her surviving, she married Matthias Pennypacker (the grandfather of Judge Pennypacker), and had issue, an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married William Walker, of Chester Valley. Some of the descendants of William Walker are living in the valley, and others in Philadelphia. The Colkets, Audenrieds, and Wilsons are amongst the descendants.

David[3] (David[2], Daniel[1]) died in 1826. and letters of administration were granted June 10th, 1826, to John, Christopher, and Daniel Longacre, in the sum of $10,000 (Book No. 3, page 122, at Norristown); subsequently a deed of release, between Henry Longacre and Daniel Longacre, dated the - day of ------, recorded at Norristown. Book No. 3, page 351, recites that David[3] died intestate, leaving Barbara, his widow, and eight children to survive him, to wit: John, Christopher, Frances, Daniel (and Hannah, his wife), Debora (and her husband, M. Roudenbush), Elizabeth, Jacob (and Sarah, his wife), Isaac (and Hannah, his wife).

Recurring to Daniel[1]; his son, John, October 14th, 1735, purchased from John Penn et al. (Deed Book F, Vol. 9, p. 3, Philadelphia) 250 acres of land on the southeast side of the River Schuylkill, at Black Rock, adjoining lands of George Burson, Nicholas Hooper (supposed to be Harper), the manor of Gilbert, and lands of his father. He died in 1745, leaving a will dated May l9th, 1745; probated at Philadelphia the same year, July 20th ; of this will his father, Daniel, and John Bookwalter are appointed executors. This will is witnessed by Christian Morey, Jacob Morey, and David Langenacker. He left to survive him his widow, Susanna, his son Daniel, and three daughters of his said son, to wit: Elizabeth, married Nicholas Cressman; Catharine, married Jacob Bechtel (Mennonite preacher), of Northampton; and Sarah, married John Cochenouer.

His widow married Jacob Longenecker[2] (Ulrich[1]), A. D. 1746. By a clause of the will, in case she should marry again, her appointment as executrix was determined, and the bequest to her reduced to a child's share, and the testator's only son, Daniel, became vested in fee of all the real estate, charged with the payment of the legacies of his mother and his three sisters. How soon thereafter Daniel went into possession is not known, but his mother purchased from the Parker heirs 275 acres of land at what is now known as Parkerford, and took possession of it in 1746. Jacob Longenecker and his wife, Susanna, and the daughters, Elizabeth, with their husbands, and Nicholas Cressman, Catharine, and Jacob Bechtel, and Sarah and John Cochenouer, by deed dated March 21st, 1760 (Book 13, page 260, recorded at Norristown), conveyed the same to Daniel; and although he is the grantee, he attested the signatures of the names of Catharine and Jacob Bechtel (spelling his name Daniel Longenacker). This land adjoined the lands of Daniel[1], his grandfather, on the north, and fronted on the Schuylkill River from that line southwardly and easterly along the pool of Black Rock Dam; the other adjoining owners of land were George Burson and Nicholas Hooper (probably Harper). Henry Longacre and Elizabeth, his wife, by deed dated December 26th, 1789, conveyed to Daniel 58 1/4 acres, and by deed dated May 3rd, 1800, Daniel conveyed to Abraham Gotwalts 243 acres, 230 of which was part of said 250, and 13 acres, part of said 58 1/4 acres. In 1806 Abraham Gotwalts conveyed the said 243 acres to the Directors of the Poor, now the Montgomery County Alms- house. The will of John[2] (Daniel[1]) dated May 19th, 1845, probated at Philadelphia, July 20th, 1845, bears the signature of John Longenecker. His father, Daniel[1], and John Buckwalter are the executors; the wit- nesses to the will are David Langenacker, Christian Morey, and John Morey. As witness to a bond on Daniel[1] Longenecker's estate, dated October i2th, 1756, he wrote his name David Langenacker. Referring again to the will of said David, son of Daniel[1], it contained a clause-that in the event his son Jacob should die in his minority, Henry his next eldest brother should take his share (Jacob 88 HISTORY OF THE having died). Henry, a blacksmith, took his share and conveyed 118 acres and 89 perches to his brother David by deed dated May 28th, 1787 (Book 3, page 348, Montgomery County). Letter translated from the German is here presented. Letter of Daniel Lengenacker, dated May 18th, 1738, as follows: "Dear and loved friends, and Cousin C. Clotz with our friendly greeting to you and your loved wife and children, wishing and hoping for you all, you and your friends, good health. Our father-in-law and mother-in-law have both died, the mother May 29th, 1735, and the father August 23rd, 1737. Father has written to you several times, but never received an answer. I don't know whether the letters have been correctly addressed, or why you have not answered them. After the death of our mother-in-law we received a letter from your hand and with your signature dated May 24th, 1737, stating that we owe you a sum of money amounting to 596 marks and 2 stubers which debt was standing open in your father's estate against our father-in-law and mother. I inform you that this is a great mistake. When my father-in-law with his family moved from Hamburg to Pennsylvania, your father bought his house, and because your father would not make payment in full at that time and our father had some debts, your father wanted him to have his and our father's debts secured in the house-that he would not be detained in moving, and that he would have time to pay off the debts formerly of our father. In this manner your father took the debts of our father on him, and it was settled with the purchase money due my father for the house. When my grandfather left Hamburg, your LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 89 father was not there, but he met him in Holland, where he had a talk with him at Amsterdam, aud asked him for the notes he had given for his former debts. Your father said his intention was also to go to Pennsylvania, and be would deliver the notes with receipts to my father; otherwise your father would have had to pay my father-in-law the balance due on the house. Your father died, and the notes have never been returned to my father-in-law, as they should have. Loved DANIEL LENGENACKER Bobestown May 8th 1738 My Dear loved parents Bobestown Pennsylvania America." Whilst this letter shows that Daniel did not immigrate direct from Switzerland, the tradition amongst his descendants and those of Ulrich[1] is that they were brothers, and prior to the period of his purchase in Hamburg both were residents of Switzerland. Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. II., page 402, recites as follows: "Land Office, April 7th, 1767, Philip Longacre, Jacob Longacre, and John Longacre, and their sister's children of Caspar Longacre, deceased, enters caveat to granting a patent to Samuel Leaper, for a tract of land in Hereford Township, Berks County, surveyed by warrant to said Caspar." (This extract is inserted so that the descendants of this branch may trace their pedigree.) 90 HISTORY OF THE Jacob was a revolutionary soldier under the name of Jacob Longenacre. He was enrolled and mustered with the militia in 1778, Captain Brown- back's Company (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. VI., pages 194, 197, 199, and 201). Jacob Longenacre, Jr., his son, also served in the same Company (pages 194, 197, and 201). His will, executed in 1795 and probated in 1796, con- tains a provision that in the event of another war, and in case the lands devised to his son, Jacob, should be damaged because of giving wood to the army, the price should be decreased to compensate for the injury done. Jacob Longacre, Jr., a son of Daniel[1] (Vol. VI., pages 194, 322, 323, and 430), under Captain Jacob Peterman, for year 1777, also for year 1778 (Vol. V., p. 730). John Wagenseller also, an ancestor of Peter Wagenseller, who married Susanna Longaker, a daughter of Jacob Longaker[2], also David Longen- acre, son of Daniel[1] (Vol. V., p. 738). It is deemed worthy of remark that some of the descendants of Jacob (son. of Ulric) did military service in. the War of 1812-14;. Henry and Joseph Longaker, in Civil War; A. B. and Davis Long- aker, brothers, sons of said Henry, and three of the posterity of Susanna (nee Longaker) Wagenseller; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 91 and in the Spanish-American War, Norris S. Long- aker, only son of said A. B. and John U., a son of said Davis. Jacob Longacre, born October 15th, 1767, and married to Catharine Zimmerman, in deed dated -------, 1807, between him as grantee and Daniel Longacre, grantor, is recited to be the son of said Daniel; the ancestral pedigree is, Jacob[4], Daniel[3], John[2], Daniel[1]. Extract from letter of Judge Pennypacker,1107 Girard Building, Philadelphia, dated October l0th, 1895, addressed to Judge Longaker: "DEAR JUDGE: Matthias Pennypacker married Mary Maris, widow of Christian Maris and daughter of David Longaker, April 19th,1796. They had one daughter, Sarah, whose portrait you will find in the Biography of Heindrick Pannebecker. Where you will also find set out in full the information concerning the Lang- enecker preachers and the authority for it. You cannot get a copy of the Biography, but there is one in Norristown belonging to John A. Pennypacker, where, no doubt, you can see it. Sarah Pennypacker left a large number of descendants, including the Colkits, of Philadelphia, and the wife of Colonel J. C. Audenried. She married William Walker." Johannes Langenecker was chosen Mennonite preacher at Schuylkill in 1772. David, his brother, was a preacher there about 1750. Jacob[2] (Ulrich[1]), having married the widow of John, settled on the west side of the Schuylkill about 1746, and at time of his death was pos- 92 HISTORY OF THE sessed of about 400 acres at and in the vicinity of Parker-Ford, and an undivided moiety of a farm of 182 acres with his son, Jacob. By the marriage with the widow of John, the children were two sons, Jacob and Peter, and five daughters- Salome, married Christian Bliem; Mary, married Christian Wisler; Esther, married Henry Rhodes; Magdalena, married Daniel Ruth (Root); Susanna, married John Brower. The other sons of Ulrich[1], David, John, Christian, and Ulric, Jr., settled in Lancaster County, where many of their posterity are living. David, his eldest son, came to America, probably as early as 1719. May 29th, 1729, Peter Beller conveyed to him 250 acres of land situated in Strasburg Township, Lancaster County (vide Deed recorded July 23rd, 1770, Book 0, p. 264). By deed dated May 23rd, 1759, recorded July 21st, 1770 (Book 0, p. 263), David Longenecker, Sr., con- veyed to David Longenecker, Jr., 150 acres, in Lampeter Township. His will, was filed in 1766, and the deputy registrar, Edward Shippen, noted on the record that it was written in "High Dutch," and could not be translated. It cannot be found at this day amongst the records, but, at the time of filing, letters testamentary were granted to Abraham Longenecker, Jacob Witmer, and Jacob Hartman. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 93 Same year inventory was filed. Upon a record in the Orphans' Court under dates of 1784 and 1787, the said executors were cited, etc., and the question submitted for decision was whether or not David, Jr., a son and devisee of the testator, should be allowed interest on his distributive share. The recital in deed of Abraham Longenecker and Magdalena, his wife, sets forth that David, Jr., was his brother (Book K K, pg. 387). Jerome Long- enecker, M. D., 3409 Spring Garden Street, Phila- delphia, says David was, in the early days of the Province, a collector of taxes, and performed other official duties about 1722 to 1730. There is every reasonable probability that he was highly educated, and that his will was written by himself. Research at Strasburg and Lampeter, where some of his posterity are living, would likely find the will, and several other facts to supply any missing link in the pedigree. Dr. Jerome has an iron seal ring, used to attest writings by the European ancestor; the copy was made from the original at Zurich, Switzerland. It is contained as follows (in the will of said John, of Rapho Township): Will dated August 14th, 1767, probated September 26th, 1767, naming Elizabeth, the widow, and children, Jacob, the eldest son; Christian, Henry, Peter, John, Ullery, 94 HISTORY OF THE Daniel, Abraham, Anna, Mary, Elizabeth; executors, his son, Christian, and Peter, his nephew; real estate, three tracts, 66 3/4, 128, and 118 acres. Abstract from will of one Christian, of Rapho Township, dated June 19th, 1804, probated June 1st, 1808, to wit: Elizabeth, late wife of Michael Huber (she being deceased), leaving children, Barbara, Elizabeth, Christiana, Mary, and Michael, they to take their mother's share; Abraham, Daniel, Barbara, wife of Peter Hummer; Mary, wife of David Ober; and Susanna, wife of Valentine Gensel. Abstract from will of Christian Longenecker, of Donegal Township, etc., dated March 14th, 1812, and probated April 29th, 1814; testator names his children, to wit: Christian, Ann, wife of Abraham Gish; Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Hurst; Barbara, wife of Samuel Bossler; Christian Longe- necker and Abraham Gish are appointed executors. Christian Longenecker, of Donegal, died intestate about 1759; June 5th, 1759, his son, Peter, pre- sented to the Orphans' Court, of Lancaster County, petition for Commissioners to value his real estate, etc., of about 500 acres, valued by said Commission- ers at L780, and divided into seven shares, amongst his children, Peter, Ann, wife of Peter Reist, Eliza- beth, wife of John Reist, Christian, John, Maria, and Jacob. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 95 John Longenecker, of Rapho, nominates his nephew, said Peter, one of the executors of his will; and Ulric Longenecker nominates his nephew, said Daniel, as one of the executors of his will. Extract from letter of H. E. Longenecker, Mount Joy, Lancaster County, Pa.: "My great-grandfather was Christian; born 1738; died April l6th, 1814, and is buried at Bossler's Meeting House, West Donegal Township. My grandfather, Christian, was born May 5th, 1785 ; died June, 1855. He had four sous and five daughters. His sons were Christian, Henry (my father), John. and David." Said Ulrich, Jr., acquired land, to wit: THOMAS PENN et al. TO ULRIC LONGENECKER. Patents: one dated Feb- ruary 22nd, 1748, for 142 acres (Vol 14, page 157), the other for 37 1/4 acres (Patent Book A, Vol. 14, page 307), all in Rapho Township, Lan- caster Co., Pa. Ulrich Longenecker died leaving a will dated l4th September, 1792, making bequest to his wife, Veronica, and children, as follows: ("And all his lands to his two youngest sons, Abraham and Ulrich"), and reciting, "My eldest son, Peter, being dead, I give to his son, Christian, three pounds . . . 96 HISTORY OF THE the rest of my estate equally to John, Daniel, Eliza- beth, Jacob, Veronica, Michael, Anna, Maria, Bar- bara, Magdalena, Catharine, Abraham, Ulrich, and Christian." He appointed his nephew, Daniel Longenecker, of Donegal, and his own son, Daniel, executors.* The foregoing abstracts are presented so that the posterity who may desire to have an unbroken pedigree of their colonial progenitor, Ulrich[1], may have some data to complete their own genealogy, and record it in the published book. * His nephew was a son of Christian, an uncle of the testator. *************

CHAPTER III.


GENEALOGY OF POSTERITY NOW LIVING-SHORT BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, ETC. DAVID W.[5] (Isaac[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). David W. Longacre, Jeffersonville, born at Mingo, October l0th, 1834; parents removed to Lower Providence Township, 1835. Married Rebecca, a daughter of Henry Allebach, and the name of her mother was Esther Hunsicker, a daughter of Garret Hunsicker; the children are: Isaac, eldest, born March 11th, 1867; married, December 24th, 1889, to Sarah Reiff. (They have children: Mary, born March l9th, 1893; David R., born February 20th, 1894; Helen, born January 7th, 1896; died, May 20th, 1897; Florence, born May 24th, 1897.) Henry A., second son, born August 30th, 1869; David A., third son, born March 26th, 1872; Esther, born December 30th, 1875; John, born June 21st, 1878. Father's name, Isaac, born February 20th, 1803; died, July 8th, 1879; married Hannah Weiss, October, 1831; children are said David W., Cath- arine M., John B. Detwiler, Henry W., born De- (97) 98 HISTORY OF THE cember 8th, 1838; Isaac W., born January 6th, 1841; Daniel, born January 10th, 1843; Jacob, born November 22nd, 1845; John, born October 28th, 1848; and Hannah, born April 7th, 1851; died aged about seven weeks. Grandfather, David, born at Mingo, December 25th, 1759: died, May 5th, 1826; married Debora Ziegler, born July 4th, 1761; died, January 28th, 1826. Their children were: John, Christopher, Barbara, David, Debora M., Michael Roudenbush, Daniel, Elizabeth, Henry, Jacob, and Isaac. Great-grandfather, David, residence Mingo, and eldest son of Daniel[1] (for Biography and Genealogy of said David and Daniel, his father, see Chapter II). The genealogy of David W.[5], Isaac[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]. ***************** SHORT PERSONAL SKETCH OF DAVID W. LONGACRE AND FAMILY. David W. Longacre always was a man of deep convictions and sincere purposes, of life, and was signally successful in whatever he undertook. After leaving his father's farm in Lower Provi- dence Township he taught school for two terms and worked in a store for two years. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 99 He has been a life-long Republican, but never aspired to office higher than that of School Director, to which he was elected for several terms. In 1865, David W. married Helena Allebach, and their domestic life has been one of remarkable felicity. Like most of the Longacre family, their life has been very unostentatious and unassuming. Ever since their marriage they have lived on a farm near Jeffersonville, and, by the exercise of good judg- ment, tenacity of purpose, and hard work, have made same fairly successful. In religious convictions they are Mennonites, and it is considered quite an exception to find their places vacant in the church. They always believed in making home a more pleasant place for their children than the corner grocery or places of a similar nature; and with this end in view, the home was kept filled with good books, magazines, periodicals, and various innocent games. The result has fully justified the course taken. They have had five children born to them: Isaac, Henry, David, Esther, and John, all of whom are living. Isaac married Sarah Reiff, and is the father of four children: Mary, David, Helen (deceased), 100 HISTORY OF THE and Florence. He owns and operates a large farm near Eagleville, Pa., formerly owned by his maternal grandfather. Henry is unmarried, and for five years was a school teacher. For nearly six years he has been employed by a large corporation in Philadelphia as confidential clerk. David, is unmarried, and for three years taught school. For the immediately preceding five years he has occupied the position of private secretary to the president of a large corporation in Philadelphia. Esther is unmarried, and is quietly and unostenta- tiously assisting her mother in her household duties. John, the youngest member of the family, after leaving the farm, took a course in a business college, and is now employed as clerk in a glass manufacturing establishment, in Philadelphia. ***************** EMMANUEL LONGACRE FAMILY. Emmanuel Longacre[5], Trappe, Montgomery County, born April 26th, 1839. Attended the public schools and Freeland Seminary; taught school four years, in Civil; War nine months, in 109th Regiment, Company I, Pennsylvania Volunteers; also Second Lieutenant 34th Regi-. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 101 ment, Company C, Pennsylvania Militia; a farmer, and member of St. Luke's Reformed Church; married Caroline E. Force, January 7th, 1865, a daughter of Jacob V. and Elizabeth Ever- hart Force. Children by this marriage: Elizabeth F., Raymond F., Charles E., Walter F., George F., Hannah L., David F., and Daniel. Father's name, Daniel, born November 29th, 1792; died, October 31st, 1864; married Hannah Landis, born November 26th, 1805, daughter of John and Mary Landis; died, March 19th, 1877. Both were members of the Mennonite Meeting. Paternal grandfather, David, who married Debora Ziegler. Emanuel[5] (Daniel[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). ****************** AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. JOHN LONGENECKER[5], WILMOT, OHIO. That I may be correctly placed and known in the family of Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker, I will note that my great-grandfather, David Longenecker (now written Longacre by a portion of the family), during the infancy and youth of my grandfather, owned and occupied a farm on the east side of the Schuylkill River, three miles above Phoenixville, 102 HISTORY OF THE Pa. Here grandfather, Peter, was born, February 9th, 1770, who, in early manhood, located on a farm one and a half miles east of Masontown, Fay- ette County, Pa., and engaged in farming. Besides a farmer, he was also a minister of the Gospel, of the Mennonite faith. Here Peter, my father, was born, August 7th, 1802. When about thirty-three years of age he removed with his then small family to Ohio, loca- ting on a farm a few miles north of Winesburg, Holmes County, where his family of fourteen chil- dren all lived to adult age. About the half chose the way of their fathers, becoming farmers and far- mers' wives, while the remainder chose professions. As for my individual career, I may say, it was many sided. In young manhood a teacher, later a soldier, farmer, and banker. Think I am permitted to say a very small portion of my time has been wasted in idleness. Among my earliest recollections are the longings I felt for possession: of a jack-knife and gimlet. After becoming the owner of those treasures, I could make-so I felt-anything anyone else had made. After visiting a menagerie, a sculptor suddenly loomed up, and the animals, from the elephant to the monkey, were carved out of bass-wood. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 103 After hearing a pipe-organ for the first time, what intense thought I devoted to planning how to con- struct one myself, and after making some pipes out of alder, I had, on account of the very frequent demands made on me as a farmer's boy, to forego its completion. I took education as readily as the average boy, at least. My opportunities were restricted to four months a year in country district school and three terms in academy. My parents were great lovers of music. By force of circumstances, reinforced by custom, their most accessible instrument was the human voice, with which they were well equipped, and of which they made free use, as a consequence the children could sing before they could walk and talk. I am the least gifted of any in the family in this art, yet there are constant demands on me by the church and Sabbath school even at this day. I am by nature an artisan with a little of the artist mixed in. These being the trend of my inclinations, my father planned for me the vocation of carpenter, and when a young man I devoted six or eight months to its practice. From nineteen to twenty-three years of age I taught common school during the winter months. In 1862 enlisted in the 102nd Reg. 0. V. I., for 104 HISTORY OF THE the suppression of the Rebellion. I served my time ont I will note but a single incident of my army experience. While an inmate of a hospital at Athens, Ala., the garrison there was surprised and captured by Gen. Forest I was on the second floor of the build- ing; When the rebels entered the rooms of the lower floor, my anxiety to evade capture became intense, and, in my eagerness to escape, I chanced to glance at a small open fireplace in the room, immediately ran to it, made a hurried inspection, and found I could support myself in the flue just above the arch, so I entered it. The Johnnies, did not find me, but I was compelled to remain in my place of concealment twenty-six hours. The sequel proved if I had been captured I should never have returned home, as this episode was fol- lowed by a very severe sickness. Discharged from the army July, 1865 ; married in September of same year; taught another term of school, and the following spring began my fifteen years' career of farm life, at which, being-fairly suc- cessful, I found pleasure and enjoyment. January 1st, 1881, I quit the farm as the tiller. of its soil, but not of its possession, and in part- nership with five others engaged in business as a private bank, locating in Wilmot, of Stark County, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 105 Ohio, seventeen miles from Canton, the county seat. I was elected cashier, which position I have held ever since, now twenty-one years and over. The cares and anxieties of the work often worried me, and yet in a general way, notwithstanding its grave responsibilities and duties, the vocation to me is a pleasant one. When honestly and honorably con- ducted there is no safer business than banking. The year 1886 brought to my sad experience the death of a wife. Of all bereavements, the taking away of the companion, in the prime of life, must be the severest. To her were born a son and a daughter; the son died in infancy; the daughter remains. Ten years later I united in marriage with the only daughter of the late P. Helmreich, of Canal Dover, Ohio. HIS GENEALOGY. John[5] (Peter[4], Peter[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). John Longenecker[5], Wilmot, Ohio, born 1839; reared on farm; school teacher six years; three years in the army during Civil War; farmer fifteen years; banker eighteen years, and now president of the bank; married Sevilla Freed, first wife, 1866, who died 1886; married Augusta Helmrich, second 106 HISTORY OF THE wife, 1896; children by first marriage: Lawrence (now dead); daughter, Vinnie. Father's name, Peter, residence in early life at Masontown, Fayette County, Pa., now resides near Winesburg, Holmes County, Ohio; in 1829 married Elizabeth Shank, who was born 1807, in Rock- ingham County, Va.; her grandfather, Adam, came from Switzerland; her father was Henry; he was a farmer, medium stature, brown hair and eyes, straight nose with cleft at point, rather wide mouth; of social disposition and even temperament; fond of music, as are his children also. Sold farm in Fay- ette County, Pa., in 1835, to cousin, Joseph L., and removed to Holmes County, Ohio; had a family of four sons and five daughters. Paternal grandfather, Peter, born February 9th, 1770, in eastern Pennsylvania; removed to Fayette County, Pa.; later went to Holmes County, Ohio; in stature about five feet, eight inches; weight, about 145 pounds; in youth brown hair and eyes; married Elizabeth Naftsinger. Great-grandfather, David, lived at Mingo, Pa., and was the eldest son of Daniel Longenecker the first. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 107 ABSTRACT DIAGRAM - Prepared by John Longenecker, Wilmot, Ohio [2]David Longenecker [3]Peter Longenecker [4]Magdalena Mast [4]David Longenecker [4]John Longenecker [4]Levi Longenecker [4]Peter Longenecker [5]David R.Longenecker, Wakarusa, Indiana, retired farmer [5]Frances Longenecker, died December 27, 1875, near Winesberg, Ohio [5]Susan Sliffe, Shanesville, Ohio, on farm. [5]Hannah Shutt, Peabody, Kansas, on farm. [5]Lydia Grant, died at Osceola, Iowa, March 14, 1875. [5]Mary Freed, died near Winesberg, Ohio, May, 1868. [5]John Longenecker, Wilmot, Ohio, banking. [5]William H. Longenecker, Lancaster, Ohio, railroading. [5]Joseph Longenecker, near Peabody, Kansas, farming. [5]Alpheus Longenecker, died at Wilmot, Ohio, May 29, 1886. [5]Peter Longenecker, died near Winesberg, Ohio, January 24, 1879 [5]Absalom Longenecker, died near Winesgerg, Ohio, January 11, 1875 [5]Albert G. Longenecker, died near Winesberg, Ohio, April 24, 1877 [5]Jacob Longenecker, near West Berlin, Ohio, farmer. [4]Elizabeth Strome [4]Susan Moyer [4]Joseph Longenecker [4]Catherine Holzer [3]David Longenecker, Montgomery Co., Pa. [4]Jacob Longacre, of Schuykill Co., Pa. [4]Isaac Longacre, of Montgomery Co., Pa. [3]John Longenecker [4]Jacob Longenecker, Westmoreland Co., Pa. [4]Joseph Longenecker, Fayette Co., Pa.: son, Jacob, same place, farmer. [4]David Longenecker, Lancaster, Pa.; son a merchant. [3]Daniel Longenecker, Carroll Co., Ohio. Only offspring a daughter. 108 HISTORY OF THE CIRCULAR LETTER MAILED TO DESCENDANTS OF THIS BRANCH, TO WIT: D. R. Longenecker, Wakarusa, Ind. W. H. Longenecker, Lancaster, Pa. Joseph Longenecker, Ebbing, Kan. Jacob Longenecker, Delaware, Ohio Susan Sliffe, Shanesville, Ohio. Hannah Shutt, Peabody, Kan. Zachariah Longenecker, Mishawaka, Ind. Abraham Longenecker, Masontown, Pa. David Longenecker, Masontown, Pa. J. F. Lenz, Wilmot, Ohio. William Moyer, Wilmot, Ohio. Extract from letter of Rev. Noah Longenecker, a Dunkard minister, Pierce, Ohio, in which he says: "My grandfather was Daniel, who married a Mock, Lancaster County, Pa.; thence, he moved to Columbiana County, Ohio. Three of my grand- father's brothers, Joseph, Daniel, and Samuel, were Dunkard ministers; Daniel died in Pennsylvania; Samuel, in the West." LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 109 AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF MATTHIAS REIFF LONGACRE[6] (HENRY[5], JACOB[4], DANIEL[3], JOHN[2], DANIEL[1]). In complying with the request for a sketch of my life, I, after some consideration, prefer to make it a little more than an outline. Characteristics of our branch of the family of the lineage I am proud of, but will do myself great injustice without charitable criticism, and not out- line for someone else to finish a better picture tor the galaxy of posterity. Jacob Longacre, whose parents were residents of Montgomery County, Pa., was born October 15th, 1767; married at the age of twenty-eight, Catherine Zimmerman. They had eight children, three sons and five daughters. My father, Henry, next to the youngest, born 1809, at the age of twenty-six, married Elizabeth Reiff. A carpenter by trade; carried on an extensive business in carpentering, cabinet work, and agricul- tural and farming implements, employing a large force in his large shops and in building opera- tions; died at the age of thirty-six. His exten- sive operations and estate settled up at a disad- vantage. My mother retained the home, a new 110 HISTORY OF THE house just completed, and the twenty acres of land attached. My mother was left with but little more than the home to commence the struggle, to keep together, as a mother only can, her five little children, I the oldest, only nine years old; but, thanks to a good and self-sacrificing mother, she lived to see her five children grow up and fill places of honor and trust. Two sons and a son-in-law served with distinction in the army of the Rebellion, the other two sons filling positions in a bank. All members of church; three deacons in the Baptist church. I attended school in the winter months, working in the summer. My earliest experience picking stones, kicking them loose from the frozen ground, in the early spring. With the skin worn off at the ends of my fingers, at twelve cents a day, and boarding myself, and never happier than at work or at school over difficult problems, or slated for debate or spelling-bees. Accident by ax, sickle, or broken limb not exempting, when out of service in the field or wood, drawing, making wax and paper flowers in my room. With some taste for art, if not born an artist, my flowers found patrons, and art in after years diplomas and medals. When I was seventeen years old I left home, my mother making the sacrifice of my assistance she so much needed; no credit to LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 111 myself; but, boy like, I become infatuated with the thought of a great artist and a great city, and started in the stage-coach, with my little trunk, for the city of Philadelphia, where a four years' apprenticeship at wood engraving was arranged for me. Soon getting the freedom of the office, there were but few nights that did not find me studying and drawing and doing such parts of work as the journeymen and artists were glad to have me do at small compensation. On my mother's first visit to her boy, $10.00, my first earnings from home, was her happy sur- prise; purposing to express her appreciation she started out to make a purchase, and had her pocket picked, and left the city the following day a very unhappy woman. My employer died when I had served two years of my apprenticeship. I took a year's engagement in Cincinnati at engraving on wood, making draw- ings on the blackboard in the evening for the famous Dr. Wood and other members of the Ohio Medical College Faculty. The publishing firm where I was employed failed, and, earning my way back to Philadelphia, I went to New York, and worked on Harper Brothers' and Frank Leslie's Illustrated Publications. At twenty-one years of age I contracted with an 112 HISTORY OF THE illustrated paper, and made frequent visits to my mother in Montgomery County, Pa. Camden, N. J., was an interesting stopping-place en route, both ways. At the same time building oper- ations were going on in Brooklyn, N. Y., on a lot 25 x 200. A defective title stopped things there, and in the following spring it looked as if a cyclone had struck it; hopes and prospects of home and happiness were crushed, followed by litigation and the loss of the earnings of two years' hard work. At twenty-two years of age was married to Miss Mary A. Goodwin. With the aid of a mortgage, fur- nished and moved into our new house and home, on Franklin Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., being then estab- lished in business in New York City. In business about four years when the War of the Rebellion broke out. I closed my place of business, left New York with the Signal Corps, leaving my home and dear wife and two little boys; sailed out of New York harbor on the Belle Wood, a large sailing vessel, with troops for New Orleans, La. Stationed at Baton Rouge, La., was appointed military store- keeper, and held the position during the war, issu- ing all the stores to the army during the siege of Port Hudson, excepting ammunition, commissary stores, and hospital medicines; winning for myself LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 113 the honored epithet, "Longacre has made nothing out of it. It is not because he is too honest, but too -- dumb." My wife, selling her little home in Brooklyn, joined me at Baton Rouge, with our three little children-the little girl I had never seen. The climate not agreeing with my wife, we returned to Philadelphia. I worked a few months at engrav- ing, then went into business, but soon took in a partner, with capital, the first to combine engrav- ing, printing, and lithographing, in this country, under one management. But several, changes of partners brought no end of trouble and embarrass- ment, the managing and my own work as the engraver meant hard work: on three occasions left worse off than when I started; once, with a debt and obligations of the firm to meet. Energy, per- severence, the merit of my work as an engraver, and advertising, had their effect. An advertiser was awarded a cash premium for a large float in the bi-centennial parade in Philadelphia, illustrat- ing the century's progress of the three branches of business. Over twenty employees on the float in the engraving, lithographing, and printing de- partments, and up-to-date office, with telephone, typewriter, rolling desk, etc. One of many post- ers: "I don't want people to think my husband 114 HISTORY OF THE is such an ugly old man; Mrs. ---- said she saw my husband's picture posted up all over, looking at a horrible big bug through his eyeglass." My last and fourth partnership experience was the result of a deep-laid scheme between my part- ners and another firm, to unite our combined establishments; my partner selling out the busi- ness of Longacre & Co.; having first transferred his attachable property, I going out with nothing but my little kit of engraving tools, with an in- valid wife and five little children to support. I had no time, or the heart, or the means to institute criminal proceedings; but retribution followed them; though wealthy, my partner's son, a few years after, paying his father's board in a cheap boarding house, his accomplice, two years after, failing, taking a position as a compositor at $16.00 per week. Through the solicitation of my patrons, with proffered capital that I might continue to do their engraving, printing, and lithographing, I started again, southwest corner Seventh and Market Streets (my office, being the room Thomas Jefferson occupied and in which he drafted the Declaration of Independence, was open for visitors during the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia), with bor- rowed capital and no partners. During the first year, my six-year old boy was LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 115 drowned; my wife died, and a fire, starting in an- other part of the building, burned me out, with no insurance, the policy lapsing a few days before, not renewed through a clerk's having taken sick. With unflinching courage I rented temporarily a large room near-by. It was suggested to start under a new name, encumbered as I was, but the new sign went up, LONGACRE CO. Six months after, I sent the auctioneer to my beautiful, fur- nished little home in Camden, N. J., and at night, after the sale, took my four children, one only a year old, to a hotel in Philadelphia, over night. Three years after, I married my second wife, Miss Mary J. Vanderbilt; moved into our new house in Tacony, and, established in a flourishing busi- ness, six years later out of debt. Against better judgment and aversion to an in- ventor's life, I had for years struggled against, I yielded to outside pressure, took out nine patents and filed several caveats, spending three years of perplexity and study as known only to inventors. Forming a stock company in New York, some of my patents, the basil and concrete principles of one of the best and most popular cash registers now on the market, I (an inventor's progeny) had nothing but worthless stock and the little home in Tacony. About this time, eleven years after our marriage, 116 HISTORY OF THE my second dear, good wife died, leaving me two little girls, one a year old. One of my sons, starting in the publishing busi- ness, I traveled for him two years, giving him a start. I then took up art, sketching principally large manufacturing plants, making some pictures as large as 80 x 40 inches, supporting myself and little girls and youngest son, four years at the plumbing trade, wearing out on the field, instead of rusting out at home, homeless and companion- less. Wearing so well I married, June 5th, 1901, Miss Regina V. Noll, youngest daughter of Michael Noll, of Pfouts Valley, Perry County, Pa., at her beautiful home, known as Pine Grove Farm, now the home of my two daughters and myself, where the latch-string is always out. Proud of the honor to be re-elected on the com- mittee of the Longacre-Longaker-Longecker- Longenecker Re-union, sorry I had to send my re- grets to the Re-union at Sanatoga, instead of repeat- ing the pleasure of the three years before at Ring- ing Rocks, at Pottstown, Pa. MY BOYHOOD DAYS. In compliance with the request to add to my biography my boyhood days, I will give a short chapter: LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 117 Religiously inclined, remember my going to church and Sunday school, on crutches, when very small, and an Episcopal prayer book is one of my most prized treasures. Yet the dear Lord did not take me out of this world, as the good boy of the library book, but if not to amass great wealth, or what some term success in life, I trust I lived to make some happier and many to feel the touch of some- thing infinitely better. Had the moral courage when but a small boy to take the jeers and scoffs for not joining the boys' rabble and nightly rendezvous. Naturally a coward, though braving the right and stood by it, and in my place when and where duty called. Great account was made of the annual public school exhibition. It had become known that one in dialogues and recitations on the present occasion had met with a serious accident. When I came on the stage, bandaged and arm in a sling, felt proud of the cheers I received, and taking my parts, suffering intense pain. My first debate was on the side of temperance, subject being, "Which is the greater evil, war or intemperence?" Temperate in my habits, never using liquor nor tobacco, and spared the evil of wild- oats sowing and its results. Exercises, water and diet still my three consulted physicians. 118 HISTORY OF THE Tender in sympathy, going to the Skippack hills over a mile away to look up a lost sheep, rescuing it from the thicket, bringing it home in the dark night Happy when busy. Few intervals of idleness. Studious; always ready for the contest in examin- ations, spelling-bee, or debate. Conscientious, never took advantage of the limited means of my good mother's kindness; in the evening, singing school or geography class (singing from large maps). Playing truant but once, with another boy went into the woods, covered ourselves up with leaves. The day was too long to ever repeat it. I could be guilty of mean things, for what could be meaner than a boy to trick a little sister? and good reasons to remember my trick. Loosening the alternate pickets on a fence bordering a pond, bantering to follow, it was not long before a treacherous picket was struck, a splash, a scream, and a half-drowned little girl fished out of the water, but I guess she has forgiven, if not forgotten, as she thinks everything of her brother. Patient, bred if not born, now, if not then, a prided virtue, owing to the fit of anger being nipped in the bud by a vigilant mother and a vigor- ous switch, all on account of hogs. Blessed be the name in this particular case. Our hogs were kept LOMGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 119 shut up, and when they on this occasion broke out of their pen they were simply hoggish in their wild escapade through high grass, young corn, and ripening grain. Getting them back to the place they got out, the opening ten times larger; for the third or fourth time their noses to the opening, with a "euch-euch," and off again tearing through the fields. I just lay down and rolled over and over, saying some naughty words, mixed up enough to make a clown laugh, but my mother appearing at a window didn't "Matthias, when you get those hogs in, come into the house and bring a good switch along." Then I wished the hogs would never go in. I believe that was the first time, and I know it was the last time I ever uttered if even thought a profane word. One of the unhappiest of my boyhood days was the one that I spoiled all the pleasure that had been the talk and the counting of months and days by sister and brothers; on good behavior for months. It was to be a happy Christmas, ginger cakes, molasses candy, and nuts. It was a cold winter day when I went jubilantly across the fields to Evansburg with the molasses jug, and returned with the handle. The top rail of the fence being icy, I gathered myself up from the hard, frozen ground, but not the molasses, the happy little 120 HISTORY OF THE quartette of sister and brothers in their eagerness coming to meet me. It was a solemn, sad pro- cession back, but philosophizing, "Better luck, and if I wouldn't be more careful next Christmas!" So went my boyhood days, too busy for very much mischief. I grew; so did work. Always a great treat to get off to do chores for neighbors. Not a few errands of mercy for my mother, whose kindness reached somebody every churning day and butchering day. Often riding the Baptist minister's old gray in the cultivator when my short legs hardly reached across the horse's back. Stone picking; the champion corn dropper in the county; still wearing marks of the brush chopping; still suffering the effects of too early use of my broken arm. When confined to the house by sickness, or acci- dent, drawing, painting, making artificiaL flowers, or doing fancy needle work. The little twenty-acre farm meant something with ten or twelve cows, two horses, and other stock. Early and late in winter school days, often before daylight, frosty mornings, in bare feet through frost-covered grass and, iced stubble, to bring the cows in. Warming the feet where a cow had just lain. One pair of cowhide shoes a year did not always reach. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 121 But it was not all work and no play, so Jack did not grow a dull boy, or Metthias either. Vendues and holidays brought the boys together for a good time. Especially Easter, and, if extra good, the menagerie in its yearly circuit to Norristown. Happier boys there could not be; starting off on a seven-mile walk to the show with twenty-five cents for admission and ten cents for spending money. When sixteen years old, I was an applicant for a position in the country store. A rival on many a contest at school had the advantage of speaking German. The free and unguarded cash drawer was too much of a temptation, and he was sent to the penitentiary. Time's never ceasing shuttle wove the impression into the warp and woof of my life until it reached an inventor's misfortune. At seventeen left my country home for Philadelphia to learn the art of wood engraving. Not without a country boy's city experience with its associations and tempta- tions, but I had come from a good home training, and with a mother's prayers. A dozen apprentice boys the first encounter. The introduction to a company of boys on the street, the second. Having neither time nor dis- position for corner lounging, I got their dis- pleasure, and they went for my country presump- 122 HISTORY OF THE tion. Country muscle and the science of the gym- nast, already acquired at the office, not least the gloves (at the expense of some few knock-downs), the boys, for some reason best known to themselves, seemed to encourage the plucky country boy, but served me a good purpose on my first and last fist- fight If not securing their good feeling, I was respected ever after. A company of boys from the Sunday school class were my tried associates, the few even- ings I could spare from my studies and work from the office. Some of them playing musical instruments, we met at parents' homes. Some of them had sisters who played the piano, and, with music and such games that were allowed at the several homes, they were pleasant evenings. Then came the club-room with iron-clad rules, resolutions and by-laws, long and blue. Music, reading, and such games as were played at the homes, the club- room grew attractive; sisters disappointed, parents indifferent. One night in the card game, Seven's Up, some one proposed a small ante. I threw down my hand of cards, said "Good-night, boys," and I have never cut a pack of cards since. Converted and- united with the Baptist Church at the age of nineteen. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 123 I hope there has been a thread of moral running through this chapter. If so, and a benefit as well as interest to anyone, I am glad I have given the chapter. Yours truly, M. R. LONGACRE. Longacre, Matthias Reiff; residence, Philadel- phia, Pa.; born, Montgomery County, Pa., June 6th, 1836; height, 5 feet 10 inches; weight, 160 pounds. Wife, Mary J. Goodwin; born, April 14th, 1837; died, August 6th, 1879. Ancestry, Scotch and English. Married, June 8th, 1858. Children: Matthias R., Jr., born, April 1st, 1859; children, four (one deceased). Harry B., born Jan- uary 14th, 1861; children, three (one deceased). Mary I., born August 21st, 1863; children, five (two deceased.) Willie, born July l0th, 1867; died, July 3rd, 1874. Elizabeth, born September 4th, 1869; died, July 5th, 1870. Albert B., born January 7th, 1878. Married, second time, August 31st, 1882, to Mary J. Vanderbilt; born in the State of New York, June 8th, 1846; died, August 25th, 1893. Children: Edith Vanderbilt Longacre, born May 21st, 1887. Mabel Longacre, born January 11th, 1892. Mar- ried third wife, Miss Regina V. Noll, June 5th, 1901. 124 HISTORY OF THE Father, Henry Longacre; residence, Montgom- ery County, Pa.; born, April 1st, 1809, Mont- gomery County, Pa.; died, October 28th, 1845, Montgomery County, Pa.; height, 5 feet 10 inches; weight, medium; features, regular; hair, dark. Wife, Elizabeth Rein. Children, seven: Margaret (deceased), Matthias R., Thomas P., Jacob (de- ceased), Ann Dora, David B., Henry D. Paternal grandfather, Jacob Longacre; residence, Montgomery County, Pa.; born, October 15th, 1767; died, April 15th, 1845, in Montgomery County, Pa.; height, medium. Seven children: Mary E., married S. Kurtz; Abraham, married. Ruth Jones; Rachel, married Isaac Kurtz; Juliann, married Thomas Fulton; Debora, married Thomas Walker; Henry, married Elizabeth Reiff; Catherine, married David Rosenberger. Wife's name, Catherine Zimmerman; married, May 7th, 1795; born, April 20th, 1770; died, Feb- ruary 10th, 1840. Said Henry born, April 1st, 1809; married Eliz- abeth Reiff, March 12th, 1835 (Rev. Joseph Re- nard, Philadelphia, officiating); died, October 28th, 1845. Wife born, July 16th, 1817; died, Septem- ber 15th, 1878. . Juliann (fourth child, of Jacob Longacre and Catharine Zimmerman), born, December 10th LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 125 1803; died, October 29th, 1876; married Thomas Fulton, November 13th, 1828. Issue, seven chil- dren: Sarah Ann, married -- Gallagher; issue, Maggie, Thomas, Mary. Catharine, married -- Helffinger. Mary is deceased. Henry, fourth child, married ----; issue, Charles G., Emily A., Thomas, Alfred R. Elizabeth married Jacob Auchey; issue, Ruth Annie, William Henry, Samuel C., Cora Emily, John Warren. Rachael Bixley, fourth child, married -- ----; issue, Blanche, J. Albert, Amy C, Kenneth. **************** STEM, ULRICH[1] LONGENECKER. BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY E. LONGENECKER AND GENEALOGY OF HIS BRANCH OF THE FAMILY. Christian B. Longenecker, the first son of my grandfather, was born November 20th, 1805, and died February 23rd, 1895, aged eighty-nine years, three months, three days; married to Elizabeth Berks. He was a farmer in Lancaster County, Pa. They had one daughter named Fannie. She was married to J. W. Heisey, a farmer, in Lancaster 126 HISTORY OF THE County. They had seven children: Simon Win- field, Lizzie, Edwin, Harry, Samuel, Mary, and Christian. Second child of grandfather, named Rachel, born November 28th, 1806; died, 1813. Third child of grandfather, named Annie, born February 23rd, 1808; died, August 21st, 1894, aged eighty-six years, five months, twenty-eight days; married to David Miller, born 1805; died July 16th, 1889, aged eighty-three years, eleven months, thir- teen days. They had fourteen children, and at the time of mother's death had eighty-one grandchil- dren and forty-one great-grandchildren. They were farmers in Lancaster County. Names of the children of David Miller: Elizabeth, born March 15th, 1829; Fannie, born August 18th, 1830; Annie, born November 25th, 1831; Chris- tian, born February 20th, 1833; David, born July 16th, 1834; John, born May 20th, 1836; Henry, born March 22nd, 1838; Barbara, born May 16th, 1839; Mary, born November 13th, 1840; Leah, born March 14th, 1842; Abraham, born January 23rd, 1844; Martin, born August 6th, 1846; Martha, born November 2nd, 1849; Samuel, born March 14th, 1852. First child of David Miller, Elizabeth, married to Abraham Martin. They had two children, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 127 David and Fannie. Fannie died single. David married Esther Shopp, having three children, Alvin, Elizabeth, and Annie. Second child of David Miller, Fannie, married Henry Metzger. They had five children: David, Annie, Amanda, Joseph, and Emma. Third child of David Miller, Annie, unmarried. Fourth child of David Miller, Christian, married Nancy Heisey; issue, Henry and Lizzie. Henry died young, and Lizzie is single; first wife died; second wife, Mary Ginder, no children. Fifth child of David Miller, named David, mar- ried Frances Garber; issue, two children, John and Frances. Frances died, aged six months, two days. John married Fannie Heistand; have no child- ren. First wife of David Miller died March 1st, 1861. Second wife, Leah Nissley; issue, five children. Anna, born June 14th, 1863; Barbara, born August 29th, 1864; Mary, born March 23rd, 1867; Milton, born March 1st, 1874; Elizabeth, born May l0th, 1877. Barbara married Amos Stauffer; issue, four children, Norman, Bertha, Mary, and Leah. Mary married Harry Miller. Milton married Mary Hostetter, having no children. Elizabeth, single. Sixth child of David Miller, named John, died young. 128 HISTORY OF THE Seventh child of David Miller, named Henry, married Lizzie Erb; issue, nine children, Daniel, Anna, David, Simon, Henry, Benjamin, Amos, Ezra, Lizzie. Daniel married to Frances Snyder; issue, four children; Anna married Levi Ebersole; issue, three children; Henry married Lizzie New- comer; issue, one child; Benjamin married Annie Weaver, living in Kansas, one child; Amos, single; David, Simon, Ezra, and Lizzie, died young. Eighth child of David Miller, Barbara, married to John Erb, a minister in the old Mennonite Church; issue, thirteen children, Mary, Annie, Bar- bara, Ellie, Amanda, Susan, Fannie, Lizzie, Alice, Samuel, John, Emma, David. Mary married Frank Nissley; Annie married Abraham Lutz; Barbara, single; Ellie married Benjamin Brubaker; issue, Amanda and Nye; Alice married Ephraim Sharer; Susan, Fannie, Lizzie, Samuel, John, Amanda, and David, single. Ninth child of David Miller, named Mary, married Andrew Stoner; issue, nine children, Lizzie, Annie, Fannie, Mary, Martha, Emma, Albert, Leah, Dora. Lizzie married Samuel Frowers; Annie married Samuel Eshleman; Emma married Joseph Shoop; Albert married Mary Kraybill. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 129 Tenth child of David Miller, named Leah, married Jacob Erb, living in Kansas, a deacon in the old Mennonite Church; issue, five children, Tilman, Annie, Mary, Susan, Jacob. Tilman, re- siding in Kansas, a Bishop in the old Mennonite Church, married Lizzie Hess; issue, five children. Annie married Christian Reiff; issue, three chil- dren (names not given); Mary married Jones Eby; issue, two children; Susan, single; Jacob, died young. Eleventh child of David Miller, Abraham, married Mary Grammes; no children. Twelfth child of David Miller, Martin, married Lizzie Connelley; issue, three children, Phares, Lizzie, and Jacob. Phares married Emma Kray- bill; issue, two children. Lizzie married Mr. Albright; Jacob married Lillie Demmy. Martin Miller's first wife died; now married to Lizzie Zimmerman; issue, ten children, Samuel, David, Martin, Ira, Levi, Reuben, Annie, Lizzie, Benja- min, Frances. Thirteenth child of David Miller, named Martha, married Amos Zimmerman; issue, two children, Ellie and Nathaniel. Fourteenth child of David Miller, named Samuel, married Annie Risser; issue, ten children, Edwin, 130 HISTORY OF THE Jacob, Samuel, Emery, David, Lizzie, Annie, Ada, Mary, and Elmer. Fourth child of grandfather, named Mary, was born September 16th, 1809, and died in the year 1814. Fifth child of grandfather, named Elizabeth, born July l3th, 1811; married John Horst, a farmer, residing in Dauphin County, Pa.; issue, nine children, Fannie, Catharine, Mary, Annie, Lizzie, Leah, Jacob, Adaline, Ellen. First child of John Horst, named Fannie, married Samuel Rupp; issue, three children. Second child of John Horst, Catharine, married Jacob Nissley; issue, six children. Third child of John Horst, named Mary, married Martin Nissley; issue, six children. Fourth child of John Horst, named Jacob, married Lizzie Hammacker, having ten children (names not given). Fifth child of John Horst, named Adaline, married Daniel Metz, having no children. Sixth child of John Horst, named Ellen, un- married. Sixth child of grandfather, named Fanny, was born November 22nd, 1812; died, November 29th, 1888, aged seventy-six years and seven days. Mar- ried John Ebersole, a. farmer, in Lancaster County. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 131 They were blessed with nine children: Barbara, Levi, Fanny, Anna, David, Christian, Lizzie, Abra- ham, John. First child of John and Fanny Ebersole, named Barbara, married to Abraham Rutt, were blessed with seven children, Ellen, Edwin, Fannie, Bar- bara, Abraham, and two died young. First child, Ellen, married Martin Metzger, having two chil- dren; second child, Edwin, married Lizzie Gruber, having no children; third child, named Fanny, married Michael Mumma, having one child, named Milliard; fifth child, named Abraham, a school teacher, married Lizzie Fink, having no child- ren. Second child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Levi, born July 26th, 1840, a minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church, married to Mary Risser. Blessed with six children, Tilman, Amos, Emma, Fannie, Martin, and John. First child, Tilman, died young; second child, Amos, married Clara Wissler; issue, four children; third child, Emma, married Edison Martin; fourth child, Fanny, married Joseph Nissley; issue, two children; fifth child, Martin, married Lizzie Risser; issue, one child; sixth child, John, died single. Third child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Fanny, born December l7th, 1841, married Martin Rutt, 132 HISTORY OF THE a minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; ordained to the ministry of the Word in 1771, and ordained Bishop in 1880, having charge of the following meeting-houses: Basslers, Goods, Rissers, Stauffers, Stricklers, Shopps. Blessed with five children, Amanda, Lizzie, Alice, Gabriel, Martin. First child, Amanda, married John L. Garber; blessed with two children, Mary and Ezra; second child, Lizzie, married Tilman Kraybill; blessed with seven children, namely, Alice, Fanny, Cora, Martin, Gerty, Mary, John; third child, Alice, married Henry Erb; blessed with two children, namely, Mary and Amos; fourth child, Gabriel (a school teacher), married Amanda Nissley; blessed with three children, Ada, Alvin and Walter; fifth child, Martin, married Suie Hess; issue, one child, which is dead. Fourth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Anna, married Abraham Risser; issue, two children, Elias and Amanda. Elias married Rosy Gingrich; Amanda married Seth Brubaker; issue, five chil- dren; her first husband, died; her second, husband is John Snyder. Fifth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, David, married Maria Brubaker, now living in Freeport, Ill.; issue, four children, Ella, Annie, Cora, and Fanny. Ella married Arthur Ritzman. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 133 Sixth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Chris- tian, born October 26th, 1846; died, single. Seventh child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Liz- zie, married Martin Mumma; issue, three children, Annie, Martin, and Mary. Eighth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Abraham, born December 20th, 1853; died sin- gle. Ninth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, John, died in infancy. Seventh child of grandfather, named Barbara; born March 8th, 1815; died, February 19th, 1898, aged eighty-two years, eleven months, one day; married Harry Hilsher, a farmer; issue, two chil- dren, Ayres and Van Buren. Ayres born Septem- ber 21st, 1849; died single. Van Buren born January 1st, 1855; married Sarah Hunsperger; issue, three children, Henry, Stella, and Van Buren. Eighth child of grandfather, John, born July 13th, 1817; died September 12th, 1898, aged eighty-one years, two months, twenty-one days; married Nancy Garber. They were farmers. He was a deacon in the old Mennonite Church. Blessed with seven children, Fanny, John, Levi, Christian, Kate, Annie, and Lizzie. First child, Fannie, died single. Second child 134 HISTORY OF THE of John and Nancy Longenecker, named John, married Barbara Brubaker; a farmer, living in Jackson County, Kan.; issue, thirteen children, Irvin, Annie, Emma, Maria, Lizzie, Christian, John, Levi, Katie, Laura, Mary, Fannie, Alda. Christian and Laura are dead. Annie married George Decker; issue, two children, Albert and Frank. Third child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Levi, married Annie N. Risser; issue, three chil- dren, Elmer, Ira, and Henry. Elmer married Emma E. Snyder; issue, two children, Levi and John. Fourth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Christian, married Lavina Bender; issue, seven children, Dora, Annie, Phares, Ada, Elem, Mary, and J. Bender. Fifth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Kate, married Jacob Rutt; issue, ten children, John, Harry, Annie, Ida, Albert, Alice, Jacob, Christian, Norman, Mary. Harry and Christian are dead. Sixth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Annie, married Levi Kraybill; issue, four children, Emma, Lizzie, Mary, and Ruth. Emma married Phares Miller; issue, two children, Arthur and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 135 Ruth; Mary married Albert M. Stoner; issue, one child, Edgar. Seventh child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Lizzie, married Elem Hirsh; issue, six children, John Harrison, Walter, Annie, Mary, Lottie, and Rebecca. Ninth child of grandfather. Henry, born Decem- ber 19th, 1818, and died March 22nd, 1870, aged fifty-one years, three months, three days. Married Elizabeth Ebersole; a farmer; issue, eleven chil- dren, Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Lizzie, Annie, John, Amanda, and Abraham. First child of Henry and Elizabeth Longenecker, Esther, married Henry E. Landis; issue, six chil- dren, Annie, Jonas, Mary, Lizzie, Alice, and Emma. Annie married Elias Risser, having no children; Jonas married Annie Witmer; issue, one child, Lizzie; Mary married John Ebersole, having one child, Esther; another child, Emma, is dead. Second child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Christian, married Mary Hernley; issue, two children, Amelia and Ephraim. Amelia mar- ried Clinton Sharer; issue, four children, Edna, Della, Ervin, Elmer. Ephraim married Ella Bru- baker; issue, two children, Ada and Eva. 136 HISTORY OF THE Third child of Henry and Elizabeth Longenecker, Fannie, married John Burkholder; issue, four chil- dren, Henry, Ida, Ephraim, and Lizzie. Fourth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, David, married Barbara Lehman; issue, four children, Lizzie, Katie, Henry, and Benjamin. Fifth child, Henry E. Longenecker, a minister of the Gospel. Sixth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Samuel, married Susan Lehman; issue, seven children, Annie, Daniel, Harry, Lizzie, Susan, Samuel, and Sadie. Annie married Alien Gantz; issue, one child, Anna Caroline. Seventh child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Lizzie, single. Eighth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Annie, married Jacob Landis; issue, three children, Mary, Lizzie, and Henry. Ninth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, John, married Lizzie Hershey; issue, seven children, Albert, Hershey, Mary, Martin, Roy, Ivin, and Harvey. Ivin is dead. Tenth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Amanda, single. Eleventh child of Henry, and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Abraham, married Lizzie Ebersole, having no children. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 137 Tenth child of grandfather, Mary, born July 5th, 1821; married Martin Nissley; issue, four chil- dren, Jacob, Christian, John, and Annie. Eleventh child of grandfather, David, born May 31st, 1823; died young. Twelfth child of grandfather, Abraham, born July 31st, 1825; died young. Thirteenth child of grandfather, David, born September 6th, 1830; died April 11th, 1895; not married; was a school teacher. Fourteenth child of grandfather, Levi, born Oc- tober 24th, 1835; died young. Longenecker, Henry E., of Salunga, Lancaster County, Pa., was born in West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., April 9th, 1853. Minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; or- dained February 19th, 1880, having charge of a church at Chestnut Hill, West Hempfield Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa. Married, January 14th, 1875, Catharine H. Bomberger (born January 26th, 1851). They have no children. The father of Henry E. Longenecker was Henry B. Longenecker; born December 19th, 1818, at Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa.; died March 22nd, 1870, at Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was a farmer, little of stature, and died by the fall of a tree. He had eleven chil- 138 HISTORY OF THE dren, six sons and five daughters, all living at the time of his death, the youngest over thirty years of age: Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Elizabeth, Annie, John, Amanda, Abra- ham. Henry B. Longenecker married, May 23rd, 1844, Elizabeth Ebersole, who died January 7th, 1896. She was the daughter of David Ebersole, a farmer, in Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa., a deacon in the old Mennonite Church at Good's Meeting-house, in Conoy Township. The grandfather of Henry E. Longenecker was Christian Longenecker; born in Lancaster County, Pa., May 5th, 1785; died in West Donegal Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa., July 31st, 1855. He was little of stature, and a farmer. Married Fannie Brenamen (born May 22rd, 1789; died October 5th, 1868). They had fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters, five of whom died before they were grown up. The names of the children were Christian, Rachel, Annie, Mary, Elizabeth, Fannie, Barbara, John, Henry, Mary, David, Abraham, David, and Levi. They had two named. David and two Mary; after the first died they gave others the same names. The great-grandfather of Henry E. Longenecker was Christian Longenecker; born March 16th, 1738, in Lancaster County, Pa.; died April 16th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 139 1814, in Lancaster County. It is supposed that he was born in this county, because his father was in this county, and he himself is buried there, with his wife, at Bassler's Meeting-house, in West Don- egal Township. The great-great-grandfather of Henry E. Long- enecker was Melchior Longenecker, who died in Lancaster County, Pa. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Henry E.; residence, Salunga, Lan- caster County, Pa.; born, Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., April 9th, 1853. A minis- ter of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; ordained February 19th, 1880, having charge of a church at Chestnut Hill, West Hempfield Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa. Married, January 14th, 1875, Catharine H. Bomberger (born January 26th, 1851). No children. Father's name, Henry B. Longenecker; resi- dence, Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., December 19th, 1818; died March 22nd, 1870, at Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was little of stature. He was a farmer; died by the fall of a tree. Had eleven children, six sons and five daughters, all living, the youngest over thirty 140 HISTORY OF THE years of age: Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Elizabeth, Annie, John, Amanda, Abraham. Married, May 23rd, 1844, Elizabeth Ebersole, who died January 7th, 1896. The father of Elizabeth Ebersole, David Ebersole, was a farmer, in Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was a deacon in the old. Mennonite Church, at Good's Meeting-house, in Conoy Township. Paternal grandfather, Christian Longenecker; residence, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Lancaster County, Pa., May 5th, 1785; died July 31st, 1855, at West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was little of stature; was a farmer. Married Fannie Brenamen (born May 22nd, 1789; died Octo- ber 5th, 1868). They were the parents of fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters; five of them died before they were grown up. Children: Christian, Rachel, Annie, Mary, Elizabeth, Fannie, Barbara, John, Henry, Mary, David, Abraham, David, and Levi. They had two named David and two Mary. After the first died they later gave the others the same names. Great-grandfather, Christian Longenecker; resi- dence, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Lancaster County, Pa., March 16th, 1738; died, Lancaster County, Pa., April 16th, 1814. It is supposed that he was born in Lancaster Countv, because his father LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 141 was in this county, and he himself died and is buried in this county. I was at his and his wife's graves, at Bassler's Meeting-house, in West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa. His wife's name was Anna, and she was born in 1740 and died in 1812. Great-great-grandfather, Melchior Longenecker; residence, Lancaster County, Pa. Melchior is a mistake; the aunt who said she was told so has forgotten, or else the author of it did not know. The records, dates, etc., and age, show that Ulrich[1] was the great-great-grandfather. Pedigree: Henry E.[5], Henry B.[4], Christian[3], Christian[2], Ulrich[1]. ****************** ULRICH[1] STEM. CHILDREN OF PETER AND HANNAH (NEE BOYER) LONGAKER (PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). Rufus B., born April 6th, 1816; died September 26th, 1882; Mary (Mrs. Abraham C. Cole, de- ceased), born August 1st, 1817; died ----, 1882; Louisa (Mrs. Sebastian Kohl), born December 17th, 1823; Emeline, born September 25th, 1827; John Boyer, born September 11th, 1832; died June 5th, 1888; Frances Mira, born June 30th, 1836; died September 13th, 1838. 142 HISTORY OF THE Sebastian Kohl, of Limerick Township, born April 16th, 1812. He was married April 1st, 1845, to Louisa, daughter of Peter and Hannah B. Longaker, and had four children: Mary Adeline, born March 30th, 1846; Hannah Emma, born June 8th, 1848; Horace, born August 5th, 1850; Sarah Jane, born March 6th, 1856; died November 4th, 1889. GENEALOGY OF RUFUS B. LONGAKER'S FAMILY Montgomery S. Longaker, born December 24th, 1842; Hannah E. Longaker, born September 22nd, 1844; married Matthias Geist; issue, Harry and Lizzie; Lizzie married Irvin S. Brant. Elmira Longaker, born March 20th, 1847; died April 12th, 1847; Sarah Ann Longaker, born September 24th, 1848; died May 6th, 1861; Horace Long- aker, born August 4th, 1850; Mary Longaker, born November 10th, 1852; married William H. Thomas; died April 23rd, 1885, leaving her hus- band to survive her, but no children; Lewis C. Longaker, born February 14th, 1856, in Pottstown, and was educated in the public schools of that borough. In the spring of 1877, he entered the office of Beam & Son, Parker's Landing, Armstrong County, Pa., and became engaged in making gauge tables of oil tanks, continuing with the firm until LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 143 the fall of 1878. In the spring of 1879 he entered the gauging departmemt of the United Pipe Line Company (a branch of the Standard), measuring and computing oil tanks. In July, 1895, he was put in charge of the running of oil in the Bradford District, and is still so engaged. September 5th, 1883, he married Gertrude P. Robinson, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Unto them three children were born, Ger- trude Elizabeth, October l3th, 1884, Harold Robin- son, September 25th, 1886, and Evelyn. GENEALOGY OF MONTGOMERY S. LONGAKER'S FAMILY. Children of Diana M. and Montgomery S. Long- aker: Gertrude, born September 7th, 1870; Helen B., born October l4th, 1872 (Mrs. Frank S. Brant); Elizabeth, born November 5th, ----; died Feb- ruary 16th, 1875. Children of Mary J. and M. S. Longaker: Charles K., born July 4th, 1877; Montgomery B., born August 20th, 1879; Beulah, born October 20th, 1881; Mabel, born November 19th, 1883; Joseph B., born April 22nd, 1886; died September 2nd, 1887; Louis, born October 19th, 1888; Russel B., born January 21st, 1895. 144 HISTORY OF THE M. S.LONGAKER BRANCH (MONTGOMERY[6], RUFUS[5], PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). The Longaker family has been an active one in Montgomery County's history, and the adminis- tration of the affairs of that section of the State has been participated in by various members for several generations. Hon. Montgomery S. Long- aker, the subject of this biography, has occupied public office for a number of years, and through his extensive and active career has always evidenced the possession of a high order of ability and great integrity. Montgomery S. Longaker was born December 24th, 1842, at Crooked Hill (now Sanatoga), Mont- gomery County, Pa., his parents being Rufus B. and Elizabeth Longaker. Mr. Longaker was trained to follow in his father's footsteps. He obtained his elementary instruction in the public schools of his native place, and, after completing his course there, he was sent to the Hill School at Pottstown, to complete his education. He then engaged in teaching for several years, and in 1864 entered the County Treasurer's office under his father, who then held that important post. Mr. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 145 Longaker entered into the affairs of his county with the same energetic spirit as that which dis- tinguished his father's career, and for several years he occupied a position in the administration of public affairs, which kept him in the vanguard of the leaders of Montgomery County. In the spring of 1875 he was elected Burgess of Pottstown, which position he so well filled that he was re- elected in the spring of 1876. Politics constituted for him an interesting study, and, both from the economic standpoint of national affairs and the broad management of county politics, he was well fitted to represent the organization of the De- mocracy of his county. In the fall of 1876 he was elected to a seat in the State Assembly, and resigned the office of Burgess, to which he had given so thorough an administration, and assumed his new duties as a State Legislator, serving during the Sessions of 1877 and 1878. On January 20th, 1886, Mr. Longaker was appointed Postmaster of Pottstown by President Cleveland, thus coming into the greatest promi- nence of his career, and he took charge of the office February 16th, 1886. He served as Postmaster for four and one-half years, when he was succeeded by an appointee under the administration of President Harrison. 146 HISTORY OF THE On August 16th, 1894, Mr. Lougaker was again appointed to the office by President Cleveland, and once more assumed charge on September 1st of that year, serving for a full term of four years. His administration of this responsible post proved very acceptable to the general public and the officials at Washington as well as creditable to himself. For a number of years he has been prominent as a local leader of the Democracy, and has been a delegate to many Democratic Con- ventions. Mr. Longaker was married August 10th, 1869, to Diana M. Beerer, a daughter of Joseph and Eliza- beth Kline Beerer, of Norristown. Three children were the result of this union: Gertrude B., Helen (Mrs. Frank S. Brant), and Elizabeth, who died in infancy. Mrs. Longaker died November 12th, 1874, and two years later, in 1876, Mr. Longaker married Mary J. Beerer, a sister of his first wife. By the second marriage he had a family of seven children: Charles K., Montgomery B., Beulah, Mabel, Louis, Joseph B. (deceased), and Russel B. Mr. Longaker is a member of Trinity Reformed Church. He is also identified with the Masonic bodies. He is a manager of the Reading and Perkiomen Turnpike Company and also of the Pottstown Gas LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 147 and Water Company. In the affairs of Montgomery County he has always been a prominent figure, and he continues to occupy that position in the esteem of the people of his community. **************** COLE BRANCH. Henry A. Cole, rn January 22nd, 1838. Mar- ried, May 5th, 1864, Jeanette Wentz Arnold, who was a daughter of Dr. Samuel Arnold, of Plymouth Township, Montgomery County, and her grand- father, Daniel Arnold, of French ancestry. Unto them were born two children: Carrie and Arnold Cole. Paternal grandfather, Abraham C. Cole, was born August 28th, 1805; died May 29th, 1871. Married Mary Longaker, a daughter of Peter and Hannah (nee Boyer) Longaker. The paternal grandfather of Henry A. Cole was Henry Kohl, Limerick Township, who married Barbara Achelberger. Genealogy: Mary Longaker[5], Peter[4], Jacob[3], Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]. 148 HISTORY OF THE RUFUS B. LONGAKER (RUFUS[5], PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). Peter Longaker, the father of Rufus B., was a na- tive of Lawrenceville, now Parker-Ford, Chester County, Pa., where he was born, on his father's farm, March 14th, 1786, and died November 1st, 1866, in Limerick Township. He married Hannah Boyer, November 7th, 1815, a daughter of George and Mary Boyer, who was born in Churchville, Here- ford Township, Berks County, Pa., September 1st, 1795, and survived until her ninetieth year. There were born to Mr. and Mrs. Longaker six children: Rufus B., Mary (Mrs. Abraham C. Cole, deceased), Louisa (Mrs. Sebastian Kohl), Emeline (John B. and Frances Mira, deceased). Rufus B., the eldest of this number, whose birth occurred in Limerick Township (where his father then resided), on the 6th of April, 1816. At the age of sixteen became a pupil at the Trappe Board- ing School. On completing his course of study, he spent two years in teaching in Cumru Town- ship, Berks County, Pa., and then became a clerk in a country store at the Trappe. He embarked in the mercantile business at Crooked Hill, Mont- gomery County, remaining there from 1840 to 1851. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 149 Having been in that year elected Recorder of Deeds, he removed soon after to Norristown, and remained for three years the incumbent of the office. Returning to Pottstown in 1855, he en- gaged in the purchase and sale of cattle and horses, continuing the business for several years. He was, in 1863, the successful candidate for County Treas- urer, and served in that capacity for two terms, meanwhile retaining his home in Pottstown. In 1862, under the firm of Longaker & Van Buskirk, he embarked in the wholesale wine and liquor business, in which he was succeeded by his son, Montgomery S. Longaker. Mr. Longaker was an influential member of his party, and at various times delegate to Democratic State Conventions. For three years he served as member of the Borough Council of Pottstown. He was for many years in the Board of Management of the Union Mutual Fire and Storm Insurance Company of Mont- gomery County, as also a Manager of the Reading and Perkiomen Turnpike Company. He was a devout member of Trinity Reformed Church, of Pottstown. Mr. Longaker was married, January 20th, 1842, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Abram Smith, of Pottstown. Their children are Montgomery S., Hannah E. (Mrs. Matthias Geist), Horace S., Mary (Mrs. William H. Thomas), de- 150 HISTORY OF THE ceased, Lewis C. (of Bradford, Pa.), Sarah Ann, and Elmira (deceased). Mr. Longaker enjoyed a reputation for prompt- ness and integrity in all his business dealings. Pos- sessing sound judgment and a mind that grasped quickly the details of business, he was frequently consulted upon matters involving important issues. He was extensively acquainted with public men throughout the State, and enjoyed the confidence and friendship of many persons in high official position. The death of Mr. Longaker occurred, after a life of great activity and usefulness, on the 26th of September, 1882. ***************** PERSONAL SKETCH OF DANIEL LONGAKER AND FAMILY. Ulrich Longenecker stem, branch of Isaac Long- aker, who married Catharine Diehl. Issue, three sons: Daniel, Isaac, Francis. First, child,. Daniel (deceased). Grandparents: Maternal, George Boyer married Catharine Hoffman; paternal, Isaac Longaker mar- ried, December 27th, 1812, to Catharine Diehl. Parents, Daniel Longaker married Elizabeth Boyer. There were born unto them eleven children: LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 151 George W. Longaker married Eunice Naomi Shearer. Unto these were born three children: (a) Mary N. Longaker married Frank Huston. (b) Katie Longaker, who married Amos Albertson, of Norristown. These have two children, Morton and Dorothy, (c) Daniel Longaker, M. D., a phy- sician, living at Reading, Pa. Katie Longaker died at age of sixteen; Annie E. Longaker, unmarried; Daniel Moore Long- aker died in infancy ; Mary Boyer Longaker died at the age of five years; Ellie V. Longaker married Rev. L. K. Evans, D. D., of Pottstown. These have two children, Anna R. Evans and Daniel Longaker Evans. Bertha Longaker married Rev. David W. Moore (now deceased); was pastor of Presbyterian Church at Bridgeport, Pa. No issue. Sallie Longaker died at age of thirty-three years; Elizabeth Longaker married Dr. C. Howard Harry, of Norristown, Pa. One son born unto them, Carolus P. Harry. Claribel Longaker married Ellwood Rhoads, of Norristown, Pa. No issue. Daniel Longaker died at the age of seven years. Grandmother, Catharine Hoffman Boyer, was the daughter of Jacob Hoffman, who was born March 18th, 1765, and who was married to Cath- arine Schlough, September 26th, 1786. Grandmother, Catharine Deal Longaker, was the 152 HISTORY OF THE daughter of Daniel Deal, died October 29th, 1826, and his wife Mary, died October 6th, 1843. Grandfather, Isaac Longaker, was born February 4th, 1792, and died June 20th, 1818. Grandmother, Catharine Diehl Longaker, was born May 7th, 1792, and died July 4th, 1873. Daniel Longaker[5] (Isaac[4], Jacob[3], Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]). Jacob[3] changed name from Longenecker to Long- aker. ******************* ULRICH[1] STEM-HONORABLE J. H. LONGENECKER BRANCH. The Longenecker family of Bedford, Blair, and Huntingdon Counties, Pa., are of Lancaster County stock. The best information indicates that during the latter part of the Eighteenth Century, Peter Longenecker went from Lancaster County to what was then (if prior to September 9th, 1784,) Cum- berland County, or (if after that date) Franklin County, and settled in Washington Township, now Franklin County. There were five sons of whom I can learn, viz.: Jacob, David (my grandfather), Daniel, Joseph, and Abraham, and two daughters, one married to a man named Mock and one to Abraham Winters. From Washington Township, Franklin County, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 153 the children named all removed to Huntingdon and Bedford Counties, except Daniel and Joseph, who went to the State of Ohio at an early day. Jacob located near Petersburg, Huntingdon County. The records of that county show a conveyance to him on the 6th of November, 1801, from John Graffius. (See Record Book "I, No. I," page 76.) Some of his descendants still reside in that locality. (For David, my grandfather, see below.) Daniel and Joseph, as stated, removed to Ohio. They may have gone directly from their home in Franklin County, and probably did, or perhaps after staying for a short time in one of the more westerly counties of the State. At all events, Peter S. Long- enecker, of Galva, Ill. (a son of Abraham Long- enecker, post, and hence a nephew of Daniel and Joseph), informs me Joseph visited his father's (Abraham Longenecker's) family, in Morrison's Cove, Bedford County, while living in Ohio during his (Peter's) boyhood, and that in 1842, he (Peter) and his brother-in-law, Jacob Strock, when travel- ing through Ohio, visited his uncle, Daniel Long- enecker, who then lived with his son near New Lisbon, the county seat of Columbiana County. I do not know where Joseph resided. The only thing I can learn of the daughter married to Mock is that she lived at one time in Blair County, near 154 HISTORY OF THE Martinsburg. The daughter married to Abraham Winters lived with her husband on a farm near Williamsburg, then in Huntingdon County, now Blair. They had two sons and two daughters, of whom Abraham Winters, Jr., removed to Iowa in 1854, as Peter Longenecker says he then saw him and his family in Ogle County, Ill., on their way to Iowa. Abraham Longenecker, who died in the latter part of the year 1840, was married to Nancy Snow- berger and had the following children, viz.: Abra- ham, who died early in the fifties, and his family afterward removed to Black Hawk County, Iowa, locating on a quarter section of land sold them by my father, near Waterloo in that county. Fannie, who married Abraham Keagy, a farmer, near the village of Woodbury, Bedford County, and who died in 1898, aged ninety-four years. Samuel, who was a school teacher for many. years, an intelligent man, of extensive reading, and died, unmarried, in old age .at-Woodbury. Catharine, who married Jacob Strock, who was for some years engaged in merchandising in Wood- bury, and early in the fifties removed to a farm near Polo, Ogle County, Ill., where his family still resides. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 155 Jacob, who died in old age in Woodbury, un- married. Daniel, first engaged in the milling business, afterward in merchandising at Claysburg, Blair County, then, about 1855, removed to Northern Illinois, engaged in farming. One of his sons was Charles 0. Longenecker, a very successful mer- chant in Ogle County, Ill., who died a few years ago in the southern part of that county. David S., who was engaged in various occupa- tions, including agriculture, and died a few years ago at Roaring Springs, Blair Count, Pa., a highly respected citizen, and leaving a family of daughters and one son, who is now practicing medicine in Emporia, Kan. Barbara, who intermarried with David F. Buck, a prosperous farmer and merchant. Both died some years ago at their home at New Enterprise, Bedford County, leaving two sons, Charles L. Buck and Samuel L. Buck, and two daughters, Mrs. Obediah Ober and Mrs. D. M. Brumbaugh. Peter Longenecker, who still lives at Galva, Bureau County, Ill. The only remaining member of the family. His son, Calvin S. Longenecker, is engaged in business at 133 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Ill. 156 HISTORY OF THE Susannah, who married John Keagy and removed to Fayette County, Pa. David Longenecker, my grandfather, was born near Waynesboro, Franklin County (or possibly in Lancaster County), about 1760 to 1765. He was a carpenter by occupation and is so described in a deed for his first purchase in Huntingdon County from Daniel Pennington, dated September 3rd, 1794, and is also there described as being from Washing- ton Township, Franklin County. After removing to Huntingdon County, about the time mentioned in said deed, he resided in Franklin Township, Huntingdon County, on Spruce Creek, as the title papers indicate. He afterward removed to Wood- bury Township in the same county (now Huston Township, Blair County), and lived there until the time of his death. The first deed to him for land in the latter community bears date February 25th, 1812, and was for sixteen acres purchased from John Paulus (Paul). By a warrant from the Com- monwealth dated December 9th, 1814, and a patent dated April 10th, 1816, he acquired title to twenty- seven acres in the same neighborhood, and by deed dated August 30th, 1815,, he purchased from John Brumbaugh and his wife one hundred and sixteen. acres, also in the same locality. On the 25th of April, 1828, he and his wife, Elizabeth, sold and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 157 conveyed to their son, John Longenecker, my father, their mansion farm situated as above, re- serving a yearly payment of $50.00 during life, to begin April 1st, 1829. David Longenecker died on these premises, Sep- tember 4th, 1838, aged about seventy-five years, and was buried in the family graveyard, located thereon. He had three sons who survived him. Jacob lived in the same community until he at- tained middle life, when he removed to South Woodbury Township, Bedford County, near New Enterprise, where he died, the ---- day of ------, 187-. He had a son, Samuel, who removed to the West and remained there (locality not known). He also had several daugh- ters, one of whom married a Mr. Dilling; one, Isaac Hoover, who resided until his death in Kan- sas; and one, John Snowberger, of New Enterprise. Peter died unmarried, near Martinsburg, Blair County, in 187-, and John Longcnecker, my father, was born May 21st, 1804, in Huntingdon County, now Blair, and died July 29th, 1876, at his home, near Knob- noster, Johnson County, Mo. He was all his life engaged in farming, first owning the farm which his father had conveyed to him in Huston Town- ship, Blair County, on the 25th of April, 1828, and 158 HISTORY OF THE which he, on the 25th of December, 1843, con- veyed to Jacob Hoover. On the 14th of April, 1846, he purchased from Jacob and Peter Long- enecker one hundred and fifty-nine acres of land in Middle Woodbury Township, being the mansion farm of Abraham Longenecker, the father of the vendors and uncle of the vendees. He removed, with his family, to these premises in 1844, in pur- suance of a contract of their purchase, and resided thereon until 1867, when he sold the same and re- moved to a property which he owned near by, on which stood a grist mill, built by his uncle, Abra- ham Longenecker, early in the centuries, which he operated until 1869. In the spring of that year he disposed of the latter and removed to Johnson County, Mo. He was first married, in 1826, to Susan Smith, by whom he had four children: David, born Octo- her 4th, 1827, who lives with his family in Union- ville, Appanoose County, Iowa; Catharine, born August 22nd, 1829, who lives in Johnson County, Mo., unmarried; John, born December i8th, 1831, who resides in Kingman County, Kan.; and Susan, who died in infancy. David and John are both engaged in farming. His wife having died in 1833, he was again married, in 1836, to Elizabeth Hol- singer, who was born September 6th, 1806, in what LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 159 is now Bloomfield Township, Bedford County, and who died August ----, 1880, at Pomona, Frank- lin County, Kan., at the home of her daughter Nancy. From the second marriage the following issue resulted: Daniel, born October l4th, 1837, now residing near Paola, Miami County, Kan., where he is en- gaged in agriculture and stock-raising. In 1866 he married Susan U. Reichard, a daughter of Dr. Reichard, residing near Hagerstown, Md. He was then engaged in the milling business on his father's property, and in 1867 removed to Johnson County, Mo., and several years later to his present home in Kansas. His children are Oscar M., who, for two terms, was Superintendent of Public Instruction of Miami County, Kan., and is now a practicing physician in the same county; Florence, a successful teacher in the schools of Kansas City; Arthur, now en- gaged as a clerk; Charles H., now practicing med- icine in Kingman County, Kan.; Alice Winnefred, who died at the age of sixteen, on the 2nd day of May, 1898; Albert, just graduated from the Paola High School; and Jacob H. Longenecker (a sketch of whom you have already received). Mary. born April 13th, 1842, attended school at 160 HISTORY OF THE the Allegheny Male and Female Seminary, Bed- ford County. Married Henry Albaugh, and resides in Kingman County, Kan. Has several children, of whom Nannie graduated from the State Normal School at Emporia, Kan., and is now married to ----- Stanley, who is now engaged in the study of the law, in his native State of Kansas, and Mira and Mattie, who are at home with their parents. George Longenecker, born February 26th, 1844, and died July 17th, 1899, at his home in Nelson, Butte County, Cal. He had served in the army during the War of the Rebellion, in Company G, One Hundred and Sixty-first Pennsylvania Volun- teers (Sixteenth Cavalry), had taught school, grad- uated from the Missouri State Normal School at Warrensburg, went to California and engaged in the drug business. He is survived by his wife and two children, both of whom lately graduated from the California State Normal School at Chico. Nancy, born May 24th, 1846. She attended the State Normal School at Millersville, Pa.; went with the family to the West; married Samuel G. Longaker, who engaged in merchandising at Pa- mona, Kan., afterward removed to Baldwin, Kan., and later to Kansas City, where they now reside. Two of their sons are in the service of the Wells- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 161 Fargo Express Company, Irwin being the General Route Agent for the company, and Ira an agent for said company at Hastings, Neb. MEMORANDUM AS TO THE LONGENECKER FAMILY. By the lists of names of foreigners who arrived at Philadelphia and took the oath of allegiance, as given in Volume 17, "Pennsylvania Archives," the following appears: Hans Longenecker arrived by the ship "James Goodwill," D. Crocket, master, from Rotterdam, last from Portsmouth. Was qualified (by taking the oath of allegiance) on September 30th, 1727. (See page 8 of said Volume, also "Colonial Records," Volume I, pages 284-5.) Christian Longinacre & Anna Barbary Longin- acre arrived by the ship "Mortonhouse," James Coultas, master, from Rotterdam, and was qualified on the 19th August, 1729. (See page 17 of same Volume, also "Colonial Records," Volume 3, page 368.) Alrige Langneker, aged 69; Ulrich Loninacre, Jr., or Olrig Langnecker, aged 22; Jackop Lang- necker, aged 19 ; and Stifan Lunneker, aged 33, all arrived by the ship "Hope," of London, Daniel Reed, master, from Rotterdam, and qualified Au- gust 28th, 1733. (See pages 85, 86, and 87,and 162 HISTORY OF THE "Colonial Records," Volume 3, page 517, where the name is spelled "Loninacre," and Alrige and Stifan are omitted.) In Rupp's "Names of 30,000 Pennsylvania Immi- grants," the last edition of which was published by I. Kohler, No. 911 Arch Street, Philadelphia, in 1890, the name of Christian Longenecker appears as having arrived at an earlier date than any of the above-named persons, I think about 1717 to 1720, but have not the book before me and speak only from memory. He was probably the pioneer of the families of the name coming to the United States, or what were then the Colonies. In a German Baptist Calendar, published at Huntingdon, Pa., or Mt. Morris, Ill., the name of Christian Longenecker appears as a minister of that church in Lancaster County, at a very early day, and it is probable that it was tie same person men- tioned in Rupp's book. A list of families of the County of Dauphin, in 1790, taken from the first census of the United States, for that county in that year, the following names occur: On page 17, Jacob Longnecker, Abra- ham Longnecker; on page 18, Christian Longe- necker; and, on page 19, Daniel Longenecker. The United States Marshall for Pennsylvania, at the time of taking said census, was Colonel Clement LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 163 Biddle, and his assistant for Dauphin County was Charles Brown. The list was republished in 1890. Colonel Henry C. Longnecker, of Allentown, Lehigh County, Pa., was Colonel of the Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the three months' service, during the War of the Rebellion (see Bates' History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, page 86). At the time of the choice of officers, Colonel Longnecker was in New York City, but, immediately on being informed of his election, hastened to Harrisburg and joined his regiment. The regiment was organized at Camp Curtin, on the 4th of May, 1861, proceeded to West Chester, where it remained until the 26th of May, when it was ordered to the State of Delaware, and con- tinued there until the 6th of June, when it went to Chambersburg and joined General Patterson's com- mand and served with it until mustered out at Har- risburg, July 24th, 1861. From June 17th to the close of the term of ser- vice, Colonel Longnecker commanded the Brigade, succeeding General Dixon S. Miles, of the Regular Army, in the command. He was also Colonel of the Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania "Militia of 1862," organized September 11th-13th, 1862; dis- charged September 24th-27th, 1862 (see Bates', Volume 5, page 1158). 164 HISTORY OF THE Dr. J. H. Longenecker, of Lancaster County, was Assistant Surgeon of the One Hundred and Thir- tieth Regiment from September 15th, 1862, to May 21st, 1863 (see Bates', Volume 4, page 207). Bates' General Index, Volume 5, gives his name as John H. Longenecker, but on page 207, of Volume 4, it is merely J. H. ****************** BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH-HON. J. H. LONGENECKER. His district was composed of the counties of Bedford and Somerset, each of which had at the time nearly 40,000 population, making one of the largest single districts in the State; that is, one of the largest in its territory and business as well, presided over by one judge. The great coal in- terests of Somerset County were rapidly develop- ing during his term, and at its close the population of that county had grown to at least 60,000. When he went on the Bench the legal business of the district had greatly accumulated and the work of the courts was far behind. He determined to bring it up and in a few years did so, in Bedford County, and before retiring from office, in January, 1902, left it practically so in Somerset also. In addition LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 165 to holding the regular and special courts of his own district, he frequently held courts in quite a num- ber of the other counties of the State. During the ten years he was on the Bench many impor- tant cases and interesting legal questions came before him. It is a matter of gratification that he was affirmed, with a few exceptions, in the cases that went up for review. Amongst such cases of interest might be cited Cypher v. Railroad Com- pany, 149 Pa. 359; Chamberlain et al. v. Hartley et al., 152, Id. 544; Tissue v. Hanna, 158, Id. 384; Young v. Colvin, 168, Id. 449; Eifert v. Lytle et al., 172, Id. 356; Dauler et al. v. Hartley et al., 178, Id. 23; Rutherfoord v. Railroad Company, Id. 38; Fritz et al. v. Menges, 179, Id. 122; Mechessny v. Unity Township, 164, Id. 358; Irwin v. Irwin, 169, Id. 529; Frazier v. Butler Bor., 172, Id. 407; Assigned Estate Fair Hope, etc., v. Fire Brick Com- pany, 183, Id. 96; Philson's Use v. Life Insurance Company, Id. 443; Olinger v. Shultz and Mognet, Id. 469; Commonwealth v. Roddy, 184, Id. 274; Estate of S. S. Reighard, 192, Id. 108; Common- wealth v. Sheets, 197, Id. 69; Clapper v. Fred- erick, 199, Id. 609; Gardner's Estate, Id. 524; and in the Superior Court: Commonwealth v. Dr. Mitchell, 6 Supreme Court Reports, 369; Mauk v. Insurance Company, 7, Id. 633; Hillegas v. Huff- l66 HISTORY OF THE man et al., 6, Id. 211; Chambersburg and Bedford Turnpike Company, 20, Id. 173. In Burkhart v. Insurance Company, II, Id. 280, the judgment was reversed by a divided court, and afterward, when the same question came up in the Supreme Court, in 200, Pa. 340, the first ruling was sustained. Although his time was so largely absorbed in official duties, yet he has been at various times School Director, Town Councilman, and Burgess. He is a member of Major Watson Post, G. A. R., and a member of the Loyal Legion. He married Rebecca V. Russell. His two older sons, Samuel Russell Longenecker and Ralph Longenecker, entered Yale University in the Class of 1890, in the Academic Department. Russell left in his sophomore year, began the study of law in Bedford, and in 1893 was admitted, since which time he has been in practice here. Ralph grad- uated with his class, well up, in 1894, and at once began the study of law with Moses A. Points, Esq., of Bedford. When the Pittsburg Law School opened he entered it as a student and graduated in its first class (and at its head), in June, 1897, taking as a prize a set of the American and English Enc. Law. Since then he has been in practice of his profession in Pittsburg and an Instructor in the Law School. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 167 Charles, the third son, took a course in State College in mechanical engineering, and has been for several years in the employment of the Cam- bria Steel Company, at Johnstown, in the line of his profession. Since the close of his judicial term, the Judge has resumed the practice of the law. His brother, George, resided in Nelson, Butte County, California, July l7th, 1899. He was reared in Bedford County, served in the Union Army in the War for the Suppression of the Rebellion, taught school, went to the West and later to the Pacific Coast, where he was engaged in the drug business. John S. Longenecker, another brother, died at Kingman, Kan., November 21st, 1901. He had also served in the Union Army during two enlistments. Had been a farmer in Bedford County, in Missouri, and Kansas. *************** LONGENECKER FAMILY - GENEALOGY, ULRICH[1] STEM. Longenecker, Jacob H.; residence, Bedford, Pa.; born September l7th, 1839, Huston Township, Blair County, Pa.; married December 21st, 1869, Nannie Rebecca Russell, who had graduated with 168 HISTORY OF THE honor from "Oakland Female Institute," Norris- town. Pa., September 18th, 1866. Her paternal ancestry was Scotch-Irish; maternal, German. Her maternal grandfather was Christian Reamer and her mother Nancy Reamer. Her paternal great-grandfather, Alexander Russell, left Prince- ton College to enter the Revolutionary Army in 1775, was commissioned a Lieutenant in Captain Alexander's Company, of Carlisle. Served five years. Afterward lived and died at Gettysburg. Her grandfather, James McPherson Russell, was a lawyer in Bedford, was in Constitutional Conven- tion of 1837-38, and a member of Congress. Her father, the late Hon. Samuel L. Russell, was also a lawyer in Bedford. Served in Congress and in Constitutional Convention, 1873, and died in Bed- ford September 30th, 1891. Children: Samuel Russell Longenecker, Ralph Longenecker, and Charles Longenecker. Father, John Longenecker; residence, Huston Township, Blair County, until 1844; Middle Wood- berry Township, Bedford County, 1844 to 1869, and thereafter Johnson County, Mo.; born, Huston Township, Blair County, Pa., May 21st, 1804; died, Johnson County, Mo., July 29th, 1879 (near Knob Noster). First married, 1826, Susan Smith, bv whom he had four children: David, born Octo- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 169 ber 4th, 1827, now living in Unionville, Iowa; married and has a family; is a farmer. Catharine, born August 22nd, 1829; not married; now living in Johnson County, Mo. John, born December 18th, 1831; never married; lives in Kingman County, Kan.; farmer. Susan, born October 19th, 1833; died in infancy. First wife died November, 1833. In 1836 he married a second time, Elizabeth Holsinger, born September 6th, 1806, in Bloomfield Township, Bedford County, a daughter of George Holsinger of that township, who came from Waynesboro, Franklin County, not later than 1796 (as the assessment of 150 acres of land to him in that year shows). His father was Jacob Holsinger, who was born on shipboard, June 24th, 1731, while his parents were en route to America. Jacob's father, Rudolph Holsinger, arrived in Philadelphia by the ship "Brittania" and took the oath of allegiance September 21st, 1731. (Volume 17, Pennsylvania Archives, pp. 28-30; Colonial Records, Volume 3, p. 415) Paternal grandfather, David Longenecker; resi- dence, Franklin County, as a young man, and later Huntingdon and Blair Counties; born, Washington Township, Franklin County (or possibly Lancaster County). Date of birth not known, but supposed to be about 1760 to 1765. Died September 4th, 170 HISTORY OF THE 1838 (aged, say seventy-five), at Huston Township, Blair County. He was a carpenter, and is so described in a deed to him for his first purchase in Huntingdon County, from Daniel Pennington, dated September 3rd, 1794, and also as being from Washington Township, Franklin County. When in Huntingdon County he first resided on Spruce Creek in Franklin Township, as his deeds show. He afterward removed to Woodberry Township, same county (now Huston Township, Blair County), and lived there till he died. Is supposed to have been twice married, his wives being sisters named Yorty, of near Frankstown, Blair County. Great-grandfather said to have been Peter Long- enecker; residence, Lancaster County, and later near Waynesboro, Franklin County, Pa.; born in Lancaster County and died in Franklin County, Pa. *************** SKETCH AND FAMILY HISTORY OF JOEL M. LONGENECKER-ULRICH[1] STEM. The father of Joel M. was Edwin A. Long- enecker, born April 12th, 1807, in Lancaster City, Pa., and removed to Crawford County, Ill., and died February 16th, 1894. There were six sons and two daughters. All six boys enlisted in the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 171 Union Army. The oldest, Henry B., was killed and the youngest, Michael, died in the army, the remaining four, Rufus, Addison, Benjamin, and Joel, are still living. Joel M. Longenecker was born in Crawford County, Ill., January 12th, 1847; was educated at Robinson, Ill.; taught two terms of school, read law at Robinson, and in 1870 was admitted to the Bar. He began the practice of his profession at Olney, Ill. He has held several im- portant positions. He was elected Justice of the Peace two months after he became of age, and while reading law. Soon after settling at Olney he was elected City Attorney, and in 1876 was elected State Attorney of Richland County. In 1881 he removed to Chicago; in 1887 he was elected State Attorney of Cook County (being the county in which Chicago is located); this was to fill an unexpired term. In 1888 he was again elected State Attorney of Cook County for four years; in 1892 he declined the nomination for re- election and went into private practice. While he was State Attorney some very important cases were tried, some of which attracted attention throughout the entire country. The one very prominent, the Cronin Case, was tried by him, and, on account of the discoveries made, caused the people everywhere to take great 173 HISTORY OF THE interest in it. One hundred days were consumed in the actual trial of it. He is now residing in Chicago and is widely and prominently known as a jurist, and is a distin- guished and leading member of the Chicago Bar. He was married to Florence Fitch in 1870; has four children, two boys and two girls, living, and two children dead. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Joel M., Chicago, Ill.; born Janu- ary 12th, 1847, in Crawford County, Ill.; has lived in Chicago twenty years; practiced law since 1870; was a soldier in the Civil War (one of six brothers in the Union Army, two of whom lost their lives in the War of the Rebellion); was State Attorney of Cook County for five years; tried the great Cronin Conspiracy Murder Case; was in it one hundred days, etc. August 30th, 1870,. married; Florence Fitch, whose father was born in Virginia, and mother in Ohio; Florence was born in Craw- ford County, Ill. Their children are: Ralph (dead), Rolla R., Theodore (dead), Joel F., Gladys, and Theodocia. The father of Joel M. was Edwin A. Long- enecker, born April 12th, 1807, in Lancaster, Pa.; died February, 1894, in Crawford County, Ill. He LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 173 married Mary Byers, of Lancaster County, Pa., July 22nd, 1830, and removed to Crawford County, Ill., in 1835, residing there until his death. He was a blacksmith, but for twenty-five years before his death he farmed. The grandfather of Joel M. was John Long- enecker, born October 31st, 1775, in Lancaster County, Pa., and died May 29th, 1838, in Lan- caster City, Pa. His wife's name was Prudence. **************** BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF A. M. BEITLER. LONGACRE-BROWER BRANCH. Abraham M. Beitler was educated in the public schools of Philadelphia, graduating from the Cen- tral High School in July, 1870. He was one of the speakers at the school commencement, his address being entitled "A Plea for the Lawyer." He began the study of the law January 1st, 1871, in the office of C. Stuart Patterson, and was admitted to the Bar January, 1875. In January, 1878, having attracted the attention of the City Solicitor elect, William Nelson West, Esq., he selected Mr. Beitler as one of his assistants 174 HISTORY OF THE in the Law Department of the city. Mr. Beitler continued in the office during all the six years of Mr. West's two terms. At the termination of Mr. West's incumbency, Mr. Beitler was a delegate to the convention to select his successor, and in that convention voted for Charles E. Morgan, Jr., who had been Mr. West's first assistant. Mr. Morgan was not selected as the candidate, but the choice of the convention was Charles F. Warwick. In spite of the fact that Mr. Beitler had not supported Mr. Warwick, the latter, when he entered upon his duties as City Solicitor, named Mr. Beitler as his second assistant, and later, upon the resignation of the first assistant, Mr. Alexander, Mr. Beitler was advanced to the important post of first assistant, having won his way by his industry and ability from the lowest grade to the highest in the city's law office in less than nine years. At the same time Mr. Beitler was building up an extensive and lucrative law practice. As First Assistant: City Solicitor he had charge of all the important litigation in the law office of the city during the last term of Mr. Warwick, in- cluding the famous cases against the city passenger railway companies to compel them to renew with modern paving the cobble-stone surfaces of the streets they occupied. After long and bitter litiga- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 175 tion, the city won in the Supreme Court, and to that victory the citizens owe the magnificent pave- ments of Philadelphia, which have given the city the reputation of being the best-paved city in the Union. On October 1st, 1891, Mayor Stuart tendered Mr. Beitler the position of Director of the Department of Public Safety, a department embracing the Bu- reaus of Fire, Police, Health, Building Inspection, Boiler Inspection, City Property, and Electricity, employing upward of three thousand men and dis- bursing annually about six millions of dollars. He accepted the post, and, though he was then but thirty-eight years old, he conducted the department with such success and so entirely to the satisfaction of the people, that when Mayor Stuart's successor, Mr. Warwick, was elected, no one disputed Mr. Beitler's right to be retained, and Mayor Warwick appointed him his Director of the Department of Public Safety. This was in April, 1895. About this time factional politics dictated the appointment of an investigating committee to ferret out alleged abuses in the city government of Philadelphia. Emulating the celebrated committee styled the "Lexow," which had just been showing to the world the corruption in the police force in the city of New York, the Pennsylvania committee began an inquiry 176 HISTORY OF THE into the police methods and administration in Phil- adelphia. In spite of the fact that the committee had on it none but partisans, that it had unlimited means at its disposal, a corps of detectives in its employ, able and determined counsel to represent it, that it paid its witnesses and guaranteed them im- munity from prosecution for whatever crimes they confessed, and in spite of the fact that cross-exami- nation of the witnesses was not permitted and only one side was ever heard, Mr. Beitler and the depart- ment he presided over went through the trial un- scathed. When, after the committee had been taking testimony for over a year, the Governor ap- pointed Mr. Beitler to the vacancy in Court of Common Pleas No. I, caused by the death of the President Judge, Joseph Allison, the Bar and the Press united in praising the selection. In fact, a delegation of the leading members of the Bar waited on the Governor and requested that Mr. Beitler be named. This was in February, 1896. In the autumn following Judge Beitler was unanimously nominated by the Republican Convention for the full term of ten years, and his nomination was endorsed by the Democratic, Prohibition, and the Labor Parties, so that at the November election he had no competitor for the Judgeship. He had had three colleagues on the judicial ticket, but LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 177 received the largest vote cast for Judge, and the largest vote ever given up to that time for any nominee for any office in Philadelphia. He has now been on the Bench over three years. He has never lost those traits which early in life won him friends-modesty, affability, and entire frankness and candor. On the Bench he has been distinguished for his industry, his strict attention to his judicial duties, and his quick grasp of the merits of the cases brought before him. He is regarded as one of the safest, most conservative, and even- tempered Judges on the Bench, and his rulings have rarely been reversed by either the Superior or Supreme Courts. GENEALOGY. Abraham Merklee Beitler; residence, 1015 Pop- lar Street, Philadelphia, Pa.; born July 8th, 1853; married, October 16th, 1879, Julia Louisa Borne- mann. His father, Daniel Brower Beitler, was born May 31st, 1814, in Chester County, Pa., but, in the early part of his life, he came to Philadelphia; he mar- ried, October 7th, 1852, Mary Ann Eliza Merklee; her mother, Catharine Knowsland; her father, Con- rad Merklee, who came from Holland about 1800; he served in the War of 1812. 178 HISTORY OF THE His grandfather, Abraham Beitler, married Mary Brower. Daniel Brower Beitler, born, Chester County, Pa., May 31st, 1814. Mary Ann Eliza Beitler, born, Philadelphia, June i8th, 1820. Married, in Phila- delphia, October 7th, 1852. Issue: Abraham Mer- klee Beitler, born July 8th, 1853. Married Julia L. Bornemann. Issue: Harold Bornemann Beitler, born December 31st, 1880; admitted to the Bar July, 1902. Elise Julia Beitler, born December 6th, 1888. Amanda Catharine Beitler, born November 12th, 1855. William Lejee Beitler, born October 27th, 1857, married Mary B. Brown, January 13th, 1881. Issue: Sydney Hayward Beitler, born July 9th, 1882; William Lejee Beitler, Jr., born November 6th, 1885; Mildred Beitler, born January 5th, 1895. Elsie Mary Beitler, born January 4th, 1860; mar- ried William G. Carroll, December 20th, 1882. Issue: Edwin S. Stuart Carroll, born November 7th, 1883; Helen Beitler Carroll, born September 11th, 1886; Arthur William Carroll, born January 21st, 1889; Elsie Carroll, born October 30th, 1892. George Frederick Beitler, born April 7th, 1862; died ----. Lewis Eugene Beitler, born October 4th, 1863; married Clementine Worrilon Beck, June 12th, 1894. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 179 Issue: Edwin Fitler Beitler, born June 23th, 1895; died December 23nd, 1896; Lewis Eugene Beitler, Jr., born April 19th, 1897. Lewis E. Beitler, after receiving a common-school education, entered into a mercantile business, and, after some time, became a clerk in one of the lead- ing trust companies. He had meanwhile studied stenography, and became an expert shorthand writer. When Edwin H. Fitler was elected Mayor, in 1887, he selected Mr. Beitler as his Private Sec- retary. So successful was he in the discharge of the arduous and delicate duties of this important post, that Mr. Fitler's successor, Edwin S. Stuart, requested Mr. Beitler to remain as his Private Sec- retary. During Mayor Stuart's term, General Daniel H. Hastings was a frequent caller at the Mayor's office. He became acquainted with Mr. Beitler, and, when in 1894, he was elected Gover- nor, he requested Mr. Beitler to become his Private Secretary. Mr. Beitler went to Harrisburg, and, during the four years of Governor Hastings' term, served as the Governor's Secretary. He was, when he went to Harrisburg, acquainted with every man of note in Philadelphia and many throughout the State. His service in Harrisburg extended his cir- cle of acquaintances, and it is safe to say that no man in Pennsylvania of his years knows more men l80 HISTORY OF THE in business, professional, and political life than Mr. Lewis E. Beitler, and his acquaintances are likewise his friends. When Governor Hastings' term ex- pired and Mr. Griest was selected by Governor Stone as Secretary of the Commonwealth, he se- lected Mr. Beitler as his Chief Deputy. In his new position, Mr. Beitler is demonstrating anew his ability. He is already conversant with the duties of his responsible post, and has the regard, esteem, and confidence of his superior. ****************** BEITLER-BROWER-LONGACRE BRANCH- STEM, DANIEL[1] LONGACRE. Daniel Brower Beitler was the oldest son of Abraham Beitler and his wife, Mary Brower. He was born in Chester County, Pa., on May 31st, 1814. His father, Abraham: Beitler, was born March 6th, 1785, and his mother, Mary Brower, on November 1st, 1788. Abraham Beitler died June 23nd, 1866, at Philadelphia. Mary Brower died May 13th, 1862. They are buried at the Diamond Rock Mennonite Meeting Burial grounds, in Ches- ter Valley. Mary Brower's ancestery runs back, through the Browers and the Longakers or Lang- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. l8l eneckers, to the early part of the eighteenth century. Daniel B. Beitler came to Philadelphia when a young man. He received a common school edu- cation in Chester County. His father's family was a large one, and early in life he was compelled to assist his father in maintaining the family. While yet a boy he drove a six-horse team across the mountains to Pittshurg. After locating in Philadelphia he engaged in the feed business and then in the livery stable busi- ness. In 1860 he had three large stables, all in the Ninth Ward. He sold out his stables to take charge of the hotel which his father had conducted for years. This was the New Market Inn on Market Street above Sixteenth, a celebrated old- fashioned farmers' inn, which Daniel B. Beitler continued to run until the time of his death. It was frequented by the farmers of Chester, Mont- gomery, Bucks, and Delaware Counties. During the meetings of the Friends its capacity was taxed to the utmost, the Inn being the headquarters of the Friends' from the rural sections. Attached to the Inn were extensive stables, and on market days from forty to seventy-five horses were accom- modated. In those days the farmers hauled their produce to market. 182 HISTORY OF THE Early in life Daniel B. Beitler took a deep interest in politics. He was an ardent Republican. He was too old and not physically able to take part in the War of the Rebellion, but he became an active member of the Union League, when that patriotic organization was formed, and gave valuable assist- ance in recruiting and equipping the various regi- ments sent to the front by it. His wife's sister was a volunteer nurse at the Cherry Street Hospital, which was located at Broad and Cherry Streets, and which cared for wounded soldiers. His wife gave such assistance as her household duties permitted, but the resources of her kitchen and the services of her cooks were always at the command of her sister. Daniel B. Beitler was ever ready to assist the soldier boy, and many a large pot of coffee and many a ham and hundreds of loaves of bread found their way from his kitchen to the rendezvous of recruits in the neighborhood. On June 1st, 1861, he was appointed by President Lincoln an Inspector in the Customs Service, and he filled this position to the time of his death, except during President Johnson's term. He was a delegate to the National Republican Convention which placed General Garfield in nom- ination. He was for several terms a member of the Republican State Committee, and for many years LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 183 Chairman of the Ninth Ward Republican Executive Committee. He was a great lover of sport with rod and gun and an ardent admirer of horses. For several years he owned the celebrated stallion "Brower Eclipse," whose colts were regarded as the finest in Delaware and Chester Counties. He always drove a pair of them, and in the winter delighted to make trips to his relatives in Chester County. He drove his pair of bays and always took one or more of his children with him. He met a hearty welcome everywhere, whether he visited his relatives or those who enjoyed his hospitality at his Inn. He died April 24th, 1881, at the age of sixty- seven years. He had never accumulated a fortune, hut he left his children the record of a blameless life, and no man ever speaks of Daniel B. Beitler but in words of praise. His heart was tender; he was the friend of the needy and the oppressed; he strove to do his duty as a father, a husband, a friend, a neighbor, and a citizen. He was known to his friends, political and social, and to every man, woman, and boy in the old Ninth Ward as "Uncle Dan," and this term was used as a term of endearment David Beitler was the eighth child of Abraham Beitler and Mary Brower. He was born December 9th, 1830. He married Elizabeth Groves Furey on 184 HISTORY OF THE June 2nd, 1859. He died March 11th, 1875. He left to survive him two children, a son (now deceased) and a daughter, Mary Laura, now the wife of Leonard R. Tapley and still living. David Beitler came to Philadelphia when a young man. He was a man of fine physique, of very pleasant manners, and of more than ordinary capacity. On the 4th of May, 1858, he was elected an Alderman in the Ninth Ward. The next month he was appointed Committing Magistrate at the Central Station by Mayor Henry. He was con- tinued in that position under Mayor Henry and under Mayor McMichael until the expiration of the latter's term in 1869. Mayor Fox then came into office. He was a Democrat. Alderman Beit- ler was a Republican of exceedingly strong political bias, and, while he never allowed politics to control the discharge of his official duties, he refused to serve under a Democratic Mayor. In 1872 William S. Stokley was elected Mayor, on the Republican ticket, and he at once re-. appointed Alderman. Beitler as Committing Magis- trate. The Committing Magistrate is the representative, of the Mayor in the discharge of judicial duty at the Central Police Court. His duties are onerous and responsible. Alderman Beitler was recognized as one of the best Committing Magistrates Phila- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 185 delphia ever had. He served under every Repub- lican Mayor from the time of his election as Alder- man in 1858 until the time of his death. He died in commission, having been elected and re-elected by the people of his ward continuously from 1858 to 1875. He was elected too in a ward in which the political parties were very evenly divided, but his vote was always far in excess of that of his ticket His judgment was so good and his knowledge of the law so much respected and valued that the lead- ing lawyers in the city took to his Court their im- portant cases. He was a member of the Union League, having joined that patriotic organization at its foundation. He was as a father kind and indulgent; as a friend, steadfast, generous, and true; and as an official, fearless, intelligent, and upright. He died beloved by his family and friends and respected by all who knew him. *************** LONGACRE-BROWER-BRANCH-STEM, DANIEL[1]. William Brower, M. D., Spring City, birthplace, Coventry (now East Coventry, Chester County, Pa.); born February 25th, 1842; married, September 186 HISTORY OP THE 18th, 1869, Sallie M. Kendall, of English parentage for four generations preceding her, who had settled in Montgomery Comity, Pa. Unto them was born a daughter, Blanche Brower. Dr. Brower is widely and prominently known as an eminent, successful, and popular practitioner in that portion of Chester County. His father's name was Gilbert Brower, of Parker- Ford, Chester County; date of birth, February 5th, 1815; date of death, December 18th, 1890, at Parker-Ford; he was a farmer occupying the Brower homestead; he married Lydia Urner in 1839, a direct descendant of Ulrich Urner, who came from Alsace, 1708, and she was of the sixth generation. Paternal grandfather, Henry Brower, was born on the homestead, December 29th, 1785, and died April 23rd, 1833; he was a farmer; he married Elizabeth Mattis. Great-grandfather, Abraham Brower, was born on the homestead, April 1st, 1745, and died October 1st, 1805; he married Magdalena Buckwalter. Great-great-grandfather, Henry Brower, who es- tablished the homestead, as a farmer, was born February 14th, 1720; he immigrated in 1726, and is of an ancestry of Swiss origin, who were of the Palatinate region along the Rhine. However this LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 187 may be, it is quite probable that his ancestors for several generations were settled in a district lying near to the city of Worms. He was twice married. First wife, ---- De Fraine, and unto that mar- riage were born Abraham Brower and Salome Brower, who married Jacob Baugh. The second wife, Barbara High, was born April 1st, 1732, and died January 17th, 1797. Unto the second mar- riage the issue were Daniel Brower, Jacob Brower, Elizabeth Brower, John Brower, and Isaac Brower. Barbara High was the daughter of Elizabeth Long- acre, whose father was Daniel Longacre (Long- enecker[1]), Said Daniel Brower married Frances Reiff; issue, Henry, Christian, Abraham, Daniel, Frances, who married Nathan Pennypacker; Bar- bara, who married ----- Kurtz; Mary married Abraham Beitler; Eliza, second wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Ann, married John H. Umstead; Catharine, married Henry Longaker; and Sarah, who died unmarried. The children of the first marriage of Nathan Pennypacker: Joseph, Jacob, and Ann. She mar- ried James A. Pennypacker; issue, first child, Nathan Pennypacker, who was a physician of dis- tinction, had a large practice, and was a member of the State Legislature. He married Eliza Davis; his widow and only daughter, Mattie, reside at 188 HISTORY OF THE Phoenixville; second child, Mary E., who, October 1859, married William Williamson ; he died May 19th, 1885. He was a printer and formed a part- nership with Lewis H. Davis, and up to the time of his death edited and published the Pottstown Ledger. The descendants are: First child, Stan- ley Williamson, died September 11th, 1883, aged twenty-three years, unmarried; second child, Anna Pennypacker Williamson, married Joseph Whitaker Thompson, Attorney-at-law, residing at Montclare, Montgomery County, Pa., practicing in Phila- delphia, and is the first assistant of United States District Attorney James B. Holland; third child, William L. Williamson, Jr., married Olivia Esh- bach; he died March 31st, aged thirty-one years; Percy Williamson, unmarried. The second wife of Nathan Pennypacker was Eliza Brower, a sister of the first wife; issue, an only child, Frances, who married Joseph. Fitz- water; he is a farmer, and they reside near Port Providence; issue, first child, Albert, who married Letitia Vanderslice; issue, two children, Caroline and Joseph; second child, Ada, unmarried. Ann Pennypacker after the death of her husband, James A., married Samuel Buckwalter; no issue by last marriage. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 189 BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM ALEXANDER LONGANECKER--STEM, ULRICH.[1] Rev. Peter Longanecker, a Mennonite minister, came from Lancaster County, Pa., and lived in Fay- ette County for a period. He moved to Holmes County, Ohio, where many of his descendants are living. He and William's grandfather, Joseph Longanecker, were cousins, and his son, David, a second cousin, who lived west of Masontown, Fay- ette County, Pa. His farm is still owned by his son David. He married Miss Peggy Showalter. To them were born Christian Longanecker, who died July 23rd, 1899; Elizabeth Cover, long since dead; and Peter, David, and Absalom, who are still living. Additional remarks about Joseph Longanecker (grandfather of W. A. Longanecker) and family: Maria (Leckrone) Longanecker, the first wife of Joseph Longanecker, was the mother of four chil- dren, viz.: John Longanecker, Frances (Longa- necker) Riley, Catharine (Longanecker) Mack, and Maria (Longanecker) Renshaw, all of whom died of apoplexy in advanced life, except Maria L. Renshaw, who died of typhoid fever. Sarah (Mack) Longanecker, the second wife of 190 HISTORY OF THE Joseph Longanecker, was the mother of three chil- dren, viz.: Jacob F. Longanecker, Nancy (Longa- necker) Moser, and Lydia (Longanecker) Ball. Of these, Jacob and Lydia died of apoplexy, and Nancy of pneumonia. Joseph Longanecker had two brothers, David and Jacob, and one sister, Nancy. David lived in Buf- falo, N. Y., and died without children. Jacob, who died in West Newton, Pa., was the father of seven children, viz.: David, deceased; Henry, deceased; Jacob, deceased; Frances (Longanecker) Eberhart, deceased; Barbara (Longanecker) Brown, Sarah (Longanecker) Goldsmith, and Mary ----. Nancy (Longanecker) Snyder, sister of Joseph Longa- necker, lived in Buffalo, N. Y., and had a family, mostly girls. A number of her descendants still live in Buffalo. Jacob F. and Matilda (Moser) Longanecker. family. Date of marriage, February 24th, 1842. To them were born three children: Mary Ann,, born May 7th, 1843; married to William C. Col- lier, October 8th, 1863; died May 19th, 1887, of phthisis. Almira, born July 10th, 1846; died August 3rd, 1857, of typhoid fever. William A., born April 19th, 1849. Matilda Moser was born January 5th, 1821. She was a daughter of Daniel and Susanna (Custer) LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 191 Moser. Daniel Moser was born August 31st, 1792; died May 3rd, 1887. Susanna (Custer) Moser, born October 18th, 1787; died March 26th, 1873. She was the daughter of George Custer, who was a first cousin of General George Washington, they being sisters' children. George Custer was the fourth son of Paul Custer, and his mother was Sarah Ball, the daughter of Colonel Ball, of Lancaster County, Pa. Her sister, Mary Ball, was married to Mr. Augustine Washington, father of George Washington. Additional remarks about Jacob F. Longanecker: He was an industrious farmer, and took great de- light in raising fine stock. He was held in such high respect as a private citizen and capable busi- ness man that he was elected to the office of County Commissioner in 1855, on the Republican ticket, notwithstanding Fayette County had always been largely Democratic. His management of the affairs of the county was so acceptable to the people that he was urged, at the end of his term, to offer for Sheriff, but he declined, preferring to give his spe- cial attention to the more congenial vocation of farming and dealing in fine stock. He resided until 1882 upon the farm of 212 acres in German Town- ship, near Masontown, Fayette County, Pa., where he was born and reared. He then bought a farm near Fairchance, Pa., where he resided until Feb- 192 HISTORY OF THE ruary l9th, 1889, when he removed to Fairchance, where he died, of apoplexy, April 7th, 1889. Nancy Longanecker, sister of Jacob Longanecker, married Joseph Moser, brother of Matilda (Moser) Longanecker. She was the mother of four children, viz.: Daniel, Sarah (Moser) Griffith, Amanda (Moser) Griffith, Matilda (Moser) Antram, and Altha L. Daniel resides on the old homestead; Altha L. is the leading druggist of Uniontown, Pa., and stands high in business and social circles. By close attention to business and judicious investments, he has acquired a handsome fortune. Lydia Longanecker, sister of Jacob Longanecker, married Zachariah Ball, and was the mother of three children, Sarah and Jacob, both deceased, and Joseph, who resides on a fine farm north of Union- town, Pa. Additional remarks concerning Dr. William A. Longanecker: Dr. Longanecker was born on a farm near Mason- town, Pa., and educated in the common schools and Waynesburg College. Leaving college, he taught six terms in the common schools, receiving a pro- fessional certificate in 1874 from the veteran County Superintendent, Joshua V. Gibbons. In 1870 he served as Assistant Census Marshal. In 1871 he began the study of medicine with Dr. George W. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 193 Neff, of Masontown (the present Major-Surgeon of the Tenth Pennsylvania Volunteers). In 1874 he attended lectures at the Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, and graduated March 10th, 1876. On April 4th, 1876, he formed a partnership with Dr. Henry B. Mathiot, of Smithfield, Pa. In 1880 he located at Fairchance, Pa., where he is now en- gaged in a large and successful practice, and enjoys the confidence and esteem of the best people in his community. He has served, and is now serving, acceptably as physician and surgeon for a number of large companies having done, and now doing, business in his town. In politics he is a Republican, and has served his party with fidelity. Dr. Longa- necker is an uncompromising foe of the liquor traffic, and, by his untiring effort, has saved his town from the curse of the saloon. He has inter- ested himself in the building up of homes for the common people, and many laboring men are enjoy- ing comfortable homes because of his liberality and encouragement. His career has been marked by honesty and integrity of purpose. He is a Chris- tian gentleman, conscientious in his profession, and of fine business ability. On October l9th, 1882, he married Miss Ida F. Mathiot, a daughter of Dr. Henry B. Mathiot, of Smithfield, Pa. Their union has been blessed with two children, Ellen Douglas, 194 HISTORY OF THE born March 10th, 1887; and Carrie Mathiot, born August 3rd, 1889. Ida F. Mathiot Longanecker, wife of Dr. William Longanecker, is a daughter of Dr. Henry Bernard Mathiot, who was one of the most noted physicians of Fayette County, and practiced his profession for over fifty years at Smithfield, Pa. He died on Feb- ruary 24th, 1894, being seventy-eight years old. George Mathiot, grandfather of Mrs. Longanecker, was an officer in the Continental Army of the Rev- olution. Her great-grandfather, Jean Mathiot, was the son of a French officer, and came from France to America, and settled at Lancaster, Pa., in 1754. His wife was Catharine Margaret, daughter of Hon. Jean Bernard, Mayor of Dampierre, France. They were married in 1753, and had three sons, Christian, John, and George, the latter being the grandfather of Mrs. Longanecker. GENEALOGY Longanecker, William Alexander, Fairchance, Fayette County, Pa., born April 19th, 1849, near Masontown, Pa. Stout build, five feet eight inches in height, weighs 180 pounds, fair complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair, broad, high forehead; prom- inent nose, sanguine temperament. Profession, physician (allopathic). October 19th, 1882, married LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 195 Ida Frances Mathiot, a daughter of Dr. Henry Ber- nard and Rebecca Ruth (Brownfield) Mathiot, born at Smithfield, Pa., September 22nd, 1857. Children, Ellen Douglas Longanecker and Carrie Mathiot Longanecker. The father of William Alexander was Jacob F. Longanecker, born June 17th, 1818, near Mason- town, Fayette County, Pa.; died April 7th, 1889, at Fairchance, Pa. He was a large, stout man, five feet eight inches in height, weighed 200 pounds, fair complexion, light hair, blue eyes, high fore- head, large nose inclined to Roman, sanguine tem- perament. February 24th, 1842, married Matilda Moser, daughter of Daniel and Susanna (Custer) Moser. Matilda Moser was born January 5th, 1821. Daniel Moser was born. August 31st, 1792; died May 3rd, 1887. Susanna (Custer) Moser was born October 18th, 1787; died March 26th, 1873. The grandfather of William Alexander was Jo- seph Longanecker, born, in Lancaster County, Pa., in 1778; died, near Masontown, Pa., in 1853. He was a prosperous farmer, and, by his industry, hon- esty, and frugality, accumulated a large estate, be- ing able to give a good farm to each of his eight children. He was a leader in the Mennonite Church. He was a stout man, about five feet seven inches in height, weighed 200 pounds, light com- 196 HISTORY OF THE plexion, blue eyes, light hair. He was twice mar- ried. His first wife was Maria Leckrone. His second wife, Sarah Mack, was the mother of Jacob F. Longanecker. She was the daughter of Jacob Mack, Sr., and was born June 17th, 1798; died June 13th, 1892, aged ninety-three years, eleven months, and twenty-six days. The great-grandfather of William Alexander was John Longanecker, of Lancaster County, Pa. Additional remarks about Joseph Longanecker's children and grandchildren by his first wife: CHILD. John Longanecker. Married Mary ("Polly") Mack. GRANDCHILDREN. None CHILD. Frances. Married John Riley. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN. One daughter died in infancy. Hannah Jane (Johnson), also deceased. CHILD. Catharine. Married Jacob Mack. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN Sarah (Walters), deceased. Joseph, Uniontown, Pa. Alexander, Masontown, Pa. Nancy (Ferren). Jacob, deceased. CHILD. Maria. Married Samuel Renshaw Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN Joseph, deceased. James. Frances (Ross). Sarah, deceased. Jacob. William, deceased. Araminta (Honsaker). John. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 197 CHILD. Joseph Longanecker. Married Annetta Barber. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN. Harriet Ann. Sarah (Smith), deceased. John H., Uniontown, Pa Jacob. James Q. Nancy (Franks). Catharine (Llewellyn). Matilda (Johnson). Rezin. Jane (Fort). Annetta (Skiles). David, Masontown, Pa. Jacob Longanecker, of West Newton, had also a daughter, Eliza, who married ---- Rotharmel. **************** ISAAC S. LONGENECKER BRANCH- STEM, ULRICH.[1] GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Isaac S.; residence. Mount Joy, Pa.; born, Londonderry Township, Dauphin County, Pa., January 3rd, 1835. Occupation, Cashier Union Na- tional Bank, Mount Joy. Height, five feet six inches; weight, 137 pounds; regular features; medium-dark complexion. November 15th, 1859, married Harriet G. Fretz, a daughter of Daniel and 198 HISTORY OF THE Margaret Fretz, who were farmers. Unto them one child, Emma Longenecker, was born, who married John W. Eshleman. Mr. Longenecker lived on a farm until reaching the age of fifteen years; he then entered a country store in Mount Joy, Pa.; quit mercantile business in 1882; entered into banking, and, in 1885, became the Cashier of the Elizabeth National Bank; and, in 1890, became the Cashier of the Mount Joy National Bank, which position he still holds. Father, Abraham Longenecker; residence, near Bachmanville, Dauphin County, Pa.; born in the year 1805, in Dauphin County, Pa; died,----, 1881, at Bachmanville, Dauphin County, Pa. Oc- cupation, farmer; height, five feet nine inches; weight, 160 pounds; round face and head; dark complexion, and regular features. Married Anna Shenk, 1830, daughter of Christian Shenk, farmer and preacher. Children: Samuel, born 1831; mar- ried ---- Fishbunn, in 1856. Abram, born 1833; died 1850. Isaac S. (as above). Magdaline, born 1837; married Peter Cramer, 1858; died; 1885. David, born 1843; married Annie Beck, 1862. Peter, born 1846; died 1889. Harry, born 1850; died 1885. Paternal grandfather, Jacob Longenecker; resi- dence, near Bachmanville; born, near Campbells- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 199 town, Lebanon County, Pa., May 16th, 1774; died, Bachmanville, November 30th, 1856. Occupation, farmer. Height, five feet five inches; weight, about 145 pounds; sandy hair, fair complexion. Married Barbara Buck. Children: John, Abraham, Christian, Samuel, Elizabeth, Barbara, Veronica, Catharine, and Jacob. Great-grandfather, Abraham Longenecker; born, Lebanon County, Pa., in 1748; died, in Lebanon County, in 1823. Occupation, farmer. Married Barbara Fretz. Children: Jacob, Abraham, Daniel, Elizabeth, Veronica, Barbara and Peter. **************** BIOGRAPHY-STEM, DANIEL[1]. Dr. Daniel Longaker, the oldest son of Abraham and Susanna (nee Correll) Longaker, was born September, 1858, near Collegeville, Montgomery County, Pa. His early years were spent on the farm. He attended the country schools and the Collegiate Institute of Abel Rambo, at Trappe. At the age of seventeen he went to Philadelphia as an apprentice in a drug store, and soon entered the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, where he at- tended three annual courses of lectures and gradu- ated with honors in 1879. 200 HISTORY OF THE In the fall of the same year he was admitted to advanced standing in the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, and in March, 1881, he took his degree in medicine. Immediately on graduation he commenced the practice of medicine in Philadelphia. He served a three-years' term as attending physician to the Northern Dispensary, and at the same time acting as an assistant of Doctors Albert H. Smith, J. G. Allen, and Elwood Wilson, at the Philadelphia Lying-in Charity. Here his work was largely in the specialty of Sur- gery and Obstetrics. In 1885 he became one of the medical chiefs of this institution, which position he occupied only a few years. Exceptional opportunities for observa- tion led him to contribute frequently to the literature of this special branch of medicine. In 1884 he married' Margaret A. Pancoast, daughter of Nathan F., and Mary E. Pancoast. Two sons and four daughters were born unto them and make up his present family. A laborious family practice engrosses most of his time. He is frequently called in consultation by other phy- sicians in complicated cases. He has always been fond of athletics; walking, swimming, and bicycling have been favorite sports. In these he realizes health-giving agencies which LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 201 are well adapted to overcome the disease tendency of many occupations, especially those of a seden- tary nature. He is a very busy practitioner, with the promise of many years of usefulness and good health in the future. **************** DR. DANIEL LONGAKER BRANCH-STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Longaker, Daniel, of 645 North Eighth Street, Philadelphia, born September 9th, 1858, at Iron- bridge, Montgomery County, Pa. Physician in large practice in Philadelphia for the last eighteen years, of erect figure, five feet eight inches; weight, one hundred and thirty-five pounds; large features, dark complexion, prominent straight nose, broad forehead, large mouth, large head, brown eyes and black hair, nervous temperament; married, December 18th, 1884, Margaret A. Pancoast, daughter of Mary Elizabeth (Hoff) and N. Folwell Pancoast Her mother was of German descent and her father of Quaker. Children, Margaret, William R. (deceased), Norman, Elizabeth P., Edwin, Rachel F., Anna, William R. 202 HISTORY OF THE The father of Daniel was Abraham Longaker, of Linfield, Pa.; born December 2nd, 1835, in Lim- erick Township, near Schwenksville, Pa. In his prime a muscular man, above medium height, broad shouldered, heavy; dark complexion. At present, gray-haired, with gray beard; form slightly bent, quite active, in good health. Living in par- tial retirement. Farmer's lad, carpenter, farmer, marketman, were his varied vocations. Was a school director, bank director, etc. Married, Decem- ber 5th, 1857, Susanna Correll, only daughter of John and Rachel (Fetterolf) Correll. Mother's grandparents on her mother's side came from Germany. The grandfather of Daniel, was Abraham Long- aker, born 1792, near Limerick Square, and died in 1872, near Schwenksville, Pa. Married (first) Anna Smith, who died leaving two children, Anna, who married George Doll, and Mary, who married Nispel. Second marriage, Hannah Haldeman, who died leaving a number of children. She was a Pennsylvania German, a Mennonite, and a good woman. Abraham Longaker "was a weaver (linen and carpet) and a farmer; excelled; in the growth of apples, pears, etc. The great-grandfather of Daniel was Henry Longaker, born near Mingo, 1770, and died near lONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 203 Limerick Square, Pa., about 1800. He was the only son; has four sisters, Sarah (Bowman), Bar- bara (Willauer), Magdalena (?), (Boyer), ----- Reifsnyder (?). His wife's maiden name was Cell, left a widow at an early age; she married Ludwig Miller. The great-great-grandfather of Daniel was (prob- ably) Daniel Longaker, born near Mingo about 1735. The great-great-great-grandfather of Daniel was John Longaker, born about 1708; died, 1745; the son of the original Daniel, the settler on the Mingo. His father was Daniel Longenecker, a Swiss immigrant. Anna (nee Longaker) Doll, wife of the late George Doll, 319 Marshall Street, Philadelphia; her birth- place, Limerick, Montgomery County; her husband was born May 21st, 1814; he died December 28th, 1898. The date of marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Doll was April 12th, 1837. Unto them were born six children: First child, Adaline; second child, Mary A., who married Augustus Henig, May 20th, 1858; he died April 25th, 1895; third child, Matilda; fourth child, Emma, who married Thomas S. Mar- shall, February 7th, 1867; fifth child, Josephine; sixth child, Clara. The father of Anna Longaker was Abraham Longaker, born near Limerick Square 204 HISTORY OF THB in 1792, and died May 17th, 1872, near Schwenks- ville, Montgomery County. He was a sturdy and upright farmer, persevering and energetic; gentle- ness was a very prominent characteristic. Same pedigree as Dr. Daniel Longaker (supra). Mrs. A. C. Senseman, a descendant of Mary (nee Longaker) Nispel (supra), and now residing at 107 North Fifth Street, Camden, N. J. Amelius Sen- seman was born August 26th, and died November 24th, 1894. October 7th, 1875, he married Annie Catharine Nispel, a daughter of Henry and Mary (nee Longaker) Nispel. Unto them were born four children, William, Walter, Bernard, and Mary. Father's name, Henry Nispel, 609 North Second Street, Camden, N. J.; born at Darmstadt, Ger- many, December 12th, 1817; married, September 14th, 1873, Mary Longaker, a daughter of Abraham and Anna (nee Smith) Longaker. Unto Henry and Mary Nispel were born four children, Mary L., Annie, John, and William. Pedigree (supra), as Anna (nee Longaker) Doll. Abraham Longaker, Linfield, Pa.; born Decem- ber 22nd, 1835; married, December 5th, 1857, Susanna Correll, a daughter of John and Rachael Fetterolf Correll; issue, five children, Daniel, Anna, Elizabeth, Henry, and Frank. The father of Abraham Longaker was Abraham; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 205 born, 1792, and died May 15th, 1872, near Schwenksville. His grandfather was Henry (now deceased); his residence was Limerick. The Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, is said Frank {supra}. ***************** STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Longaker, Samuel H., of Schwenksville, Pa.; born September 15th, 1841, in Limerick Township, Montgomery County, Pa. Married, January 29th, 1866, Elizabeth H. Bardman. Child, Sallie B. Longaker. Father's name, Abram Longaker, born September, 1792; died May, 1872, at Limerick, Montgomery County, Pa. He was married twice; first wife be- ing a Miss Smith; second wife, Hannah Halteman. ******************** C. B. LONGENECKER-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Christian Bachman, 3512 Hamil- ton Street, Philadelphia; born, November 16th, 1856, in Lancaster, Pa.; Doctor of Medicine; mar- 206 HISTORY OF THE ried, December 27th, 1886, Effie R. Dock, who is related to the Rippy, Duncan, Elliott, and Redatte families of Virginia and Pennsylvania. Children, Charles and Mary. The father of Christian B. was Henry Longe- necker; born November 29th, 1828, at Lancaster, Pa.; died April 28th, 1880, at Lancaster, Pa.; iron manufacturer. Married, September 28th, 1852, Elizabeth Bachman. Their children, David, Chris- tian B., Ella, Florence, Charles K. The grandfather of Christian B. was David Long- enecker; born in Lancaster, Pa.; died February 24th, 1882, in Philadelphia; merchant. His wife's name was Susan E. Jungling, whose ancestors came from Germany. Their children were Henry and Jerome. The great-grandfather of Christian B. was Henry Longenecker; born in Lancaster County; died in Lancaster, Pa.; merchant. For further information, see Rafsnyder account. Longenecker, William Roger, Brooklyn, N. Y.; born in Brooklyn, April 30th, 1873. Dark com- plexion, dark eyes and hair; height, five feet eleven and three-quarter inches; weight, one hun- dred and fifty-five pounds; healthy; dentist. Octo- ber 28th, 1896, married Pearl Davison, of East LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 207 Rockaway, L. I. Child, Roger Davison Long- enecker. The father of William R. is David Reinstein Longenecker, of Rockville Centre, L. I., who was born July 30th, 1847, at Dayton, Ohio. Lived in Lancaster, Pa., during boyhood. Dark brown eyes; five feet ten and one-half inches in height; weighs one hundred and forty-five pounds; healthy; occupation, dentist February 1st, 1872, married Jessie Lambard, of Brigus, Newfoundland; had four children, two sons and two daughters. The grandfather of William R. is John Henry Longenecker; born April 29th, 1823, in Lancaster, Pa., who now resides at Islip, L. I. Dark brown eyes; height, five feet nine inches; weight, one hundred and eighty-five pounds; healthy; phy- sician. Connected with Hospital at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., during the war. Married Ellen Fraim, of Lancaster, Pa. Ten sons, six living; all dentists. The great-grandfather of William R. was Henry Longenecker, who died in Lancaster, Pa. He had three children, two sons and one daughter. The latter married Dr. Reinstein, of Philadelphia. 208 HISTORY OF THE RAFSNYDER-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Rafsnyder, Edwin Albert, of Brooklyn, N. Y.; born, Philadelphia, Pa., 1875; unmarried. The father of Edwin Albert Rafsnyder was Edwin Rafsnyder; born 1829, in Philadelphia, Pa.; died May 29th, 1899; married, 1869, Maria Louise Reinstein, a granddaughter of Henry Longe- necker. Their children were Frederick Albert and Edwin Albert. Edwin Rafsnyder was a prom- inent builder. The grandfather of Edwin A. Rafsnyder was Frederick Reinstein; born 1796, in Wertsburg; died 1866, in Philadelphia; a prominent dentist of Philadelphia; married Mary Longenecker, a daugh- ter of Henry Longenecker, in 1829. Children: Henry, Frederick Albert, and Mary Louise. The great-grandfather of Edwin Albert Raf- snyder was Henry Longnecker; born, Lancaster County, in 1779; died, in Lancaster, in 1859. Merchant. Married Mary Huhn. Children: David, John, and Mary. The great-great-grandfather of Edwin A. Rafsny- der was Peter Longenecker, of Lancaster. County, Pa., a minister. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 209 The great-great-grandfather of Edwin A. Raf- snyder is believed to be Christian Longenecker, who resided in Lancaster County, but was born in Switzerland, and one of whose sons, Peter, was a Mennonite preacher. His great-great-great-grandfather was Ulrich Lon- genecker, who immigrated from Switzerland in 1733. Pedigree: Edward Albert[6], Maria Louise[5], Mary[4], Peter[3], Christian[2], Ulrich[1] (Swiss immigrant, 1733). ****************** BIOGRAPHY OF BLIEM BRANCH- STEM, ULRICH[1]. The Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges Stopp was born in Allentown, March 19th, 1875. After spend- ing four years at the Muhlenberg Preparatory School, he took the full classical course of four years at Muhlenberg College, Allentown, where he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1896. Mr. Stopp was a member of the Euterpean Society, Editor-in-Chief of the Muhlenberg, a speaker at the Junior Oratorical Contest, a contestant for the "Butler's Analogy " prize-in both of which con- tests he received honorable mention-and a speaker at the commencement exercises in 1896, where his subject was "The Truly Beautiful." He was also historian of his class. Confirmed in St. John's 210 HISTORY OF THB Lutheran Church, Allentown, on Palm Sunday, March 25th, 1888, he was always identified with the Sunday school and various societies of that prominent parish. In September, 1896, Mr. Stopp entered the Senior Class at Princeton University, where he be- came a member of the Philadelphia Society, and of the famous old "Whig Hall," the American Whig Society, one of whose founders was James Madison, and was graduated with the degree of A. B. in June, 1897. He spent the next year in graduate work at Princeton, and received the degree of A. M. from the University in June, 1898. In September of the same year Mr. Stopp was ad- mitted to the Junior Class of the Lutheran Theolog- ical Seminary at Mount Airy, Philadelphia, where he took the full three-years' course. He was grad- uated in St. Michael's Church, Germantown, on Tuesday, in Whitsuntide week, May 28th, 1901, when, by appointment, he delivered an address on "Truth and Worship." At the request of the Pitts- burg Liturgical Association, he prepared a mono- graph, entitled "A General Survey of the Book of Common Prayer," which was read before that body March 11th, 1901, and afterward printed and re- printed. Mr. Stopp was ordained to the holy ministry by LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 211 the Evangelical Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsyl- vania in St Michael's Church, Allentown, Pa., on Monday, June 3rd, 1901. He was elected pastor of St Paul's Church, Doylestown, June 16th, 1901, and entered upon the performance of his pastoral duties July 1st, 1901. Mr. Stopp is still laboring at Doylestown. GENEALOGY. Stopp, Samuel Augustus Bridges, Allentown, Pa.; born March 19th, 1875, at Allentown, Pa. Grad- uated from Muhlenberg College, Allentown, in 1896; from Princeton University in 1897, degree of A. M.; from Princeton in 1898; graduated at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Mount Airy, Phil- adelphia, Pa., 1901. S. A. Bridges Stopp is the son of John Stopp, Postmaster at Allentown, 1890-94; a son of Joseph Stopp, merchant, of Allentown, and grandson of John Stopp, soldier in the Revolutionary Army. John Stopp married, March 26th, 1874, Ella Mag- dalene Dech, daughter of Solomon and Matilda Magdalene Dreisbach Dech, granddaughter of Jacob Dech, soldier in the Revolutionary Army, and great- granddaughter of Simon Dreisbach, Delegate to the State Congress of 1776. The maternal grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp 212 HISTORY OF THE was Solomon Dech (1818-1871); married Matilda Magdalene Dreisbach (1820-1888). The maternal great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Jacob Dreisbach (1794-1826); married Magdalene Bliem (1798-1847). The maternal great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Christian Bliem (1773-1831); married Magdalene Hoch. The maternal great-great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Christian Bliem (1746-1816); married Salome Longaker. The maternal great-great-great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Jacob Longaker, who landed, -with his father and brothers, in 1733, aged nineteen years. The maternal great-great-great-great-great-grand- father of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Ulrich Longe- necker, born in Switzerland, and was an immigrant to the Colonial Province of Pennsylvania in 1733, aged sixty-nine years. THE BLIEM FAMILY IX AMERICA. I. Christian Bliem, born at Mannheim, Germany, December 25th, 1711; immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1735; purchased a farm of three hundred acres, part of which is included within the borough limits lONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 213 of Pottstown; died March 9th, 1810, aged ninety- eight years, two months, and fifteen days. II. His son Christian (1746-1816) was born at the homestead, and married Salome Longaker (1746- 1811), daughter of Jacob and Susanna Longaker. The Bliems were Mennonites, and so took no active part in the Revolution, but furnished supplies to the American Army. III. The children of the above were Jacob, Philip, Daniel, Christian, John, Mary, Susanna, and another Jacob. Christian (1773-1831) became very well-known as a Mennonite minister and performed many self- denying deeds in his itinerant ministry. In 1790 he moved to Northampton County, and, in 1829, was called to Bucks County, where he was stricken with paralysis, while preaching in the Mennonite meeting-house at Springfield. His wife was Mag- dalene Hoch (now High). Their children were: IV. Salome (1796-1847); married Joseph Dech, of Bethlehem. Magdalene (1798-1847); married Jacob Dreisbach (whose daughter Magdalene mar- ried Solomon Dech, the father of Ella Dech Stopp). Elizabeth (1800--); married Peter Anewalt. David (the father of the Rev. J. Christian Bliem) married Susan Boyer. Katharine (1809) married the Rev. Dr. David Kemmerer. 214 HISTORY OF THE The Bliem descendants in Allentown are: Messrs. John and Samuel Anewalt, prominent merchants; and the children of the Anewalts; the Rev. Chris- tian Bliem, 210 North Eighth Street; Calvin Bliem; Mrs. William H. S. Miller, North Jefferson Street; and their descendants. ******************* LONGANECKER FAMILY IN OHIO-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. John Longanecker, of Hiram, Ohio, was born in Burton City, Ohio, July l4th, 1848. He was raised- on a farm, and followed that occupation till about thirty years of age, then ran a meat market five years; afterward took up carpentering. Four years ago moved to Hiram to educate his children, where he is now the janitor of the Young Men's Christian Association building. Married Susan E. Myers, Jan- uary 1st, 1874, whose mother's name was Winger. Her father lived near Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio, and was a tailor by trade. Children: Frank, Lizzie, Lida, and Flora. Frank, in June, 1899, grad- uated at Hiram College, Ohio. He is now professor of languages in Fayette Normal University, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 215 The father of John Longanecker was George Longanecker, who was born in Lancaster County, Pa., and died at Burton City, Ohio, December 30th, 1893. He was a tall, strong man, six feet two inches, and weighed 190 pounds, a carpenter by trade, but spent the latter part of his life on a farm. He was always anxious for peace, had a quiet, retir- ing disposition, and never had a quarrel or lawsuit with anyone in his life. His wife was Martha Westeffer, who was born in Lancaster County, Pa. They were among the pioneer settlers of Ohio. Her mothers maiden name was Weaver. The other children of George Longanecker were: William, of Cerro Gordo, Ill.; Mrs. Jacob New- comer, Seville, Ohio; and Mrs. S. M. Lehman, of Burton City, Ohio. Circular Letter gives names, to wit: Frank M. Longanecker, New Brighton, Pa.; John Longa- necker, Beach City, Ohio; John Longanecker, Wadsworth, Ohio; a family of Longaneckers, Delta, Ohio; William Longanecker, Cerro Gordo, Ill. Adam Steiner, Morrison, Ill, knows of some of the families. Longenecker, Harry, Fort Washington, Pa.; born May 19th, 1865, at Landisville, Lancaster County, Pa. He is five feet seven and one-half inches tall, of stout build, light complexion, gray eyes, and 216 HISTORY OF THE Roman nose; single at the age of thirty-four; fol- lows farming and butchering for a living. He has one sister married to a Reformed minister, William H. Mader, located at South Easton, Pa. The father of Harry Longenecker is Joseph Longenecker; of Londonderry Township; born August 15th, 1838, Lebanon County, Pa. He is five feet seven inches in height, dark complexion, heavy set, black hair, full, strong beard, and Roman nose. By occupation always a farmer and fancy stock breeder; in his early days he was one of the founders of the American Devon Cattle Club; was in the cattle breeding business until 1893. Married, December 4th, 1860, Susan S. Creider, one of the ten children of John E. Creider, an enterprising farmer of Lancaster County. The grandfather of. Harry Longenecker was Samuel Longenecker, of Londonderry Township; born, 1812, in Lebanon County, Pa.; died, No- vember 26th, 1893, at Florin, Lancaster County, Pa. He was of medium height. He was a minister, belonging to the United Brethren in Christ. He was of an inventive turn of mind, a plow-builder, and farmed in earlier days. Two of his sons, John and Samuel, were ministers also. In 1833 he married Magdalena Brubaker, a daughter LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 217 of Benjamin Brubaker, a farmer, at Conewa? Lebanon County, Pa. The great-grandfather of Harry Longenecker was Jacob Longenecker; born in Lebanon County, died in Londonderry Township, early in the sixties He owned and carried on a distillery in Lebanon County. He married Barbara Buck. They had eight children. Longenecker, Alfred R., Bryan, Ohio; born Sep- tember 9th, 1841, in Richland County, Ohio. Came to Williams County some time during the early part of his life; lived on a farm for many years. In 1893 he moved his family to Bryan, and he is now employed by the Standard Oil Company. He is a man of medium height, with blue eyes and brown hair. September 17th, 1863, married Sarah Ellen Altaffer, daughter of John Altaffer, who came to Williams County with her parents at ihe age of four years. Children, Lillian Elnora, Elva Alden, and Luella May. The father of Alfred R. was Peter Longenecker, born December 25th, 1816, in Lancaster County, Pa.; died December 18th, 1882, near Paris, Mich. He had three brothers, Jacob, John, and George. George lived for some time in Mason County, Ky. He also had several sisters. At the age of twenty- 218 HISTORY OF THE one he married Nancy Reifsnider, April 13th, 1837, in Star County, Ohio, having settled there early in life. His trade was plastering. He was a man of medium height, with dark eyes and hair. Had nine children, Savilla, Deliah, Alfred R., Laruha- mah, Kezia, Benton, Oliver, Marion. Longenecker, Daniel, Columbus, Ohio; born Jan- uary 14th, 1842, near Lancaster, Pa.; was killed in a railroad collision on the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, and St Louis Railroad on May 7th, 1891. Married, March 9th, 1870, Cornelia A. Simpson, daughter of Washington Simpson, of Columbus, Ohio. Chil- dren, Mary, Charles, Alvah, Daisy, Orrin, James Carl, and Rae. Longacre, Rudolph Franklin, of Meadville, Pa.; born September 11th, 1869, at Cleveland, Ohio. Di- vision Freight Agent, Meadville Division, Erie Rail- road. Married, September, 23rd, 1889, Nellie Sher- wood. Children, Mabel Ford Longacre and Ger- trude Sherwood Longacre. The father of Rudolph F. was Joseph Franklin Longacre, of Cleveland, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 219 ESTHER G. MAXTON-STEM, DANIEL.[1] GENEALOGY. Maxton, Esther G. (Longacre), of Pughtown, Pa., was born March 7th, 1875, at Nantmeal Village, Pa.; married I. Winters Maxton, March 10th, 1897. The father of Esther G. Maxton is David Long- acre, of Pughtown, who was born August 18th, 1826, in Montgomery County, Pa. David Long- acre was twice married, his first wife being Hannah B. Reinhart, who was burned to death, June 14th, 1869. They had four children, Prizer (who died at Aiken, S. C., May 18th, 1894, of consump- tion); Dr. H. Y. Longacre, St. Charles, Ill.; Annie M. Wynn, of Spring City; and Debbie S. Cloud, of Sheeder, Pa. By the second wife, who was Rebecca Wynn, a daughter of Samuel and Ann (Guest) Wynn, and to whom he was married March 27th, 1873, David Longacre had one daughter, Esther G. The grandfather of Esther G. Maxton was Henry Longacre, born 1786; died 1848, in Montgomery County, Pa.; married, 1808, Debora Cressman. The great-grandfather of Esther G. Maxton was Jacob Longacre, born December 6th, 1751; died May 21st, 1837. His wife's name was Juliann. 220 HISTORY OF THE SAMUEL DIEMER LONGACRE. Samuel D. Longacre, residence Phoenixville; born September 28th, 1847, in East Vincent Town- ship, Chester County, Pa. April 10th, 1871, mar- ried Beulah Martin, daughter of Benjamin Martin, of Uwchland, Chester County, Pa. Children, Eva M., Sarah M., Mary L., and John 0. Father, John Longacre, residence East Pikeland, Chester County, Pa.; born at Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa., April 28th, 1815; died at East Pikeland, September 6th, 1878. Was a farmer by occupation, and a member of the German Reformed Church of East Vincent, Chester County, Pa. Married, December 31st, 1846, Maty Ann Diemer, daughter of Samuel and Sarah, Finkbiner Diemer. Grandfather and grandmother both died while he was young. Knew very little about them. Isaac Longacre, now deceased, who lived at Rodenbach Church, farmer, told me about twenty years ago that the ancestors of the Longacre family were two brothers, each of whom bought about 1000 acres of land; one located in Montgomery County, and the father and son together had 1000 acres, which included the Poor-house Farm; the other in LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 221 Chester County. Some of the land was at Paw- ling's Bridge and some in what is now Schuylkill Township. The latter sold his land and went with his family to Lancaster County. He said they came from Germany. F. W. Longacre, M. D., Great Bend, Kan., writes that he is much interested in the Longacre history, and refers to his brother Samuel, of Phoenixville, to give information as to his ancestors. He mar- ried Mary L. Wise, of Kansas City, November 25th, 1880 (have no children). She was reared in Mont- gomery County, Pa. ****************** BIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF DAVID LONGENECKER (DECEASED) - STEM, ULRICH[1]. Peter Beller to David Longenecker, deed, dated May 29th, 1729, for 250 acres of land in Strasburg Township, Lancaster County. Deed of David Longenecker, Sr., to David Longenecker, Jr., his eldest son, dated May 23rd, 1759, for 150 acres in Lampeter Township. Deed of the executors of David Longenecker, dated March 27th, 1787, for 75 acres, recited to be part of the said 150 acres. Some of his descendants are living on the home- 222 HISTORY OF THE stead, and this record is given as facts standing in the ancestral line, to wit: Personally appeared in court John Witmer, Jacob Hartman, and Abraham Longenecker, executors of the last will and testa- ment of David Longenecker, late of Lampeter Township, deceased, together with David Longen- ecker, Jr., one of the sons and devisees of the said testator, and it being submitted to the court under the special circumstances of the said estate what in- terest moneys are of right due and payable unto the said David Longenecker, Jr., of his distributive share of the said estate settled in the register's office at Lancaster the 2nd day of June, 1770. The court on argument and advisement had of the premises do order and direct that the sum of L25 18s. 3d., the interest for nine years on L48, the proportion of the said David Longenecker, Jr., of the moneys at in- terest and under the particular management of John Witmer, be paid to the said David Longenecker, Jr., in full of his distributive share of the personal estate whereof his said father died possessed, amount- ing in the whole to L85 6s. 4d., which said sum was accordingly paid by the said John Witmer to the said David Longenecker, Jr., in open court, and the same David agreed that he was fully satisfied and contented therewith. (The above is recorded in Record Book, 1784- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER. FAMILY. 223 1787, on page 429, in the Clerk of the Orphans' Court Office at Lancaster on March 27th, 1787.) **************** BIOGRAPHY OF LUELLA MAY LONGEN- ECKER (YUNCK) AND FAMILY. Peter Longenecker was father of nine children; six are yet living. I will give you the births and as much concerning them as I can. 1. Savilla Longenecker was born November 25th, 1837; died November 27th, 1837. 2. Deliah Longenecker was born October 30th, 1838. I cannot give the date of her death defi- nitely, but think she was about fifty years old. She married Levi Hamman. To them five children were born; their names are Lewis, Franklin, Della, Alice, and Mabel. Alice Hamman is married. Deliah was a woman of medium height; black eyes and black hair. 3. An infant born September 4th, 1840, died September 4th, 1840. 4. Alfred R. Longenecker (see blank). 5. Laruhamah Longenecker was born October 13th, 1843; married Wilson Overly. To them were born four children; one died when but an in- fant The names of the children living are Albert, 224 HISTORY OF THE William, and Harvey. William Overly is married. He has dark eyes and dark hair; is tall and slender. Residence, Pioneer, Ohio. 6. Kezia Longenecker was born April 24th, 1845; married Lem Richards. She has dark eyes and dark hair. She is very fleshy, and not very tall. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. 7. Benton Longenecker was born March 6th, 1847; married Mary Page. He is of medium height; brown eyes and brown hair. Residence, Pioneer, Ohio. 8. Oliver Longenecker was born January 23rd, 1849. Oliver seems contented to spend his days alone, as he has never married. He takes much comfort from his pipe, and says that an old bache- lor's life is the life for him. He is very fleshy; has blue eyes and gray hair. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. 9. Marion Longenecker was born May 19th, 1851; he married Ellen Conely. To them were born two children, whose names are Charles and Clinton. Marion has black eyes and black hair. He is very tall; I think perhaps he might measure seven feet. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. Names, births, etc., of A. R. Longenecker's chil- dren: 1. Lillian Elnora Longenecker was born May 28th, 1865; married Henry Radabaugh, May 27th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 225 1883. To this union one daughter was born, June 17th, 1884; her name is Gertrude Belle. Lillian is short and fleshy; she has brown eyes and brown hair. Mr. Radabaugh's occupation is the agricul- tural business. Residence, Stryker, Ohio. 2. Elva Alden Longenecker was born October 22nd, 1867; married Irwin E. Reed, November 11th, 1886; to them one son was born, August l7th, 1887. His name is Charles Guy. Elva is tall and very slender; has brown eyes and brown hair. Res- idence, Cleveland, Ohio. 3. Luella May Longenecker was born September 30th, 1878; married Frederick A. Yunck, October 20th, 1898. She has blue eyes and brown hair; is of medium height. Mr. Yunck is employed at the L. S. and M. S. Freight Office. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. GENEALOGY. Peter Longanecker, deceased, Richmond, Ind., a son of Samuel Longanecker, of North Star, Darke County, Ohio. Peter has three brothers: Joseph, Samuel, and Frank. Their mother's name was Lehman. [Extract from letter of Mrs. Peter Longanecker, Richmond, Ind.] 0. B. Longenecker, M. D., Dayton, Ohio; born, 226 HISTORY OF THE September 11th, 1859, Hillgrove, Ohio; was reared on a farm; taught school for two years. Graduated in medicine in 1884, and is now at the head of The Dayton Medical and Surgical Institute, Dayton, Ohio. In height, five feet nine inches; dark hair and eyes; good physique, muscular and active; en- gaged in special practice along with college duties, and is eminently successful in his profession. He married, July, 1884, Clara Lowry, whose father's people come from the State of New York, and he was reared in Clark County, Ohio, on a farm. The family were prosperous farmers. Her father was a physician, practiced medicine, and died at Rosehill, Darke County, Ohio., Unto 0. B. and wife two children were born, Hilton and Irene. The father of 0. B. was Henry, born at Green- wood Township, Mifflin County, Pa., and moved to Hillgrove, Darke County, Ohio. He was born in 1830, and died, Hillgrove, Ohio, October 21st, 1896. He was a prosperous farmer, quiet, sober, upright. About five feet ten inches high, dark sandy hair and dark eyes. One child, Frank, with first wife. Second wife, nine children, 0. B., Har- vey, Belle, John, Alice, Olive, Edward, Rutherford B., and Mary. All living except Belle, Alice, and, Frank; Married first wife about 1852 or 1853; named Hettie Herr. Married second wife, August LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 227 l5th, 1858, named Elizabeth Nowlin, who was reared on a farm, near Hillgrove, Ohio; of Scotch- German ancestors. Her father was a blacksmith and farmer; was Justice of the Peace for many years. Prosperous, and a man of good, hard service and large influence in his neighborhood. Paternal grandfather, Henry, resided at Pleasant Hill, Miami County, Ohio. He was born in Juniata County, Pa., in 1791, and died near Pleasant Hill, Ohio, in 1872, aged eighty-one years. He lived first three miles west of Lewistown, Pa., on the Juniata River. In 1834 moved to Pleasant Hill, Ohio, on farm of 160 acres. He was a successful farmer. For many years before his death he was a Dunker, or German Baptist preacher, deacon, and leader. He married Anna Hart, and unto them were born ten children: Benjamin, David, Henry, Sarah, Anna, Fanny, Susan, Esther, Isaac, and Elizabeth. His wife was born in Juniata County, in 1794, and died at Pleasant Hill, in 1863. Great-grandfather, David Longenecker, resided at McAlisterville, or Swales, Juniata County, Pa. He married twice. Issue of first wife six children- Henry, Esther, Samuel, Joseph, David, and Cath- arine. One with second wife-John. [Dr. 0. B. Longenecker is believed to be of the sixth generation from his European ancestor, Ul- 228 HISTORY OF THE rich[1], born in 1664. His genealogy has one link to be supplied.-A. B. L., Historian.] ***************** H. F. LONGENECKER FAMILY-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Grandfather of H. F. Longenecker, Samuel Longenecker. The following is a list of his brothers and sisters as near as we know: Abraham, John, Christian, Jacob, Elizabeth. One married to Benjamin Brubaker, one married to Henry Bru- baker, one married to John Enswinger, one married to Jacob Moyer. Grandmother Longenecker's maiden name, Magdalena Brubaker. John B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa., is in possession of grandfather's Bible. Fur- ther information may be obtained from him. Grandfather and grandmother's family: John, B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa.; Joseph B. Longenecker, Fort Washington, Pa.; Elizabeth B. Longenecker (now Brenner), Madison- burg, Wayne County, Ohio; Samuel B. Longen- ecker, Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 229 Marriage of Samuel B. Longenecker (father) and Elizabeth S. Brenner (mother), January 28th, 1868. Father born in Dauphin County, Pa.; mother born in Lancaster County, Pa. Births: Samuel B. Longenecker (father), Novem- ber 2nd, 1846; Elizabeth S. Longenecker (mother), November 26th, 1845. Their children: H. F. Longenecker, January 7th, 1869; Mary M. Longenecker, August 6th, 1870; infant daughter, August 4th, 1873; John B. Longenecker, July 27th, 1874; Catharine Longen- ecker, August 27th, 1876; Anna B. Longenecker, September 12th, 1877; Elizabeth Longenecker, June 1st, 1879; Allen Longenecker, July 13th, 1883; Nettie Longenecker, July 30th, 1885. Marriages of children: Allan C. Buchwalter to Mary M. Longenecker, November 9th, 1893. Their child, Jesse Buchwalter (son), born September 9th, 1895. John B. Hostetter to Anna B. Longenecker, November 28th, 1897. John B. Longenecker to Mary A. Gerber, March 13th, 1898. Deaths of children: Infant daughter, August 4th, 1873; Catharine Longenecker, September 10th, 1876; Nettie Longenecker, January l7th, 1887. Mr. Samuel Longenecker (grandfather) came to Ohio from Pennsylvania in the spring of 1864, 230 HISTORY 0F THE having sold his farm in Pennsylvania; he invested in several farms near Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio. He owned at different times the farms now known as the John Billman farm, two miles west of Smithville; the Daniel Ramseyer farm, one-half mile north of Smithville; and the Samuel B. Long- enecker farm, two and one-half miles southeast of Smithville. Thinking Pennsylvania better, on ac- count of his ill-health he removed to Union Deposit, Dauphin County, Pa., after living in Ohio for about fifteen years, having disposed of his Ohio property to the above-named persons. Grandfather and grandmother are both dead, but we are not able to give the dates of their deaths, not having access to the family Bible held by John B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa. Anna B., married to John B. Hostetter, live on a farm two and one-half miles south of Smithville, Ohio; Elizabeth and Alien being at home with their parents. Elizabeth B. Longenecker (father's sister) was married to Benjamin Brenner, 1863. One child was the result of their marriage, Elenora, born in 1865. They live on a beautiful farm one mile northeast of Madisonburg, Wayne County, Ohio. Mr. Brenner, died April, 1899. Benjamin Brenner and Elizabeth (mother) S. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 231 Brenner's parents were Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Brenner's children, who came to Smithville from Lancaster County, Pa., in 1855. Samuel B. Longenecker (father) came to Ohio from Pennsylvania in the fall of 1867, and after his marriage moved on his father's farm, two and one- half miles southeast of Smithville, which he now owns, having lived there ever since his marriage. He is about five feet eight and one-half inches tall, weighs 165 pounds, hard working, scrupulously honest and religious in all his dealings. He is a member and minister in the Brethren in Christ Church. Their children are variously engaged. H. F. Longenecker, who is a graduate of the Ohio Nor- mal University of Ada, Ohio, is Superintendent of Schools at Smithville, Ohio. Mary M., married to Allen C. Buchwalter, live in Smithville, Ohio; Mr. Buchwalter being engaged in the milling business known as the Smithville Milling Company, Shrock & Buchwalter; John B. Longenecker living on the home farm. Harry C. Longenecker, Union Deposit, Dauphin County, Pa., is of kinship to this branch. 232 HISTORY OF THE FAMILY OF CORNELIA A. LONGENECKER. Daniel Longenecker (the husband of Cornelia A.), who was killed in a railroad collision, May 1st, 1871, was born near Lancaster City, Pa., January l4th, 1842; was married to Cornelia A. Simpson, March 9th, 1870, in Franklin County, Ohio. His father's name was Daniel; his mother's name Mary; seven children were born unto said Daniel and Cornelia: Mary M., Charles F., Alvah D., Daisy B., Orrin J., James Carl, and Rae S. Amos Longenecker, Bird-in-Hand, Lancaster County, Pa., the eldest brother of said Daniel, is referred to for full information as to the family history. ****************** LONGACRE T. MILLER-STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Lucinda T. Miller, Upper Providence; born De- cember 30th, 1802; married Addison T. Miller, De- cember 29th, 1859. Issue, six children: Horace, Ella, Elizabeth, Cora, Edgar, and Newton; the mother of Lucinda Miller was born October 15th, 1810,and died September 6th, 1895. Her ancestors are of the lineage of John Longacre, a Mennonite LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 233 preacher, and a son of Daniel[1] Longacre, of Mingo. [As John Longacre died about 1744, and Jacob Longenecker married his widow, Susanna, about 1745, there is a link missing in this genealogy.- A. B. L., Historian.] **************** ESTER G. LONGACRE GENEALOGY, ETC. VINCENT, PA., AUGUST 17, 1895. Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa.: "DEAR SIR: Your invitation and courteous note of July 30th received, after some delay. Father and mother (Mr. and Mrs. David Long- acre) are thinking of coming to the Re-union, and the rest of us would thoroughly enjoy the treat were it possible. My great-grandfather's (that is, father's grand- father's) name was Jacob Longacre, and father's father's name was Henry Longacre, who had three brothers and one sister, namely: Peter, Samuel, George, and Anna. Anna married a Beidler. I know nothing more of her, and nothing at all of grandfather's (Henry Longacre's) brothers. We are descendants of the Longacres who settled at Mingo, but know nothing of our ancestors. 234 HISTORY OF THE Do you know where we could obtain a history of the Longacre family? Will there be an account of this Re-union published? We would like to have an account, if possible. Henry Longacre married Debora Cressman; of this union there were twelve children, three of whom are living, namely: Elijah Longacre, Leba- non; David Longacre, Vincent; Semella Lessig, Spring City. I am the youngest daughter of David L. There are two girls and one boy besides myself, namely: Dr. H. Y. Longacre, St. Charles, Kane County, Ill.; Anna M. Wynn, Spring City; Debbie S. Cloud, Sheeders, Chester County, Pa. My oldest brother, Milton P. Longacre, of Fort Wayne, Ind., died of consumption, May 18th, 1894, leaving five children, three boys and two girls. We would be glad to hear any further informa- tion concerning the family. Yours respectfully, ESTER G. LONGACRE." These are the children of David Longacre: Milton Prizer was born January 14th, 1851; Dr. H. Y. Longacre was born December 31st, 1853; Anna M. Longacre was born June 14th,1855; Deb- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 235 bie S. Longacre was born July 5th, 1862; and Ester G. Longacre was born March 7th, 1875. Milton was married May 1st, 1873, to Rachel Lilley, who died March i6th, 1876; was married again September 20th, 1880, to Carrie Schlatter. Dr. H. Y. was married May 28th, 1884, to Nettie B. Norton. Anna M. was married November 19th, 1884, to Thomas G. Wynn. Debbie S. was married February 12th, 1889, to Lewis W. Cloud. Ester G. was married March 10th, 1897, to I. Winters Maxton. Of this ancestry is Anna M. Wynn, of Spring City, Chester County, Pa.; and Debbie S. Cloud, of Sheeder. Rebecca Wynn (second wife) is the mother of Ester G. (nee Longacre) Maxton; her maiden name was Ann Guest, who married Samuel Wynn, a son of James and Nancy Wynn. Pater- nal grandfather of Ester G. had two sisters; Anna married a Beidler, and Julia Ann married ---- King. These are my father's brothers and sisters, chil- dren of Henry and Debora Longacre: George Longacre was born December 17th, 1808; Susanna Longacre was born August 18th, 1810; Jacob Longacre was born June 16th, 1812; John 236 HISTORY OF THE Longacre was born February 2nd, 1815; Henry Longacre was born December 26th, 1817; Elijah and Elisha Longacre were born June 7th, 1820; Manoah Longacre was born January 16th, 1822; Elijah Longacre was born May 5th, 1824; David Longacre was born August 18th, 1826; Julia Ann Longacre was born February 15th, 1829; and Sem- ella Longacre was born May 8th, 1832. They are all dead, except Elijah, born 1824, who lives in Lebanon; David, at Pughtown; and Se- mella Lessig, Spring City. My father, David, was married to Hannah B. Reinhart, December 25th, 1849. ****************** FAMILY OF MRS. CARRIE S. LONGACRE. Milton Prizer Longacre, residence (Mrs. Long- acre's), 29 Garden Street, Fort Wayne, Ind.; born, in Chester County, Pa., January 14th, 1851; died, at Aiken, S. C., May 18th, 1894, of consumption, brought on by the grip. Married, May 1st, 1873, Rachel Lillie, of Pennsylvania, who died March 1st, 1876. They had one daughter, Bertha L. Longacre, born September 20th, 1874, and she died September 1st, 1898. On September 20th, 1880, he married Caroline Schlatter, who was born LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 237 July 12th, 1853, near Fort Wayne, Ind,, and edu- cated at Wooster, Ohio. Lived in Fort Wayne, Ind., except the winter of 1893 and 1894, which was spent in Alabama. Children: Milton Guy Longacre, born November 2nd, 1882; Hazel Irene, born October 29th, 1884; David Sebastian, born March 1st, 1886; Ray Leon, born February 19th, 1899. Father, David Longacre, residence Vincent, Ches- ter County, Pa.; born August 18th, 1826. To his first wife, Hannah B. Reinhart (born March 15th, 1831; died June 14th, 1870) were born four chil- dren: Milton P., Harmon Y., Anna M.,and Debbie S. In 1873 he married Rebecca Wynn. They had one daughter, Esther. Harmon Y. Longacre, M. D., St. Charles, Ill.; born at Phoenixville, Chester County, Pa., Decem- ber 31st, 1853; dark complexion, dark hair and eyes, and Roman nose. May 17th, 1884, married Nettie Bell Norton; unto them was born one child, Frank H. Father of Dr. Longacre is David Longacre (supra). Abel Longacre, Newport, Perry County, Pa,, a son of Joseph Longacre, has an uncle Isaac, of Chester County, Pa., and also had an uncle John, whom he believes died in Norristown, Pa. 238 HISTORY OF THE MANOAH LONGACRE FAMILY. His father, Henry Longacre, was born April 26th, 1787, and his mother, Debora, was born January 23rd, 1781; issue born unto them: George, De- cember 17th, 1808; Susanna, August 18th, 1810; Jacob, June 16th, 1812; John, February 2nd, 1815; Henry, December 25th, 1817; Elijah, June 2nd, 1820; Manoah, January 16th, 1822; Elijah, May 5th, 1824; David, August 18th, 1826; Juliann, February 15th, 1829; Samella, May 8th, 1832. The above, as is believed, were born in Lebanon County, Pa., and belonged to the Mennonite Meet- ing. The said Manoah Longacre was twice mar- ried; first wife was Lucy Hoffman. Issue were: Abraham, born October 31st, 1843; Annie, born January 28th, 1846; Mary, born February l4th, 1850; Noah, born April 20th, 1852; Henry, born November 19th, 1854; Edward, born January 11th, 1861. The first wife died in Cleveland, Ohio, 1870, and all of the children, of first wife were born in Philadelphia, Pa. He married second wife, Catharine Herig, of Cleveland, in 1871, who was born November 25th, 1851. Unto the second marriage three children LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 239 were born: Savilla, born March 12th, 1874; Charles H., born October 27th, 1876; George H., born November 8th, 1888. Manoah died December 15th, 1893. Address of Mrs. Manoah Longacre, No. 7 Shale Street, Cleveland, Ohio. ***************** FAMILY OF JACOB LONGACRE-M. R. LONGACRE BRANCH. STEM, DANIEL[1]. Selma Pawling, residence Portland, Ind., born near Pittsburg, Ohio, December 29th, 1865; mar- ried, June 15th, 1889, Joseph Brewington, whose father came from Maryland and his mother from Pennsylvania. Children: Charlie, Delee, and Gaynelle. Mother, Thamazine Longacre, residence Portland, Ind., born in Chester County, Pa., December 6th, 1829; died at Hector, Ind., June 27th, 1886; mar- ried, in 1849, Charles Pawling, who was born and raised in Philadelphia. Children: Allie, Samuel, Ida, Elmer, Sophia, Lincoln, and Selma. Maternal grandfather, Abraham Longacre, born September 29th, 1798; married Ruth Jones. Chil- dren: Isaac, Jacob, Josiah, Joseph, Mary, Thama- zine, Abraham, Thomas, and Samuel. Great-grandfather, Jacob Longacre, born October 240 HISTORY OF THE 15th, 1767; died April 15th, 1845; married Cath- arine Zimmennan, May 7th, 1795. Children: Mary, Abraham, Rachel, Julia Ann, Debora, Henry, and Catharine. Edward Thompson Kurtz, of Newcastle, Pa., born April 5th, 1844, in Juniata County, Pa.; attorney- at-law and speculator in real estate. Height, about five feet ten and three-quarter inches; weight, 160 pounds; complexion fair, hair light; married, June 23rd, 1868, Ellie E. Frampton, born in Philadelphia; only child of James B. and Mary (Loy) Frampton. Children: James Hanna (deceased), Edward Framp- ton. James Hanna was solo violinist on Princeton University Mandolin Club for two years. The father of Edward Thompson was Isaac Kurtz, of Walnut, Bureau County, Ill.; born Febru- ary 28th, 1799, in Chester County, Pa.; died April 1890, at Walnut, Ill.; married, December 27th, 1821, Rachel Longacre, a daughter of Jacob and Catharine (Zimmerman) Longacre. The grandfather of Edward Thompson was Jacob Longacre; born October 15th, 1767; died April 15th, 1845; married, May 7th, 1795, Catharine Zimmerman. Davis Brooks Kurtz, of Newcastle, Lawrence County, Pa.; born, July 6th, 1826, in Chester County, Pa.; married, September 15th, 1853, Julia LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 241 Maria Wilder, of Plymouth County, Mass., whose ancestors were Pilgrims and landed at Plymouth Rock from the Mayflower. Children: Charles M., Emilie, Louis T., Edward Lawrence, and Katie Wilder. The father of Davis Brooks was Isaac Kurtz, born February 28th, 1799, in Chester County, Pa.; died April, 1890, in Bureau County, Ill.; married, De- cember 27th, 1821, Rachel Longacre. Thomas Walker, of Howells, Neb., born May 26th, 1846, at West Whiteland, Chester County, Pa.; married, March 24th, 1869, Rebecca C. Bearss, a daughter of Orson L. and Martha (Pickard) Bearss. Children: Homer D., Debbie M., Martha B., Daisy D., Verner V. The father of Thomas Walker was Thomas Walker; died several years ago; had no record of his death or marriage, as sister, Mrs. H. C. Stevens, of Carroll, Iowa, has all the family records. Milton V. Detwiler, of Oaks, Montgomery County, Pa.; born March 15th, 1850, at Royers- ford, Pa.; married, February 18th, 1875, Hannah Rosenberger, whose mother's maiden name was Catharine Longacre, a daughter of Jacob Longacre. Children: David R., Frank R., Joseph Warren, and Katie. 242 HISTORY OF THE GENEALOGY-STEM, DANIEL[1]. Daniel W. Longacre, born January 10th, 1843; married, December 23rd, 1874, Mary H. Shultz. Her father's name was Andrew R. Shultz; her mother's maiden name was Magdalena E. High; lived at Clayton, Berks County, Pa. Children of Daniel W. and wife: Emma S. and May S. Long- acre. David W. branch (ante). John W. Longacre, Rich Hill, Bucks County, Pa.; born October 28th, 1848, in Lower Provi- dence, Montgomery County, Pa., second youngest of eight children; married, January 9th, 1875, Mary (Bechtel) Schantz, daughter of Henry and Eliza- beth (Bechtel) Schantz, of Hosensack, Lehigh County, Pa.; issue seven children: Aaron, Henry, David, Milton, Lizzie Ida, Mary, and Katie. Father's name, Isaac Longacre; residence, Lower, Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.; born near Black Rock, February 20th, 1803; died at Skip- pack, Pa., July 8th, 1879. He was the youngest of seven children and suffered from gravel and kid- ney disease, and was blind a few years. He mar- ried Hannah Weiss, daughter of Samuel Weiss, of Douglass Township, Montgomery County, Pa. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 243 The paternal grandfather of John W. Longacre was David, near Black Rock, Montgomery County, Pa. Same ancestral line as David W. ********************* ISAAC W. LONGACRE BRANCH. Isaac W. Longacre, bora Lower Providence Township, June 6th, 1841; worked on the farm and attended the public school; had several terms in the Freeland Seminary, and one term at Freemount Seminary, Norristown; he taught five terms in the common schools of Montgomery County, and one term in the town of Wakarusa, State of Indiana; married, January 6th, 1870, Susan K. Shantz, of Milford, Bucks County, Pa., and commenced farm- ing on the old homestead. Two years later he purchased the home of his wife, in Bucks County, where he now resides. Unto them were born five sons and two daughters: John, Daniel, Isaac, Henry, Ross, Horace, Katie Blanche, and Susan Viola; two other sons died in infancy. His father was Isaac Longacre, whose grandchildren, now living, are seventeen sons and eighteen daughters. He was noted for firmness in habits and dealings; he was a deacon in the Mennonite Church; was blind the last year or more of his life, and bore it 244 HISTORY OF THE without a murmur. He had a family of six sons and two daughters, namely: David W., Henry, Isaac W., Daniel, Jacob, John, Kate, and Han- nah; married, October 16th, 1831. Hannah Weiss. His father was born February 20th, 1803; died July, 1879. Isaac W. same lineage as David W. (ante, page). **************** SHENKLE BRANCH. Shenkle, Barbara Ann, of Trappe, Montgomery County, Pa.; married, March 12th, 1858, Philip Shenkle, born November 24th, 1824, at Coventry, Chester County. Children: Michael R., Anna M., Alfred E. (deceased), Elwood P. (deceased), and Wesley H. (deceased.). The father of B. A. Shenkle was Michael Roudenbush, born June 26th, 1792, and died April 20th, 1864, at Upper Providence, Montgomery County; married, January 12th, 1819, Debora Roudenbush, a daughter of David Longacre. The grandfather of Barbara Ann Shenkle was David Longacre, born December 25th, 1759, and died May 15th, 1826, at Mingo, Montgomery County, Pa.; married Deborah Ziegler. Great-grandfather supposed to have been Daniel Longacre. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 245 CHRISTOPHER LONGACRE BRANCH AND HIS DESCENDANTS. Christopher Longacre, born October 22nd, 1786; died March 10th, 1860. Successful farmer of Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.; married Cath- arine Roudenbush, first wife. Issue, one daughter, Debora Longacre; married second wife, Frances Herstine. Issue, three children: Mary, John H., Fannie H. Debora Longacre married Andrew B. Bauer, far- mer, of Douglass Township. Issue six children: Catharine Bauer, married Milton Shantz. Child, Aaron Shantz; married Annie Stauffer. Issue, one daughter, Edna. Elizabeth Bauer (died young). John L. Bauer, married Annie Bechtel. Issue, Irvin B., Laura, Annie; married (second wife) Sophia Gabel. Andrew Bauer (died young). Jacob L. Bauer, married Susanna Linsenbigler. Issue, Annie, Amanda, Ella. Aaron Bauer, married Liz- zie Bauman. Issue, Andrew B., Mary, Sammie, Katie, John, and Irvin; married (second wife) Malinda Latshaw. Mary Longacre, born July l4th, 1834; married John E. Force, February 1st, 1857. Issue, Fannie Elizabeth Force, born November 10th, 1857; mar- 246 HISTORY OF THE ried Cornelius Smith; died July 23rd, 1882. Er- win L. Force, born June 19th, 1861; married An- nie Funk. Issue, Mary Force (living in Chester County, near Spring City). John L. Force, born October 10th, 1866; died August 2nd, 1894. John H. Longacre, born April 21st, 1837; mar- ried Lydia Bertolet Issue, Fannie Longacre; mar- ried Aaron Funk. Issue, Lydia Funk and Annie Fnnk, Chester County. Mary J. Longacre, married Jacob Stauffer. Issue, John, Rudy, Mary, and Clayton. Sallie Longacre, married Jacob Funk. Issue, Alvin and Lizzie (Upper Providence, Mont- gomery County). Samuel Longacre (died young). Lizzie Longacre, married Samuel Pool (Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.). Emma Longacre, married Clayton Kulp. Issue, Ruth and Mary (East Vincent, Chester County). Fannie H. Longacre, born September 21st, 1839; married Samuel B. Detwiler, M. D. Issue, Laura; Detwiler, born March 9th, 1864; married Howard Yocum. Issue, George, Mary (deceased), Ernest, and Frances. Lizzie Detwiler, born February 13th, 1866; married Harry K. Hoar. Issue, Frances Hoar. John L. Defrwiler, born August 24th, 1868; married Emma Roberts. Issue, Mary, Ira, Ruth, Wesley, and Irvin. Fannie Detwiler, born January 4th, 1871; died of diphtheria, aged seven years, eight LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 247 months, seventeen days. William Penn Detwiler, born May 27th, 1873. Druggist, Phoenixville, Pa. Bertha Detwiler, born December 9th, 1875. Sam- uel Bertolet Detwiler, born September 18th, 1881. ****************** FAMILY HISTORY OF MARY BEAR. My mother's grandfather, Abraham Longnecker, married Catharine Wagner. They had ten chil- dren: Joseph, Elizabeth, Barbara, Susanna, Anna, Catharine, Isaac, Frances, Daniel, and Benjamin. Joseph Longnecker, born June 10th, 1773; mar- ried Betsy Ripley; had eleven children, all born in Cumberland County, Pa. Elizabeth Longnecker, born January 1st, 1775; married David Gipe; had eleven children. Lived in Franklin County, Pa. Barbara Longnecker, born February 26th, 1777; married twice, Wolf-Miller; had three children by Wolf. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Susanna Longnecker, born December 10th, 1780; married Michael Livingston; had three children. Lived in Perry County, Pa. Anna Longnecker, born December 11th, 1782; married John Dill; had seven children reach ma- turity. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. 248 HISTORY OF THE Catharine Longnecker, born February 26th, 1785; married Miller; had three children. Lived and died in Cumberland County, Pa. Isaac Longnecker, born February 19th, 1788; married Frances Eshleman; had five children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Frances Longnecker, born April 9th, 1790; mar- ried John Olewine; had six children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Daniel Longnecker, born June 2rd, 1793; was mentally and physically weak; was never able to walk; died at the age of fourteen. Benjamin Longnecker, born February 15th, 1796; married Mary Rife; had eleven children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. The tradition amongst the oldest of the descend- ants is that the European ancestors lived in Switzer- land. **************** PETER LONGACRE BRANCH-STEM, ULRICH[1]. William Wellington Longacre, residence Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa.; born October 9th, 1865, at Verdilla, Pa.; married, September 2nd, 1894, Kate M. Houser, eldest daughter of George M. Houser. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 249 Father, Isaac S. Longacre, residence Verdilla, Pa.; born, Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa., December 5th, 1836; died at Verdilla, Pa., June 20th, 1895. Far- mer and auctioneer. He was celebrated as an auc- tioneer, and was called to almost every part of the State to conduct large sales of live stock, which was his specialty. Elected County Commissioner of Snyder County, Pa., 1868-1871, which office he filled with credit to himself and to the county. He was a great promoter of church and school work. In June, 1858, married Mary A. Witmer, only daughter of John Witmer, and a niece of Judge Witmer and David H. Witmer. John Witmer, her father, took up 200 acres of land along the Susque- hanna River, north of Port Trevorton, where he also had a distillery. They spoke the English lan- guage. Children: Sadie E. Witmer, Susan Ar- dilla, William W., M. D., J. Oscar, Alice R. Shotz- berger, Isaac W. Longacre. Paternal grandfather, Peter Longacre or Longen- ecker; residence Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa.; born March 27th, 1789, in Chester County, Pa.; died De- cember 31st, 1843, in Coventry Township, Pa. He was a tanner by trade, having learned his trade from Peter Shantz, of Chester County, Pa., to whom he was apprenticed for three years. Married Eliza- beth Rhoads and moved to Mount Pleasant Mills, 250 HISTORY OF THE Pa., where he bought a large farm, and engaged in farming until his death. Here his first wife died, December 17th, 1831. On May 22nd, 1834, he mar- ried Susan Shaffer, who died January 27th, 1879. His children by the first wife were: Esther Long- acre, born May 2nd, 1810; William, born April 22nd, 1812; Elizabeth, born December 25th, 1813; James, born October 3rd, 1815; Mary, born Novem- ber 21st, 1817; Peter, born December 17th, 1819; Debora, born April 21st, 1822; Catherine, born August 8th, 1824; John, born September 15th, 1827; Hannah, born September 3rd, 1829. By the second wife he had the following chil- dren: Isaac S. (deceased); Samuel S., born August 26th, 1837. Resides at Elkhart, Ind. Jacob S., born December 10th, 1839; died September 10th, 1894. Great-grandfather, Peter Longenecker, of Chester County, Pa. William Wellington Longacre was born at Ver- dilla, Snyder County, Pa., on October 9th, 1865, being the oldest son of Isaac S. Longacre. During the summer he worked on the farm for his father, and attended the public school in winter. At the age of sixteen years he entered the Freeburg Academy. At the age of nineteen be began teach- ing public school; then taught school in winter LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 251 and attended the academy during the summer, graduating in June, 1889, with honors. In the fall of the same year he began reading medi- cine with the Hon. Dr. E. W. Tool, of Freebnrg, Pa. He entered college September 1st, 1890, and graduated April 18th, 1893, with honorable mention in a class of 212. This was the largest class in the history of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. After passing the State Board of Medical Examiners of Pennsylvania, he took a trip to the State of Ohio with the intention of locating there, but returned to Pennsylvania and located at Mount Pleasant Mills, Snyder County, Pa., where he resides at the present time, and enjoys a very lucrative practice. His ability as a general practitioner and surgeon is admitted by his medical colleagues, and the laity as well. He has achieved success as a surgeon by exercising good judgment in technical cases. On September 2nd, 1894, he married Miss Kate M. Houser. ELKHART, INDIANA, JANUARY 21, 1902. Judge A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa.: "DEAR SIR: I am in receipt of your favor of the 16th instant, and enclose herewith express money order for one dollar, in payment for one volume of the Longaker history, which I shall be glad to receive as soon as published. I regret that I am able to give you but little information regarding my ancestors. My grandfather, Peter Longacre, was born March 27th, 1789, in Chester County, Pa., in or near what 252 HISTORY OF THE city, I do not know. On August 4th 1809, he was married to Elizabeth Rhoads. They moved to Union County, Pa., near Selinsgrove, and there, after some years, his wife died. On May 22nd, 1834, be was married to Mrs. Susannah Shaffer, my grand mother. They had three sons, Isaac, Samuel S. (my father), and Jacob. Grandfather died December 31st, 1843, and grand- mother in the year 1879, both near Selinsgrove. Our family record shows the death of Jacob Longacre (who, we believe, was one of grandfather's brothers), February 1st, 1832; also the death of Estor Settlon (who, we believe, was a sister), in 1823. Father was born August 26th, 1837 near Selinsgrove. Mother's maiden name was Mary J. Getten. I have two brothers, Simpson and Charles, and one sister, Elizabeth. Both of my uncles, Isaac and Jacob, were born, married, and lived near Selinsgrove. They died during the last eight years. I have tried for a number of years to obtain some information regarding my grandfather's relatives, but have met with little success. If, as editor of the history, you can give me any further information, it will be very gratefully received. Thanking you for the information contained in your letter of the l6th instant, I remain, Very respectfully yours, MISS MAY S. LONGACRE." George F. Longaker, born January 19th, 1872, at East Coventry, Chester County, Pa.; occupation, cleric; height, six feet one inch; weight, 205 pounds. Married Lottie E. Rennard, November 28th, 1894, a daughter of Jacob and Hannah Rennard of An- selma, Chester County, Pa., farmers. Father's name, Isaac W., residence Spring Mill, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 253 Pa.; born April 29th, 1843, Birchrunville, Pa.; occupation, farmer and agent; height, six feet one and one-half inches; weight, 220 pounds. Had only one child. Married, March 14th, 1868, Lizzie Deery, a daughter of George and Mary Deery, Chester Springs, Pa., farmers. Paternal grandfather's name, John S. Longaker, residence Upper Pottsgrove, Montgomery County, Pa.; born June 9th, 1808; died at Fox Hill, Mont- gomery County, Pa., April -, 1876. January 31st, 1834, married Hannah Hipple. Issue, six children: John H., Mary Ann, Hannah, Isaac W., Morris F., and Clara F. Great-grandfather, Isaac Longenecker. Married Mary Sheleigh. Issue, eleven children: John S., Peter, Samuel, Jacob, Susan, Lizzie, Isaac, Rachel, Enos, Mary, and Nathan. Great-great-grandfather, Peter Longenecker. First wife, Elizabeth Rhoads; second wife, Susan Sheleigh. Issue, eleven children: John, Jacob, Peter, Isaac, James, Hannah, Hannah-Kate, Susan, Hettie, Elizabeth, and Mary. ***************** ANCESTRY OF GEORGE F. LONGAKER, WILLIAM PENN,. PA. George Frowert Longaker, William Penn, Pa., 254 HISTORY OF THE only son of Isaac W. Longaker, and Elizabeth (Deery) Longaker. Isaac W. Longaker, Chester Springs, Pa., one of six children of John S. Longaker and Hannah (Hipple) Longaker. John S. Longaker, East Coventry, Pa., one of eleven children of Isaac Longenecker and Mary (Sheleigh) Longenecker. Isaac Longenecker, one of eleven children of Peter Longenecker. Peter Longenecker, great-great-grandfather of George F., married Susan Sheleigh. Issue, seven daughters: Hannah, married Gottshall, no chil- dren; Kate, died young; Susan, married Slifer; Hettie, married Setzler; Elizabeth, married Peltz, no children; Mary, died young. The boys, were John, Jacob, Peter, Isaac, and James. James died young. My great-grandfather's name was Isaac, grandfather's name was John S., and father's name was Isaac. Henry Clay Longnecker, deceased; residence, Allentown, Pa.; born near Mechanicsburg, Pa., April 17th, 1820; died September 16th, 1871. Graduate of Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. Studied law, and practiced his profession until his death. Served in the Mexican and Civil Wars, and was elected District Attorney, and afterward a Repre- sentative from Pennsylvania in the Thirty-sixth LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 255 Congress. June 27th, 1866, married Mary Jane Lewis; children: Kendig Lewis Longnecker, Bessie Longnecker, Reginald Longnecker. Father, Henry Longnecker, residence near Me- chanicsburg, Pa.; born April 14th, 1782; died February 17th, 1837. On February 22nd, 1810, mar- ried Elizabeth Kendig, daughter of Daniel Kendig, who was a son of John Kendig, and was born near Conestoga, Lancaster County, Pa. Daniel had but one brother, older than himself, Henry. His mother was married twice, the second time to a Mr. Yerdy, whose mother's name was Ann Stay- man. Children of Henry and Elizabeth Kendig Long- necker: Mary Ann; Matilda (married her cousin, Hymen Longnecker; children: Edwin, married Elizabeth Halderman; children: Matilda, Jacob, Caroline, and Edward; Henry C., married Ella Lewis; issue, one son: Parke L.; John, Gustavus), Rudolph, John Kendig, Elizabeth, Barbara, Sarah, and Henry Clay. Paternal grandfather, Daniel Longnecker, resi- dence near Manheim, Lancaster County, Pa,; born 1735. Daniel Longnecker had blue eyes and dark hair. His wife's name was Witmer, and their children were: Barbara, married Henry Kendig; John, Christian, Ann, George Fisher, Henry, Eliza- beth, married John Rhodes. 256 HISTORY OF THE Great-great-grandfather, Ulric[1] Longenecker; born in Switzerland in 1664. ***************** LONGNECKER FAMILY. "Martin Kendig settled in Lancaster County, for- merly Pequea, Chester County. Martin Kendig was sent as commissioner to Europe in 1711 and 1717, in which years there were large accessions. Benedic- tus Witmer David Longenacker appears to have settled at the same place in 1720. When he immi- grated does not appear. Also George Kendig and Jacob Byers. These were of the Mennonites who, on account of persecution, fled from the Cantons of Zurich, of Bern, and Shauffhausen, about the year 1672, to Alsace, above Strassburg on the Rhine,where they remained till they immigrated in 1708 to Lon- don; thence to Pennsylvania, They lived some- time near Germantown, Pa. In 1712 they pur- chased a large tract of land from Penn's agents in Pequea, then Chester, now Lancaster County. (Rupps' Collection of 30,000 Names. November number of 1836, pages 352 and 353.) Hans Langenecker, among fifty-two Palatines, with their families, came in the ship James Good- will, David Crocket, Master, from Rotterdam, but last from Plymouth, England, September 29th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 257 1727. August 19th, 1729, ship Morton House, James Conetas, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, England, when sailed, June 21st, Christian Longenacre (in Rupps' and in Colonial Records is printed Longinacre). (Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 301. Rupps' Names, April, 1856, page 7. Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 391. April number Rupps', page 14.) August, 1733, Hans Stayman, Peter Stayman. Hans Stayman, Jr., Michael Whitmer, Ulrich Whitmer, Peter Whitmer, Ulrich Longinacre, Ulrich Longinacre, Jr., Jacob Longinacre, ship Hope, of London, Daniel Reid, Master, from Rot- terdam, but last from Cowes, England. (Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 556. May and June num- bers of Rupps', page 37). My grandfather's name was Daniel, and his father's name (my great-grandfather) was Ulrich. My grandfather, Daniel, was born near Manheim, Lancaster County. My father was born near May- town, Lancaster County. H. C. LONGNECKER." The foregoing is a memorandum made by H. C. Longnecker-how long before his death is not known. "My husband's father was named Henry, and was born April 14th, 1782; died February 17th, 1837. 258 HISTORY OF THE Colonel Longnecker had but one brother, John, who read and practiced law with Judge Banks, at Reading. He was born in 1813 and died Novem- ber 9th, 1852, at Panama. He had several sisters. Not any of his family are now living. Some of the descendants of those persons mentioned may be found about York and Lancaster Counties. (Daniel Longnecker was married to a Witmer; his son Henry to Elizabeth Kendig). There was no history or record to be found with the crest excepting the name Van Langenecker, which I have marked on the copy. I have another copy, not colored, arranged for a seal or letter heads, which I could not get copied. A gentleman called here last Friday. He said his name was M. R. Longacre, and left his business card. He saw the crest I speak of, and, as he is acquainted with you, will be able to describe it to you if you wish to use it. MRS. MARY. C. LONGNECKER." This sketch is presented by Mrs. Longnecker at the request of the historian. The crest spoken of indicates that the ancestor had a coat of arms; an iron seal, spoken of by Dr. C. B. Longenecker, of Philadelphia, and of which he holds a copy-brought from Zurich-verifies the fact of an ancestral coat of arms, and it is be- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 259 lieved that if a future historian will prosecute a search his reward will be the finding of it. Longenecker, William Roger, residence Brook- lyn, N. Y.; born, Brooklyn, N. Y., April 30th, 1873. Dark complexion, dark eyes and hair; height, five feet eleven and three-quarter inches; weight, 155 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, dentist Octo- ber 28th, 1896, married Pearl Davison, of East Rockaway, Long Island. Son, Roger Davison Longenecker. Father, David Rinestein Longenecker, residence Rockville Centre, Long Island; born, Dayton, Ohio, July 30th, 1847. Dark brown eyes; height, five feet ten and one-half inches; weight, 145 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, dentist. Lived in Lan- caster, Pa., during boyhood. February 1st, 1872, married Jessie Lambard, from Brigus, Newfound- land. Children: two boys and two girls. Paternal grandfather, John Henry Longenecker, born at Lancaster, Pa., April 29th, 1823. Dark, with brown eyes; height, five feet nine inches; weight, 185 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, phy- sician. Was connected with hospital at Naval Academy, Annapolis, during the war. Resides in Islip, Long Island. Married Ellen Fraim, of Lan- caster, Pa. Children: ten sons, six living, all den- tists. 260 HISTORY OF THE Great-grandfather, Henry Longenecker, died at Lancaster, Pa. Children: two sons and one daughter. The daughter married Dr. Rinestine, of Philadelphia. ***************** DR. JOHN H. LONGENECKER DEAD. OLD GRADUATE OF JEFFERSON COLLEGE; TREATED PRISONERS IN LIBBY PRISON. Islip, Long Island, August 21, 1902.-Dr. John Henry Longenecker, a retired physician, died on the 19th inst. at his home on Union Avenue. He was eighty years old. Dr. Longenecker was a native of Lancaster, Pa. He was graduated from the Jefferson Medical Col- lege, Philadelphia. He practiced his profession in New York, Brooklyn, and, for many years, at Hud- son, Mass. During the war he was assistant sur- geon at Annapolis Hospital and treated, among others, Union soldiers who had been confined at Libby Prison. For a time he was connected with a Pennsylvania regiment as surgeon and saw active service. He was wounded in the ankle by a spent shell. A widow and six sons survive him. The body will be taken to Lancaster, Pa., to-day, for interment. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 261 HON. HENRY LONGAKER AND BRANCHES OF HIS FAMILY-STEM, ULRICH[1]. The name of Henry Longaker appears in the list of soldiers of the War of 1812, as private in a com- pany commanded by Captain John Hall, in the Sixty-fifth Regiment, commanded by Colonel John L. Pearson. This regiment was in the service of the United States, under Brigadier-General Samuel Smith, commanding the Fourth Military District, at Camp Snyder, October 18th, 1814. (See Vol. XII., Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, page 171.) August 3rd, 1835, he was commissioned Colonel of the 109th Regiment of the Militia, Second Bri- gade, Second Division, composed of the counties of Bucks and Montgomery. July 5th, 1825, commissioned Justice of the Peace for the district composed of the townships of Lim- erick, Upper and Lower Providence, and Skippack and Perkiomen. November 10th, 1831, commissioned Sheriff of Montgomery County, Pa. He was a member of the House of Representatives for the sessions 1836-1837 and 1837-1838. In 1851 he was elected and commissioned one of the Associated Judges of the Court of Common 262 HISTORY OF THE Pleas, etc., of Montgomery County, Pa., and re- elected and commissioned. He was well and popu- larly known throughout the county, and recognized as a leader in public affairs. He was an ardent and effective supporter of the public schools, and as a Legislator voted to extend the system. A biographical sketch and a portrait of him ap- pears in the "Biographical and Portrait Cyclo- pedia," of Montgomery County, Pa., published in 1895. He and his brother Isaac were born Feb- ruary 4th, 1792. Henry died November 2nd, 1872. He married Catharine Brower, who was born Jan- uary 23rd, 1799, and died December 1st, 1860; issue born unto them: Price, October 18th, 1816; died December 10th, 1826; John, February 9th, 1818; died November 25th, 1892; Frances, May 4th, 1819, died, unmarried, 189-; Albert, May 4th, 1821; died February 25th, 1895; James, March 4th, 1823; died August l9th, 1846; Sarah Ann, born June 23rd, 1825; died December 19th, 1901; Abraham Brower (and his sister, Elizabeth), born April 21st, 1828; Eliza- beth died May 7th, 1828; Henry D., born July 15th, 1829; died October 3rd, 1894; Davis, born Decem- ber 2nd, 1833; died March, 1897; Mary Jane, born March 23rd, 1836. Daniel Brower, the father; of said Catharine (nee Brower) Longaker, was born May 2nd, 1757, and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 263 died April 2nd, 1802. The issue born unto them were: Henry, born May 3rd, 1780; Barbara, born January 3rd, 1782; Frances, born June 1st, 1783; Christian, born September 11th, 1784; Abraham, born May 22nd, 1787; Mary, born October 31st, 1788; Eliza, born November 3rd, 1790; Sarah, born August 15th, 1783; Daniel R., born May 22nd, 1796; Catharine, born June 23rd, 1799; Ann, born October 1st, 1801. SKETCH OF BROWER BRANCH (ante, PAGE 185.) Jacob[3], father of the Honorable Henry Longaker (Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]), married Catharine Detwiler, a daughter of John Detwiler. Unto them were born eleven children: John, Jacob, Peter, Hannah, mar- ried James Miller; Susanna, married Peter Wagen- seller; Abraham, Isaac, Henry, Joseph, Samuel, and Catharine, who married Henry Swinehart. The father of these children died in 1806, and their mother in 1817. Of the sons only three married, Peter, Henry, and Isaac. Abraham studied medi- cine, graduated, and went to Memphis and practiced there a few years, and died. Jacob died unmarried in Canada. John, Joseph, and Samuel went South. The dates of their deaths are unknown. Catharine died in Ohio, not far from Mercer County, Pa. Some of her descendants are living there. 264 HISTORY OF THE ALBERT ALONZO LONGAKER-JOHN LONGAKER BRANCH. Albert Alonzo Longaker, born in Philadelphia, August 26th, 1861; now a resident of Johnstown, Pa. Vocation, draughtsman. September 24th, 1885, married Mary Reese Hawkins, a Quakeress, whose English lineage goes back to Sir John Haw- kins, and whose mother is of the Cover family ancestry-German immigrants to Lancaster County, Pa. They have no children. The father of Albert Alonzo was John Longaker, of Philadelphia, but born in Upper Providence Township, Montgomery County, Pa. He married Harriett Crawford Allabaugh, a daughter of John Allabaugh, of same township, a farmer by occupa- tion. John Longaker was born February 9th, 1818; died November 25th, 1892, in Philadelphia. His wife was born November 2nd, 1824, and died in Philadel- phia, May 25th, 1863. Issue born unto them, seven children: Henry Orlando Longaker, born July 27th, 1853; died February 25th, 1862; Mary Magdalene Longaker, born October 27th, 1855; died February 13th, 1856; Abraham Brower Long- aker, born November 26th, 1856; David Allabaugh Longaker, born May 27th, 1858; Sarah Jane Long- aker, born October 29th, 1859; died June 27th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 265 1860; Albert Alonzo Longaker, born August 26th, 1861; Joseph Emanuel Longaker, born May 8th, 1863; died August 25th, 1863. Abraham Brower Longaker resides in Chicago, is married, and has a family of children. David Allabaugh Longaker, Chester, Pa.; born May 27th, 1858; married, May 14th, 1895, Clara Elizabeth Weidner, a daughter of Helen Safford, of Bennington, Vt, and Charles A. Weidner, of Phila- delphia and Chester, iron founder and ship builder. ****************** ALBERT LONGAKER BRANCH. Albert Longaker married Rachel R. Stem, No- vember 27th, 1855. For thirty-five years he was an active and leading business man, engaged in the lumber trade and planing mill manufactory. He was a director of the Montgomery National Bank, prosperous, and left a comfortable estate to his widow and children. Albert and Rachel's issue: Frances Brower Longaker married William M. Shoemaker, February 8th, 1888. Issue, William M. Shoemaker. Sarah J. Longaker, deceased, married Henry C. Conrad, February 20th, 1884. Issue, Edith L. Conrad and Rachel L. Conrad. A. Edwin Long- aker, deceased. E. Louisa Longaker married 266 HISTORY OF THE George K. Yeakel, August 27th, 1901. Henry C. Conrad is one of the leading members of the Bar of the city of Wilmington, Del. In statecraft he is very popular and efficient, and is widely known as an eminent jurist as well as one of the leaders of the Republican Party. In social and religious cir- cles he is conspicuous, and stands in the foremost rank. At the burning of the Park Side Hotel, New York City, his escape and rescue, whilst it seems to border on the miraculous, was largely due to heroic courage and indomitable will power, in- spired, in moments of great emergencies, to act with calm and deliberate judgment-it is an act which should be made historic. ***************** HENRY D. LONGAKER BRANCH. Henry D. Longaker was born July 15th, 1829; died October 30th, 1894; married Mary A. Young, a physician of Bethlehem, Pa. Issue born onto them: Henry (deceased), Francis Abraham, and Mary A. In 1884 Doctor Longaker and his wife settled at Seattle, Wash, and established a sanitarium for the treatment of chronic cases. They were successful practitioners. His wife died a few years before her husband. The two surviving chil- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 267 dren reside at Kent, near Seattle, and enjoy an ample estate left by their parents. ****************** SARAH ANN LONGAKER BRANCH. Sarah Ann Longaker married Aaron Fretz. There were five children born unto them: Joseph Henry married Annie M. Neal. Issue, one child, Sara J., who married Penrose Vernon. J. Henry Fretz died November 26th, 1876. Albert L. married Annie Hoffman, who died, leaving one child, David A. Fretz. His second marriage was to Clara Graves, and there was one child born unto them, Alberta, who died at the age of seven. Frances L. married Henry C. Messinger. Mr. Messinger is a leading and prosperous merchant- full of energy and enterprise-and a prominent and active citizen of the flourishing town of Consho- hocken. Kate B. married Charles Bevan, and four chil- dren were born unto them: Maude L., Sara F., Frances M., and Henry Charles. Kate B. died February 9th, 1895. Charles Bevan died May 12th, 1899. Mary Jane married Henry C. Styer. One child was born unto them, Elizabeth Augusta. 268 HISTORY OF THE Aaron Fretz died May 16th, 1898. Sarah Longaker Fretz died December 19th, 1901. **************** DAVIS LONGAKER BRANCH. Davis Longaker, born December 2nd, 1833; mar- ried, June 5th, 1866, Elizabeth W. Ullman, a daughter of Philip and Eve Ullman. He died March 6th, 1897. Issue: Eva, Katie Brower (who died August 11th, 1869), Henry D. Davis Brower, John Ullman, Frances Brower, Elizabeth Spare (who died September 5th, 1896), George Everett, Mary LaRue, Albert, and Helen (who died October 15th, 1891). Davis Brower Longaker was born March 1st, 1872; attended the public schools at Lansdale, and in 1888 graduated from the High School and en- tered the West Chester Normal School; taught school for a year, then graduated at West Chester, 1893. Spent two years at St. George's Hall, Sum- mit, N. J., and seven years at Cheltenham Military Academy, Ogontz, Pa., as a teacher. Married, Sep- tember 18th, 1900, Miss Maud Rice, of Reedsville, Mifflin County, Pa., daughter of George Clifford and Catharine Relph Rice. John Ullman Longaker is in the civil service of the United States in the Philippine Islands. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 269 MARY JANE (NEE LONGAKER) KIRK BRANCH. Children of Morris L. and Mary Jane (nee Long- aker) Kirk; first child, Henry L., born October 10th, 1865; married Maria Cressman. Unto them were born three children: Ralph Levering, Franklin, and Nelson. Second child, Davis T., born November 27th, 1869. Third child, John Morris, born February 4th, 1872; married Gertrude M. Levy, June i4th, 1900. Fourth child, Franklin F., born July 4th, 1877. ******************* PARKER. Mrs. Laura C. Parker, 3608 Ellis Avenue, Chi- cago, Ill, is of this lineage. Her father was the late Joshua Wagenseller, of Pekin, Ill. Her mater- nal grandparents were Peter and Susanna (nee Longaker) Wagenseller, born in Montgomery County, Pa. A full biography of them appears in the History of the Wagenseller Family, edited and published by George W. Wagenseller, A. M., of Middleburg, Union County, Pa. The father of Mrs. Parker, Joshua Wagenseller, who lived at Pekin, Ill., and died there, being very intimate with President Lincoln, was offered a cab- 270 HISTORY OF THE inet appointment, which was declined by him (see History of Wagenseller Family). ***************** ROSENBERGER BRANCH. SAME STEM AS M. R. LONGACRE (ante, PAGE ---). David Rosenberger married Katharine, daughter of Jacob Longacre, December 31st, 1837. David Rosenberger was born January 7th, 1809; died December 7th, 1882, aged seventy-three years and eleven months. Katharine Longacre, wife of David Rosenberger, was born October 19th, 1813; died December 8th, 1893, aged eighty years, one month, nineteen days. Children: Mary, Margaret, Hannah, Abram, Davis, Joseph, Warren, and Henry. Mary Rosenberger, born December 21st, 1838. Living. Married Samuel H. Hallman. Residence Montclare, Montgomery County, Pa. Carpenter. Margaret Rosenberger, born February 21st, 1841; married Job T. Cox. Died February 11th, 1887, aged forty-five years, eleven months, twenty-one days. Residence, Oaks. Hannah Rosenberger, born October 1st, 1843. Living. Married Milton V. Detwiler, farmer. Res- idence, Oaks, Montgomery County, Pa. Abram Rosenberger, born May 16th, 1847; died LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 271 January 10th, 1849, aged one year, seven months, twenty-two days. Davis Rosenberger, born October 22nd, 1849; died April 4th, 1873, aged twenty-three years, five months, twelve days. Joseph Warren Rosenberger, born September 19th, 1852. Clerk. Married Ida F. Kratz. One child, Katharine K. Rosenberger, born June 15th, 1889. Residence, Yerkes, Pa. Henry Rosenberger, born August 19th, 1858. Farmer. Married Hannah Schwenk. Residence, Kirkwood, Alachua County, Fla. ***************** BEARSS WALKER BRANCH. SAME STEM AS M. R. LONGACRE (ante, PAGE ---). Thomas Walker was born May 26th, 1846, in Walkerville, Chester County, Pa. Moved to Galena, Ill., in 1851. Was married to Rebecca C. Bearss, in Bureau County, Ill., on March 24th, 1869. His oldest son, Homer D. Walker, was born in Bureau County, December 12th, 1869. The spring of 1872 he moved to Colfax County, Neb. His oldest daugh- ter, Debbie M. Walker, was born on the 22nd day of August, 1872; Martha Bearss Walker was born on the 25th day of November, 1874; Daisy D. Walker 272 HISTORY OF THE was born on the 16th day of July, 1877; Verner V. Walker was born on the 3rd day of September, 1881. Henry Longaker Rosenberg, born August 19th, 1858. Married, June 12th, 1884, Hannah R. Schwenk, of Montgomery County, Pa. Issue unto them born: Eugene, Lena, and Bertha. Residence of the family, Kirkwood, Fla. Same stem as M. R. Longacre (ante, page --). Mathias R. Longacre, residence Haddon Heights, N. J.; born April 1st, 1859. March 18th, 1877, married Ella Viola Hainer, a Quakeress; children: Leon B., Clarence H., Walter M., J. B. Ward. Same stem as his father, M. R. Longacre (ante, page, --). Mary A. Kern, 1815 Bouvier Street, Philadelphia; born August 21st, 1863. Married, December 12th, 1883, D. Edgar Kern. Issue unto them born, five children: Edgar Longacre Kern, Harry Collier Kern, Raymond Clifford Kern, Collier Kem, and Grace Kern. Maternal father, Mathias R. Longacre; born June 6th, 1836 {ante, page --). Benner, Anndora Longacre, of Yerkes, Mont- gomery County, Pa.; born October 8th, 1839, at Lower Providence, Montgomery County, Pa. Mar- ried Milton Benner, April 29th, 1857, who died in Chicago, February 22nd, 1891. Served in Civil War LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 273 as Signal Officer. Children: Ida (married Gros- venor C. Varnum, of Jonesville, Mich.; daughter, Hattie C. Varnum) and Alice Gertrude Benner. Mrs. Benner is a sister of Mathias R. Longacre, and refers to him for her ancestry. ***************** HON. A. B. LONGAKER. He was educated in the public schools, and pre- pared for college at the Washington Hall Academy at the Trappe, and entered in the fall of 1847 the sophomore class of Franklin and Marshall College, at Mercersburg, Pa. In the fall of 1848 he entered the junior class of Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., and graduated in 1850; was one of the prize orators, and entered the Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. He was a member of the A. 0. Fraternity, now merged in Delta Upsilon; is a member of the Alumni of Union College, of New York City, and of the American Institute of Civics, New York. In July, 1853, he was graduated from the State and National Law School of New York, taking the degree of B. L. In September, 1853, he graduated from the law school of Judge Washington McCart- ney, at Easton, Pa., and was admitted to practice in the courts of Northampton County, August 19th, 274 HISTORY OF THE 1853. On September 23rd, 1853. he was admitted in the courts of Montgomery County, and com- menced the practice of law in Norristown, Pa. In 1854 he was one of the delegates to the Demo- cratic Convention, at Harrisburg, to nominate a Canal Commissioner. In 1856 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Pennsylvania Legislature. He was re-elected in 1857 and 1858; in 1858 he was chosen Speaker of the House; from 1860 to 1870 he was Secretary of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society. Sep- tember 13th, 1862, he enlisted as a private in the independent cavalry, commanded by Captain D. H. Mulrany, and served during the emergency. July 1st, 1863, he was mustered into Company H, Cap- tain B. Markley Boyer, Forty-first Regiment, Emer- gency Militia. He was elected Quartermaster of the regiment. When the regiment, with others, formed the brigade commanded by Colonel James Nagle, acting as commander, he became Commis- sioner of the brigade; in the division of General Couch, Department of the Susquehanna. February, 1867, he was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the Sixth District, composed of the counties of Lehigh and Montgomery. In 1868 he was elected President Judge of the Courts of the Third Judicial District, composed of the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 275 counties of Lehigh and Northampton; under the State Constitution of 1874, the counties became separate districts; then, living at Allentown, he selected Lehigh as his district. At the close of his term he returned to Norristown, and resumed prac- tice. December 8th, 1859, he married Mary Moore Slingluff, the second daughter of William H. and Mary Knorr Slingluff. There are three children: the eldest, Leila, married, August 7th, 1884, Henry Keller Kurtz, member of the firm of W. W. Kurtz & Sons, bankers, Philadelphia, Pa. Their children are William Nesley Kurtz[2], born May 12th, 1885; a daughter, Leila, born July 11th, 1888; and a son, Henry Keller Kurtz[2], born July 19th, 1891. The second child is a daughter, Rosalie, and the third a son, Norris Slingluff Longaker, who, in his twenty-second year, enlisted as a private for the Spanish-American War, April 21st, 1898, in Com- pany H, Captain Hendler, Third Regiment, Penn- sylvania Volunteers, under Colonel Robert Ralston. The regiment was mustered out in 1898. A biographical sketch and portrait of Hon. A. B. Longaker appears in the "Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia," of Montgomery County, published in 1895, and also in "The Bench and Bar of Pennsyl- vania." 276 HISTORY OF THE ISAAC LONGAKER'S FAMILY. His widow, Caroline (nee Hallman) Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Jacob S. Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. J. L. Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. Mrs. D. K. Neiffer, 936 Dauphin Street, Phila- delphia, Pa. H. C. Longaker, 1216 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. F. D. Longaker, 3116 Hazel Avenue, Philadel- phia, Pa. R. R. Longaker, 549 Westmoreland Street, Phila- delphia, Pa. Mrs. A. F. Young, 2550 North Ninth Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Samuel Longaker, Righter Street, Wissahickon, Philadelphia, Pa. Reuben R. Longaker, 549 Westmoreland Street, Philadelphia, born March 23rd, 1859. Married Emma P. Parkhill, January 5th, 1881. Issue, five children: Jennie A., Howard H., Reuben Ralph, Elizabeth M., and Caroline H. The parents of Reuben R. were Isaac S. and Caroline H. (nee Hallman) Longaker. Father, born September 5th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 277 1812; died February 15th, 1887; date of marriage, 1837. The grandfather of Reuben R. was Isaac Long- aker, born 1792. Married Cathanne Diehl. Issue, three children: Daniel, Isaac, and Francis. Caroline H. Longaker, December 23rd, 1880, mar- ried Jacob Young, wholesale grocer, Philadelphia. Children: Walter Scott Young, Edgar L. Young. Amanda J. Longaker, April 27th, 1876, married David K. Neiffer, residence 936 Dauphin Street, Philadelphia. Children: Jennie Argue Neiffer and Florrie Marie Longaker, adopted; a daughter of John L. Longaker, deceased. Isabella Longaker married John Y. Linderman, residence Pottstown, Pa. ****************** BIOGRAPHY-LANDIS-LONGAKER BRANCH-STEM, ULRICH[1]. James M. Landis was born near what is now the village of Graters Ford, in Montgomery County; his father removed soon afterward to Upper Providence Township, near Royersford, where he lived almost continuously until 1860. During boyhood he received a common school ed- ucation and attended for one year the Washington 378 HISTORY OF THE Hall Academy, at the Trappe. After leaving the Academy he became Assistant Station Agent at Royersford, from 1860 to 1864; in the latter year he entered the Freight Claim Office of the Reading Railroad Company in Reading. In 1868 he became Traveling Auditor, and in 1871 Chief Clerk in the General Superintendent's Office at same place. In 1877 removed to Philadelphia, and since that time has been and is now Chief Clerk in the General Manager's Office, as well as of the Vice-President's Office, at the central offices of the Reading Com- pany. Mr. Landis is of the true type of his ancestry- persevering, resourceful, habitually trained to brev- ity and accuracy-of sound morality and strictest integrity. He is held in high estimation by the officials of the corporation whose interests he has so well guarded with the strictest fidelity. His biographical sketch appears in the "Bio- graphical and Portrait Cyclopedia," of Mont- gomery County, published in 1895, page 612. LANDIS-MILLER-LONGAKER GENEALOGY. James M. Landis, 1855 North Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, born November 19th, 1842, at Graters Ford, Montgomery.County, Pa.; married, September 21st, 1868, Emma M. Good, daughter of John S. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 279 and Lavinia Good, born in Berks County, of Penn- sylvania German ancestry. Children: Bertha M., born August 24th, 1869; Herbert D., born De- cember 21st, 1871; died July 8th, 1871; Charles A., born June 6th, 1872; died May 28th, 1878; Edward H., born November 16th, 1876; Arthur S., born May 20th, 1879; died April 16th, 1880; George 0., born December 15th, 1880. (Bertha M. Landis married Howard W. Curry, June 20th, 1894. Children: Harriette E., born July 28th, 1895, and Jean L., born January 30th, 1897, and died April 17th, 1898.) The father of James M. Landis was Abraham B. Landis, born October 26th, 1808, at Trappe, Pa.; died July 3rd, 1890, at Howellville, Chester County, Pa. He was a son of John and Mary (Beidler) Lan- dis. February 9th, 1840, married Hannah Miller, daughter of James and Hannah (Longaker) Miller; born February 1st, 1816; died July 29th, 1851. She is buried at Providence Mennonite Meeting, near Yerkes Station, Montgomery County, Pa., by the side of her husband. The paternal grandfather of James M. Landis was James Miller, born August 25th, 1784, in Mont- gomery County, Pa.; died February 17th, 1871, at Philadelphia. He was a son of Christian and Eliza- beth (Tyson) Miller; married, May 13th, 1810, 280 HISTORY OF THE Hannah Longaker, a daughter of Jacob and Cath- arine (Detwiler) Longaker. She was born May 19th, 1787; died February 5th, 1816. Buried at St Augustus Lutheran Church, Trappe, Pa. The maternal great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Jacob Longaker, died 1806, whose wife was Catharine Detwiler. The maternal great-great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Jacob Longaker (Langenecker), of Parker-Ford, Chester County, Pa. About 1746 married Susanna, the widow of John Langenecker. (John was a son of Daniel, who settled at Mingo in 1733. He arrived some time prior to 1727; because of that date he was a member of the Quaker Con- ference at Germantown, attending as a Mennonite minister and representing Manatawny District, Berks County. He and Ulrich are believed to be. brothers. He was aged about sixty-seven years in 1733; his granddaughter, Barbara. High, married Christian Brower about 1748.) The maternal great-great-great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Ulrich Langenecker, who was born in Switzerland, and immigrated in 1733 and settled in Lancaster County, Pa. He was then sixty-nine years of age. His sons, Ulrich, Jr., and Jacob, aged twenty-two and nineteen years, re- spectively, came with him. Three, sons, David, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 281 John, and Christian, preceded him, and all settled in Lancaster County, Pa. Landis, Davis M., of Davenport, Iowa; born May 3rd, 1846, at Royersford, Montgomery County, Pa.; married, April 22nd, 1890, Margaret Shannon. Child: Rita May Landis, born February 24th, 1891. Fathers name, Abraham B. Landis. Same geneal- ogy as James M. Landis. Longaker, David Allabaugh, Chester, Pa.; born May 27th, 1858, Philadelphia; married, May 14th, 1895, Clara Elizabeth Weidner, daughter of Charles A. Weidner and Helen Safford, of Bennington, Vt. Mr. Weidner is an iron founder and ship builder, doing business in Philadelphia and at Chester, Pa. The father of David A. was John Longaker, of Philadelphia; born February 8th, 1818; married, March 4th, 1852, Harriet Allabaugh; died Novem- ber 25th, 1892, at Philadelphia. The grandfather of David was Henry Longaker (ante, page --.) Jacob Longacre was born at Black Rock, Mont- gomery County, Pa., November 12th, 1800. He was married to Sarah Stauffer, of the same place, and had seven children, viz.: David, Mary Ann, John, Harriet, Jacob and Joel (twins), and Sarah. They moved to West Penn Township, Schuylkill County, Pa., soon after their marriage. David mar- 282 HISTORY OF THE ried Polly Hoppes, from West Penn, Schuylkill County, and they had ten children: Deborah, Emma, Jacob, David, Mary, Sarah, Christopher, and three infants. Deborah is married to Frank Behler, of West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has one son by the name of Elmer. Emma is married to Pierce Troxell, of Sittler, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has three children: Ira, William, and Irene. Rev. Jacob is married to Irene Fenstermacher, of Lehighton, Carbon County, Pa., and has one son, David F. David, Jr., is married to Minnie Miller, of Normal, Carbon County, Pa., and has four children; Harrison, Frederick, James, and Lizzie. Mary died when she -was about twelve years of age. David S. Longacre, a son of Jacob Longacre, and his wife, Sarah, a born Stauffer. He was born August 16th, 1833, near Trappe, Montgomery County, Pa., and moved with his parents to Schuyl- kill County, near Tamaqua, in his boyhood days. He was married to Miss Polly Hoppes, a daughter of Solomon Hoppes, and his wife, Polly, a born Snyder. He moved with his family to Normal, Carbon County, in the year 1865, on an hundred- acre farm, in the beautiful Mahoning Valley, where LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 283 they still reside. He was blessed with ten children in the family, namely, six boys and four girls. However, six of the children have gone to their eternal rest. Four died in infancy, and one at the age of six, and another at the age of ten. At this writing he is living, but suffering from rheumatism. Emma L. (Longacre) Troxel, the oldest daughter of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly. She was born July 29th, 1862, in Schuylkill County, Pa. She was married to Pierce Troxel, a son of William Troxel, and his wife, Polly, a born Haberman. She lives in Schuylkill County, Pa. Postoffice station, Andreas. She was blessed with three children, namely, Ira, William, and Sadie Irene Troxel. She is engaged in farming. Deborah (Longacre) Behler, the second daughter of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly. She was born September 7th, 1863, in Schuylkill County, Pa. She was married to Frank A. Behler, a son of Emanuel Behler, and his wife, Maria, a born Haberman. She lives in Kepners, Schuylkill County, Pa. Blessed with one boy, Elmer E. Behler. She is engaged in farming. Rev. Jacob H. Longacre, son of David S. Long- acre, and his wife, Polly (Hoppes) Longacre, was born at Normal, Carbon County, Pa., August 10th, 1865. He taught public school for three years, and 284 HISTORY OF THE prepared at the same time for college at Normal Institute, Carbon County, Pa., and Palatinate Col- lege, Myerstown, Pa. Entered college September 6th, 1887, and graduated June 26th, 1890. In the fall of 1890 he entered the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Mount Airy, Philadelphia, and graduated in the spring of 1893; was ordained to the office of the ministry in the Lutheran Church. He is serving four congregations since ordained, in the neighbor- hood or vicinity of Weissport. He was married, June 23rd, 1896, to Miss Irene Deborah Fenster- macher, from Lehighton, Carbon County. She is a graduate of the High Schools of Lehighton, and was a student at West Chester State Normal School. She taught school at Lehighton for five terms, and is also a musician. She is a daughter of Reuben Fenstermacher (deceased) and his wife, Levina, a born Frontz. He lives in Weissport, Carbon County, Pa. He has one son, namely, David Fenstermacher Longacre, born May 7th, 1897. His calling is that of a shepherd or minister. David H. Longacre, a son of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly Hoppes Longacre. He was born December 19th, 1869, at Normal, Carbon County, Pa. He was married to Miss Minnie Miller, a daughter of Moses Miller, and his wife, Sania, a born Frontz. He has made his home with his LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 285 father. He was blessed with four children, namely, Harrison, Frederick, James, and Lizzie Irene Long- acre. His occupation is farming. Mary Ann Longacre, who died in 1863, was mar- ried to Henry S. Boner, and had three children: Emily Priscilla, Charles Lincoln, and Lewis Oliver. Emily Priscilla died at the age of three years. Charles Lincoln is married to Estella Gertrude Denison, of Mystic, Conn., and has three daughters, Ethel Eudora, Ellen Elizabeth, and Emlie Estella, all of whom are living. Lewis Oliver, who died in Philadelphia, at the age of thirty-four, was married to Hannah B. Ren- ninger, of Philadelphia, and had two children, Harry Strong and Edna, both of whom are liv- ing. John married Amanda Sittler, of Mahoning, Car- bon County, Pa., and had six children: Olivia, Lizzie, Lillie, Hattie, Carrie, and Roscoe. Olivia is married to Dr. Alvin Wertman, of Sittler, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; has one daughter, Elsie. Lizzie is married to James W. Delp, of Reading, Berks County, Pa., and has three children: Mamie, Bert Alma, and Llewellyn. Lillie died at the age of six years. Hattie is married to D. B. Zehner, of Reynolds, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has one son, David. 286 HISTORY Of THE Carrie is married to Dr. Austin Wertman, of Sittler, Schuylkill County, Pa. Harriet is unmarried, and resides at North Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. -Jacob S. is married to Lovina Kistler, of Mantz, Schuylkill County, and has six children: Mamie, Edwin, Jacob, William, Sallie, and Hattie. Mamie is married to Dr. Jacob H. Behler, of Kep- ner, Schuylkill County; has one daughter, Mary. Dr. Edwin is married to Amanda Mosser, Lehigh County, Pa. Dr. Jacob is married to Cora Barrall, Weavers- ville, Northampton County. Has one daughter. Dr. William, single. Sallie, single. Hattie, single. Joel was married to Sallie Miller, of Lehighton, Carbon County, and had one daughter, Jennie. After his first wife's death, he married Sophia Smith, from Monroe. County, Pa., and has six children. Jennie is married to Thomas Leeser, of Mantz, Schuylkill County, and has one son, David. Sarah Longacre is married to Francis Mantz, of. Mantz, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has eight chil- dren: Sylvester, Oliver, Ella, Abyssinia, Sabina, Eugene, Buehia, and Mary. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 287 Oliver is married to Harriet Ohl, of Wehr, Schuylkill County, and has one son. Ella is married to Daniel S. Zehner, of North Penn, Pa. The others are single. John S. Longacre, son of Jacob and Sallie A. (Stauffer) Longacre, was born in West Penn Town- ship, Schuylkill County, Pa., on February 25th, 1839, and now resides at North Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. In his earlier days he taught school; afterward he was engaged in various kinds of busi- ness. At present he is a farmer. His height is five feet nine inches. His complexion is light; has blue eyes and light hair (gray now). His weight is 140 pounds. On December 20th, 1865, he was married to Amanda Sittler, daughter of Samuel Sittler and Elizabeth, his wife. Six children were born to them, namely, Olivia, Elizabeth, Lillie, Hattie, Carrie, and Roscoe. Jacob S. Longacre, son of Jacob and Sallie A. (Stauffer) Longacre, was born in West Penn Town- ship, Schuylkill County, Pa., in the year 1843. Having obtained his preliminary education at home under the private family teacher, he attended Freeland Seminary, Montgomery County, Pa. He taught school for two terms. At the breaking out of the Civil War he enlisted in the Union Army. After his discharge, in 1862, he went to the State of Wis- 288 HISTORY OF THE consin and worked on a farm. When President Lin- coln made a call for volunteers he enlisted in the Sixtieth Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and went with General Sherman to the sea in 1865. At the close of the war he was discharged from the army service, and returned to his native State. On re- turning home, he found his mother had died while he was in the army. His father died in 1860. In 1866 he married Lovina H., daughter of David Kistler, a tanner. In 1867 he bought the farm and tannery from his father-in-law, and took his brother- in-law, William H. Kistler, as a partner, and ever since they have been partners in tanning and farm- ing. Since 1880 he has held public office-for two terms Justice of the Peace, and since then that of notary public. During their union he and his wife were blessed with seven children; one of the daughters, Allie K., died during infancy, but the rest are grown up. His oldest son, Edwin D., graduated in 1893 from the Ontario Veterinary College, Canada,, and is located at Shenandoah, SchuyUdll County, Pa. In 1894 he was married to Miss Mary M. Mosser, of Stines Corner, Lehigh County, Pa. Jacob E. graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1894, as an M. D., and is located L0NGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 289 at Weaversville, Northampton County, Pa. In 1896 he was married to Miss Cora A. Barrall, of Allentown, Pa. William S. graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College in 1896, and is engaged in a lucrative practice at home. His eldest daughter, Mame J., was married in 1895 to Dr. J. H. Behler, who is a practicing physician at Nesquehoning, Carbon County, Pa. Sallie L. is a seamstress by trade. My youngest child, Hattie I., graduated from the Nesquehoning High School in 1897, and has since taught in the public schools of the town- ship in which she resides. He and his family are members of the Lutheran Church, and in politics are Republicans. Behler, Mary Jane Longacre, of Nesquehoning, Pa.; born May 11th, 1867, at West Penn, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; married, June 15th, 1895, J. H. Behler, M. D. Child: Mary Edna Behler. The father of Mary J. L. Behler is Jacob S. Long- acre, of Mantz, Pa.; born May 26th, 1843, at West Penn; married, May 26th, 1866, Lovina Kistler. The grandfather of Mary J. L. Behler was Jacob Longacre, of Black Rock, Pa.; born Black Rock, 1800; married Sarah Stauffer; died February 5th, 1860, at West Penn. Behler, Jacob H., M. D., of Nesquehoning, Pa.; born, April 6th, 1865, at West Penn, Schuylkill 290 HISTORY OF THE County, Pa.; raised on a farm; attended country school; at the age of seventeen started to teach public school; taught for five terms; in the mean- time attended Normal School at Bloomsburg and Kutztown; after three years' course at Jefferson College, Philadelphia, graduated in 1891, April 15th; afterward practiced medicine at Bowmans and New Ringgold; located at Nesquehoning, July 15th, 1893. Member of P. 0. S. A., K. of P., A. A. S. R., Masons, Medical Societies of Carbon County, Lehigh Valley, and Pennsylvania. Height, five feet eleven inches; weight, 185 pounds. Married Mary Jane Longacre, June 15th, 1893, daughter of Jacob S. Longacre. Child: Maty Edna. Longacre, Edwin D., of Shehandoah, Pa.; veteri- nary surgeon; born September 27th, 1869, at West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. Height, five feet ten inches; weight, 165 pounds; complexion, light; temperament, cool-headed. Married, Sep- tember: 18th, 1894, Mary S. Mosser, daughter of Levi J. and Polly Mosser, of Stines Corner, Lehigh County, Pa. The father of Edwin D. is. Jacob S. Longacre, of Longacre Station (Mantz P. 0.), Pa. Longacre, Jacob E., M. D., Weaversville, Pa.; born July 20th, 1870, at Longacre Station, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; married, November 10th, 1896, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 291 Cora A. Barrall, daughter of Dr. A. Barrall and Susan, his wife, both of whom were born in North- ampton County. Child: Hilda May Barrall Long- acre. Cora A. Barrall Longacre, wife of Dr. J. E. Long- acre, of Weaversville, Northampton County, Pa., died July 14th, 1901. Hilda M. B. Longacre, daughter of Dr. J. E. and Cora A. B. Longacre, born October 2nd, 1897; died December 6th, 1901. Father's name, Jacob S. Longacre, of Longacre Station, Pa.; born West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa.; married, May 26th, 1866, Lovina Kistler, daughter of David and Mary Kistler. Grandfather's name, Jacob Longacre; born near Norristown, Pa.; married Sarah Stauffer; died in West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. ******************* DANIEL LONGAKER- ISAAC BRANCH. STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Isaac Longaker and his brother, the Hon. Henry Longaker, were born February 4th, 1792. Isaac married Catharine Diehl, December 27th, 1812, and died June 20th, 1818. He was a shoemaker by 292 HISTORY OF THE trade, and a farmer by occupation. Isaac and Catharine (nee Diehl) Longaker had three children, Daniel, Isaac, and Francis. Francis Longaker was born in 1817, and was reared on a farm near Norristown, Pa., until about the age of twenty years, when he learned the trade of a plasterer; he was educated in the public schools. About 1850 he went to Louisville, Ky., married, and followed his trade, and was well and popularly known amongst the enterprising citizens and business men of that city. He reared a family of children, and they and his widow survive him, and are living in Louisville. His eldest son, Daniel, is well and popularly known, and is established in the sale and repairing of bicy- cles, and, in that line, has established one of the largest houses and shops in that city. He is pros- perous in business and the owner of valuable real estate, and is recognized amongst his numerous ac- quaintances as energetic, trustworthy, and success- ful. Sallie Longaker and Mrs. Kate L. Cameron, Cynthia, Ohio, are sisters of said Daniel. H. A. Cole and his wife, Jenny W. Arnold Cole; no children. Mary (nee Longaker) Cole and Abra-, ham C. Cole are the parents of H. A. Cole. John S. Hunsicker married Louisa Cole, a daughter of said Abraham C. and Mary Cole. They have four LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 293 children: Emma, married Henry T. Hunsicker; Jene, married Frank Saylor; Wilmer C. Hun- sicker, married Maggie Spare; and Harry C. Hun- sicker, married Matilda Halteman. ***************** DISMANT FAMILY-BRANCH, JOHN LONG- AKER. STEM, DANIEL[1]. Names of brothers and sisters of Benjamin F. Dismant, son of the late John and Deborah Dis- mant. Deborah Dismant was the daughter of John Longaker. Susan Dismant Williams, aged seventy-two years, born November 11th, 1829; married to Samuel Williams, deceased. Names of children: Edward Williams, deceased, a physician, married to Miss Dennison; one child, Clifford. John Williams, de- ceased. Howard Williams, married to Miss Coch- raine; one child. Emma Williams, married to Henry Smith. Effie Williams. Harry Williams, married to Miss Peacock. Herbert Williams, a phy- sician, married to Miss Lillian Becket; one child. Bertha Linden Williams, married to Rev. Hunter, one child, Desmond Hunter. Lucinda Dismant, aged sixty-nine years, born December 30th, 1832; married to Addison T. Mil- 294 HISTORY OF THE ler. Names of children: Horace, deceased, married to Adele Fetterolf; two children: Ernest and Helen. Ella, married to Abram H. Hendricks, Esq.; one child, Miriam. Lillian T. Miller. Cora, married to Heyser Detwiler, farmer; six children living: Elsie, Leroy, Florence, Gertrude, Norma, deceased, and Carl. Edgar T. Miller, a physician. Newton T. Miller. John Dismant, deceased, born October 30th, 1834. Lizzie, aged sixty-five years, born June 21st, 1838; married to Owen Evans; three children: Franklin, Florence, and Wallace, deceased. Sallie, deceased, born December 17th, 1841; mar- ried to Owen Evans. Two children: David Evans, married to Miss Hibbert; two sons. Elma Evans, deceased, married to Joseph Scheidt;. one son, Harvey. Benjamin Franklin Dismant, a physician, aged fifty-seven years, born February 27th, 1845; mar- ried Mary M. Walt Five children: Elizabeth, Nellie, Georgiene, John, and Harry. Francis and Emma Dismant, twins. Emma, de- ceased, born November 15th, 1847, aged fifty-four years. Horace, deceased, born June 13th, 1854. Dark hair and eyes predominate. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 295 ALCINDA M. LONGNECKER. GENEALOGY. Father's name, Benjamin K.; birthplace, East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pa.; residence, Shiremanstown, Cumberland County, Pa.; date of birth, July 16th, 1816; date of death, January 26th, 1887; place of death, Shiremans- town; date of marriage, November 26th, 1840; wife's name, Margaretta Moltz; three children: Alcinda M., Catharine A., and Jacob Moltz. Grandfather's name, Isaac; birthplace, ----; date of birth, February 19th, 1788; date of death, ----; residence, near Good Hope, Cumberland County, Pa.; place of death, near Good Hope, Cum- berland County, Pa.; wife's name, Frances Eshel- man; five children: Jacob, John, Benjamin, Catha- rine, and Elizabeth. Great-grandfather's name, Abraham; residence, East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pa.; wife's name, Catharine Wagner; ten children: Joseph, Elizabeth, Barbara, Susanna, Anna, Catha- rine, Isaac, Frances, Daniel, and Benjamin. ************************************* ************************************* INDEX. PAGE A. Association, Re-union, formed........................... 1 Address of Hon. A. M. Beitler, Re-union Convention at Ring- ing Rocks........................................ 15 Address of Hon. A. B. Longaker at Ringing Rocks........ 15 Address of Rev. Frank C. Longaker...................... 15 Allegiance, oath of, required............................ 31 Ancestors, Colonial, Ulrich[1] Daniel[1] Longenecker, brothers, the Stem......................................... 73-74 Andrew Longacre, D. D., third Stem, not of kinship....... 74-77 Arms, Coat of, and Crest.............................. 258 B. Boner, C. Lincoln, Vice-President...................... 15, 285 Boner, Lewis Oliver................................... 285 Boner, Henry S....................................... 285 Brower Branch, Longaker Family........................ 20 Barbara High, wife of Henry Brower .................... 31 Brower, John, marries Susanna Longenecker.............. 92 Bliem, Christian, marries Salome Longenecker............. 92 Badges for members at Re-union Convention............... 70 Biography of Colonial Stems............................ 73 Beitler-Brower-Longacre Branch ........................ l80 Beitler, Daniel B...................................... 182 Beitler, David B., Alderman............................ 183 Beitler, Hon. A. M., Judge Common Pleas Court, Philadel- phia, biography of................................. 173-177 Beitler, Hon. A. M., genealogy of....................... 177-180 (297) 298 INDEX. PAGE Book, order for....................................... 72 Brower-Longacre Branch............................... 185 Brower, William, M. D................................ 185 Brower, Henry, immigrant, born February l4th, 1720...... 186 Brower, Blanche...................................... 186 Brower, Gilbert, Parker-Ford........................... 186 Brower, Henry; first wife, Eva DeFraine; second wife, Bar- bara High; granddaughter of Daniel Longacre.......... 187 Baugh, Jacob, husband of Salome Brower................. 187 Brower, Catharine, wife of Hon. Henry Longaker......... 187 Brower, Mary, married Abraham Beitler; Frances, first wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Eliza, second wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Barbara, wife of -- Kurtz; Ann, wife of Rev. John H. Umstead.......................... 187 Bliem-Longaker Branch, Stem Ulrich[1] ................... 309 Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges Stopp lineage.............. 209-214 Bear, Mary, Longenecker, family ........................ 247 Benner, Milton, in Civil War........................... 272 C. Convention, first one of Longaker family at Ringing Rocks.. 24 Colonial immigrants and settlers, Ulrich and Daniel Longen- ecker, brothers; five sons of Ulrich and four of Daniel.. 77-82 Civil War Soldiers, Hon. A. B. and Davis Longaker........ 274 Civil War, soldier of, Emmanuel Longacre................. 100 Civil War, Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio, prisoner, etc.. 103-104 Caveat of John, Philip, and Jacob Longacre, and for children, of Caspar Longacre, deceased, as to certain lands, Hereford Township, Berks County .................. 89 Committee, Executive, Hon. A. B. Longaker, Miss Nellie Dismant, C. Lincoln Boner, Rev. Henry E. Longen- ecker, Henry A. Longacre, W. P. Detwiler, Rev. Frank C. Longaker, Reuben R. Longaker, Dr. Daniel Long- aker, Walter F. Longacre, Miss Lillian Miller, Miss Anna R. Evans.................................... . 59 INDEX. 299 PAGE Chapter I. Organization, minutes, proceedings, etc........ 73 Chapter II. Colonial Stems, first immigrants.............. 73 Chapter III. Genealogy and biography of those living..... 93 Cole, Henry A., Mary Longaker Branch.................. 147 Coat of Arms......................................... 258 D. Dismant family and others of the branch.................. 393 Dismant, Miss Elizabeth, Treasurer...................... l6 Detwiler, Miss Bertha, vocal solo........................ 59 David W. Longacre, genealogy and biography, children, his branch, etc....................................... 97-100 Detwiler, Milton V., Jacob Longacre Family.............. 241 E. Evans, David, cornet solo at Ringing Rocks........... ... 15 Evans, Rev. L. K., D. D., invoked a blessing............ 55 Evans, Mrs. L. K., member of committee................ 57 Evans, Miss Anna R., piano solo........................ 55 Evans, Daniel L., recitation............................ 59 Emmanuel Longacre and family......................... 100-101 H. Hunsicker, --. and others of that family................ 292-294 300 INDEX. PAGE I. Invitation, third Re-union, Sanatoga Park................. 72 Immigrants, Daniel and Ulrich Longenecker, from 1722 to 1733, biography, etc., of them and their sons. Chapter II.............................................. 73-88 Immigrants, Colonial, nine sons: David, Christian, John, Ulrich, Jr., Jacob. David, John, Henry, and Jacob..... 77-79 Immigrants of Swiss origin............................. 79-81 Immigrant with Swedes, Andrew Longacre, sometimes writ- ten Anders Long'ker, settled at Kingsessing, Philadel- phia, 1634....................................... 75-76 Israel Longacre with Swedes, soldier of the Revolution, etc.. 76-77 Iron seal ring to attest name to legal papers............... 93 In memoriam, Longenecker Family...................... 160 K. Kendall, Sallie M., wife of William Brower, M. D......... 186 Kurtz, Edward Thompson, Jacob Longacre Family ........ 240 Kurtz, Davis Brooks.................................... 240 L. Landis-Longaker Branch: James M. Landis, Assistant Sta- tion Agent, Reading Railroad Company, now Chief Clerk, General Superintendent's Office, as well as of the Vice-President................................... 277 Landis, genealogy of; maternal great-grandfather of, was Jacob Longaker...................................... 278 Landis. Davis M., sketch of............................ 281 Longacre, Andrew, the immigrant with the Swedes, and Israel Longacre and descendants,................... 75-77 INDEX. 301 PAGE Longenecker, Jacob[1] (now Longaker), settled at Parker-Ford, names of children, etc.............................. 81-83 Longenecker, John H., letter, ancestor was printer at Zurich, Switzerland....................................... 79 Longenecker, David, visited Zurich and brought with him a genealogical tree, etc.............................. 79 Longenecker, John H., six sons, all practicing dentists...... 79 Longenecker, Jacob, changed the name to Longaker about 1780, and Daniel's descendants changed to Longacre... 81 List of members who paid dues of 25 cents................ 51-54 List of members present. Re-union of 1899................ 60-66 Longaker, Miss Mabel, recitation........................ 59 Longacre, Miss Mae, recitation.......................... 59 Longaker, Samuel G., Kansas City...................... 160 Longaker, Irwin, General Route Agent of Wells-Fargo Ex- press Company at Hastings, Neb.................... 160 Longaker, Rev. Frank C, Continental, Ohio.............. 55 Longaker, Hon. A. B., elected President.................. 56 Longaker, Miss Gertrude B., elected Secretary ............ 56 Longenecker, Hon. J. H., Bedford, regret of absence....... 56 Longacre, Jacob, birth of, May 15th, 1867; husband of Catharine Zimmerman........................................ 109 Longacre, Elizabeth, mother of Barbara High; said Barbara second wife of Henry Brower....................... 187 Longacre, Esther G., Maxton, biography of...'............ 219 Longacre, Samuel Diemer.............................. 220 Longacre, T. Miller, Stem Daniel[1], pedigree.............. 232 Longacre, Ester G., Family Branch...................... 233 Longacre, Carrie S., family of.......................... 236 Longacre, Jacob, family of, M. R. Longacre Branch........ 239 Longacre, Daniel W., Stem Danie[1]...................... 242 Longacre, John W., Stem Daniel[1]....................... 242 Longacre, Isaac W., Stem Daniel[1]....................... 242 Longacre, Christopher, and family of..................... 245 Longaker, John S., Fox Hill, Montgomery County......... 253 Longaker, George F., biography of........... ........... 252 Longaker, Samuel H., genealogy of...................... 205 Longaker, Dr. Daniel, Philadelphia, biography of.......... 199-205 Longaker, Peter, family of............................. 141 302 INDEX. PAGE Longaker, Rufus B., Mary, Louisa, Emeline, John B., Fran- ces Mira......................................... 141 Longaker, Rufus B., and family, Montgomery S., Hannah E., Elmira, Sarah Ann, Horace, Mary, Lewis C.......... 142 Loogaker, Lewis C., and family......................... 143 Longaker, Montgomery S., and family, Charles K., Mont- gomery B., Beulah, Mabel, Joseph, Louis, Russell B... 143 Longaker, Montgomery, biography of.................... 144-147 Longaker, Mary, Cole Branch .......................... 147 Longaker, Rufus B., biography........................ . 148-150 Longaker, Daniel, and family, sketch of, children of, George W., Mary N., Katie, Annie E., Daniel M., Mary B., Ellie V., Bertha, Sallie, Elizabeth, and Claribel....... 150-152 Longenecker, George, Nelson, Butte County, Cal., in drug business, served in Union Army in Civil War.......... 167 Longenecker, John S., deceased, served in Union Army in Civil War........................................ 167 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., genealogy.................. 167 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., genealogy; Adjutant of 101st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, "Cyclopedia of Montgomery County, Pa.".......................... 357 Longenecker, Joel M., sketch of, his father's family, six sons aad two daughters; all the sons enlisted in Union Army, Civil War; Henry R. was killed in the army, and Michael died in the service; four are living; admitted to the bar in 1870; State Attorney, Cook County, Ill.; tried the celebrated Cronin case (for murder); trial, lasted 100 days ................................... 170-171 Longanecker, William Alexander, biography of, father of the Rev. Peter Longenecker, Mennonite preacher; married Peggy Showalter; children: Christian; Elizabeth mar- ried Cover; Peter, David, and Absalom.............. 189 Longanecker, second wife of Joseph Longanecker was Sarah Mack; children: Jacob F.; Nancy married Moser; Lydia married Zachariah Ball............................ 189 Longanecker, Joseph, father of Lydia Longanecker Ball..... 189 Longanecker, Nancy, a daughter of Joseph.......'.......... 190 Longenecker, Isaac S., biography and pedigree.............. 197 Longenecker, Dr. C. B., biography of ................... 205 INDEX. 303 PAGE Longenecker, John, grant of land now poorhouse farm; died in 1745; will of; children.......................... 85 Longenecker, John, Susanna, widow of; marries Jacob Long- enecker.......................................... 85 Longenecker, Henry and David, brothers................. 88 Longenecker, Daniel[1], letter of, to his cousin Clotz......... 88 Longacre, Philip, Jacob, and John, and the children of Cas- per, deceased..................................... 89 Longenecker, John and David, Mennonite preachers at Schuylkill, 1750 to 1772............................ 91 Longenecker, Jacob[1], will of, children of, land at Parker- Ford, etc........................................ 92 Longenecker, David, son of Ulrich[1], immigrated about 1719; settled in Lancaster County, Pa.; tax collector; will of, in High Dutch.................................... 92-93 Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio; sketch of, genealogy, etc. 101-107 Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio; list of names of his branch to circular letter was mailed.................. 108 Longenecker (now Longacre), Daniel, and his sons........ 87-88 Longenecker, letter of May 18th, 1738................... 88 Letter of H. E. Longenecker, Mount Joy; names of father, grandfather, etc................................... 95 Longacre, David W., and family........................ 98-100 Longacre, Emmanuel, and family... .................... 100-108 Longacre, Matthias R., genealogy and biography of........ 109-125 Longacre, Matthias R., boyhood days.................... 116 Longacre, Matthias R., genealogy....................... 123 Longnecker, Col. Henry C., deceased.................... 23, 163 Longenecker, David, deceased, biography of, died about 1770............................................ 221 Longenecker, Rev. Henry E., biography and genealogy of his branch........................................ 125-141 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., and branch of: Jacob, David, Daniel, Joseph, Abraham, Mrs. Mock, and Mrs. Abra- ham Winters................................. 152-161, 357 Longenecker Family, in memoriam...................... 161-164 Longenecker, Hans, immigrant. Colonial; Christian, immi- grant, Colonial; Alrige or Ulricb, immigrant. Colonial; Stifan (or Stephen), immigrant. Colonial ............. l6l 304 INDEX. PAGE Longenecker, Col. Henry C............................ 163 Longenecker, Dr. J. H., Assistant Surgeon............... 164 Longanecker family in Ohio, pedigree of.................. 214 Longenecker, Peter S., Galva County, Ill................. 153 Longenecker, Abraham, and family, Morrison's Cove....... 153 Longenecker, Daniel, New Lisbon, Ohio.................. 153 Longenecker, Abraham, married Nancy Snowberger........ 154 Longenecker, Samuel, school teacher..................... 154 Longenecker, Fannie, married Abraham Keagy............ 154 Longenecker, Catharine, married Jacob Strock............. 154 Longenecker, Jacob, died unmarried...................... 155 Longenecker, Daniel, and his son, Charles 0. ............. 155 Longenecker, David S.; a family of daughters and one son, a physician, of Emporia, Kan........................ 155 Longenecker, Barbara, married David F. Buck............ 155 Longenecker, Peter, and bis son, Charles S., 133 Wabash Avenue, Chicago ................................. 155 Longenecker, Susanna, married John Keagy.............. 156 Longenecker, David, Lancaster County; born about 1760-65. 156 Longenecker, John, father of Hon. J. H. Longenecker...... 157 Longenecker, Nancy, married Samuel G. Longaker........ 160 Longenecker, Hon. J. H., President Judge, biography of; leading cases decided by him; member of G. A. R. and Loyal Legion..................................... 164-167 Longenecker, Samuel Russell, Attorney-ai-Law............ 166 Longenecker, Ralph, Attomey-at-Law and instructor in law school .......................................... 166 Longenecker, Charles, Mechanical Engineer, with Cambria Steel Company.................................... 167 Longenecker, Luella May Yunk, biography and genealogy of..223-228 Longenecker, H. F.. family. Stem Ulrich[1]............... 228-231 Longenecker, Cornelia A., family of...................... 232 Longenecker, George................................. 160 Longenecker, George, in Union Army........................ 167 Longenecker, John S., in Union Army....................... 167 Longacre, William Wellington, biography of; Isaac S. Longacre, father of; married Mary Witmer; children of, Sadie E., Susan Ardilla, William W;, M. D.; J. Oscar, Alice R. Shotzberger, Isaac W................ 248 INDEX. 305 PAGE Longacre, Peter, grandfather of; married Elizabeth Rhoads; children of: Esther, William, Elizabeth, Mary, Peter, De- bora, Catharine, John, Hannah; second wife: Isaac S., deceased; Samuel S., Jacob S....................... 249 Longenecker, Peter, great-grandfather of the above......... 249 Longacre, Miss May S., Elkhart, Ind., letter of............ 251 Longnecker, Alcinda M., and others of her father's family... 295 Longnecker, Mary J., wife of Col. H. C., deceased; chil- dren of: Kendig Lewis Longnecker, Bessie, and Reginald ........................................ 254-255 Longnecker, Henry, and Elizabeth Kendig, his wife; chil- dren of, Mary Ann, Matilda married Hymen Long- necker, Edwin married Elizabeth Halderman, Henry C. married Ella Lewis, one son; Parke L., John, Gus- tavus Rudolph, John Kendig, Elizabeth Barbara, Sarah, and Henry C..................................... 255 Longnecker, Daniel, and family......................... 255 Longnecker Family as given by Col. H. C Longnecker; Martin Kendig, Commissioner, sent to Europe, 1711 and 1717............................................ 256 Longnecker, John, Attorney-at-Law; died at Panama...... 257 Longaker, Hon. Henry, and branches of his family; biog- raphy of; soldier, War 1812-14; Colonel of 109th Regiment, Militia; July, 1825, commissioned Justice of the Peace; 1831, Sheriff; 1851, one of the Associate Judges; re-elected 1856 ........................... 261-269 Longaker, Jacob; married Catharine Detwiler; children of 263 Longaker, Albert Alonzo, of John Longaker Branch....... 264 Longaker, Albert (family); married Racbael Stem; children: Frances Brower, married William M. Shoemaker; one child, William M.; Sarah J., deceased, married Henry C. Conrad; children: Edith and Rachael; E. Louise, married George K. Yeakel......................... 265 Longaker, Dr. Henry D., deceased; children of........... 266 Longaker, Sarah Ann; married Aaron Fretz; children: Joseph Henry, Albert L.; Frances L. married Henry C. Messinger; Kate B. married Charles Bevan; Mary Jane married Henry C. Styer ....................... 267 Longaker, Davis, family of............................. 268 306 INDEX. PAGE Longaker, Davis Brower, biography of................... 268 Longaker, Joho U., Civil Service in Philippine Islands ..... 268 Longaker, Mary Jane, wife of Morris L. Kirk; family of... 268 Longacre; Rosenberger Branch......................... 270 Longacre; Bears-Walker Branch........................ 271 Longacre, M. R., Haddon Heights, N. J.; family of ...... 272 Longacre, Andora Benner; Milton Benner served in Civil War............................................ 272 Longaker, Hon. A. B., sketch of; student at Washington Hall, Trappe; graduated at Union College, Schenectady, 1850; one of class orators; A. 0. Fraternity-now Delta Upsilon; Phi Beta Kappa; Alumni of New York City; Institute of Civics, New York; graduate of State and National Law School of New York State; also of law school of Judge McCartey, Easton, Pa.; Quarter- master 41st Regiment, then Commissary of Brigade; member of House of Representatives, Pennsylvania, sessions 1856, 1857, and 1858, and Speaker of House in 1858; Collector of United States Revenue, 1867; President Judge of Court of Common Pleas, 1868-term ten years; close of judicial term resumed practice at Norristown. December 8th, 1859, he married Mary Moore Slingluff, the second daughter of William H. and Mary Knorr Slingluff; children: Leila, married, Au- gust 7th, 1884, Henry Keller Kurtz, member of firm of W. W. Kurtz & Sons, Bankers; their children, William Wesley Kurtz, born May 12th, 1885; Leila, born July 11th, 1888, and Henry Keller Kurtz[2], July 19th, 1891; the second child, Rosalie, and the third, a son, Norris Slingluff-Longaker, soldier in Spanish-American War..... 273-275 Longaker, Isaac S. (family of); widow of, Caroline; chil- dren of: Jacob N., J. L., Mrs. D. K. Neiffer, J. H. C.. F. D., R. R.. Mrs. A. F. Young, Samuel............ 276 Longaker, Isabella; married John Y. Linderman........... 277 Longaker, David Allabaugh, sketch of.................,.. 281 Longacre, Jacob and family, biography of....^.».......... 281-291 Longacre, M. R., stationed, at Baton Rouge, La.; Military Storekeeper......................................... 112 Longenecker, Joel M., and five of his brothers, Henry B., Michael, Rufus, Addison, and Benjamin.............. I71 INDEX. 307 PAGE Longenecker, John, Lancaster County (father of Joel M.), born October 31st, 1775............................ 171 Longeneckcr, Dr. John Henry, at hospital aod Naval Acad- emy during Civil War.......................... 207 Longnecker, Colonel Henry C., Civil War and Mexican War............................................ 254 Longenecker, William Roger, genealogy of............... 259 M. Mennonites, Tunken, Quakers, and Swedes as Colonial immi- grants and settlers................................. 25-30 Mennonites' protest against slavery in 1688.............,.. 32-35 Mennonite preachers: Daniel[1] Longenecker, Christian Longe- necker, David and John............................ 73-75 Members, list of, who have paid dues-25 cents............ 51-54 Minutes, proceedings, history, etc., to be printed........... 54 Members of the Re-union Association-registration fee, 25 cents............................................ 57 Members of Committee: J. L. Longaker, Matthias R. Long- acre, Miss Lizzie B. Detwiler, Mrs. L. K. Evans...... 57 Members of Pennsylvania State Legislature............... 187 Memoriam to Longenecker Family......................... 160 0. Officers of Re-union Association.......................... 1 Order for the book.................................... 72 Organization, origin. Chapter I.......................... 1-73 308 INDEX. PAGE P. Pennypacker, Matthias, married Mary Maris, widow, and daughter of David Longenecker..................... 84 Pennypacker, Sarah, married William Walker............. 84 Pennypacker, Judge Samuel W., letter of, as regards Mary (nee Longaker) Maris....... ..................... 91 Pennypacker, Nathan, married Frances Brower; children: Joseph, Jacob, Ann................................ 187 Pennypacker, Ann, wife of James A. Pennypacker; chil- dren: Nathan, Mary E............................ 187 Pennypacker, Mattie................................... 187 Pennypacker, Mary E., married William Williamson; issue, Stanley, deceased; Anna, wife of Joseph Whitaker Thompson, attorney-at-law; First Assistant United States District Attorney James B. Holland, William L. Wil- liamson, Jr., deceased; Percy Williamson, unmarried... 188 Pennypacker, Frances, married Joseph Fitzwater; children: Albert and Ada.... .............................. 188 Pennypacker, Nathan, M. D............................ 187 Proceedings, history, etc., to be printed.................. 55 R. Revolutionary War, soldiers of; George Mathiot, grandfather of Mrs. Alexander Longanecker, was an officer in the Continental Army..................................... 194 Raftsnyder, Edward Albert, genealogy of................... 208 Re-union, first meeting................................... 2 Re-union of 1899............................................ 58 Ringing Rocks, First Re-union Convention................... 14 Re-union of 1902 ........................................ 71 Report of First Convention, exercises, etc................ 14 Re-union of 1896, Ringing Rocks; list of those present.... 36-47 Revolutionary War, soldiers of, enrolled and mustered with the Militia: Jacob Longenecker, Jacob Longenecker, Jr., John Wagenseller, whose son, Peter, married Susanna Longaker.......................................... 90-91 INDEX. 309 PAGE Revolutionary War, soldiers of: Alexander Russell, great- grandfather of Nannie Rebecca Russell, wife of Hon. Jacob H. Longenecker, left Princeton College in 1775; was commissioned as Lieutenant, Captain, and served five years......................................... 167-168 Russell, Captain Alexander; James McPherson, Member of Congress; Hon. Samuel L,, Member of Congress; Nan- nie Rebecca, wife of Judge Longenecker.............. 168 Register of names in 1896-about 285 members............ 56 Registration fee, 25 cents............................... 57 S. Secretary, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker ................... l6 Subscribers, list of, for history........................... 47-51 Sanatoga Park, Third Re-union of 1902.................. 71 Shenkle, Miss Florence, piano solo ...................... 55 Swiss origin, letter of Ulrich Hein....................... 80 Soldiers in the Civil War: Hon. A. B. and Davis Longaker.. 91 Stopp, Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges, biography of........ 209-214 Shenkle, Barbara, Ann Longacre Branch.................. 244 W. War of 1812-14, Hon. Henry Longaker and Joseph Long- aker............................................ 90 War of the Rebellion, A. B. and Davis Longaker; War, Spanish-American, Norris S. and John U. Longaker, soldiers of ....................................... 91 Will of David Longenecker, children of: John, Mary, David, Jacob, Henry, Daniel, Peter, Isaac. Mary married --- Maris; he died, and she then married Matthias Pennypacker..................................... 84 310 INDEX. PAGE Will of David Longacre[3]; his widow, Barbara, and eight chil- dren surrived him: John, Christopher, Frances, Daniel, Debora, Elizabeth, Jacob, and Isaac.................. 85 Will of John Longenecker, Rapho Township, naming chil- dren, etc......................................... 93 Will of Christian Longenecker, abstract, etc., names of chil- dren ........................................... 94 Will of Ulrich Longenecker, Jr., lands, children, etc.; exec- utors named...................................... 95 For questions, please email stevepenfold@penfolds.net Last updated on 10/11/2006 Presentation notes by Perry Ruff Longaker, b. 1934 In 1895, a group of people in the Philadelphia Pa. area met to form an organization to implement the reunion of the Longacre, Longaker, and Longenecker Families, the descendants of the two Swiss Langenegger brothers, Daniel and Ulrich. The first president of the committee was the Honorable A. B. Longaker of Norristown, Pa. From the beginning of this committee, efforts were made to solicit biographical information from the families with the idea of future publication. It appears that Judge Longaker had been gathering historical material for some time before the formation of the committee and was likely one of the prime movers in this endeavor. The first convention was held in Pottstown Pa. in 1896 and subsequent reunions were held in the same area at least until 1915. In 1902, a 310 page, hard-bound book was printed entitled, "History of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family" with A. B. Longaker as the editor and historian of the Association. An original copy of the "History" has been scanned and translated and is presented here in a single (.htm) file. It is as faithful to the original printing as is possible without making excessive demands upon the software with which it might be read. It does, of course, only include information collected by the Association up to 1902. It appears that A. B. Longaker has added short genealogical linkages to many of the biographical sketches. These must be considered, in some cases, as educated guesses and not as documented evidence. The Index of the "History", which is not comprehensive as far as all names mentioned, contains on occasion, details that do not appear in the text. HISTORY of the LONGACRE-LONGAKER- LONGENECKER FAMILY PUBLISHED FOR THE COMMITTEE. PHILADELPHIA, PA.: LUTHERAN PUBLICATION SOCIETY. ************************************** ************************************** CONTENTS. CHAPTER I. PAGE Origin-Organization-Minutes of the Proceedings-Members' Names-List of Subscribers for the History -Re-unions, When and Where Held-The Business Transacted-Programme of the Exercises-Election of Officers,etc ......................................... 9 CHAPTER II. General Biography-Ancestral Stems-Colonial Immi-grants-Their Number-Whence they Came-When and Where they Settled-Their Vocations-Real Estate Purchased-Their Posterity, with Biographies and Genealogies to the Beginning of and Including a Period of About Twenty-five Years of the First Part of the Nineteenth Century-Services in the War of the Revolution-In the War of 1812-1814-Civil War-And Spanish-American War................................................... 73 CHAPTER III. Genealogies of those Living-Sketches of Families-Branches-Ancestral Stems-Pedigrees-Personal Traits -Temperament-Color of Hair and Eyes-Height-(iii) iv CONTENTS. PAGE Weight - Complexion - Characteristics - Professions- Vocations-Date of Birth and Death-Date of Mar- riage-Issue-Names of those Dead and those Living- Those Serving in the Civil War-Letters-And Extracts from Letters, etc...................................... 97 ********************* Key to Abbreviations.-b. (for born), d. (died), m. (married), numerals [1], [2], [3], etc., by surname from lowest to highest de- note, in pedigree, generations by an ascending scale, and from the highest to the lowest denote generations by a descending scale. PREFACE. After the first meeting had taken place and resulted in a Re-union Association, to meet periodically, about every three years, it was desirable to adopt some medium for an interchange of senti- ment; and in order to obtain harmonious action amongst all who might be disposed to promote the objects of the work a special correspondence was tried for a period of nearly two years; it failed to produce a definite and harmonious result. A circular letter, with diagram and chart attached, was then issued, as follows: Surname, Given name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Remarks, Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry, Names of her children. Father's name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death, Date of death. Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage, Wife's name. Remarks on her parentage and ancestry. (Paternal) grandfather's name. Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth. Place of death. Date of death. Remarks concerning him. Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry. Great-grandfather's name, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death. Date of death. Remarks concerning him Date of marriage. Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry. Great-great-grandfather, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth, Place of death, Date of death, Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage. Wife's name. Remarks on her parentage and ancestry. Great-great-great-grandfatber, Residence, Birthplace, Date of birth. Place of death, Date of death. Remarks concerning him, Date of marriage, Wife's name, Remarks on her parentage and ancestry. If there are more than the six generations, for which space has been allowed on preceding pages, tbey can be given on a separate sheet of paper. Names of the children of each generation, with dates of birth, death, marriage and to whom married, can also be given on a separate sheet; also additional remarks. (v) vi PREFACE. Anyone will be furnished, upon application, with additional copies of this blank form, either for their own use or for that of their friends or relatives, and they are cordially invited to write, below, the names of persons who may be interested in the work. No charge is made for inserting a lineage. If a copy of the volume is desired (price, $1.00, payable after delivery and acceptance as satisfactory), please make a note of it below. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER RE-UNION. By a thorough, though not entirely an exhaustive research, it is believed-that the Colonial Ancestry of these families is from three stems, viz.: Daniel Longenecker, who immigrated from Switzerland between 1720 and 1727, and purchased 240 acres of land at Mingo, Montgomery County, Pa., in 1733; Ulrich Longenecker in 1733, with his sons Ulrich and Jacob; having been preceded by his sons, David in 1719, John in 1727, and Christian in 1729; they settled in Lancaster County; and Andrew Longacre some time prior to 1700, who filed a draft for 250 acres of land in Philadelphia County. July 9th, 1706. From these three stems there comes a posterity, many of whom are residents of the counties of Montgomery, Chester, Delaware, Lancaster, York, Cumberland, etc., Philadelphia City, and others in many of the States of the United States, now known under the names of Longenecker, Longnecker, Longanaker, Longaker, and Longacre. The objects of the Association are the holding of re-unions, and the preservation of ancestral pedigree by the publication of a volume containing biographical sketches with incidents and events, either public or private, which are worthy of historic record, and as well the proceedings of the first Re-union, which was held in 1896, giving a list of the names of those who were in attendance (in number about 250). It is under consideration to have a second re-union some time the current year; the time and place will be hereafter announced. Each person receiving this circular is requested at an early date (at the furthest before July 1st next) to fill attached blank and return the same, giving pedigree as far back as known, names, ages, and marriages of their children, carefully forming legibly each letter or figure, so that mistakes may be avoided, together with all matters of interest incident thereto, to be used by the historian in arranging the pedigree and biographical sketches; and especially narrate all facts, events, etc., which are important in the family history, with profession, business pur- suits or vocation; and the personality of the subject, noting general appearance, height, weight, cast of features, complexion, shape of nose, forehead, mouth and head, color of eyes and hair, temperament, etc.-these all are interesting features in family history. A. B. LONGAKER, President. NORRISTOWN, PA., April, 1899. PREFACE. vii The correspondence, which theretofore had been fragmentary and fugitive, then became definite and cohesive; and, as a result, well-prepared biograph- ical sketches have been presented and printed, as the subsequent pages of this volume fully show; and also genealogies, herein submitted, whether by diagram, chart, or narrative, will afford those inter- ested in the work well-prepared forms to suit the most exacting, and will enable anyone desirous to do so to complete his pedigree by supplying the missing link with a continuing and connected entry upon the intervening blank pages inserted for that purpose. In order to confine this volume within the num- ber of pages intended, it became necessary to ex- clude a chapter devoted to letters, records, drafts, etc. As the book progressed this omission has been sup- plied by inserting extracts from letters pertinent to the subject matter, and of which they are explana- tory or illustrative. It seems to be physiologically true that some of the children of subsequent generations will be of a type strongly resembling their ancestral prototype; it is therefore desirable to give, as has been done by some, their personal characteristics, so that their offspring may be able to know the features, form, etc., of their progenitor. There is an ever-pervad- ing sentiment, not born of curiosity, but innate in the economy of the development of the human race, to know, and to perpetuate and reproduce, the personality of those long since departed; and therefore to note the features, complexion, color of the hair and eyes, temperament, physical form, and traits of character, is regarded a special privi- lege, if not a duty, afforded the members of this Asso- ciation to give to their posterity a recorded memorial viii PREFACE. of their family history, and to perpetuate that which is now known to them, and to afford to those who may desire to do so an opportunity to prosecute further search to find out that which still remains unknown. The volume itself is an unfinished, not a com- pleted, book. The prospectus designed nothing more than sketches, and while some biographies are quite full and some genealogies are complete and an unbroken pedigree from the colonial and ances- tral immigrant to the present time, others are incomplete, and, as soon as data shall be found to supply that which is wanting, they also will be completed. It is believed that the submission at this time of the doings, acts, and undertakings of the members of this Re-union, and as is here presented, have erected a fundamental structure upon which to rear in the future a superstructure fitting and unique in all its proportions, and that it may well be said, by those who may hereafter complete the work, that this ASSOCIATION "builded better than it knew." In submitting his work in the compilation and arrangement of the subject matter, the historian recognizes very able and zealous co-workers, who gave very valuable assistance and suggestions, and who especially submitted various diagrams, forms, sketches, genealogies, and biographies so well adapted to the subject matter; whatever may be found worthy of commendation, each did his part so well and willingly, as well as the publisher, that all are alike to be commended. ************************************** HISTORY OF THE LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY *************************************** *********** CHAPTER I. ORIGIN AND ORGANIZATION OF THE RE-UNION ASSOCIATION. The Report of the Secretary and Minutes set forth sufficiently its Origin and Organization. FIRST CONVENTION, AUGUST 30, 1896. AT RINGING ROCKS, NEAR POTTSTOWN, PA. *********** FIRST MEETING. Yerkes, Pa., September 28, 1895. A number of the members of the Longacre-Long- aker-Longenecker Family met at the home of Mrs. Caroline E. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa.. on the 28th day of September, 1895, for the purpose of forming an organization to effect a re-union of the family. Mr. C. Lincoln Boner was made temporary chairman aud Miss Gertrude B. Longaker temporary secretary. Rev. Frank C. Longaker opened the meeting with (9) 10 HISTORY OF THE prayer, after which an organization was formed, and officers were elected as follows: President.-Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa. Vice-President.-C. Lincoln Boner, Philadelphia, Pa. Treasurer.-Miss Lizzie Dismant, Limerick, Pa. Secretary.-Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, Potts- town, Pa. Committee on Order of Business.-Rev. Frank C. Longaker, Linfield, Pa.; Miss Lillian Miller, Limerick, Pa. After a short retirement on the part of this com- mittee, the following was submitted: I. Call to Order. II. Prayer. III. Roll Call. IV. Reading of Minutes. V. Officers' Report. VI. Reports of Committees. VII. Unfinished Business. VIII. New Business. IX. Miscellaneous Business. X. Refreshments. XI. Adjournment. After some discussion, item No. 3 was dropped, and the report then adopted as corrected. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 11 It was moved and seconded that a committee on programme be elected, and that the mover, Mr. Henry A. Longacre, be precluded from the commit- tee. Motion lost. On motion, the following committees were ap- pointed: On Place.-Mr. Walter F. Longacre, Miss Nellie Dismant, and Miss Gertrude B. Longaker. Programme.-A committee of all persons present, Mr. Walter F. Longacre as chairman. On Arrangements.-Mr. Henry A. Longacre, Mr. Newton Miller, and Miss Lizzie Dismant. Rev. Frank C. Longaker made a motion that a committee on constitution be appointed. Motion lost. On motion, the ladies of the Programme Com- mittee attend to the matter of refreshments. Moved and seconded that Committee on Finance, with Treasurer as chairman, be appointed to raise money necessary for the movement. Motion lost. Moved and seconded that the next meeting be held at 220 Chestnut Street, Pottstown, Pa., on the first Saturday night in December, at 7 o'clock. There being no further business, those present were invited to the dining-room, where refreshments were served. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. 12 HISTORY OF THE SECOND MEETING. Pottstown, Pa., December 7, l895. A meeting of several members of the Longacre- Longaker-Longenecker Family was held at 220 Chestnut Street, Pottstown, Pa. In the absence of the President, Mr. C. Lincoln Boner, Vice-President, called the meeting to order. The meeting was opened with prayer by Mr. Walter F. Longacre. The minutes of the previous meeting were then read. Then followed the reports of committees. On Programme, Mr. Walter F. Longacre, chairman, reported the Hon. A. B. Longaker had consented to give a sketch of the family, and Rev. F. C. Long- aker would contribute a poem. The Committee on Place suggested Ringing Rocks Park, Pottstown, Pa., which was adopted, and the committee con- tinued. Mr. Henry A. Longacre, chairman of Com- mittee on Arrangements, reported progress. On motion, the time for the Re-union was left to the Committee on Arrangements. The procuring of refreshments was given into the hands of the ladies. Under the head of new business, Mr. W. F. Longacre suggested that a register be procured for the day of the Re-union, in order that all members might register. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 13 Moved and seconded that his suggestion be adopted. Adjourned to meet at Jeffersonville, Pa., on May 2, 1896. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary, *************** THIRD MEETING. Jeffersonville, Pa., May 2, 1896. A meeting of the committee was held at Jeffer- sonville, Pa., Hon. A. B. Longaker, President, in the chair. Meeting opened with prayer by W. F. Longacre. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. Committee on Arrange- ments reported progress. The Entertainment Com- mittee reported that Rev. J. H. Longacre, Weissport, Pa., would take the part on the programme assigned to him. It was suggested that one of the commit- tee correspond with the members of the family in Lancaster County, Pa. It was moved and seconded that No. 10 be stricken from the order of business. It was moved and seconded that the next meet- ing be held on June 6, 1896, at the Hartranft House, Norristown, Pa. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. 14 HISTORY OF THE FOURTH MEETING. Norristown, Pa., June 6, 1896. The meeting was called to order by the Presi- dent, Hon. A. B. Longaker, at 8 o'clock p. m. It was moved and seconded that Miss Gertrude B. Longaker arrange with the manager of Ringing Rocks Park for a date, either the third or fourth week in August. On motion, the members of the committee pledged themselves to defray expenses. It was moved and seconded that Mr. Henry A. Longacre and Miss Gertrude B. Longaker be ap- pointed a committee on invitations. Adjourned. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. ****************** The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker- Longenecker Family was held at Ringing Rocks Park, Pottstown, Pa., on August. 20, 1896. The day was a beautiful one, and the family largely represented. A few minutes past 11 o'clock a. m. the meeting was called to order by Hon. A. B. Longaker, President. The meeting was opened by Rev. L. K. Evans, Pottstown, Pa., LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 15 who invoked the blessing of God upon the assem- bly. Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, then delivered the address of welcome, in a very pleasing manner, which was followed with a piano solo by Miss Florence Shenkle, Phoenixville, Pa. The Hon. A. M. Beitler, Philadelphia, Pa., then delivered an address on the Brower Branch of of the Longaker Family. A piano solo by Miss Anna R. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., was next in order. Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa., then gave a great many interesting facts in reference to the Longaker Family, from the time they came to this country from Switzerland, about 1727 to 1733, to the present day. Mr. David Evans, Phila- delphia, Pa., then favored us with a cornet solo. The programme being concluded, a short business session was held. On motion of Mr. Henry A. Longacre, of Jeffer- sonville, Pa., the convention was changed into a permanent organization, with the Hon. A. B. Long- aker, of Norristown, Pa., as its chairman. It was then moved and seconded that the present committee be continued, with the addition of enough more persons to make the number fifteen. The following officers were then elected: Vice-President.-Mr. C. Lincoln Boner, Philadel- phia, Pa. 16 HISTORY OF THE Treasurer.-Miss Lizzie Dismant, Limerick, Pa. Secretary.-Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, Potts- town, Pa. The matter of holding a re-union every three or five years was left to the discretion of the commit- tee. During the day a telegram was received from Judge J. H. Longenecker, Bedford, Pa., regretting his inability to be present, and wishing all a very joyous Re-union. All departed in the evening with the recollection of having spent the 20th of August, 1896, both profitably and pleasantly. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. Pottstown, Pa., August 20,1896. ******************* ADDRESS OF WELCOME. BY REV. FRANK C. LONGAKER. The present occasion is not a new one. Re- unions of this kind are so surprisingly frequent at the present as to assume somewhat the nature of a fad. Yet we would not call this occasion the out- growth of a desire to be in the fashion. While other re-unions may fall under this head, we still congratulate ourselves that our gathering is neces- sary, that it has in it a purpose nobler than mere notoriety. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 17 But, after all, to most of you this Re-union is a new idea, having never before been so directly interested in a family Re-union. On the other hand, to those who arranged for the present gathering, the idea is an old and familiar one. Already in January, 1895, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, now Secretary of the General Committee, wrote to me concerning the advisability of such a re-union. Others were at work before, offering suggestions and attempting to give the matter permanent form. For years Hon. A. B. Longaker was gathering material for a biography of the Longakers. From the time of Miss Gertrude's first letter to me until the first meeting of the committee, correspondence and per- sonal interviews were frequent. The plans sug- gested had a sensible appearance; and so earnest and zealous were some of our cousins, that, when the first meeting of the committee was held at Yerkes, in September, 1895, the Re-union was an assured fact At the first meeting of the represen- tatives of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family, a temporary committee was organized to take this year's convention in hand. The committee met from time to time to plan and arrange for a suc- cessful gathering. In their meetings there was more than mere talk-and I say this all the more gladly on account of having attended only once. 18 HISTORY OF THE The work of this temporary committee is before you. In to-day's convention and festivities it is all summed up. No one need imagine that it was an easy matter to arrange to-day's exercises. Difficul- ties showed themselves again and again. How to get the people-the Longakers-interested in this Re-union? was the perplexing problem. Some could not see the use of a re-union, while others thought it would be a picnic for the committee only. Well, it was a kind of a picnic for them, I confess. However, in the work of planning and arranging some pleasing episodes were sandwiched in. Soon after becoming a resident of Ohio, I learned of Longakers or Longaneckers living near Columbiana of that State. A letter of inquiry was at once ad- dressed to them, and the Re-union project presented. In due time a reply was received. Their family history was plainly and briefly stated. But at the conclusion of his letter, the dear cousin said: "But it is impossible for you to be related to us, since we and our people have been Mennonites from time immemorial." Another, not invited by the first invitation sent out, wrote to the Secre- tary that he would come, invited or uninvited, if he had to travel a thousand miles. These exam- ples show that some were afraid of the Re-union; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 19 afraid that it would establish false relationships, and do violence to religious convictions of long standing. Others were afraid that we should miss them in the invitations, and so be deprived of their smiles for this occasion. So instances of amusing happenings and difficul- ties might be multiplied. But you ask, Why all this labor, and, I may add, expense? Only for the purpose of becoming acquainted with each other, of shaking each other by the hand, and saying, "I, too, am a Longaker." Yes, these are some of the reasons for our gathering to-day. But not all. We desire to become acquainted with our past; we want to know whence we came, and how we came hither; we want to know who our fore- fathers were, whether noble or ignoble, whether famed in myth and legend or unsung and for- gotten, whether they feared God or served time and the world. These things we desire to know. To-day steps are to be taken to organize a permanent committee. In the years to come this committee is to dig and search in the records of the past for our fathers, and the part they took in developing civilization. The work of the present is incomplete. New members are to be enlisted in the work. New material for the family history is to be collected. Hence our 20 HISTORY OF THE meeting is for profit and pleasure. Let us have the profit, and the pleasure will come. You have been invited here, Longakers' and Longeneckers' by proxy. The time of year is such as to cause you to long for a brief rest from your work, whatever it may be. The place selected is intended to invite you. Touch yonder rocks, and they will ring out a glad welcome to you all. To attend to the business before us you are urged; to participate in the pleasures provided you are invited. Let this day be long remembered. And now to all alike: Salve! All hail! ****************** ADDRESS OF HON. A. M. BEITLER, (One of the Judges of the Courts of Philadelphia) Mr. Chairman and Kinsfolk: To me has been given the pleasant but difficult task of speaking on the Brower branch of the Longaker Family. I appreciate the honor and rec- ognize the duty, but, at the same time, I feel my inability to do justice to the subject. We, of the Browers, can trace, our line back, by links unquestionable, to Henry Brower, who had the good sense, or good fortune, his first wife having died, of selecting a Longaker as his sec- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 21 ond wife. She was the grand-daughter of Daniel Langenecker. Her mother was Elizabeth, daugh- ter of Daniel Langenecker, who had married Jacob High. He came to this country with the German name of Hoch. He evinced a progressiveness which has ever since been a distinguishing trait in his posterity, and soon anglicized his name and was called High. Henry Brower and Barbara High were married about 1750, or a year or two prior thereto. The exact date I believe is unknown. We know that in 1741 he purchased a farm from Peter De Fraine, father of his first wife. His last child by that mar- riage (there were but two) was born April 1, 1845; The date of the death of his first wife, nee De Fraine, I do not know. Henry Brower's second wife bore him five chil- dren, four sons and one daughter. One of the sons died unmarried. The daughter married Jacob Urmy. Henry Brower's children by the first marriage were a son and a daughter. Both married, the daughter, Jacob Baugh; the son, Magdalena Buck- walters. Were I to attempt to trace the descendants of Henry Brower by his two marriages through his sons and daughters, and through the five or six gen- 22 HISTORY OF THE erations who have come into the world since his death, I would assume a task which would be im- possible of performance on my part for lack of data, and would make an essay less interesting and longer than a candidate's acceptance of a nomination. I may safely say, however, that one may go through Chester and Montgomery Counties and find his de- scendants in every township and in every walk of life. They are good citizens, living up to the highest standards of morality in public and in pri- vate life, and performing each, conscientiously and manfully, the duty in life allotted to him. If we would inquire what character of men our ancestors were, we find, as to them as individuals, but little positive data but much negative in char- acter. They were all Mennonites. Daniel Lang- enecker was a Mennonite preacher. This sect had peculiar religious beliefs. Prominent was the desire to avoid vanity. This led them to keep self in, the background. No credit was taken for a good deed done; no record made of achievements indi- cating the possession of ability above the ordinary. If a church was built, no record of those subscribing, no mention of the committee through whose efforts the funds were obtained or under whose supervision the work was done were preserved. If a book was printed the author's name was not disclosed. They LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 23 were indifferent to their past They lived sober, solemn, godly lives. They esteemed godliness above everything else; in fact, all else was vanity. Hence, we do not find much to aid us in determin- ing just what our ancestors a hundred and fifty years ago were like or did. But one of the things ordained by Penn, and scrupulously carried out by his systematic and Quaker officeholders, was to keep neat, accurate, and complete public records; and, while the records show that it was not unusual, two hundred years ago, to find a Mennonite decline to serve in public office, the records show no ancestor of ours at the bar of justice for offense against the law. They were non-resistant in belief. They were called "defenseless Christians." Those rec- ords which evidence the ownership of real prop- erty, its transmission by deed and will, bear fre- quent witness to the thrift of our people. Their material prosperity was spoken of by everyone who made a study of them. If we would know more of them, we must, in default of accurate knowledge of individuals, study them as a class, and this retro- spect has to do almost exclusively with the Menno- nites. In speaking of them, however, brief men- tion of our State's history must be made for the sake of continuity of narrative and historical accu- racy. 24 HISTORY OF THE Pennsylvania, of all the present States of the Union, bears the imprint of the Dutch and the Ger- man more plainly than any other. The earliest settlers were the Dutch. They came in 1623. After them came the Swedes, who were, in turn, supplanted by the Dutch, who finally were com- pelled to give way to the English. The first real explorer of the Delaware was Cap- tain Hendrickson, a Dutchman. In 1616 he came up the river as far as the mouth of the Schuylkill. The Dutch made their first settlement in 1623, on the Jersey side of the river opposite the present site of Philadelphia. This settlement was subsequently abandoned for Newcastle in Delaware. In 1638 the Swedes came. They founded the present city of Chester, and built a fort at Tinicum. The Dutch secured control again in 1655, though they did not dispossess the Swedes of their holdings. In 1664 the English conquered the province, and from thenceforth their dominion continued. Subsequently, in 1681, the province of Pennsyl- vania was granted to William Penn. The Swedes, the Dutch, and the English, prior to Penn's acquisition, had made but little headway in settling the country or establishing a govern- ment. True, each has left some landmarks, but the creation of the Commonwealth dates from the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 25 charter to Penn, and a study of the character of the immigration for the next fifty years makes clear how much our State is indebted to the Quakers, the Tunkers, the Mennonites, and those Germans, Swiss, and Dutch who came here to find an asylum from religious persecution. The men who founded Pennsylvania were of in- tense. religious convictions. The foundation stone upon which the colony was built was religious liberty. The Quakers, the Tunkers, and the Mennonites had much in common, both in creed and in man- ners. They had been preceded in the years of the Reformation by many sects, some strong, some weak, some lasting for but a little while, others enduring for years. Their names now seem strange, and a study of their creeds would be interesting only to the historian or to the theologian. Most of these sects, such as the Anabaptists, Familists, Seekers, and others, were swallowed up by the Bap- tists and Quakers in England, and by the Menno- nites and Tunkers in Holland and Germany. The Quakers may be said to have had their beginning about the middle of the seventeenth century. The English Quakers of Penn's time dressed in plain garb. They were opposed to war, official oaths, and politics. Their methods were peaceful. Those 26 HISTORY OF THE who came to the new colony were compelled, how- ever, by their very surroundings, to assume a very prominent part in the government and politics of the colony, and by force of circumstances many of their Society openly favored defensive war. Penn guaranteed religious liberty in his colony. At that time the Mennonites were being persecuted in Switzerland and in Germany, and the new colony, holding out the hope of peace and the enjoyment of religious belief without molestation, became a Mecca for these persecuted ones to seek. Hence we find the Germans and Dutch flocking to Pennsylva- nia-the first considerable body coming in 1683. From that time forward the Germans and Dutch came in great numbers. They were almost entirely of the Mennonite sect. The origin of this sect is not free from doubt. By some they are said to have been the successors of the Anabaptists, or an outgrowth from that sect. Others trace their descent from the Waldenses. This much is known: That Menno Simons was born in 1492; that he was educated for the priest- hood and ordained, and that in 1536 he severed his connection with the Romish Church. He taught the severance of Church and State, non-resistance, and opposition to the taking of oaths. He soon became the leader of a sect. They adopted plain LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 27 dress and simple manners. They grew in numbers and were called Mennonites. A study of the tenets of faith of the Quakers leads to an appreciation of the fundamental likeness of the two sects, and in- deed the Mennonites and the Quakers fraternized abroad and here, holding services in the same meet- ing-houses and greeting one another as friends. It is not at all strange that the Quaker colony at- tracted the Mennonites who were worn out with persecution abroad. For historical accuracy mention should be made of the fact that with the Mennonites and Tunkers, though in less numbers, came the Pietists, the Schwenkfelders and numerous other sects, each holding as its own some peculiar tenet of faith, but all alike in the main. The Tunkers believed in baptism by immersion, while the Mennonites bap- tized by sprinkling. They differed but little in any other point in their creed from the Mennonites. They were, however, more peculiar than the latter in the severity of the plainness of their dress. From a split in the Tunkers came the German Seventh- Day Baptists, who established the settlement at Ephrata. A review of the immigration of the last century into Pennsylvania would be interesting, but it does not concern us to-day. Our ancestors, both Daniel 28 HISTORY OF THE Langenecker and Henry Brower, were Mennonites of the true faith. They came either from Switzer- land, Germany, or Holland. It is proper that we, their descendants, should at this time, lacking de- tails as to their life and achievements, glance at what their sect did. Too little credit has been given in the history of our State to the impress made by the Germans or Dutch. Their coming was coincident with the Quakers. They held the same belief as to non- participation in government as the Quakers. The latter were, by circumstances, compelled to assume direction and control of public affairs. Our ances- tors held to their faith. They studiously avoided participation in public matters. They shrank from the public gaze. They clung together, living up to their beliefs and fashioning their daily lives by them. They were tillers of the soil and artisans. One of their number, Willem Rittinghuysen (Ritten- house), built on the Wissahickon the first paper- mill erected in the colonies. They came here each with his Bible, and that sacred book was printed in German in America many years before it was in English. The settlement at Ephrata had a printing- press, and, in 1748, they printed for the Mennonites the "Martyr's Mirror," fifteen men being engaged, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 29 in the work for three years. The paper was made, the printing done by hand, sheet by sheet, and the book bound by the brethren at the Monastery. If we study the history of our State we will find the Germans adding lustre to every page. Such names as Muhlenberg, Rittenhouse, Wister, Shoe- maker, Hiester, Hartranft, and scores of others that might be mentioned, are a part of the history of the province and the State. A study of the home life of the Mennonites and of their predominant traits should make us proud of our ancestors. They were of sturdy stock. In spite of persecution so bloody as now to be almost past belief, they adhered to their religious doctrines. They were imprisoned, tortured, murdered, but they never gave up. They were driven from place to place; they had no spot to call home. They were poor and oppressed in every way, and yet they clung to their faith and their belief in God, and their magnificent courage never forsook them. In their daily life here, in Penn's Quaker prov- ince, they were industrious, frugal, and thrifty. They understood husbandry thoroughly. They purchased the best land. Frequently their barns were built before their houses were planned, and the barn was frequently more pretentious than the house, and generally larger. The men were quiet, 30 HISTORY OF THE persistent, hard-working, and to each his word was his bond. The simplicity of his church was re- flected in the simplicity of his home. He was eminently domestic. Nothing has impressed me more, in the study of the character of these old Men- nonites, than the fact, traceable at least in all the family history of the Langeneckers and the Browers, that almost all the men married, and apparently all the women who were asked did the same, and small families were the rare exception. The women were true helpmeets. They were retiring, modest, but intensely home-loving and thrifty. The sect has added more to the material pros- perity of the state than can be calculated. They have made the southeastern part of Pennsylvania noted for its productiveness. How much the intensely religious character of these our old ancestors, how much the German- mysticism so predominant in their make-up, how much their quiet, retiring lives and their peaceful, thrifty ways have gone in making Pennsylvania the prosperous, law-abiding, and magnificent common- wealth she is, we cannot of course determine. Sure it is that a state is an aggregate of individuals, that as the people are God-fearing, peace-loving, honest, and thrifty, so will the state be. Each citizen LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 31 makes his impress upon the state; it may be so little as to be inappreciable, it may be so great as to mould history. Each community likewise stamps its character upon the general mass. When we consider that the Germans in Pennsylvania have been estimated to be from one-third to one-half the total population, we must conclude that the mass must have been greatly moulded and affected by the good qualities of such a large proportion of the whole. In the early part of the eighteenth century, Gov- ernor Keith and Governor Gordon, noting the great numbers of Dutch and Germans reaching the prov- ince, secured the adoption of a resolution by the Council that these foreigners landing should take the oath of allegiance, and that the master of each ship should make up a list of his passengers. This order was not at first strictly enforced, but along about 1725 the provisions seem to have been more strictly complied with. The lists of those arriving contained the names of males above sixteen. We can gain some idea of the great number added to the comparatively small population of the province, when we consider that Rupp gathered thirty thou- sand names of German immigrants from these imper- fect and partial lists. I have already wearied you with the length of 32 HISTORY OF THE my remarks. The subject is interesting, however, and it is difficult to decide how little to say with reference to it or to do even partial justice to it and be brief. Before I close, however, I want to call your atten- tion to one act of our early Mennonite fathers, the effect of which no man can measure. On April 18th, 1688, Dirck Op den Graff, Abraham Op den Graff, Gerhard Hendricks, and Francis Daniel Pastorius sent to the Friends' Meet- ing at Germantown the first protest made in this country against human slavery. This protest shows that while our Mennonite ancestors would not take part in government, and called themselves "defenseless Christians," yet they were ready to raise their voices in protest against that which their religion taught them was wrong. They were pro- testing against an institution already well estab- lished on this continent. Little did they think that in the years to come mankind would, closer and more closely, study the question then presented by them to the Friends at Germantown. The Friends, who at that time found the question too weighty for their determination, became, nearly two centuries later, the foremost ad- vocates of the abolition of the institution the Men- nonites protested against in 1688. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 33 The protest is quaint in its language, but it has the force of truth, that mighty force that, nearly two hundred years later, burst the shackles from four million slaves and rid us forever of the curse of human slavery. The protest was in these words: "This is to ye Monthly Meeting held at Rigert Worrells. "These are the reasons why we are against the traffick of mens-body as followeth: Is there any that would be done or handled at this manner? viz. to be sold or made a slave for all the time of his life? How fearful & faint-hearted are many on sea when they see a strange vassel being afraid it should be a Turck, and they should be tacken and sold for Slaves in Turckey. Now what is this better done as Turcks doe? yea rather is it worse for them, wch say they are Christians for we hear, that ye most part of such Negers are brought heither against their will & consent, and that many of them are stollen. Now tho' they are blace, we cannot conceive there is more liberty to have them slaves, as it is to have other white ones. There is a saying, that we shall doe to all men, like as we will be done our selves: macking no difference of what generation, descent, or Colour they are. And those who steal or robb men, and those who buy or purchase them, are they not all alicke? Here is liberty of Conscience, wch is right & reasonable, here ought to be lickewise liberty of ye body, except of evildoers, wch is an other case. But to bring men hither, or to robb and sell them against their will, we stand against. In Europe there are many oppressed for Conscience sacke; and here there are those op- pressed wch are of a black Colour. And we, who know that men must not comitt adultery, so doe comitt adultery in others, separating wifes from their housbands, and giving them to 34 HISTORY OF THE others, and some sell the children of those poor Creatures to other men. Oh! doe consider well this things, you who doe it, if you would be done at this manner? and if it is done accord- ing Christianity? you surpass Holland & Germany in this thing. This mackes an ill report in all those Countries of Europe, where they hear off, that ye Quackers doe here handel men, Licke they handel there ye Cattle; and for that reason some have no mind or inclination to come hither. And who shall maintaine this your cause or plaid for it? Truely we can not do so except you shall inform us better hereoff, viz. that christians have liberty to practise this things. Pray! What thing in the world can be done worse towarts us then if men should robb or steal us away & sell us for slaves to strange Countries, separating housband from their wife & children. Being now this is not done at that manner we will be done at, therefore we contradict & are against this traffick of men body. And we who profess that it is not lawful to steal, must licke- wise avoid to purchase such things as are stolen, but rather help to stop this robbing and stealing if possibel, and such men ought to be delivred out of ye hands of ye Robbers and set free as well as in Europe. Then is Pensilvania to have a good report, in stead it hath now a bad one for this sacke in other Countries. Especially whereas ye Europeans are desirous to know in what manner ye Quackers doe rule in their Province & most of them doe loock upon us with an envious eye. But if this is done well, what shall we say, is don evil? "If once these slaves (wch they say are so wicked and stub- born men) should joint themselves, fight for their freedom and handel their masters and mastrisses, as they did handel them before; will these masters & mastrisses tacke the sword at hand & warr against these poor slaves, licke we are able to belive, some will not refuse to doe? Or have these negers not as much right to fight for their freedom, as you have to keep them slaves? LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 35 "Now consider well this thing, if it is good or bad; and in case you find it to be good to handel these blacks at that man- ner, we desire & require you hereby lovingly that you may in- fome us herein, which at this time never was done, viz. that Christians have Liberty to do so, to the end we shall be satisfied in this point, & satisfie lickewise our good friends & acquaint- ances in our natif Country, to whose it is a terrour or fairfull thing that men should be handeld so in Pensilvania. "This was is from our meeting at Germantown hold ye 18 of the 2 month 1688 to be delivred to the monthly meeting at Richard Warrels. "GERRET HENDERICKS "DERICK OP DE GRAEFF "FRANCIS DANIELL PASTORTIUS "ABRAHAM OP DEN GRAEF." Pennsylvania takes just pride in the fact that upon her territory was fought the decisive battle of the Civil War, and that at Gettysburg the Rebellion reached high-water mark, and that that great bat- tle, fought under the able leadership of one of her own sons, was the beginning of the downfall of the Rebellion. She must ever, while our independence exists, stand pre-eminent among the original colo- nies by reason of the fact that within her borders the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed, the first Continental Congress was held, and the Government of the new Union spent the first few years of its life. But when this quaint but sturdy protest of these old Mennonites comes to be well 36 HISTORY OF THE known, Pennsylvania will claim for herself and will be conceded a still more exalted and prominent position among the colonies because it was from amongst her own people that this first protest against human slavery emanated, and we, who trace our ancestry from these Mennonites, who had the foresight and the courage to make this protest and on such incontrovertible grounds, may justly be proud of such ancestry. ******************* The address of Hon. A. B. Longaker is omitted because the subject matter of his remarks appears more fully in the colonial history and biography of the first immigrants. ******************* THOSE PRESENT AT RE-UNION OF 1896. Henry A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. David W. Longacre, " Mrs. David W. Longacre, " Esther A. Longacre, " John Longacre, " Gertrude B. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Mabel Longaker, " Louis Longaker, " LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 37 Beulah Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Henry A. Cole, Royersford, Pa. A. L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. J. Nathan Bechtel, Bally, Pa. William B. Mack, " Frank C. Longaker, Continental, Ohio. Lillian T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Frank D. Evans, Linfield, Pa. Hiram C. Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Clara L. Longaker, " May Longaker, " Herbert Longaker, " D. R. Buck-walter, Royersford, Pa. Mrs. B. B. Brandt, " Addison T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Mrs. Addison T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Ernest T. Miller, Collegeville, Pa. Newton T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Lizzie Dismant, " George E. Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. Albert W. Longaker, " Henry C Longenecker, " Mrs. Lydia Ann Haberda, St. Joseph, Mo. Addie M. Longacre, Camden, N. J. D. K. Neiffer, Philadelphia, Pa. Jennie Argue Neiffer, Philadelphia, Pa. Amanda J. Neiffer, " 38 HISTORY OF THE Mrs. Albert H. Davis, Philadelphia, Pa. George D. Haldeman, " P. K. Shenkle, Trappe, Pa. Annie M. Shenkle, Trappe, Pa. Elias Rahn, Ironbridge, Pa. Lydia Rahn, " Rev. L. K. Evans, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. Ellie V. Evans, " Daniel Longaker Evans, " John L. Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Caroline Longaker, " Matthias R. Longacre, " John H. Longacre, Arcola, Pa. John H. Longaker, Schwenksville, Pa. Isaac H. Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Isaac A. Longacre, Eagleville, Pa. Mrs. Isaac A. Longacre, Eagleville, Pa. Mary Ida Longacre, " David E. Longacre, " Helen Longacre, " Florence Evans, Linfield, Pa. Mrs. Owen Evans, " Mrs. Mathias Geist, Pottstown, Pa. Elizabeth Longaker Geist, Pottstown, Pa. Anna Rebecca Evans, " Mrs. Emma. A. Smith, Tamaqua, Pa. Sarah H. Miller, Camden, N. J. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 39 Adaline Doll, Philadelphia, Pa. Clara Doll, " Anna C. Senseman, Camden, N. J. Henry L. Young, Philadelphia, Pa. Ellen P. Young, " Harry F. Renter, " Thomas F. Longaker, West Philadelphia, Pa. H. D. Longacre, Camden, N. J. Owen Evans, Linfield, Pa. Clifford Haldeman, Philadelphia, Pa. C. B. Longenecker, M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. David Longenecker, Lansdowne, Pa. Mrs. David Longenecker, Lansdowne, Pa. Roberta Longenecker, " Mrs. E. Longenecker, Philadelphia, Pa. Davis Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. Mrs. Davis Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. Miss Eva Longaker, " Miss Frances Longaker, " John W. Longaker, " Walter S. Young, Philadelphia, Pa. Edgar L. Young, " Sallie Longaker, Louisville, Ky. Dan Longaker, " Mrs. Katie L. Cameron, Cynthia, Ohio. John W. Longacre, Quakertown, Pa. Mrs. John W. Longacre, Quakertown, Pa. 40 HISTORY OF THE Milton S. Longacre, Quakertown, Pa. Katie S. Longacre, " A. H. Davis, Philadelphia, Pa. Mamie Senseman, Camden, N. J. Flora Kratz, Schwenksville, Pa. Frank Kratz, " Susan L. Kratz, " Aaron S. Longacre, Quakertown, Pa. Henry S. Longacre, " Reuben R. Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Emma P. Longaker, " Howard C. Longaker, " Ralph Longaker, " Lizzie M. Longaker, " David Evans, " Abraham M. Beitler, . " Mrs. Abraham M. Beitler, " M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Mathias Geist, " A. L. Fretz, Cynwyd, Pa. David A. Fretz, Cynwyd, Pa. H. C. Styer, Norristown, Pa. M. F. Styer, " Mrs. S. K. Shenkle, Phoenixville, Pa. Florence S. Shenkle " Grace G. Shenkle, " LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 41 Barbara G. Shenkle, Millersville, Pa. Maude Shenkle, " Mrs. Anndera Longacre Benner, Philadelphia, Pa. Bertha Longacre Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Daniel W. Longacre, Eagleville, Pa. B. F. Dismant, M. D., Limerick, Pa. Francis Bechtel, Spring City, Pa. Jennie W. Cole, Royersford, Pa. Mrs. Willis Lewin, Royersford, Pa. George F. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. Walter F. Longacre, " Samuel A. Bridges Stopp, Allentown, Pa. John L. Bauer, Bally, Pa. Laura B. Bauer, " Annie R. Bauer, " Charles S. Longacre, Collegeville, Pa. Daniel Longaker, M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. Abram Longaker, Linfield, Pa. Daniel Norman Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Edwin Longaker, " Elizabeth P. Longaker, " Isaac Willauer, Phoenixville, Pa. Benjamin H. Willauer, Phoenixville, Pa. Mrs. P. M. Willauer, " Daniel S. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. Katie S. Longacre, " John S. Longacre, " 42 HISTORY OF THE Isaac S. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. Henry R. Longacre, " Lizzie L. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Katie S. Longacre, Collegeville, Pa. Edith Vanderbilt Longacre, Oaks, Pa. Mabel Longacre, " Lizzie S. Longacre, Collegeville, Pa. Lena S. Longacre, " Hannah S. Longacre, " Henry W. Longacre, " C. Lincoln Boner, Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. C. L. Boner, " Ethel E. Boner, " Ellen E. Boner, " Emlie E. Boner, " Mary S. Longacre, Collegeville, Pa. J. E. Longacre, M. D., Weaversville, Pa. Hattie T. Longacre, Mantz, Pa. J. H. Behler, Nesquehoning, Pa. Mrs. J. H. Behler, Nesquehoning, Pa. John L. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Mrs. J. L. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Mary F. Detwiler, " S. Howard Yocum, " Mrs. S. Howard Yocum, Oaks, Pa. Aaron Funk, Spring City, Pa. Mrs. Aaron Funk, Spring, City, Pa. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMIIY. 43 Erwin L. Force, Spring City, Pa. Annie D. Force, " Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa. Jacob S. Longacre, Mantz, Pa. Mrs. Lovina Longacre, Mantz, Pa. John S. Longacre, North Penn, Pa. Mrs. J. W. Delp, Reading, Pa. Mrs. A. L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. Elsie M. Bechtel, " Mamie Bechtel, " Mrs. Adele T. Miller, Collegeville, Pa. A. H. Hendricks, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. A. H. Hendricks, Pottstown, Pa. Miriam Hendricks, " Mary L. Force, Spring City, Pa. Harriet Longacre, North Penn, Pa. Frank A. Behler, Kepner, Pa. Mrs. Frank A. Behler, Kepner, Pa. Elmer Behler, " David Longacre, Summit Hill, Pa. David S. Longacre, Normal, Pa. Rev. J. H. Longacre, Weissport, Pa. Mrs. J. H. Longacre, " Fannie K. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. A. H. Brower, " M. S. Brower, " A. J. Brower, " 44 HISTORY OF THE Mary Brower, Oaks, Pa. Mrs. Joseph Hopson, Philadelphia, Pa. Lizzie B. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. Laura B. Bauer, Bally, Pa. L B. Bauer, Westchester, Pa. Isaac W. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. H. W. Longacre, Collegeville, Pa. John S. Hunsicker, Ironbridge, Pa. Mrs. John S. Hunsicker, Ironbridge, Pa. H. T. Hunsicker, " Mrs. H. T. Hunsicker, " Wilmer C. Hunsicker, " Mrs. Wilmer C. Hunsicker, " Mrs. Frank F. Saylor, " Bertha Saylor, " Leroy Hunsicker, . " Stanley Hunsicker, " Sadie H. Hunsicker, " Horace L. Kohl, Limerick,. Pa. Mary E. Kohl. " J. Elwood Kohl, " G. W. Kauler, " H. E. Kauler, " H.T. Miller, " Louisa Kohl, " Emeline Longaker, " Catherine Linderman, Zieglersviille, Pa. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 45 Emma Longacre, Spring City, Pa. John H. Nispel, Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Esther Johnson, Limerick, Pa. Mrs. Annie Senseman, Camden, N. J. John Linderman, Zieglersville, Pa. I. E. Johnson, Limerick, Pa. Lulu Kauler, " A. B. Schantz, Hosensack, Pa. Mrs. A. B. Schantz, Hosensack, Pa. Annie L. Bauer, Sassamansville, Pa. W. Horatio Kauler, no address. Minerva T. Miller, " A. H. Detwiler, Gratersford, Pa. Cora Detwiler, " Elsie Detwiler, " Edgar Roy Detwiler, " Florence Detwiler, " Gertrude Detwiler, " Norma Detwiler, " Aaron Fretz, Norristown, Pa. Sarah Longaker Fretz, Norristown, Pa. Harry Messinger, Jr., Conshohocken, Pa. Mrs. Harry Fretz Messinger, Conshohocken, Pa. E. T. Miller, M. D., King of Prussia, Pa. Emma S. Longacre, no address. May S. Longacre, " Mary H. Longacre, " 46 HISTORY OF THE Edward Bowman, Limerick, Pa. Mrs. Frada Bowman, Limerick, Pa. Edwin H. Bowman, " Mrs. Ida Bowman, " Mabel Bowman, " Helen Bowman, " Ella Agna Bowman, " H. L. Bowman, Frederick, Pa. Mrs. Sophia Bauman, Frederick, Pa. Mrs. Ida Hashinger, Philadelphia, Pa. Edwin Hashinger, " Harry Hashinger, " Mrs. Susan Bechtel, " Jacob L. Fritz, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. Jacob L. Fritz, Pottstown, Pa. Sue B. Fritz, " Mary Johnson, New Berlinville, Pa. Annie Mack, Bally, Pa. Carrie Young, Philadelphia, Pa. Elizabeth F. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. Hannah Longacre, " Mrs. Hannah Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Milton Detwiler, " Katie Detwiler, " J. Warren Rosenberger, Yerkes, Pa. Mrs. Ida Rosenberger, " Katie Rosenberger, " LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 47 W. P. Detwiler, Ph. G., Phoenixville, Pa. Mrs. M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Montgomery Longaker, Jr., " Frank S. Brant, Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Helen Longaker Brant, Philadelphia, Pa. **************** LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS TO THE HISTORY OF THE LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LON- GENECKER FAMILY. No. Copies. Names and Addresses. 2 Caroline Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadelphia. 1 Dr. C. Howard Harry, Norristown, Pa. 1 David S. Longacre, Normal, Pa. 2 Rev. L. K. Evans, Pottstown, Pa. 1 M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. 1 Gertrude B. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. 1 Mrs. J. H. Behler, Nesquehoning, Pa. 48 HISTORY OF THE No. Copies. Names and Addresses. 1 Mrs. H. K. Kurtz, Coatesville, Pa. 6 H. A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. 1 David A. Longaker, Box 76, Chester, Pa. 4 Dr. C. B. Longenecker, 3512 Hamilton Street, Philadelphia. l Dr. Jerome Longenecker, 3409 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia. 1 David Longenecker, Lansdowne, Pa. 1 Mrs. Davis Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. 1 Mrs. Kirk, Lansdale, Pa. 1 D. K. Neiffer, 936 W. Dauphin Street, Philadelphia. 6 A. A. Longaker, 410 Cypress Avenue, Johnstown, Pa. 1 John L. Bauer, Bally, Pa. 1 Dr. J. E. Longacre, Weaversville, Pa. 1 George Doll, 319 Marshall Street, Philadelphia. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 49 No. Copies. Names and Addresses. 1 H. F. Young, 2306 N. Ninth Street, Philadelphia. 2 Henry Nispel, Camden, N. J. 2 G. W. Kendig, E. Baptist Avenue, York, Pa. 2 J. C. Swiler, Maytown, Pa. 1 Abraham L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. 1 Miss Ada S. Buckwalter, Phoenixville, Pa. 2 John S. Nispel, 108 N. Second Street, Philadelphia. 1 Mrs. Silas B. King, Kimberton, Pa. 1 Howard Reifsnyder, 110 S. Front Street, Philadelphia. 1 Clifford Williams, Forty-Fort, Pa. 1 Dr. Daniel Longaker, 652 N. Eighth Street, Philadelphia. 1 L. C. Longaker, Bradford, Pa. 1 Annie E. Longaker, Norristown, Pa. 50 HISTORY OF THE No. Copies. Name and Addresses. 1 Mrs. James W. Delp, 126 W. Oley Street, Reading, Pa. 1 George F. Longaker, William Penn, Pa. 1 Henry C. Conrad, Wilmington, Del. 1 Abraham M. Beitler, Court of Common Pleas No. l, Philadelphia. 1 Howard L. Williams, Davenport, Iowa. 1 J. W. Rosenberger, Yerkes, Pa. 1 George F. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. 1 Charles Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. 25 Mathias R. Longacre, Oaks, Pa. 10 Judge J. H. Longenecker, Bedford, Pa. 1 Mrs. A. A. Wertman, Tannersville, Pa. 1 Isaac W. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. 3 Daniel Longaker, 604 Laurel Street, Louisville, Ky. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 51 No. Copies. Names and Addresses. 1 Frank Longaker, 1432 W. Green Street, Louisville, Ky. l Mrs. F. L. Bauman, Ada, Ohio. 1 John W. Longacre, Rich Hill, Pa. 1 J. H. Longacre, Arcola, Pa. 1 Jacob S. Longacre, Mantz, Pa. 1 Mrs. Lydia A. Habuda, 601 N. Thirteenth Street, St. Joseph, Mo. ******************** At a Business Meeting it was resolved that each member shall pay twenty-five (25) cents to defray the ordinary expenses. LIST OF THOSE WHO PAID. Frances B. Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. $0 25 D. Brower Longaker, " 25 Abram Longaker, Linfield, Pa. 25 Susan Longaker, " 25 Henry Nispel, Camden. N. J. 25 Henry A. Cole, Royersford, Pa. 25 Jennie W. Cole. " 25 52 HISTORY OF THE John Nispel, Camden, N. J. $0 25 Dr. Daniel Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. 25 Mrs. Neiffer, " 25 Mrs. C. L. Young, " 25 Dr. Edgar T. Miller, King of Prussia, Pa. 25 Frank D. Evans, Linfield, Pa. 25 A. H. Detwiler, Gratersford, Pa. 25 Mrs. Detwiler, " 25 W. P. Detwiler, Phoenixville, Pa. 25 David A. Longaker, Chester, Pa. 25 Mrs. A. Longaker, " 25 Daniel W. Longacre & family, Eagleville, Pa. 1 00 Mr. and Mrs. Irvin Force, Spring City, Pa. 50 Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Funk, " 50 Mr. & Mrs. D. W. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. 50 Mr. & Mrs. Isaac A. Longacre, Eagleville, Pa. 50 Misses Doll, Philadelphia, Pa. 1 00 Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. 50 M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. 25 Daniel Longaker, Louisville, Ky. 25 David A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. 50 Mary L. Force, Spring City, Pa. 25 Dr. and Mrs. J. H. Behler, Nesquehoning, Pa. 50 A. L. Bower, Congo, Pa. 25 Mrs. Fanny Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. 25 I. B. Bauer, Bally, Pa. 25 M. B. Schantz, Hosensack, Pa. 25 LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 53 Jacob L. Bauer, Sassamansville, Pa. $0 25 Mrs. Caroline E. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. 25 Miss Elizabeth F. Longacre, " 25 Miss Caroline F. Longacre, " 25 Miss Hannah L. Longacre, " 25 Walter F. Longacre, New York City. 25 David F. Longacre, " 25 George F. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. 25 A. L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. 25 Henry A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. 25 Jacob D. Funk, Yerkes, Pa. 25 S. Howard Yocum, Oaks, Pa. 25 John S. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. 25 Isaac S. Longacre, " 25 Rev. L. K. Evans and family, Pottstown, Pa. 1 00 Mrs. Andora L. Benner, Yerkes, Pa. 25 J. W. Rosenberger, " 25 Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. 50 Lillian T. Miller, " 25 David S. Longacre, Rich Hill, Pa. 25 Henry S. Longacre, " 25 Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Hendricks, Pottstown, Pa. 50 Aaron S. Longacre, Rich Hill, Pa. 25 Mr. and Mrs. M. R. Shenkle, Phoenixville, Pa. 50 Florence Shenkle, " 25 Grace Shenkle, " 25 Bertha Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. 25 54 HISTORY OF THE Horace Kohl, Limerick, Pa. $0 25 Mr. & Mrs. C. Lincoln Boner, Philadelphia, Pa. 50 Mrs. Ellen Longaker, " 25 W. Scott Young, " 25 George D. Haldeman, " 25 Mrs. Caroline Haldeman, " 25 Mrs. Lizzie Detwiler Hoar, " 25 Beulah Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. 25 Mrs. M. S. Longaker, " 25 Gertrude Longaker, " 25 ****************** At the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family Re-union, held at Ringing Rocks Park, in the sum- mer of 1896, the members there assembled voted to have the proceedings of the meeting published in book form, together with the papers read before the meeting, and any other data relating to the early history of the family which the committee might be able to secure. The committee have, since the Re-union, held several meetings and have secured considerable, ad- ditional information, largely through the efforts of, Judge A. B. Longaker, of Norristown, one of the members of the committee. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 55 RE-UNION OF 1896. The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker- Longenecker Family was held at Ringing Rocks Park on August 20, 1896. The day was a beau- tiful one, and the family largely represented. A few minutes past eleven A. M., the meeting was called to order by the President, Hon. A. B. Longaker, and it was opened by the Rev. L. K. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., who invoked the bless- ing of God upon the assembly. Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, then delivered an address of welcome, in a very pleasing manner.* Miss Florence Shenkle, of Phoenixville, then ren- dered a piano solo, and the Hon. A. M. Beitler de- livered an address on the Brower Branch of the Longaker family.** A piano solo by Miss Anna R. Evans, of Pottstown, Pa., was next in order. Hon. A. B. Longaker then gave a great many interesting facts in regard to the Longakers, from the time they came to this country from Switzerland, about 1727 to 1733, to the present day. Mr. David Evans, of Philadelphia, then favored us with a cornet solo. The programme being concluded, a short busi- ness session was held. On motion of Mr. Henry * See page 16. ** See page 20. 56 HISTORY OF THE A. Longacre, of Jeffersonville, the convention was changed into a permanent organization, with the Hon. A. B. Longaker, of Norristown, Pa., as chair- man. It was then moved and seconded that the present committee be continued, and others added so as to make the number fifteen. On motion, Mr. C. Lincoln Boner, of Philadelphia, was made Vice- President; Miss Lizzie Dismant, of Limerick, Pa., Treasurer; Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa., Secretary. The matter of holding the Re-union every three or five years was left to the discretion of the com- mittee. During the day a telegram was received from Judge J. H. Longenecker, of Bedford, Pa., ex- pressing his regret at his inability to be present, and wishing all a very joyous re-union. Two hundred and eighty-five persons entered their names on the register. All departed in the evening with the recollection of having spent the twentieth of August both profitably and pleasantly. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. ****************** COMMITTEE MEETING. A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Long- aker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held Sep- tember 12, 1896, at the Hartranft House, Norris- town, Pa.. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER. FAMILY. 57 The meeting was called to order by the Presi- dent, Hon. A. B. Longaker. On motion of Mr. H. A. Longacre, it was ordered that the Secretary send a circular to each member of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family, notifying them that on receipt of twenty-five cents they would be registered and a pamphlet, contain- ing proceedings of the Re-union of August 20, 1896, would be sent them. It was moved and seconded that the Secretary be instructed to write Hon. A. M. Beitler for his ad- dress furnished on that occasion, to be filed with the records and published. Moved and seconded that the Rev. F. C. Long- aker also be asked to furnish his address, together with an account of the origin of the movement, and the Hon. A. B. Longaker his history of the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family. On motion, the Secretary was paid $6.92 for ex- penses incurred. The following persons were then added to the committee: J. L. Longaker, Miss Lizzie D. Detwiler, Mathias R. Longacre, Mrs. L. K. Evans. It was moved and seconded that the President and Secretary call the next meeting at a time to be set by them. 58 HISTORY OF THE There being no further business, the meeting adjourned. GERTRUDE B. LONGAKER, Secretary. ******************* RE-UNION OF 1899. The Convention of the Longacre-Longaker- Longenecker Family was held at Sanatoga Park, Pa., on August 23, 1899. About eleven o'clock the relatives assembled in the pavilion, and the meeting was called to order by the President, the Hon. A. B. Longaker. After the reading of the minutes by the Secretary, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker, the following officers were elected to serve for three years: President.-Hon. A. B. Longaker. Vice-President.-C. Lincoln Boner. Secretary.-Anna R. Evans. Treasurer.-Lizzie Dismant. An Executive Committee of fifteen persons was appointed by the Chairman, consisting of the fol- lowing persons: Hon. A. B. Longaker, Rev. Henry E. Longenecker, Lizzie Dismant, Henry A. Longacre, Nellie Dismant, W. P. Detwiler, C. Lincoln Boner, Rev. Frank C. Longaker, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 59 Reuben R. Longaker, Walter F. Longacre, Dr. Daniel Longaker, Lillian Miller, D. B. Longaker, Anna R. Evans. M. R. Longacre, The Treasurer reported six dollars and forty-two cents in the treasury. It was requested that every member pay twenty-five cents every three years to help defray expenses. The meeting then adjourned, to meet at half-past one. The Convention re-convened at one-thirty, when the Rev. L. K. Evans opened with prayer. Hon. A. B. Longaker then gave an interesting address, after which Miss Shenkle, of Phoenixville, Pa., rendered a very pretty piano solo. This was fol- lowed by a recitation by Miss Mabel Longaker, Pottstown, Pa;, and Daniel L. Evans, of the same place, sang a solo. Miss Mae Longacre, of Eagle- ville, Pa., gave a recitation, and the programme was closed by a pretty vocal solo by Miss Bertha Detwiler, of Oaks, Pa. The meeting then adjourned, and the relatives, who had spent a thoroughly enjoyable day together, returned to their different homes. ANNA R. EVANS, Secretary. 60 HISTORY OF THE LIST OF THOSE PRESENT AT THE RE-UNION OF 1899. Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa. C. Lincoln Boner, Philadelphia, Pa. H. A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. Samuel Longacre, Phoenixville, Pa. Beulah M. Longacre, " Lavinia Lukens, " Kate C. Niman, " Thomas F. Longaker, West Philadelphia, Pa. David W. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. Helena Longacre, " Mrs. Anndora T. Benner, Yerkes, Pa. Edith V. Longacre, Oaks, Pa. Mabel Longacre, " M. S. Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. M. S. Longaker, " Gertrude B. Longaker, " Beulah Longaker, " Mabel Longaker, " Louis Longaker, " Russel Longaker, " Mrs. F. S. Brant, Philadelphia,. Pa. Effie Brant, " Frances Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. D. Brower Longaker, " LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 61 John U. Longaker, Lansdale, Pa. George E. Longaker, " W. S. Young, Philadelphia, Pa. Carrie L. Young, " Edgar L. Young, " Emma L. Rose, " Daniel Longaker, Louisville, Ky. George F. Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. Carrie Longacre, " Hannah L. Longacre, " Florence S. Shenkle, Phcenixville, Pa. Grace G. Shenkle, " Barbara Shenkle, Millersville, Pa. Maude Shenkle, " Lucy M. Longacre, Phoenixville, Pa. George F. Longaker, William Penn, Pa. Esther A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. Bertha L. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. Abram Longaker and wife, Linfield, Pa. Jennie A. Neiffer, Philadelphia, Pa. R. R. Longaker, " Emma Longaker, " Howard C. Longaker, " Ralph Longaker, " Lizzie Longaker, " Caroline Longaker, " Francis Longaker, Louisville, Ky. 62 HISTORY OF THE Eliza H. Longaker, Louisville, Ky. Maggie C. Longaker, " Kate L. Longaker, Ohio. Sallie Longaker, Louisville, Ky. Elizabeth Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. Daniel N. Longaker, " Edna Kinsey, Linfield, Pa. Rev. L. K. Evans, Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. L. K. Evans, " Anna R. Evans, " Daniel L. Evans, " Daniel W. Longacre, Eagleville, Montg. Co., Pa. Mary H. Longacre, " " Mae S. Longacre, " " Emma S. Longacre, " " Clara F. Dewees, Philadelphia, Pa. Savilla Longaker, Pottstown, Pa. Irma D. Longaker, " Amanda J. Neiffer, Philadelphia, Pa. Marie Longaker, " Henry A. Cole, Royersford, Pa. Jennie W. Cole, " Horace L. Kohl, Limerick, Pa. Mary E. Kohl, " I. B. Bauer, Bally, Pa. Ellen L. Young, Philadelphia, Pa. Harry Reuter, " LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 63 Mrs. Adele T. Miller, Collegeville, Pa. Mrs. Caroline Longacre, Yerkes, Pa. Mrs. Clara W. Longaker, Chester, Pa. David A. Longaker, " John L. Bauer, Bally, Pa. Isaac A. Longacre, Eagleville, Pa. Sarah J. Longacre, " Mary Ida Longacre, " David E. Longacre, " Florence R. Longacre, " Mrs. F. H. Detwiler, Oaks, Pa. M. V. Detwiler, " George Halderman, Philadelphia, Pa. Clifford L. Halderman, " Mrs. Caroline Longaker, " A. L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. Mrs. A. L. Bechtel, Bally, Pa. J. Nathan Bechtel, " Elsie M. Bechtel, " Mamie M. Bechtel, " Miss Hattie I. Longacre, Mantz, Pa. Miss Sallie L. Longacre, " Jacob L. Bauer, Sassamansville, Pa. Hannah L. Bauer, " Amanda L. Bauer, " Milton B. Schantz, Hosensack, Pa. Mrs. Katherine Schantz, " 64 HISTORY OF THE A. L. Bauer, Congo, Pa. Andrew B. Bauer, Jr., Congo, Pa. Florence Evans, Linfield, Pa. Jacob D. Funk, Yerkes, Pa. John S. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. Sarah M. Longacre, Phoenixville, Pa. Addison T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Lucinda T. Miller, " Aaron S. Longacre, Rich Hill, Pa. David S. Longacre, " Henry S. Longacre, " Isaac S. Longacre, Shelly, Pa. Ida S. Longacre, Rich Hill, Pa. Lizzie S. Longacre, " Milton S. Longacre, " A. H. Hendricks, Esq., Pottstown, Pa. Mrs. A. H. Hendricks, " Frank D. Evans, Linfield, Pa. Lillian T. Miller, Limerick, Pa. Georgiene Dismant, " Mrs. B. F. Dismant, " E. T. Miller, King of Prussia, Pa. Nellie Dismant, Limerick, Pa. Mrs. Charles S. Longacre, Greensburg, Pa. Catharine S. Longacre, Plover, Pa. Lizzie D. Hoar, Philadelphia, Pa. Annie L. Landis, Schwenksville, Pa. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 65 H. H. Landis, Schwenksville, Pa. Horace Landis, " Adaline Doll, Philadelphia, Pa. Matilda Doll, " Clara Doll, " Henry Nispel, Camden, N. J. Mrs. Laura L. Nispel, Camden, N. J. Edna G. Nispel, " Anna E. Nispel, " Annie M. Wynn, Spring City, Pa. Annie Crater, Pottstown, Pa. Fannie R. Longacre, Philadelphia, Pa. Mary R. Wynn, Spring City, Pa. Mrs. Matilda Dunlap, " Nellie Maud Rhoads, Phoenixville, Pa. Daniel Longaker, Louisville, Ky. Elizabeth Dismant, Limerick, Pa. William P. Detwiler, Phoenixville, Pa. Annie M. Shenkle, Trappe, Pa. Philip K. Shenkle, " Barbara A. Shenkle, " M. R. Shenkle, Phoenixville, Pa. Dr. Daniel Longaker, Philadelphia, Pa. David A. Longacre, Jeffersonville, Pa. Daniel Longacre, New York City. J. H. Behler, M. D., Nesquehoning, Pa. Mrs. J. H. Behler, " 66 HISTORY OF THE Miss Mary E. Behler, Nesquehoning, Pa. J. M. Rosenberger, Yerkes, Pa. Ida P. Rosenberger, Oaks, Pa. Mrs. Mary Force, " Mary Halterman, Mont Clare, Pa. ****************** MINUTES OF COMMITTEE MEETING, HELD AT NORRISTOWN, JUNE 22, 1901. Those present were Hon. A. B. Longaker, M. R. Longacre and wife, C. Lincoln Boner, D. Brower Longaker, Dr. Daniel Longaker, and Henry A Longacre. Hon. A. B. Longaker occupied the chair, and stated that the object of the meeting was to discuss the issuance of the History of the Longacre-Long- aker-Longenecker Family. After considerable discussion, the following was adopted: Resolved, That the material we have be put into shape at once and printed, and that the price be kept within the limita- tion of one dollar ($1.00), and that the book be sent to those who have subscribed and who may subscribe for same. Judge A. B. Longaker stated that the reason more rapid progress had not been made on the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 67 manuscript for the book was due to the fact that his eyes have been and still are in a very bad con- dition, and that it would be necessary to employ an amanuensis or stenographer to complete the book, whereupon it was Resolved, That Judge A. B. Longaker select a stenographer to assist in the preparation of the manuscript for the publishing house, the remuneration not to exceed fifty (50) dollars, and to be paid out of the proceeds of the sale of the book. There being no further business, the meeting, on motion, adjourned. HENRY A. LONGACRE, Secretary Pro Tem. ****************** Norristown, Pa., March 29, 1902. A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Long- aker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held at the Hartranft House, Saturday, March 29, at three o'clock. The object of the meeting was to select a place at which to hold the next Re-union, and also to hear any reports concerning the Family History. Judge A. B. Longaker occupied the chair, and those present were: Hon. A. B. Longaker, Reuben R. Longaker, Henry A. Longacre, Anna R. Evans. C. Lincoln Boner, 68 HISTORY OF THE Mr. Henry A. Longacre moved that the Re-union be held on Wednesday, August 20, 1902, at Potts- town, and this was adopted. It was also moved and seconded that the place of meeting be Sanatoga Park, and the Secretary was instructed to see the authorities of the Park, and engage it for that day, so that the Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker Family could have sole possession. A Programme Committee of three, consisting of Henry A. Longacre, Rueben R. Longaker, and Miss Anna R. Evans, was appointed to provide suitable entertainment for the day. This committee was given power to increase their number by the addi- tion of a Reception Committee, consisting of as many as they may deem proper to place thereon. The subject of badges came up for discussion, but was left over for further consideration. Judge A. B. Longaker reported progress in his work of preparing the History, and stated that he thought in about four weeks, at least, part of it would be ready for the printer's hands, and in eight weeks he hoped to have it entirely finished. There being no further, business, the meeting ad- journed, to meet at the call of the Chairman of the Programme Committee. ANNA R. EVANS, Secretary. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 69 MINUTES OF BUSINESS MEETING, HELD JUNE 4, 1902. A meeting of the Committee on Longacre-Long- aker-Longenecker Family Re-union was held at the Hartranft House, Norristown, Wednesday evening, June 4, at 7.30 o'clock. Those present were: Judge A. B. Longaker, H. A. Longacre, C. Lincoln Boner, R. R. Longaker, W. P. Detwiler, Lizzie Dismant, and Anna R. Evans. The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. The Treasurer's Report was then read and accepted, and the Secretary was instructed to spread this report on the minutes of the meeting. TREASURER'S REPORT. Dr. 1896. Aug. 19. Received dues from First Committee $10 00 1899. Aug. 23. Received membership dues........... 22 50 Sept. 7. Received from Secretary............ 3 00 Nov. 8. Received from Secretary............. 2 50 Nov. 16. Received for books................. 5 00 Received from sundry sources................ 11 42 ------ $54 42 70 HISTORY OF THE Cr. 1896. Sept. 12. Paid Secretary for stationery..... $6 92 1899. April 19. Paid President for stationery and postage..................................... 5 00 April 19. Paid Secretary for stationery..... 2 50 Postage and registering..................... 1 08 ------ $15 50 1902. June 4. Balance in bands of Treasurer....... 38 92 ------ $54 42 LIZZIE DISMANT, Treasurer. Matters concerning the coming Re-union were discussed, and Mr. Henry A. Longacre and C. Lin- coln Boner both handed in forms for the invitations to be sent out Both were read, and then the Sec- retary was asked to write a third, combining the ideas of the two, and send it to Mr. H. A. Longacre for approval. Judge A. B. Longaker stated that already por- tions of the book were in the hands of the printer, and the work was going on. It was moved and seconded that Mr. R. R. Long- aker provide suitable badges for distribution to the members of the family on Re-union Day. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 71 The printing of the invitations was given in charge of C. Lincoln Boner. There being no further business, the meeting ad- journed at 8.30 o'clock. ANNA R. EVANS, Secretary. ***************** INVITATION. Pottstown, Pa., July 1, 1902. The Third Triennial Re-union of the Longacre- Longaker-Longenecker Family will be held at Sanatoga Park, Pottstown, Pa., on Wednesday, August 20, 1902, at eleven A. M. Yourself and family are cordially invited to be present. Sanatoga Park is located about three miles below Pottstown, by which it is connected by trolley, and it can also be reached by trolley from Philadelphia and Norristown. Express trains on the Reading Railway, leaving Philadelphia at 8.36 and 10.21 A. M., arrive in Pottstown at 9.27 and 11.32 A. M., respectively, and those leaving Reading at 9.25 and 10.15 A. M. reach there at 9.49 and 10.46 A. M., respectively. The trolley cars from the town to the Park run every ten minutes, and accommodations are good. Persons, not desiring to bring their lunch with them, can ob- tain the same on the grounds at reasonable rates. A business meeting will be held at 1.30 P. M., immediately after which a short Literary and Musical Programme will be 72 HISTORY OF THE rendered. A full representation is earnestly requested, as the History of the Family will be ready for distribution at that time. If you have not as yet sent in your order for the book, you may, if you desire, send a postal asking to have one or more copies reserved for you until Re-union Day. The demand so far has been reasonably good, and assures the committee that before long the edition will be exhausted. You will confer a great favor on the committee by extending this invitation to any member of the family with whom you may come in contact, as the list of names in possession of the Secretary is doubtless very incomplete. The day and grounds have been reserved exclu- sively for the Longacre-Longaker-Longeneckcr Family, so come and make this Re-union the most successful one ever held. Cordially yours, ANNA R. EVANS, Secretary. By order of the Committee. ************ CHAPTER II. ************ BIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF THE COLONIAL ANCESTORS-COLONIAL STEMS. Ulrich and Daniel, brothers, are the Colonial ancestors of the Longenecker family in America. Their descendants are numerous in Eastern Pennsylvania in the Counties of Montgomery, Chester, and Lancaster. They emigrated from 1722 to 1733, and it is probable that some of them were in and around London eight to ten years before sailing for the American Colonies. They were Huguenots, and in Europe, as well as here, were German Quakers and affiliated and wor- shiped with the English Quakers. Their ancestors fled from the Spanish Inquisition, and, after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, escaped to Switzer- land and settled in and near to Zurich. They were educated, and in literary attainments are to be regarded as progressive as were those educators who settled in provinces along the Rhine, (73) 74 HISTORY OF THE and who were at least one hundred years in advance of other European districts. Daniel was a Mennonite preacher and Christian, a son of Ulrich, also, at the time he immigrated, and both upon their arrival in the New World continued active in their ministerial duties. They were persecuted at home, and to obtain religious and civil liberty they went abroad. They were co-workers in a common cause, and much that they did was accomplished by associated effort; but, in order to be explicit, it is deemed better to present the biography of the one as distinct from the other where it can be done judiciously. It is well to notice, preliminarily, that there is a third colonial stem bearing the name of Longacre, and, in order to eliminate their descendants from the other two, it is deemed well to show that there is no kinship amongst the three, or at least it is not acknowledged here; although it may be probable that within two or three centuries ago-if research shall be made-it will be found that there, was a common ancestry amongst the three stems. Andrew Longacre in 1634, prior to the grant of the province to William Penn, came with the Swedes and settled on the Delaware at Kingsessing. The letter of Andrew, Longacre, D. D., of New York City, and a descendant of Andrew Longacre LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 75 the first, is so clear and satisfactory that it is here inserted. "New York, 31 East 60th St., July 3rd, 1896. Hon. A. B. Longaker: Dear Sir: In reply to yours of June 30th, as to our family history. We trace our ancestry to the Swedes who settled on the Delaware River below the site of Philadelphia in 1634. In a deed between Penn and the twenty-four principal Swedes, our ancestor's name is written as I write mine, "Andrew Longacre," but it is signed "Anders Long'ker," or as it was sometimes written, Longoker; which has, I believe, the same significance as Longacre. We have almost unbroken records of the family from that time gathered from public records. The family has remained very steadily in the neighborhood of Kingsessing. A branch of it settled in Winchester, Va., and another branch about two generations back settled in New Jersey near the Delaware. My father's name was James Barton Longacre, an engraver, and for twenty-five years and over the engraver of the Mint of the United States. He died in 1869. His father's name was Peter, who is buried at Kingsessing, and his father's name was Andrew (I believe). As a descendant of the original Swedes, my father voted in the election of pastors for the Swedes' Church in Philadelphia, until the law was passed giving that privilege to the actual pew- holders. My father was always under the impression that your family (Longaker, of Norristown) was an early off-shoot from ours; but I see by your brief sketch of your ancestry that could not have been the case. My brother, James M. Longacre, 32 S.Walnut Street, Phila- 76 HISTORY OF THE delphia, and I will be glad to give you any further information in our power, but we have no claim to unite in the family re-union on August 20th. Very truly yours, ANDREW LONGACRE. Andrew Longacre-Draft for 250 acres, assign- ment to John Culin, has endorsed on it under date of 9th day, 7th month, 1706, assignment to John Hughes (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. II., page 740). Request of Andrew and Peter Longoker to re- survey and divide 200 acres of land at Siamessing, 2nd month, 5th day, 1736, page 77; ibidem, page 81; patent to Andrew Longaker for 140 acres in King- sess, Philadelphia Co., an old Swedes' grant, 8th day, 7th month, 1736-same vol., page 81, Peter Longoker presented draft of about 40 acres of Swamp Cripple, or meadow, lying in Kingsess, next to the Schuyl- kill, desiring confirmation of the same, etc. Neither warrant nor survey of the same could be found, therefore it is referred for further consideration. Patent to Peter Longoker for old Swedes' land in Kingsess, Philadelphia Co., was granted 6th month, 12th day, 1738, p. 105. Israel Longacre owned two tracts of land on the west side of Schuylkill River, one of 200 acres, in which, as grantee, he is described as residing at LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 77 Darby; Andrew Culin and wife, of about 200 acres, granted to him by deed, dated 1759, recorded in Book Y, page 111, at Westchester; the other John Knowles and wife, granted 1764, Book Y, page 116. He was also enrolled and mustered with the militia in 1778 to 1780-Capt. Diehl's company (Pennsyl- vania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. VI., page 174). He is buried in the Mennonite graveyard, near Spring City, and his grave is yearly decorated by the Zook Post of the Grand Army, as one of the Revolu- tionary soldiers there buried. Dismissing this digression the biography of the other stems will be resumed. Ulrich Longenecker immigrated in 1733. His age was 69 years, and there came with him his wife and two sons-Ulrich, Jr., aged 22 years, and Jacob, 19 years. He located upon a tract of land of 229 acres, lying upon the west side of the Schuylkill River-now in North Coventry Township, Chester Co., for which a warrant issued April l0th, 1736, to Ulrich Loninnacre-and a deed of Ulrich Loninnacre and wife, dated May 17th, 1749, was executed to John Staner (now Steiner), recorded at Philadelphia, in Deed Book A, Vol. 10, page 25. In 1767 the tract was patented to Henry Benner, and the adjoining owners are mentioned to be Hans Switzer, Marten Switzer, Adam Henry, and Andrew Wolf (vide letter of Geo. 78 HISTORY OF THE P. F. Wanger, June 25th, 1895, in Chapter entitled "Letters"). It is traditionary amongst his descendants that he was a book-printer at Zurich, Switzerland. Three other sons preceded him in coming to the new world. David immigrated about 1722. Rupp says it was as early as 1719; whatever was the date, it is quite probable that he sailed in the same vessel in which his Uncle Daniel and family came. John immigrated in 1727 and Christian in 1729; these sons, except Jacob, settled in Lancaster County, Pa., as did their father at a later period. Daniel 1st had four sons-David, John, Henry, and Jacob-and two daughters-Elizabeth and Magda- lena; in all two fathers and nine sons, making eleven immigrants from Europe settling in the new Colo- nies (it being traditionary that eleven came, of whom nine settled in northern part of New York State and two in Penna. (vide infra), but nine did not settle in New York and only two in Pennsylvania. It is a fact corroborating the records as presented subsequently in this volume, that all finally settled in this State. It may be true that Daniel-being a Mennonite preacher and coming some six to eight years earlier than the others-did go first to northern New York, to the German Quaker settlement, near to the line of Pennsylvania, in the vicinity of Wilkes-Barre; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 79 but certain it is that he was officiating as preacher at Manatawny some few years prior to 1727. Here the letter is inserted: "ISLIP, L. I., OCTOBER 12,1896. A. B. Longenecker, Esq.: Dear Sir.: Your communication of October 8th duly re- ceived, and in reply will say I have no knowledge of my ancestors. Early in life, had I been interested, I could have known much, as it was often talked of by my father, but I was too young to have it make any impression or for it to excite any interest in the conversation. I often beard my father say eleven brothers emigrated to this country from Switzerland; two settling in Pennsylvania, the other nine in the northern part of New York State. I never saw my grandfather; believe his name was Peter; died in Lancaster Co. Some years ago my brother David (the only brother I had) made a trip to Europe to ascertain about our ancestors; as far aa my memory serves, with but little success. He brought with him a genealogical tree, but I never saw it. You might possibly get some information from the only remaining nephew, Dr. Jerome Longenecker, of Philadelphia. I have not his address.* I remember someone saying the Longeneckers were book pub- lishers in Switzerland, in Tell's region. There is a Judge Longenecker in Chicago; also a prominent officer in the navy, I have forgotten his title; also a Colonel Longenecker, probably the one you speak of. Several by the same name in Ohio, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. My father was born in Lancaster Co., 1783; died March, 1861, aged 77. My brother died several years ago, in his seventy's. I was born 1823, consequently am in my 74th year. * The address, 3409 Spring Garden Street. 80 HISTORY OF THE A short time ago a gentleman called at my son David's office in Brooklyn; told him much about the Longeneckers; apparently much interested. I will try and get his address and send it to you. I have had ten sons (no daughter), a fair prospect of the continuance of the name. Six are living; all practicing dentistry in New York. Dr. C. B. Longenecker, of Philadelphia, can give you Dr. Jerome Longenecker's (his uncle) address. Will be pleased to hear from you again; hoping you will be successful in your researches. Yours truly, JOHN H. LONGENECKER." Another letter is here presented as important, as to the locality from which the immigrants came and as regards the orthography of the name. "SPRINGHOUSE, TENN., AUG. 19, l886. Mr. J. H. Longenecker DEAR SIR: Your kind letter of the 5th inst. to hand. My thanks to you for your information concerning your Associa- tion. My native State, properly Canton, is Appenzell, in which the name of Longenecker is quite numerous. I knew a great many of that name in the County of Gais. Where I came from it is spelled with an a instead of an o, Langenecker.* A Lang- enecker emigrated from my native town a few years before I did. I supposed you was the man. He left Switzerland about 1850. I left in 1853; last heard of him he was in Cincinnati, 0. Truly, etc., ULRICH HEIM." *A (with umlaut) is soft, equivalent to ae diphthong, phonetically Laengenecker. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 8l I heard nothing further from him, but the state- ment confirmed the impression previously enter- tained that the family originated in Switzerland. Very sincerely, etc., J. H. LONGENECKER. Ulrich[1], about 1746, after selling his lands upon the Schuylkill, went to Lancaster County with his son Ulrich[2]. He acquired no other lands. It is not known when he died, nor where he was buried. Of his five sons, four-David, John, Christian, and Ulrich[2]-died possessed largely of real estate, the deeds for which were recorded, as appears subse- quently in Chapter entitled "Records," together with extracts from their wills; and Jacob, his youngest son, settled near what is known now as Parker-Ford, and married the widow (Susanna) of his cousin, John Longenecker. Jacob Longenecker[2], grandson of Ulrich[1], about 1780, changed the name to Longaker, and the descendants of Daniel, their names to Longacre. The descendants of Ulrich[1] in Lancaster County and their descendants elsewhere generally retained the name of Longenecker; one branch, however, adopted Longnecker, and a few Longanaker, and under these names their descendants are residing 82 HISTORY OF THE in many of the States and Territories of the United States. Ulrich[1] and Daniel[1] each named his eldest son David; and it is not improbable that he who shall search their European pedigree will discover that David was the paternal ancestor. This narrative is all that is known of Ulrich[1] since his landing in America. The biography of Daniel[1] presents an interesting and active life amongst the earlier Colonial settlers in Eastern Pennsylvania. His mission as preacher amongst the Mennonites gave him charge of the Manatawny district. At what time his charge began is not known; but it is known that he and Jacob Bechtle (now Bechtel) were representatives in the Convention of Quakers held at Germantown in September, 1727. May 1, 1733, Patent Book A, Vol. 6, p. 174, Philadelphia. John Penn, Thomas Penn et al. conveyed to Daniel Longeneker 230 acres of land on the southeast side of the Schuylkill River, then Philadelphia County, at Mingo Creek, and extend-' ing along said river southeasterly to the land now known as the Almshouse Farm at Black Rock. A reference to this grant is recited in deed recorded at Norristown, in Deed Book No. 13, page 260, dated March 30, 1756, in which the heirs of said LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 83 Daniel, deceased, are the grantors to their brother David. The time of his death is not known exactly, but it is probable that it occurred in 1756, as his widow, Elizabeth, then renounced her right to administration, and to David, the eldest son, letters issued, with John Bookwalter and Jacob Hoch (now High) sureties, dated October 12th, 1756. To this bond he signed his name in German, David Langenacker, a (diaresis) is soft and pronounced ae (Laengenacker). On the 13th day of November, A. D. 1756, Elizabeth, the widow of said Daniel, and his children, to wit: Elizabeth, wife of Jacob High; Magdalene, wife of John Buckwalter; Ann, wife of Philip High; Mary, wife of Valentine Clemmer; Jacob Longacre, Jr., and the widow and children of his son John, deceased, joining therein; Susanna, late the widow of said John, married to Jacob Longenecker; Elizabeth, married to Nicholas Cress- man; Catherine, Daniel, and Sarah, conveyed said 220 acres of land to his said son David. 84 HISTORY OF THE DEED. GEORGE NORTH AND WIFE TO DAVID LONGENACRE: Mill and tract of land on Mingo Creek, 31 acres for mill-race, etc. Dated April 16th, 1773, Book I, page 105, at Norristown. As the sons of Daniel and Jacob, son of Ulrich[1], were intimately associated and co-workers in that which was done, their doings being so blended, their biography is discussed together, giving inci- dents, records, and pedigree of those who were born not later than about 1770. David (son of Daniel[1]), in his will dated 2nd day of January, A. D. 1776, probated in Phila., August 18th, 1776, names lega- tees his widow, Barbara, and children-John, Mary, Magdalena, David, Jacob, Henry, Daniel, Peter, and Isaac, the last five being minors; his son John, and Daniel, a son of his deceased brother John, are appointed executors. The estate is divided, equally amongst his children-having provided for his wife, Barbara, during her life. Mary married Christian Maris; he died, leaving, her surviving, she married Matthias Pennypacker (the grandfather of Judge Pennypacker), and had issue, an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married William Walker, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 85 of Chester Valley. Some of the descendants of William Walker are living in the valley, and others in Philadelphia. The Colkets, Audenrieds, and Wilsons are amongst the descendants. David[3] (David[2], Daniel[1]) died in 1826. and let- ters of administration were granted June 10th, 1826, to John, Christopher, and Daniel Longacre, in the sum of $10,000 (Book No. 3, page 122, at Nor- ristown); subsequently a deed of release, between Henry Longacre and Daniel Longacre, dated the - day of ------, recorded at Norristown. Book No. 3, page 351, recites that David[3] died intestate, leaving Barbara, his widow, and eight children to survive him, to wit: John, Christopher, Frances, Daniel (and Hannah, his wife), Debora (and her husband, M. Roudenbush), Elizabeth, Jacob (and Sarah, his wife), Isaac (and Hannah, his wife). Recurring to Daniel[1]; his son, John, October 14th, 1735, purchased from John Penn et al. (Deed Book F, Vol. 9, p. 3, Philadelphia) 250 acres of land on the southeast side of the River Schuylkill, at Black Rock, adjoining lands of George Burson, Nicholas Hooper (supposed to be Harper), the manor of Gilbert, and lands of his father. He died in 1745, leaving a will dated May l9th, 1745; probated at Philadelphia the same year, July 20th ; of this will his father, Daniel, and John Bookwalter are appointed 86 HISTORY OF THE executors. This will is witnessed by Christian Morey, Jacob Morey, and David Langenacker. He left to survive him his widow, Susanna, his son Daniel, and three daughters of his said son, to wit: Elizabeth, married Nicholas Cressman; Catharine, married Jacob Bechtel (Mennonite preacher), of Northampton; and Sarah, married John Cochenouer. His widow married Jacob Longenecker[2] (Ulrich[1]), A. D. 1746. By a clause of the will, in case she should marry again, her appointment as executrix was determined, and the bequest to her reduced to a child's share, and the testator's only son, Daniel, became vested in fee of all the real estate, charged with the payment of the legacies of his mother and his three sisters. How soon thereafter Daniel went into possession is not known, but his mother pur- chased from the Parker heirs 275 acres of land at what is now known as Parkerford, and took posses- sion of it in 1746. Jacob Longenecker and his wife, Susanna, and the daughters, Elizabeth, with their husbands, and Nicholas Cressman, Catharine, and Jacob Bechtel, and Sarah and John Cochenouer, by deed dated March 21st, 1760 (Book 13, page 260, re- corded at Norristown), conveyed the same to Daniel; and although he is the grantee, he attested the signa- tures of the names of Catharine and Jacob Bechtel (spelling his name Daniel Longenacker). This land LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 87 adjoined the lands of Daniel[1], his grandfather, on the north, and fronted on the Schuylkill River from that line southwardly and easterly along the pool of Black Rock Dam; the other adjoining owners of land were George Burson and Nicholas Hooper (probably Harper). Henry Longacre and Elizabeth, his wife, by deed dated December 26th, 1789, con- veyed to Daniel 58 1/4 acres, and by deed dated May 3rd, 1800, Daniel conveyed to Abraham Gotwalts 243 acres, 230 of which was part of said 250, and 13 acres, part of said 58 1/4 acres. In 1806 Abraham Gotwalts conveyed the said 243 acres to the Directors of the Poor, now the Montgomery County Alms- house. The will of John[2] (Daniel[1]) dated May 19th, 1845, probated at Philadelphia, July 20th, 1845, bears the signature of John Longenecker. His father, Daniel[1], and John Buckwalter are the executors; the wit- nesses to the will are David Langenacker, Christian Morey, and John Morey. As witness to a bond on Daniel[1] Longenecker's estate, dated October i2th, 1756, he wrote his name David Langenacker. Referring again to the will of said David, son of Daniel[1], it contained a clause-that in the event his son Jacob should die in his minority, Henry his next eldest brother should take his share (Jacob 88 HISTORY OF THE having died). Henry, a blacksmith, took his share and conveyed 118 acres and 89 perches to his brother David by deed dated May 28th, 1787 (Book 3, page 348, Montgomery County). Letter translated from the German is here presented. Letter of Daniel Lengenacker, dated May 18th, 1738, as follows: "Dear and loved friends, and Cousin C. Clotz with our friendly greeting to you and your loved wife and children, wishing and hoping for you all, you and your friends, good health. Our father-in-law and mother-in-law have both died, the mother May 29th, 1735, and the father August 23rd, 1737. Father has written to you several times, but never received an answer. I don't know whether the letters have been correctly addressed, or why you have not answered them. After the death of our mother-in-law we received a letter from your hand and with your signature dated May 24th, 1737, stating that we owe you a sum of money amounting to 596 marks and 2 stubers which debt was standing open in your father's estate against our father-in-law and mother. I inform you that this is a great mistake. When my father-in-law with his family moved from Hamburg to Pennsylvania, your father bought his house, and because your father would not make payment in full at that time and our father had some debts, your father wanted him to have his and our father's debts secured in the house-that he would not be detained in moving, and that he would have time to pay off the debts formerly of our father. In this manner your father took the debts of our father on him, and it was settled with the purchase money due my father for the house. When my grandfather left Hamburg, your LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 89 father was not there, but he met him in Holland, where he had a talk with him at Amsterdam, aud asked him for the notes he had given for his former debts. Your father said his intention was also to go to Pennsylvania, and be would deliver the notes with receipts to my father; otherwise your father would have had to pay my father-in-law the balance due on the house. Your father died, and the notes have never been returned to my father-in-law, as they should have. Loved DANIEL LENGENACKER Bobestown May 8th 1738 My Dear loved parents Bobestown Pennsylvania America." Whilst this letter shows that Daniel did not immigrate direct from Switzerland, the tradition amongst his descendants and those of Ulrich[1] is that they were brothers, and prior to the period of his purchase in Hamburg both were residents of Switzerland. Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. II., page 402, recites as follows: "Land Office, April 7th, 1767, Philip Longacre, Jacob Longacre, and John Longacre, and their sister's children of Caspar Longacre, deceased, enters caveat to granting a patent to Samuel Leaper, for a tract of land in Hereford Township, Berks County, surveyed by warrant to said Caspar." (This extract is inserted so that the descendants of this branch may trace their pedigree.) 90 HISTORY OF THE Jacob was a revolutionary soldier under the name of Jacob Longenacre. He was enrolled and mustered with the militia in 1778, Captain Brown- back's Company (Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series, Vol. VI., pages 194, 197, 199, and 201). Jacob Longenacre, Jr., his son, also served in the same Company (pages 194, 197, and 201). His will, executed in 1795 and probated in 1796, con- tains a provision that in the event of another war, and in case the lands devised to his son, Jacob, should be damaged because of giving wood to the army, the price should be decreased to compensate for the injury done. Jacob Longacre, Jr., a son of Daniel[1] (Vol. VI., pages 194, 322, 323, and 430), under Captain Jacob Peterman, for year 1777, also for year 1778 (Vol. V., p. 730). John Wagenseller also, an ancestor of Peter Wagenseller, who married Susanna Longaker, a daughter of Jacob Longaker[2], also David Longen- acre, son of Daniel[1] (Vol. V., p. 738). It is deemed worthy of remark that some of the descendants of Jacob (son. of Ulric) did military service in. the War of 1812-14;. Henry and Joseph Longaker, in Civil War; A. B. and Davis Long- aker, brothers, sons of said Henry, and three of the posterity of Susanna (nee Longaker) Wagenseller; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 91 and in the Spanish-American War, Norris S. Long- aker, only son of said A. B. and John U., a son of said Davis. Jacob Longacre, born October 15th, 1767, and married to Catharine Zimmerman, in deed dated -------, 1807, between him as grantee and Daniel Longacre, grantor, is recited to be the son of said Daniel; the ancestral pedigree is, Jacob[4], Daniel[3], John[2], Daniel[1]. Extract from letter of Judge Pennypacker,1107 Girard Building, Philadelphia, dated October l0th, 1895, addressed to Judge Longaker: "DEAR JUDGE: Matthias Pennypacker married Mary Maris, widow of Christian Maris and daughter of David Longaker, April 19th,1796. They had one daughter, Sarah, whose portrait you will find in the Biography of Heindrick Pannebecker. Where you will also find set out in full the information concerning the Lang- enecker preachers and the authority for it. You cannot get a copy of the Biography, but there is one in Norristown belonging to John A. Pennypacker, where, no doubt, you can see it. Sarah Pennypacker left a large number of descendants, including the Colkits, of Philadelphia, and the wife of Colonel J. C. Audenried. She married William Walker." Johannes Langenecker was chosen Mennonite preacher at Schuylkill in 1772. David, his brother, was a preacher there about 1750. Jacob[2] (Ulrich[1]), having married the widow of John, settled on the west side of the Schuylkill about 1746, and at time of his death was pos- 92 HISTORY OF THE sessed of about 400 acres at and in the vicinity of Parker-Ford, and an undivided moiety of a farm of 182 acres with his son, Jacob. By the marriage with the widow of John, the children were two sons, Jacob and Peter, and five daughters- Salome, married Christian Bliem; Mary, married Christian Wisler; Esther, married Henry Rhodes; Magdalena, married Daniel Ruth (Root); Susanna, married John Brower. The other sons of Ulrich[1], David, John, Christian, and Ulric, Jr., settled in Lancaster County, where many of their posterity are living. David, his eldest son, came to America, probably as early as 1719. May 29th, 1729, Peter Beller conveyed to him 250 acres of land situated in Strasburg Township, Lancaster County (vide Deed recorded July 23rd, 1770, Book 0, p. 264). By deed dated May 23rd, 1759, recorded July 21st, 1770 (Book 0, p. 263), David Longenecker, Sr., con- veyed to David Longenecker, Jr., 150 acres, in Lampeter Township. His will, was filed in 1766, and the deputy registrar, Edward Shippen, noted on the record that it was written in "High Dutch," and could not be translated. It cannot be found at this day amongst the records, but, at the time of filing, letters testamentary were granted to Abraham Longenecker, Jacob Witmer, and Jacob Hartman. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 93 Same year inventory was filed. Upon a record in the Orphans' Court under dates of 1784 and 1787, the said executors were cited, etc., and the question submitted for decision was whether or not David, Jr., a son and devisee of the testator, should be allowed interest on his distributive share. The recital in deed of Abraham Longenecker and Magdalena, his wife, sets forth that David, Jr., was his brother (Book K K, pg. 387). Jerome Long- enecker, M. D., 3409 Spring Garden Street, Phila- delphia, says David was, in the early days of the Province, a collector of taxes, and performed other official duties about 1722 to 1730. There is every reasonable probability that he was highly educated, and that his will was written by himself. Research at Strasburg and Lampeter, where some of his posterity are living, would likely find the will, and several other facts to supply any missing link in the pedigree. Dr. Jerome has an iron seal ring, used to attest writings by the European ancestor; the copy was made from the original at Zurich, Switzerland. It is contained as follows (in the will of said John, of Rapho Township): Will dated August 14th, 1767, probated September 26th, 1767, naming Elizabeth, the widow, and children, Jacob, the eldest son; Christian, Henry, Peter, John, Ullery, 94 HISTORY OF THE Daniel, Abraham, Anna, Mary, Elizabeth; executors, his son, Christian, and Peter, his nephew; real estate, three tracts, 66 3/4, 128, and 118 acres. Abstract from will of one Christian, of Rapho Township, dated June 19th, 1804, probated June 1st, 1808, to wit: Elizabeth, late wife of Michael Huber (she being deceased), leaving children, Barbara, Elizabeth, Christiana, Mary, and Michael, they to take their mother's share; Abraham, Daniel, Barbara, wife of Peter Hummer; Mary, wife of David Ober; and Susanna, wife of Valentine Gensel. Abstract from will of Christian Longenecker, of Donegal Township, etc., dated March 14th, 1812, and probated April 29th, 1814; testator names his children, to wit: Christian, Ann, wife of Abraham Gish; Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Hurst; Barbara, wife of Samuel Bossler; Christian Longe- necker and Abraham Gish are appointed executors. Christian Longenecker, of Donegal, died intestate about 1759; June 5th, 1759, his son, Peter, pre- sented to the Orphans' Court, of Lancaster County, petition for Commissioners to value his real estate, etc., of about 500 acres, valued by said Commission- ers at L780, and divided into seven shares, amongst his children, Peter, Ann, wife of Peter Reist, Eliza- beth, wife of John Reist, Christian, John, Maria, and Jacob. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 95 John Longenecker, of Rapho, nominates his nephew, said Peter, one of the executors of his will; and Ulric Longenecker nominates his nephew, said Daniel, as one of the executors of his will. Extract from letter of H. E. Longenecker, Mount Joy, Lancaster County, Pa.: "My great-grandfather was Christian; born 1738; died April l6th, 1814, and is buried at Bossler's Meeting House, West Donegal Township. My grandfather, Christian, was born May 5th, 1785 ; died June, 1855. He had four sous and five daughters. His sons were Christian, Henry (my father), John. and David." Said Ulrich, Jr., acquired land, to wit: THOMAS PENN et al. TO ULRIC LONGENECKER. Patents: one dated Feb- ruary 22nd, 1748, for 142 acres (Vol 14, page 157), the other for 37 1/4 acres (Patent Book A, Vol. 14, page 307), all in Rapho Township, Lan- caster Co., Pa. Ulrich Longenecker died leaving a will dated l4th September, 1792, making bequest to his wife, Veronica, and children, as follows: ("And all his lands to his two youngest sons, Abraham and Ulrich"), and reciting, "My eldest son, Peter, being dead, I give to his son, Christian, three pounds . . . 96 HISTORY OF THE the rest of my estate equally to John, Daniel, Eliza- beth, Jacob, Veronica, Michael, Anna, Maria, Bar- bara, Magdalena, Catharine, Abraham, Ulrich, and Christian." He appointed his nephew, Daniel Longenecker, of Donegal, and his own son, Daniel, executors.* The foregoing abstracts are presented so that the posterity who may desire to have an unbroken pedigree of their colonial progenitor, Ulrich[1], may have some data to complete their own genealogy, and record it in the published book. * His nephew was a son of Christian, an uncle of the testator. ************* CHAPTER III. ************* GENEALOGY OF POSTERITY NOW LIVING-SHORT BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, ETC. DAVID W.[5] (Isaac[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). David W. Longacre, Jeffersonville, born at Mingo, October l0th, 1834; parents removed to Lower Providence Township, 1835. Married Rebecca, a daughter of Henry Allebach, and the name of her mother was Esther Hunsicker, a daughter of Garret Hunsicker; the children are: Isaac, eldest, born March 11th, 1867; married, December 24th, 1889, to Sarah Reiff. (They have children: Mary, born March l9th, 1893; David R., born February 20th, 1894; Helen, born January 7th, 1896; died, May 20th, 1897; Florence, born May 24th, 1897.) Henry A., second son, born August 30th, 1869; David A., third son, born March 26th, 1872; Esther, born December 30th, 1875; John, born June 21st, 1878. Father's name, Isaac, born February 20th, 1803; died, July 8th, 1879; married Hannah Weiss, October, 1831; children are said David W., Cath- arine M., John B. Detwiler, Henry W., born De- (97) 98 HISTORY OF THE cember 8th, 1838; Isaac W., born January 6th, 1841; Daniel, born January 10th, 1843; Jacob, born November 22nd, 1845; John, born October 28th, 1848; and Hannah, born April 7th, 1851; died aged about seven weeks. Grandfather, David, born at Mingo, December 25th, 1759: died, May 5th, 1826; married Debora Ziegler, born July 4th, 1761; died, January 28th, 1826. Their children were: John, Christopher, Barbara, David, Debora M., Michael Roudenbush, Daniel, Elizabeth, Henry, Jacob, and Isaac. Great-grandfather, David, residence Mingo, and eldest son of Daniel[1] (for Biography and Genealogy of said David and Daniel, his father, see Chapter II). The genealogy of David W.[5], Isaac[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]. ***************** SHORT PERSONAL SKETCH OF DAVID W. LONGACRE AND FAMILY. David W. Longacre always was a man of deep convictions and sincere purposes, of life, and was signally successful in whatever he undertook. After leaving his father's farm in Lower Provi- dence Township he taught school for two terms and worked in a store for two years. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 99 He has been a life-long Republican, but never aspired to office higher than that of School Director, to which he was elected for several terms. In 1865, David W. married Helena Allebach, and their domestic life has been one of remarkable felicity. Like most of the Longacre family, their life has been very unostentatious and unassuming. Ever since their marriage they have lived on a farm near Jeffersonville, and, by the exercise of good judg- ment, tenacity of purpose, and hard work, have made same fairly successful. In religious convictions they are Mennonites, and it is considered quite an exception to find their places vacant in the church. They always believed in making home a more pleasant place for their children than the corner grocery or places of a similar nature; and with this end in view, the home was kept filled with good books, magazines, periodicals, and various innocent games. The result has fully justified the course taken. They have had five children born to them: Isaac, Henry, David, Esther, and John, all of whom are living. Isaac married Sarah Reiff, and is the father of four children: Mary, David, Helen (deceased), 100 HISTORY OF THE and Florence. He owns and operates a large farm near Eagleville, Pa., formerly owned by his maternal grandfather. Henry is unmarried, and for five years was a school teacher. For nearly six years he has been employed by a large corporation in Philadelphia as confidential clerk. David, is unmarried, and for three years taught school. For the immediately preceding five years he has occupied the position of private secretary to the president of a large corporation in Philadelphia. Esther is unmarried, and is quietly and unostenta- tiously assisting her mother in her household duties. John, the youngest member of the family, after leaving the farm, took a course in a business college, and is now employed as clerk in a glass manufacturing establishment, in Philadelphia. ***************** EMMANUEL LONGACRE FAMILY. Emmanuel Longacre[5], Trappe, Montgomery County, born April 26th, 1839. Attended the public schools and Freeland Seminary; taught school four years, in Civil; War nine months, in 109th Regiment, Company I, Pennsylvania Volunteers; also Second Lieutenant 34th Regi-. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 101 ment, Company C, Pennsylvania Militia; a farmer, and member of St. Luke's Reformed Church; married Caroline E. Force, January 7th, 1865, a daughter of Jacob V. and Elizabeth Ever- hart Force. Children by this marriage: Elizabeth F., Raymond F., Charles E., Walter F., George F., Hannah L., David F., and Daniel. Father's name, Daniel, born November 29th, 1792; died, October 31st, 1864; married Hannah Landis, born November 26th, 1805, daughter of John and Mary Landis; died, March 19th, 1877. Both were members of the Mennonite Meeting. Paternal grandfather, David, who married Debora Ziegler. Emanuel[5] (Daniel[4], David[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). ****************** AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. JOHN LONGENECKER[5], WILMOT, OHIO. That I may be correctly placed and known in the family of Longacre-Longaker-Longenecker, I will note that my great-grandfather, David Longenecker (now written Longacre by a portion of the family), during the infancy and youth of my grandfather, owned and occupied a farm on the east side of the Schuylkill River, three miles above Phoenixville, 102 HISTORY OF THE Pa. Here grandfather, Peter, was born, February 9th, 1770, who, in early manhood, located on a farm one and a half miles east of Masontown, Fay- ette County, Pa., and engaged in farming. Besides a farmer, he was also a minister of the Gospel, of the Mennonite faith. Here Peter, my father, was born, August 7th, 1802. When about thirty-three years of age he removed with his then small family to Ohio, loca- ting on a farm a few miles north of Winesburg, Holmes County, where his family of fourteen chil- dren all lived to adult age. About the half chose the way of their fathers, becoming farmers and far- mers' wives, while the remainder chose professions. As for my individual career, I may say, it was many sided. In young manhood a teacher, later a soldier, farmer, and banker. Think I am permitted to say a very small portion of my time has been wasted in idleness. Among my earliest recollections are the longings I felt for possession: of a jack-knife and gimlet. After becoming the owner of those treasures, I could make-so I felt-anything anyone else had made. After visiting a menagerie, a sculptor suddenly loomed up, and the animals, from the elephant to the monkey, were carved out of bass-wood. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 103 After hearing a pipe-organ for the first time, what intense thought I devoted to planning how to con- struct one myself, and after making some pipes out of alder, I had, on account of the very frequent demands made on me as a farmer's boy, to forego its completion. I took education as readily as the average boy, at least. My opportunities were restricted to four months a year in country district school and three terms in academy. My parents were great lovers of music. By force of circumstances, reinforced by custom, their most accessible instrument was the human voice, with which they were well equipped, and of which they made free use, as a consequence the children could sing before they could walk and talk. I am the least gifted of any in the family in this art, yet there are constant demands on me by the church and Sabbath school even at this day. I am by nature an artisan with a little of the artist mixed in. These being the trend of my inclinations, my father planned for me the vocation of carpenter, and when a young man I devoted six or eight months to its practice. From nineteen to twenty-three years of age I taught common school during the winter months. In 1862 enlisted in the 102nd Reg. 0. V. I., for 104 HISTORY OF THE the suppression of the Rebellion. I served my time ont I will note but a single incident of my army experience. While an inmate of a hospital at Athens, Ala., the garrison there was surprised and captured by Gen. Forest I was on the second floor of the build- ing; When the rebels entered the rooms of the lower floor, my anxiety to evade capture became intense, and, in my eagerness to escape, I chanced to glance at a small open fireplace in the room, immediately ran to it, made a hurried inspection, and found I could support myself in the flue just above the arch, so I entered it. The Johnnies, did not find me, but I was compelled to remain in my place of concealment twenty-six hours. The sequel proved if I had been captured I should never have returned home, as this episode was fol- lowed by a very severe sickness. Discharged from the army July, 1865 ; married in September of same year; taught another term of school, and the following spring began my fifteen years' career of farm life, at which, being-fairly suc- cessful, I found pleasure and enjoyment. January 1st, 1881, I quit the farm as the tiller. of its soil, but not of its possession, and in part- nership with five others engaged in business as a private bank, locating in Wilmot, of Stark County, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 105 Ohio, seventeen miles from Canton, the county seat. I was elected cashier, which position I have held ever since, now twenty-one years and over. The cares and anxieties of the work often worried me, and yet in a general way, notwithstanding its grave responsibilities and duties, the vocation to me is a pleasant one. When honestly and honorably con- ducted there is no safer business than banking. The year 1886 brought to my sad experience the death of a wife. Of all bereavements, the taking away of the companion, in the prime of life, must be the severest. To her were born a son and a daughter; the son died in infancy; the daughter remains. Ten years later I united in marriage with the only daughter of the late P. Helmreich, of Canal Dover, Ohio. HIS GENEALOGY. John[5] (Peter[4], Peter[3], David[2], Daniel[1]). John Longenecker[5], Wilmot, Ohio, born 1839; reared on farm; school teacher six years; three years in the army during Civil War; farmer fifteen years; banker eighteen years, and now president of the bank; married Sevilla Freed, first wife, 1866, who died 1886; married Augusta Helmrich, second 106 HISTORY OF THE wife, 1896; children by first marriage: Lawrence (now dead); daughter, Vinnie. Father's name, Peter, residence in early life at Masontown, Fayette County, Pa., now resides near Winesburg, Holmes County, Ohio; in 1829 married Elizabeth Shank, who was born 1807, in Rock- ingham County, Va.; her grandfather, Adam, came from Switzerland; her father was Henry; he was a farmer, medium stature, brown hair and eyes, straight nose with cleft at point, rather wide mouth; of social disposition and even temperament; fond of music, as are his children also. Sold farm in Fay- ette County, Pa., in 1835, to cousin, Joseph L., and removed to Holmes County, Ohio; had a family of four sons and five daughters. Paternal grandfather, Peter, born February 9th, 1770, in eastern Pennsylvania; removed to Fayette County, Pa.; later went to Holmes County, Ohio; in stature about five feet, eight inches; weight, about 145 pounds; in youth brown hair and eyes; married Elizabeth Naftsinger. Great-grandfather, David, lived at Mingo, Pa., and was the eldest son of Daniel Longenecker the first. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 107 ABSTRACT DIAGRAM - Prepared by John Longenecker, Wilmot, Ohio [2]David Longenecker [3]Peter Longenecker [4]Magdalena Mast [4]David Longenecker [4]John Longenecker [4]Levi Longenecker [4]Peter Longenecker [5]David R.Longenecker, Wakarusa, Indiana, retired farmer [5]Frances Longenecker, died December 27, 1875, near Winesberg, Ohio [5]Susan Sliffe, Shanesville, Ohio, on farm. [5]Hannah Shutt, Peabody, Kansas, on farm. [5]Lydia Grant, died at Osceola, Iowa, March 14, 1875. [5]Mary Freed, died near Winesberg, Ohio, May, 1868. [5]John Longenecker, Wilmot, Ohio, banking. [5]William H. Longenecker, Lancaster, Ohio, railroading. [5]Joseph Longenecker, near Peabody, Kansas, farming. [5]Alpheus Longenecker, died at Wilmot, Ohio, May 29, 1886. [5]Peter Longenecker, died near Winesberg, Ohio, January 24, 1879 [5]Absalom Longenecker, died near Winesgerg, Ohio, January 11, 1875 [5]Albert G. Longenecker, died near Winesberg, Ohio, April 24, 1877 [5]Jacob Longenecker, near West Berlin, Ohio, farmer. [4]Elizabeth Strome [4]Susan Moyer [4]Joseph Longenecker [4]Catherine Holzer [3]David Longenecker, Montgomery Co., Pa. [4]Jacob Longacre, of Schuykill Co., Pa. [4]Isaac Longacre, of Montgomery Co., Pa. [3]John Longenecker [4]Jacob Longenecker, Westmoreland Co., Pa. [4]Joseph Longenecker, Fayette Co., Pa.: son, Jacob, same place, farmer. [4]David Longenecker, Lancaster, Pa.; son a merchant. [3]Daniel Longenecker, Carroll Co., Ohio. Only offspring a daughter. 108 HISTORY OF THE CIRCULAR LETTER MAILED TO DESCENDANTS OF THIS BRANCH, TO WIT: D. R. Longenecker, Wakarusa, Ind. W. H. Longenecker, Lancaster, Pa. Joseph Longenecker, Ebbing, Kan. Jacob Longenecker, Delaware, Ohio Susan Sliffe, Shanesville, Ohio. Hannah Shutt, Peabody, Kan. Zachariah Longenecker, Mishawaka, Ind. Abraham Longenecker, Masontown, Pa. David Longenecker, Masontown, Pa. J. F. Lenz, Wilmot, Ohio. William Moyer, Wilmot, Ohio. Extract from letter of Rev. Noah Longenecker, a Dunkard minister, Pierce, Ohio, in which he says: "My grandfather was Daniel, who married a Mock, Lancaster County, Pa.; thence, he moved to Columbiana County, Ohio. Three of my grand- father's brothers, Joseph, Daniel, and Samuel, were Dunkard ministers; Daniel died in Pennsylvania; Samuel, in the West." LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 109 AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF MATTHIAS REIFF LONGACRE[6] (HENRY[5], JACOB[4], DANIEL[3], JOHN[2], DANIEL[1]). In complying with the request for a sketch of my life, I, after some consideration, prefer to make it a little more than an outline. Characteristics of our branch of the family of the lineage I am proud of, but will do myself great injustice without charitable criticism, and not out- line for someone else to finish a better picture tor the galaxy of posterity. Jacob Longacre, whose parents were residents of Montgomery County, Pa., was born October 15th, 1767; married at the age of twenty-eight, Catherine Zimmerman. They had eight children, three sons and five daughters. My father, Henry, next to the youngest, born 1809, at the age of twenty-six, married Elizabeth Reiff. A carpenter by trade; carried on an extensive business in carpentering, cabinet work, and agricul- tural and farming implements, employing a large force in his large shops and in building opera- tions; died at the age of thirty-six. His exten- sive operations and estate settled up at a disad- vantage. My mother retained the home, a new 110 HISTORY OF THE house just completed, and the twenty acres of land attached. My mother was left with but little more than the home to commence the struggle, to keep together, as a mother only can, her five little children, I the oldest, only nine years old; but, thanks to a good and self-sacrificing mother, she lived to see her five children grow up and fill places of honor and trust. Two sons and a son-in-law served with distinction in the army of the Rebellion, the other two sons filling positions in a bank. All members of church; three deacons in the Baptist church. I attended school in the winter months, working in the summer. My earliest experience picking stones, kicking them loose from the frozen ground, in the early spring. With the skin worn off at the ends of my fingers, at twelve cents a day, and boarding myself, and never happier than at work or at school over difficult problems, or slated for debate or spelling-bees. Accident by ax, sickle, or broken limb not exempting, when out of service in the field or wood, drawing, making wax and paper flowers in my room. With some taste for art, if not born an artist, my flowers found patrons, and art in after years diplomas and medals. When I was seventeen years old I left home, my mother making the sacrifice of my assistance she so much needed; no credit to LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 111 myself; but, boy like, I become infatuated with the thought of a great artist and a great city, and started in the stage-coach, with my little trunk, for the city of Philadelphia, where a four years' apprenticeship at wood engraving was arranged for me. Soon getting the freedom of the office, there were but few nights that did not find me studying and drawing and doing such parts of work as the journeymen and artists were glad to have me do at small compensation. On my mother's first visit to her boy, $10.00, my first earnings from home, was her happy sur- prise; purposing to express her appreciation she started out to make a purchase, and had her pocket picked, and left the city the following day a very unhappy woman. My employer died when I had served two years of my apprenticeship. I took a year's engagement in Cincinnati at engraving on wood, making draw- ings on the blackboard in the evening for the famous Dr. Wood and other members of the Ohio Medical College Faculty. The publishing firm where I was employed failed, and, earning my way back to Philadelphia, I went to New York, and worked on Harper Brothers' and Frank Leslie's Illustrated Publications. At twenty-one years of age I contracted with an 112 HISTORY OF THE illustrated paper, and made frequent visits to my mother in Montgomery County, Pa. Camden, N. J., was an interesting stopping-place en route, both ways. At the same time building oper- ations were going on in Brooklyn, N. Y., on a lot 25 x 200. A defective title stopped things there, and in the following spring it looked as if a cyclone had struck it; hopes and prospects of home and happiness were crushed, followed by litigation and the loss of the earnings of two years' hard work. At twenty-two years of age was married to Miss Mary A. Goodwin. With the aid of a mortgage, fur- nished and moved into our new house and home, on Franklin Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., being then estab- lished in business in New York City. In business about four years when the War of the Rebellion broke out. I closed my place of business, left New York with the Signal Corps, leaving my home and dear wife and two little boys; sailed out of New York harbor on the Belle Wood, a large sailing vessel, with troops for New Orleans, La. Stationed at Baton Rouge, La., was appointed military store- keeper, and held the position during the war, issu- ing all the stores to the army during the siege of Port Hudson, excepting ammunition, commissary stores, and hospital medicines; winning for myself LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 113 the honored epithet, "Longacre has made nothing out of it. It is not because he is too honest, but too -- dumb." My wife, selling her little home in Brooklyn, joined me at Baton Rouge, with our three little children-the little girl I had never seen. The climate not agreeing with my wife, we returned to Philadelphia. I worked a few months at engrav- ing, then went into business, but soon took in a partner, with capital, the first to combine engrav- ing, printing, and lithographing, in this country, under one management. But several, changes of partners brought no end of trouble and embarrass- ment, the managing and my own work as the engraver meant hard work: on three occasions left worse off than when I started; once, with a debt and obligations of the firm to meet. Energy, per- severence, the merit of my work as an engraver, and advertising, had their effect. An advertiser was awarded a cash premium for a large float in the bi-centennial parade in Philadelphia, illustrat- ing the century's progress of the three branches of business. Over twenty employees on the float in the engraving, lithographing, and printing de- partments, and up-to-date office, with telephone, typewriter, rolling desk, etc. One of many post- ers: "I don't want people to think my husband 114 HISTORY OF THE is such an ugly old man; Mrs. ---- said she saw my husband's picture posted up all over, looking at a horrible big bug through his eyeglass." My last and fourth partnership experience was the result of a deep-laid scheme between my part- ners and another firm, to unite our combined establishments; my partner selling out the busi- ness of Longacre & Co.; having first transferred his attachable property, I going out with nothing but my little kit of engraving tools, with an in- valid wife and five little children to support. I had no time, or the heart, or the means to institute criminal proceedings; but retribution followed them; though wealthy, my partner's son, a few years after, paying his father's board in a cheap boarding house, his accomplice, two years after, failing, taking a position as a compositor at $16.00 per week. Through the solicitation of my patrons, with proffered capital that I might continue to do their engraving, printing, and lithographing, I started again, southwest corner Seventh and Market Streets (my office, being the room Thomas Jefferson occupied and in which he drafted the Declaration of Independence, was open for visitors during the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia), with bor- rowed capital and no partners. During the first year, my six-year old boy was LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 115 drowned; my wife died, and a fire, starting in an- other part of the building, burned me out, with no insurance, the policy lapsing a few days before, not renewed through a clerk's having taken sick. With unflinching courage I rented temporarily a large room near-by. It was suggested to start under a new name, encumbered as I was, but the new sign went up, LONGACRE CO. Six months after, I sent the auctioneer to my beautiful, fur- nished little home in Camden, N. J., and at night, after the sale, took my four children, one only a year old, to a hotel in Philadelphia, over night. Three years after, I married my second wife, Miss Mary J. Vanderbilt; moved into our new house in Tacony, and, established in a flourishing busi- ness, six years later out of debt. Against better judgment and aversion to an in- ventor's life, I had for years struggled against, I yielded to outside pressure, took out nine patents and filed several caveats, spending three years of perplexity and study as known only to inventors. Forming a stock company in New York, some of my patents, the basil and concrete principles of one of the best and most popular cash registers now on the market, I (an inventor's progeny) had nothing but worthless stock and the little home in Tacony. About this time, eleven years after our marriage, 116 HISTORY OF THE my second dear, good wife died, leaving me two little girls, one a year old. One of my sons, starting in the publishing busi- ness, I traveled for him two years, giving him a start. I then took up art, sketching principally large manufacturing plants, making some pictures as large as 80 x 40 inches, supporting myself and little girls and youngest son, four years at the plumbing trade, wearing out on the field, instead of rusting out at home, homeless and companion- less. Wearing so well I married, June 5th, 1901, Miss Regina V. Noll, youngest daughter of Michael Noll, of Pfouts Valley, Perry County, Pa., at her beautiful home, known as Pine Grove Farm, now the home of my two daughters and myself, where the latch-string is always out. Proud of the honor to be re-elected on the com- mittee of the Longacre-Longaker-Longecker- Longenecker Re-union, sorry I had to send my re- grets to the Re-union at Sanatoga, instead of repeat- ing the pleasure of the three years before at Ring- ing Rocks, at Pottstown, Pa. MY BOYHOOD DAYS. In compliance with the request to add to my biography my boyhood days, I will give a short chapter: LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 117 Religiously inclined, remember my going to church and Sunday school, on crutches, when very small, and an Episcopal prayer book is one of my most prized treasures. Yet the dear Lord did not take me out of this world, as the good boy of the library book, but if not to amass great wealth, or what some term success in life, I trust I lived to make some happier and many to feel the touch of some- thing infinitely better. Had the moral courage when but a small boy to take the jeers and scoffs for not joining the boys' rabble and nightly rendezvous. Naturally a coward, though braving the right and stood by it, and in my place when and where duty called. Great account was made of the annual public school exhibition. It had become known that one in dialogues and recitations on the present occasion had met with a serious accident. When I came on the stage, bandaged and arm in a sling, felt proud of the cheers I received, and taking my parts, suffering intense pain. My first debate was on the side of temperance, subject being, "Which is the greater evil, war or intemperence?" Temperate in my habits, never using liquor nor tobacco, and spared the evil of wild- oats sowing and its results. Exercises, water and diet still my three consulted physicians. 118 HISTORY OF THE Tender in sympathy, going to the Skippack hills over a mile away to look up a lost sheep, rescuing it from the thicket, bringing it home in the dark night Happy when busy. Few intervals of idleness. Studious; always ready for the contest in examin- ations, spelling-bee, or debate. Conscientious, never took advantage of the limited means of my good mother's kindness; in the evening, singing school or geography class (singing from large maps). Playing truant but once, with another boy went into the woods, covered ourselves up with leaves. The day was too long to ever repeat it. I could be guilty of mean things, for what could be meaner than a boy to trick a little sister? and good reasons to remember my trick. Loosening the alternate pickets on a fence bordering a pond, bantering to follow, it was not long before a treacherous picket was struck, a splash, a scream, and a half-drowned little girl fished out of the water, but I guess she has forgiven, if not forgotten, as she thinks everything of her brother. Patient, bred if not born, now, if not then, a prided virtue, owing to the fit of anger being nipped in the bud by a vigilant mother and a vigor- ous switch, all on account of hogs. Blessed be the name in this particular case. Our hogs were kept LOMGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 119 shut up, and when they on this occasion broke out of their pen they were simply hoggish in their wild escapade through high grass, young corn, and ripening grain. Getting them back to the place they got out, the opening ten times larger; for the third or fourth time their noses to the opening, with a "euch-euch," and off again tearing through the fields. I just lay down and rolled over and over, saying some naughty words, mixed up enough to make a clown laugh, but my mother appearing at a window didn't "Matthias, when you get those hogs in, come into the house and bring a good switch along." Then I wished the hogs would never go in. I believe that was the first time, and I know it was the last time I ever uttered if even thought a profane word. One of the unhappiest of my boyhood days was the one that I spoiled all the pleasure that had been the talk and the counting of months and days by sister and brothers; on good behavior for months. It was to be a happy Christmas, ginger cakes, molasses candy, and nuts. It was a cold winter day when I went jubilantly across the fields to Evansburg with the molasses jug, and returned with the handle. The top rail of the fence being icy, I gathered myself up from the hard, frozen ground, but not the molasses, the happy little 120 HISTORY OF THE quartette of sister and brothers in their eagerness coming to meet me. It was a solemn, sad pro- cession back, but philosophizing, "Better luck, and if I wouldn't be more careful next Christmas!" So went my boyhood days, too busy for very much mischief. I grew; so did work. Always a great treat to get off to do chores for neighbors. Not a few errands of mercy for my mother, whose kindness reached somebody every churning day and butchering day. Often riding the Baptist minister's old gray in the cultivator when my short legs hardly reached across the horse's back. Stone picking; the champion corn dropper in the county; still wearing marks of the brush chopping; still suffering the effects of too early use of my broken arm. When confined to the house by sickness, or acci- dent, drawing, painting, making artificiaL flowers, or doing fancy needle work. The little twenty-acre farm meant something with ten or twelve cows, two horses, and other stock. Early and late in winter school days, often before daylight, frosty mornings, in bare feet through frost-covered grass and, iced stubble, to bring the cows in. Warming the feet where a cow had just lain. One pair of cowhide shoes a year did not always reach. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 121 But it was not all work and no play, so Jack did not grow a dull boy, or Metthias either. Vendues and holidays brought the boys together for a good time. Especially Easter, and, if extra good, the menagerie in its yearly circuit to Norristown. Happier boys there could not be; starting off on a seven-mile walk to the show with twenty-five cents for admission and ten cents for spending money. When sixteen years old, I was an applicant for a position in the country store. A rival on many a contest at school had the advantage of speaking German. The free and unguarded cash drawer was too much of a temptation, and he was sent to the penitentiary. Time's never ceasing shuttle wove the impression into the warp and woof of my life until it reached an inventor's misfortune. At seventeen left my country home for Philadelphia to learn the art of wood engraving. Not without a country boy's city experience with its associations and tempta- tions, but I had come from a good home training, and with a mother's prayers. A dozen apprentice boys the first encounter. The introduction to a company of boys on the street, the second. Having neither time nor dis- position for corner lounging, I got their dis- pleasure, and they went for my country presump- 122 HISTORY OF THE tion. Country muscle and the science of the gym- nast, already acquired at the office, not least the gloves (at the expense of some few knock-downs), the boys, for some reason best known to themselves, seemed to encourage the plucky country boy, but served me a good purpose on my first and last fist- fight If not securing their good feeling, I was respected ever after. A company of boys from the Sunday school class were my tried associates, the few even- ings I could spare from my studies and work from the office. Some of them playing musical instruments, we met at parents' homes. Some of them had sisters who played the piano, and, with music and such games that were allowed at the several homes, they were pleasant evenings. Then came the club-room with iron-clad rules, resolutions and by-laws, long and blue. Music, reading, and such games as were played at the homes, the club- room grew attractive; sisters disappointed, parents indifferent. One night in the card game, Seven's Up, some one proposed a small ante. I threw down my hand of cards, said "Good-night, boys," and I have never cut a pack of cards since. Converted and- united with the Baptist Church at the age of nineteen. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 123 I hope there has been a thread of moral running through this chapter. If so, and a benefit as well as interest to anyone, I am glad I have given the chapter. Yours truly, M. R. LONGACRE. Longacre, Matthias Reiff; residence, Philadel- phia, Pa.; born, Montgomery County, Pa., June 6th, 1836; height, 5 feet 10 inches; weight, 160 pounds. Wife, Mary J. Goodwin; born, April 14th, 1837; died, August 6th, 1879. Ancestry, Scotch and English. Married, June 8th, 1858. Children: Matthias R., Jr., born, April 1st, 1859; children, four (one deceased). Harry B., born Jan- uary 14th, 1861; children, three (one deceased). Mary I., born August 21st, 1863; children, five (two deceased.) Willie, born July l0th, 1867; died, July 3rd, 1874. Elizabeth, born September 4th, 1869; died, July 5th, 1870. Albert B., born January 7th, 1878. Married, second time, August 31st, 1882, to Mary J. Vanderbilt; born in the State of New York, June 8th, 1846; died, August 25th, 1893. Children: Edith Vanderbilt Longacre, born May 21st, 1887. Mabel Longacre, born January 11th, 1892. Mar- ried third wife, Miss Regina V. Noll, June 5th, 1901. 124 HISTORY OF THE Father, Henry Longacre; residence, Montgom- ery County, Pa.; born, April 1st, 1809, Mont- gomery County, Pa.; died, October 28th, 1845, Montgomery County, Pa.; height, 5 feet 10 inches; weight, medium; features, regular; hair, dark. Wife, Elizabeth Rein. Children, seven: Margaret (deceased), Matthias R., Thomas P., Jacob (de- ceased), Ann Dora, David B., Henry D. Paternal grandfather, Jacob Longacre; residence, Montgomery County, Pa.; born, October 15th, 1767; died, April 15th, 1845, in Montgomery County, Pa.; height, medium. Seven children: Mary E., married S. Kurtz; Abraham, married. Ruth Jones; Rachel, married Isaac Kurtz; Juliann, married Thomas Fulton; Debora, married Thomas Walker; Henry, married Elizabeth Reiff; Catherine, married David Rosenberger. Wife's name, Catherine Zimmerman; married, May 7th, 1795; born, April 20th, 1770; died, Feb- ruary 10th, 1840. Said Henry born, April 1st, 1809; married Eliz- abeth Reiff, March 12th, 1835 (Rev. Joseph Re- nard, Philadelphia, officiating); died, October 28th, 1845. Wife born, July 16th, 1817; died, Septem- ber 15th, 1878. . Juliann (fourth child, of Jacob Longacre and Catharine Zimmerman), born, December 10th LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 125 1803; died, October 29th, 1876; married Thomas Fulton, November 13th, 1828. Issue, seven chil- dren: Sarah Ann, married -- Gallagher; issue, Maggie, Thomas, Mary. Catharine, married -- Helffinger. Mary is deceased. Henry, fourth child, married ----; issue, Charles G., Emily A., Thomas, Alfred R. Elizabeth married Jacob Auchey; issue, Ruth Annie, William Henry, Samuel C., Cora Emily, John Warren. Rachael Bixley, fourth child, married -- ----; issue, Blanche, J. Albert, Amy C, Kenneth. **************** STEM, ULRICH[1] LONGENECKER. BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY E. LONGENECKER AND GENEALOGY OF HIS BRANCH OF THE FAMILY. Christian B. Longenecker, the first son of my grandfather, was born November 20th, 1805, and died February 23rd, 1895, aged eighty-nine years, three months, three days; married to Elizabeth Berks. He was a farmer in Lancaster County, Pa. They had one daughter named Fannie. She was married to J. W. Heisey, a farmer, in Lancaster 126 HISTORY OF THE County. They had seven children: Simon Win- field, Lizzie, Edwin, Harry, Samuel, Mary, and Christian. Second child of grandfather, named Rachel, born November 28th, 1806; died, 1813. Third child of grandfather, named Annie, born February 23rd, 1808; died, August 21st, 1894, aged eighty-six years, five months, twenty-eight days; married to David Miller, born 1805; died July 16th, 1889, aged eighty-three years, eleven months, thir- teen days. They had fourteen children, and at the time of mother's death had eighty-one grandchil- dren and forty-one great-grandchildren. They were farmers in Lancaster County. Names of the children of David Miller: Elizabeth, born March 15th, 1829; Fannie, born August 18th, 1830; Annie, born November 25th, 1831; Chris- tian, born February 20th, 1833; David, born July 16th, 1834; John, born May 20th, 1836; Henry, born March 22nd, 1838; Barbara, born May 16th, 1839; Mary, born November 13th, 1840; Leah, born March 14th, 1842; Abraham, born January 23rd, 1844; Martin, born August 6th, 1846; Martha, born November 2nd, 1849; Samuel, born March 14th, 1852. First child of David Miller, Elizabeth, married to Abraham Martin. They had two children, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 127 David and Fannie. Fannie died single. David married Esther Shopp, having three children, Alvin, Elizabeth, and Annie. Second child of David Miller, Fannie, married Henry Metzger. They had five children: David, Annie, Amanda, Joseph, and Emma. Third child of David Miller, Annie, unmarried. Fourth child of David Miller, Christian, married Nancy Heisey; issue, Henry and Lizzie. Henry died young, and Lizzie is single; first wife died; second wife, Mary Ginder, no children. Fifth child of David Miller, named David, mar- ried Frances Garber; issue, two children, John and Frances. Frances died, aged six months, two days. John married Fannie Heistand; have no child- ren. First wife of David Miller died March 1st, 1861. Second wife, Leah Nissley; issue, five children. Anna, born June 14th, 1863; Barbara, born August 29th, 1864; Mary, born March 23rd, 1867; Milton, born March 1st, 1874; Elizabeth, born May l0th, 1877. Barbara married Amos Stauffer; issue, four children, Norman, Bertha, Mary, and Leah. Mary married Harry Miller. Milton married Mary Hostetter, having no children. Elizabeth, single. Sixth child of David Miller, named John, died young. 128 HISTORY OF THE Seventh child of David Miller, named Henry, married Lizzie Erb; issue, nine children, Daniel, Anna, David, Simon, Henry, Benjamin, Amos, Ezra, Lizzie. Daniel married to Frances Snyder; issue, four children; Anna married Levi Ebersole; issue, three children; Henry married Lizzie New- comer; issue, one child; Benjamin married Annie Weaver, living in Kansas, one child; Amos, single; David, Simon, Ezra, and Lizzie, died young. Eighth child of David Miller, Barbara, married to John Erb, a minister in the old Mennonite Church; issue, thirteen children, Mary, Annie, Bar- bara, Ellie, Amanda, Susan, Fannie, Lizzie, Alice, Samuel, John, Emma, David. Mary married Frank Nissley; Annie married Abraham Lutz; Barbara, single; Ellie married Benjamin Brubaker; issue, Amanda and Nye; Alice married Ephraim Sharer; Susan, Fannie, Lizzie, Samuel, John, Amanda, and David, single. Ninth child of David Miller, named Mary, married Andrew Stoner; issue, nine children, Lizzie, Annie, Fannie, Mary, Martha, Emma, Albert, Leah, Dora. Lizzie married Samuel Frowers; Annie married Samuel Eshleman; Emma married Joseph Shoop; Albert married Mary Kraybill. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 129 Tenth child of David Miller, named Leah, married Jacob Erb, living in Kansas, a deacon in the old Mennonite Church; issue, five children, Tilman, Annie, Mary, Susan, Jacob. Tilman, re- siding in Kansas, a Bishop in the old Mennonite Church, married Lizzie Hess; issue, five children. Annie married Christian Reiff; issue, three chil- dren (names not given); Mary married Jones Eby; issue, two children; Susan, single; Jacob, died young. Eleventh child of David Miller, Abraham, married Mary Grammes; no children. Twelfth child of David Miller, Martin, married Lizzie Connelley; issue, three children, Phares, Lizzie, and Jacob. Phares married Emma Kray- bill; issue, two children. Lizzie married Mr. Albright; Jacob married Lillie Demmy. Martin Miller's first wife died; now married to Lizzie Zimmerman; issue, ten children, Samuel, David, Martin, Ira, Levi, Reuben, Annie, Lizzie, Benja- min, Frances. Thirteenth child of David Miller, named Martha, married Amos Zimmerman; issue, two children, Ellie and Nathaniel. Fourteenth child of David Miller, named Samuel, married Annie Risser; issue, ten children, Edwin, 130 HISTORY OF THE Jacob, Samuel, Emery, David, Lizzie, Annie, Ada, Mary, and Elmer. Fourth child of grandfather, named Mary, was born September 16th, 1809, and died in the year 1814. Fifth child of grandfather, named Elizabeth, born July l3th, 1811; married John Horst, a farmer, residing in Dauphin County, Pa.; issue, nine children, Fannie, Catharine, Mary, Annie, Lizzie, Leah, Jacob, Adaline, Ellen. First child of John Horst, named Fannie, married Samuel Rupp; issue, three children. Second child of John Horst, Catharine, married Jacob Nissley; issue, six children. Third child of John Horst, named Mary, married Martin Nissley; issue, six children. Fourth child of John Horst, named Jacob, married Lizzie Hammacker, having ten children (names not given). Fifth child of John Horst, named Adaline, married Daniel Metz, having no children. Sixth child of John Horst, named Ellen, un- married. Sixth child of grandfather, named Fanny, was born November 22nd, 1812; died, November 29th, 1888, aged seventy-six years and seven days. Mar- ried John Ebersole, a. farmer, in Lancaster County. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 131 They were blessed with nine children: Barbara, Levi, Fanny, Anna, David, Christian, Lizzie, Abra- ham, John. First child of John and Fanny Ebersole, named Barbara, married to Abraham Rutt, were blessed with seven children, Ellen, Edwin, Fannie, Bar- bara, Abraham, and two died young. First child, Ellen, married Martin Metzger, having two chil- dren; second child, Edwin, married Lizzie Gruber, having no children; third child, named Fanny, married Michael Mumma, having one child, named Milliard; fifth child, named Abraham, a school teacher, married Lizzie Fink, having no child- ren. Second child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Levi, born July 26th, 1840, a minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church, married to Mary Risser. Blessed with six children, Tilman, Amos, Emma, Fannie, Martin, and John. First child, Tilman, died young; second child, Amos, married Clara Wissler; issue, four children; third child, Emma, married Edison Martin; fourth child, Fanny, married Joseph Nissley; issue, two children; fifth child, Martin, married Lizzie Risser; issue, one child; sixth child, John, died single. Third child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Fanny, born December l7th, 1841, married Martin Rutt, 132 HISTORY OF THE a minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; ordained to the ministry of the Word in 1771, and ordained Bishop in 1880, having charge of the following meeting-houses: Basslers, Goods, Rissers, Stauffers, Stricklers, Shopps. Blessed with five children, Amanda, Lizzie, Alice, Gabriel, Martin. First child, Amanda, married John L. Garber; blessed with two children, Mary and Ezra; second child, Lizzie, married Tilman Kraybill; blessed with seven children, namely, Alice, Fanny, Cora, Martin, Gerty, Mary, John; third child, Alice, married Henry Erb; blessed with two children, namely, Mary and Amos; fourth child, Gabriel (a school teacher), married Amanda Nissley; blessed with three children, Ada, Alvin and Walter; fifth child, Martin, married Suie Hess; issue, one child, which is dead. Fourth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Anna, married Abraham Risser; issue, two children, Elias and Amanda. Elias married Rosy Gingrich; Amanda married Seth Brubaker; issue, five chil- dren; her first husband, died; her second, husband is John Snyder. Fifth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, David, married Maria Brubaker, now living in Freeport, Ill.; issue, four children, Ella, Annie, Cora, and Fanny. Ella married Arthur Ritzman. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 133 Sixth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Chris- tian, born October 26th, 1846; died, single. Seventh child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Liz- zie, married Martin Mumma; issue, three children, Annie, Martin, and Mary. Eighth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, Abraham, born December 20th, 1853; died sin- gle. Ninth child of John and Fanny Ebersole, John, died in infancy. Seventh child of grandfather, named Barbara; born March 8th, 1815; died, February 19th, 1898, aged eighty-two years, eleven months, one day; married Harry Hilsher, a farmer; issue, two chil- dren, Ayres and Van Buren. Ayres born Septem- ber 21st, 1849; died single. Van Buren born January 1st, 1855; married Sarah Hunsperger; issue, three children, Henry, Stella, and Van Buren. Eighth child of grandfather, John, born July 13th, 1817; died September 12th, 1898, aged eighty-one years, two months, twenty-one days; married Nancy Garber. They were farmers. He was a deacon in the old Mennonite Church. Blessed with seven children, Fanny, John, Levi, Christian, Kate, Annie, and Lizzie. First child, Fannie, died single. Second child 134 HISTORY OF THE of John and Nancy Longenecker, named John, married Barbara Brubaker; a farmer, living in Jackson County, Kan.; issue, thirteen children, Irvin, Annie, Emma, Maria, Lizzie, Christian, John, Levi, Katie, Laura, Mary, Fannie, Alda. Christian and Laura are dead. Annie married George Decker; issue, two children, Albert and Frank. Third child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Levi, married Annie N. Risser; issue, three chil- dren, Elmer, Ira, and Henry. Elmer married Emma E. Snyder; issue, two children, Levi and John. Fourth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Christian, married Lavina Bender; issue, seven children, Dora, Annie, Phares, Ada, Elem, Mary, and J. Bender. Fifth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Kate, married Jacob Rutt; issue, ten children, John, Harry, Annie, Ida, Albert, Alice, Jacob, Christian, Norman, Mary. Harry and Christian are dead. Sixth child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Annie, married Levi Kraybill; issue, four children, Emma, Lizzie, Mary, and Ruth. Emma married Phares Miller; issue, two children, Arthur and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 135 Ruth; Mary married Albert M. Stoner; issue, one child, Edgar. Seventh child of John and Nancy Longenecker, Lizzie, married Elem Hirsh; issue, six children, John Harrison, Walter, Annie, Mary, Lottie, and Rebecca. Ninth child of grandfather. Henry, born Decem- ber 19th, 1818, and died March 22nd, 1870, aged fifty-one years, three months, three days. Married Elizabeth Ebersole; a farmer; issue, eleven chil- dren, Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Lizzie, Annie, John, Amanda, and Abraham. First child of Henry and Elizabeth Longenecker, Esther, married Henry E. Landis; issue, six chil- dren, Annie, Jonas, Mary, Lizzie, Alice, and Emma. Annie married Elias Risser, having no children; Jonas married Annie Witmer; issue, one child, Lizzie; Mary married John Ebersole, having one child, Esther; another child, Emma, is dead. Second child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Christian, married Mary Hernley; issue, two children, Amelia and Ephraim. Amelia mar- ried Clinton Sharer; issue, four children, Edna, Della, Ervin, Elmer. Ephraim married Ella Bru- baker; issue, two children, Ada and Eva. 136 HISTORY OF THE Third child of Henry and Elizabeth Longenecker, Fannie, married John Burkholder; issue, four chil- dren, Henry, Ida, Ephraim, and Lizzie. Fourth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, David, married Barbara Lehman; issue, four children, Lizzie, Katie, Henry, and Benjamin. Fifth child, Henry E. Longenecker, a minister of the Gospel. Sixth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Samuel, married Susan Lehman; issue, seven children, Annie, Daniel, Harry, Lizzie, Susan, Samuel, and Sadie. Annie married Alien Gantz; issue, one child, Anna Caroline. Seventh child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Lizzie, single. Eighth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Annie, married Jacob Landis; issue, three children, Mary, Lizzie, and Henry. Ninth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, John, married Lizzie Hershey; issue, seven children, Albert, Hershey, Mary, Martin, Roy, Ivin, and Harvey. Ivin is dead. Tenth child of Henry and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Amanda, single. Eleventh child of Henry, and Elizabeth Long- enecker, Abraham, married Lizzie Ebersole, having no children. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 137 Tenth child of grandfather, Mary, born July 5th, 1821; married Martin Nissley; issue, four chil- dren, Jacob, Christian, John, and Annie. Eleventh child of grandfather, David, born May 31st, 1823; died young. Twelfth child of grandfather, Abraham, born July 31st, 1825; died young. Thirteenth child of grandfather, David, born September 6th, 1830; died April 11th, 1895; not married; was a school teacher. Fourteenth child of grandfather, Levi, born Oc- tober 24th, 1835; died young. Longenecker, Henry E., of Salunga, Lancaster County, Pa., was born in West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., April 9th, 1853. Minister of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; or- dained February 19th, 1880, having charge of a church at Chestnut Hill, West Hempfield Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa. Married, January 14th, 1875, Catharine H. Bomberger (born January 26th, 1851). They have no children. The father of Henry E. Longenecker was Henry B. Longenecker; born December 19th, 1818, at Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa.; died March 22nd, 1870, at Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was a farmer, little of stature, and died by the fall of a tree. He had eleven chil- 138 HISTORY OF THE dren, six sons and five daughters, all living at the time of his death, the youngest over thirty years of age: Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Elizabeth, Annie, John, Amanda, Abra- ham. Henry B. Longenecker married, May 23rd, 1844, Elizabeth Ebersole, who died January 7th, 1896. She was the daughter of David Ebersole, a farmer, in Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa., a deacon in the old Mennonite Church at Good's Meeting-house, in Conoy Township. The grandfather of Henry E. Longenecker was Christian Longenecker; born in Lancaster County, Pa., May 5th, 1785; died in West Donegal Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa., July 31st, 1855. He was little of stature, and a farmer. Married Fannie Brenamen (born May 22rd, 1789; died October 5th, 1868). They had fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters, five of whom died before they were grown up. The names of the children were Christian, Rachel, Annie, Mary, Elizabeth, Fannie, Barbara, John, Henry, Mary, David, Abraham, David, and Levi. They had two named. David and two Mary; after the first died they gave others the same names. The great-grandfather of Henry E. Longenecker was Christian Longenecker; born March 16th, 1738, in Lancaster County, Pa.; died April 16th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 139 1814, in Lancaster County. It is supposed that he was born in this county, because his father was in this county, and he himself is buried there, with his wife, at Bassler's Meeting-house, in West Don- egal Township. The great-great-grandfather of Henry E. Long- enecker was Melchior Longenecker, who died in Lancaster County, Pa. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Henry E.; residence, Salunga, Lan- caster County, Pa.; born, Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., April 9th, 1853. A minis- ter of the Gospel in the old Mennonite Church; ordained February 19th, 1880, having charge of a church at Chestnut Hill, West Hempfield Town- ship, Lancaster County, Pa. Married, January 14th, 1875, Catharine H. Bomberger (born January 26th, 1851). No children. Father's name, Henry B. Longenecker; resi- dence, Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa., December 19th, 1818; died March 22nd, 1870, at Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was little of stature. He was a farmer; died by the fall of a tree. Had eleven children, six sons and five daughters, all living, the youngest over thirty 140 HISTORY OF THE years of age: Esther, Christian, Fannie, David, Henry, Samuel, Elizabeth, Annie, John, Amanda, Abraham. Married, May 23rd, 1844, Elizabeth Ebersole, who died January 7th, 1896. The father of Elizabeth Ebersole, David Ebersole, was a farmer, in Conoy Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was a deacon in the old. Mennonite Church, at Good's Meeting-house, in Conoy Township. Paternal grandfather, Christian Longenecker; residence, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Lancaster County, Pa., May 5th, 1785; died July 31st, 1855, at West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa. He was little of stature; was a farmer. Married Fannie Brenamen (born May 22nd, 1789; died Octo- ber 5th, 1868). They were the parents of fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters; five of them died before they were grown up. Children: Christian, Rachel, Annie, Mary, Elizabeth, Fannie, Barbara, John, Henry, Mary, David, Abraham, David, and Levi. They had two named David and two Mary. After the first died they later gave the others the same names. Great-grandfather, Christian Longenecker; resi- dence, Lancaster County, Pa.; born, Lancaster County, Pa., March 16th, 1738; died, Lancaster County, Pa., April 16th, 1814. It is supposed that he was born in Lancaster Countv, because his father LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 141 was in this county, and he himself died and is buried in this county. I was at his and his wife's graves, at Bassler's Meeting-house, in West Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pa. His wife's name was Anna, and she was born in 1740 and died in 1812. Great-great-grandfather, Melchior Longenecker; residence, Lancaster County, Pa. Melchior is a mistake; the aunt who said she was told so has forgotten, or else the author of it did not know. The records, dates, etc., and age, show that Ulrich[1] was the great-great-grandfather. Pedigree: Henry E.[5], Henry B.[4], Christian[3], Christian[2], Ulrich[1]. ****************** ULRICH[1] STEM. CHILDREN OF PETER AND HANNAH (NEE BOYER) LONGAKER (PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). Rufus B., born April 6th, 1816; died September 26th, 1882; Mary (Mrs. Abraham C. Cole, de- ceased), born August 1st, 1817; died ----, 1882; Louisa (Mrs. Sebastian Kohl), born December 17th, 1823; Emeline, born September 25th, 1827; John Boyer, born September 11th, 1832; died June 5th, 1888; Frances Mira, born June 30th, 1836; died September 13th, 1838. 142 HISTORY OF THE Sebastian Kohl, of Limerick Township, born April 16th, 1812. He was married April 1st, 1845, to Louisa, daughter of Peter and Hannah B. Longaker, and had four children: Mary Adeline, born March 30th, 1846; Hannah Emma, born June 8th, 1848; Horace, born August 5th, 1850; Sarah Jane, born March 6th, 1856; died November 4th, 1889. GENEALOGY OF RUFUS B. LONGAKER'S FAMILY Montgomery S. Longaker, born December 24th, 1842; Hannah E. Longaker, born September 22nd, 1844; married Matthias Geist; issue, Harry and Lizzie; Lizzie married Irvin S. Brant. Elmira Longaker, born March 20th, 1847; died April 12th, 1847; Sarah Ann Longaker, born September 24th, 1848; died May 6th, 1861; Horace Long- aker, born August 4th, 1850; Mary Longaker, born November 10th, 1852; married William H. Thomas; died April 23rd, 1885, leaving her hus- band to survive her, but no children; Lewis C. Longaker, born February 14th, 1856, in Pottstown, and was educated in the public schools of that borough. In the spring of 1877, he entered the office of Beam & Son, Parker's Landing, Armstrong County, Pa., and became engaged in making gauge tables of oil tanks, continuing with the firm until LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 143 the fall of 1878. In the spring of 1879 he entered the gauging departmemt of the United Pipe Line Company (a branch of the Standard), measuring and computing oil tanks. In July, 1895, he was put in charge of the running of oil in the Bradford District, and is still so engaged. September 5th, 1883, he married Gertrude P. Robinson, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Unto them three children were born, Ger- trude Elizabeth, October l3th, 1884, Harold Robin- son, September 25th, 1886, and Evelyn. GENEALOGY OF MONTGOMERY S. LONGAKER'S FAMILY. Children of Diana M. and Montgomery S. Long- aker: Gertrude, born September 7th, 1870; Helen B., born October l4th, 1872 (Mrs. Frank S. Brant); Elizabeth, born November 5th, ----; died Feb- ruary 16th, 1875. Children of Mary J. and M. S. Longaker: Charles K., born July 4th, 1877; Montgomery B., born August 20th, 1879; Beulah, born October 20th, 1881; Mabel, born November 19th, 1883; Joseph B., born April 22nd, 1886; died September 2nd, 1887; Louis, born October 19th, 1888; Russel B., born January 21st, 1895. 144 HISTORY OF THE M. S.LONGAKER BRANCH (MONTGOMERY[6], RUFUS[5], PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). The Longaker family has been an active one in Montgomery County's history, and the adminis- tration of the affairs of that section of the State has been participated in by various members for several generations. Hon. Montgomery S. Long- aker, the subject of this biography, has occupied public office for a number of years, and through his extensive and active career has always evidenced the possession of a high order of ability and great integrity. Montgomery S. Longaker was born December 24th, 1842, at Crooked Hill (now Sanatoga), Mont- gomery County, Pa., his parents being Rufus B. and Elizabeth Longaker. Mr. Longaker was trained to follow in his father's footsteps. He obtained his elementary instruction in the public schools of his native place, and, after completing his course there, he was sent to the Hill School at Pottstown, to complete his education. He then engaged in teaching for several years, and in 1864 entered the County Treasurer's office under his father, who then held that important post. Mr. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 145 Longaker entered into the affairs of his county with the same energetic spirit as that which dis- tinguished his father's career, and for several years he occupied a position in the administration of public affairs, which kept him in the vanguard of the leaders of Montgomery County. In the spring of 1875 he was elected Burgess of Pottstown, which position he so well filled that he was re- elected in the spring of 1876. Politics constituted for him an interesting study, and, both from the economic standpoint of national affairs and the broad management of county politics, he was well fitted to represent the organization of the De- mocracy of his county. In the fall of 1876 he was elected to a seat in the State Assembly, and resigned the office of Burgess, to which he had given so thorough an administration, and assumed his new duties as a State Legislator, serving during the Sessions of 1877 and 1878. On January 20th, 1886, Mr. Longaker was appointed Postmaster of Pottstown by President Cleveland, thus coming into the greatest promi- nence of his career, and he took charge of the office February 16th, 1886. He served as Postmaster for four and one-half years, when he was succeeded by an appointee under the administration of President Harrison. 146 HISTORY OF THE On August 16th, 1894, Mr. Lougaker was again appointed to the office by President Cleveland, and once more assumed charge on September 1st of that year, serving for a full term of four years. His administration of this responsible post proved very acceptable to the general public and the officials at Washington as well as creditable to himself. For a number of years he has been prominent as a local leader of the Democracy, and has been a delegate to many Democratic Con- ventions. Mr. Longaker was married August 10th, 1869, to Diana M. Beerer, a daughter of Joseph and Eliza- beth Kline Beerer, of Norristown. Three children were the result of this union: Gertrude B., Helen (Mrs. Frank S. Brant), and Elizabeth, who died in infancy. Mrs. Longaker died November 12th, 1874, and two years later, in 1876, Mr. Longaker married Mary J. Beerer, a sister of his first wife. By the second marriage he had a family of seven children: Charles K., Montgomery B., Beulah, Mabel, Louis, Joseph B. (deceased), and Russel B. Mr. Longaker is a member of Trinity Reformed Church. He is also identified with the Masonic bodies. He is a manager of the Reading and Perkiomen Turnpike Company and also of the Pottstown Gas LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 147 and Water Company. In the affairs of Montgomery County he has always been a prominent figure, and he continues to occupy that position in the esteem of the people of his community. **************** COLE BRANCH. Henry A. Cole, rn January 22nd, 1838. Mar- ried, May 5th, 1864, Jeanette Wentz Arnold, who was a daughter of Dr. Samuel Arnold, of Plymouth Township, Montgomery County, and her grand- father, Daniel Arnold, of French ancestry. Unto them were born two children: Carrie and Arnold Cole. Paternal grandfather, Abraham C. Cole, was born August 28th, 1805; died May 29th, 1871. Married Mary Longaker, a daughter of Peter and Hannah (nee Boyer) Longaker. The paternal grandfather of Henry A. Cole was Henry Kohl, Limerick Township, who married Barbara Achelberger. Genealogy: Mary Longaker[5], Peter[4], Jacob[3], Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]. 148 HISTORY OF THE RUFUS B. LONGAKER (RUFUS[5], PETER[4], JACOB[3], JACOB[2], ULRICH[1]). Peter Longaker, the father of Rufus B., was a na- tive of Lawrenceville, now Parker-Ford, Chester County, Pa., where he was born, on his father's farm, March 14th, 1786, and died November 1st, 1866, in Limerick Township. He married Hannah Boyer, November 7th, 1815, a daughter of George and Mary Boyer, who was born in Churchville, Here- ford Township, Berks County, Pa., September 1st, 1795, and survived until her ninetieth year. There were born to Mr. and Mrs. Longaker six children: Rufus B., Mary (Mrs. Abraham C. Cole, deceased), Louisa (Mrs. Sebastian Kohl), Emeline (John B. and Frances Mira, deceased). Rufus B., the eldest of this number, whose birth occurred in Limerick Township (where his father then resided), on the 6th of April, 1816. At the age of sixteen became a pupil at the Trappe Board- ing School. On completing his course of study, he spent two years in teaching in Cumru Town- ship, Berks County, Pa., and then became a clerk in a country store at the Trappe. He embarked in the mercantile business at Crooked Hill, Mont- gomery County, remaining there from 1840 to 1851. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 149 Having been in that year elected Recorder of Deeds, he removed soon after to Norristown, and remained for three years the incumbent of the office. Returning to Pottstown in 1855, he en- gaged in the purchase and sale of cattle and horses, continuing the business for several years. He was, in 1863, the successful candidate for County Treas- urer, and served in that capacity for two terms, meanwhile retaining his home in Pottstown. In 1862, under the firm of Longaker & Van Buskirk, he embarked in the wholesale wine and liquor business, in which he was succeeded by his son, Montgomery S. Longaker. Mr. Longaker was an influential member of his party, and at various times delegate to Democratic State Conventions. For three years he served as member of the Borough Council of Pottstown. He was for many years in the Board of Management of the Union Mutual Fire and Storm Insurance Company of Mont- gomery County, as also a Manager of the Reading and Perkiomen Turnpike Company. He was a devout member of Trinity Reformed Church, of Pottstown. Mr. Longaker was married, January 20th, 1842, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Abram Smith, of Pottstown. Their children are Montgomery S., Hannah E. (Mrs. Matthias Geist), Horace S., Mary (Mrs. William H. Thomas), de- 150 HISTORY OF THE ceased, Lewis C. (of Bradford, Pa.), Sarah Ann, and Elmira (deceased). Mr. Longaker enjoyed a reputation for prompt- ness and integrity in all his business dealings. Pos- sessing sound judgment and a mind that grasped quickly the details of business, he was frequently consulted upon matters involving important issues. He was extensively acquainted with public men throughout the State, and enjoyed the confidence and friendship of many persons in high official position. The death of Mr. Longaker occurred, after a life of great activity and usefulness, on the 26th of September, 1882. ***************** PERSONAL SKETCH OF DANIEL LONGAKER AND FAMILY. Ulrich Longenecker stem, branch of Isaac Long- aker, who married Catharine Diehl. Issue, three sons: Daniel, Isaac, Francis. First, child,. Daniel (deceased). Grandparents: Maternal, George Boyer married Catharine Hoffman; paternal, Isaac Longaker mar- ried, December 27th, 1812, to Catharine Diehl. Parents, Daniel Longaker married Elizabeth Boyer. There were born unto them eleven children: LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 151 George W. Longaker married Eunice Naomi Shearer. Unto these were born three children: (a) Mary N. Longaker married Frank Huston. (b) Katie Longaker, who married Amos Albertson, of Norristown. These have two children, Morton and Dorothy, (c) Daniel Longaker, M. D., a phy- sician, living at Reading, Pa. Katie Longaker died at age of sixteen; Annie E. Longaker, unmarried; Daniel Moore Long- aker died in infancy ; Mary Boyer Longaker died at the age of five years; Ellie V. Longaker married Rev. L. K. Evans, D. D., of Pottstown. These have two children, Anna R. Evans and Daniel Longaker Evans. Bertha Longaker married Rev. David W. Moore (now deceased); was pastor of Presbyterian Church at Bridgeport, Pa. No issue. Sallie Longaker died at age of thirty-three years; Elizabeth Longaker married Dr. C. Howard Harry, of Norristown, Pa. One son born unto them, Carolus P. Harry. Claribel Longaker married Ellwood Rhoads, of Norristown, Pa. No issue. Daniel Longaker died at the age of seven years. Grandmother, Catharine Hoffman Boyer, was the daughter of Jacob Hoffman, who was born March 18th, 1765, and who was married to Cath- arine Schlough, September 26th, 1786. Grandmother, Catharine Deal Longaker, was the 152 HISTORY OF THE daughter of Daniel Deal, died October 29th, 1826, and his wife Mary, died October 6th, 1843. Grandfather, Isaac Longaker, was born February 4th, 1792, and died June 20th, 1818. Grandmother, Catharine Diehl Longaker, was born May 7th, 1792, and died July 4th, 1873. Daniel Longaker[5] (Isaac[4], Jacob[3], Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]). Jacob[3] changed name from Longenecker to Long- aker. ******************* ULRICH[1] STEM-HONORABLE J. H. LONGENECKER BRANCH. The Longenecker family of Bedford, Blair, and Huntingdon Counties, Pa., are of Lancaster County stock. The best information indicates that during the latter part of the Eighteenth Century, Peter Longenecker went from Lancaster County to what was then (if prior to September 9th, 1784,) Cum- berland County, or (if after that date) Franklin County, and settled in Washington Township, now Franklin County. There were five sons of whom I can learn, viz.: Jacob, David (my grandfather), Daniel, Joseph, and Abraham, and two daughters, one married to a man named Mock and one to Abraham Winters. From Washington Township, Franklin County, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 153 the children named all removed to Huntingdon and Bedford Counties, except Daniel and Joseph, who went to the State of Ohio at an early day. Jacob located near Petersburg, Huntingdon County. The records of that county show a conveyance to him on the 6th of November, 1801, from John Graffius. (See Record Book "I, No. I," page 76.) Some of his descendants still reside in that locality. (For David, my grandfather, see below.) Daniel and Joseph, as stated, removed to Ohio. They may have gone directly from their home in Franklin County, and probably did, or perhaps after staying for a short time in one of the more westerly counties of the State. At all events, Peter S. Long- enecker, of Galva, Ill. (a son of Abraham Long- enecker, post, and hence a nephew of Daniel and Joseph), informs me Joseph visited his father's (Abraham Longenecker's) family, in Morrison's Cove, Bedford County, while living in Ohio during his (Peter's) boyhood, and that in 1842, he (Peter) and his brother-in-law, Jacob Strock, when travel- ing through Ohio, visited his uncle, Daniel Long- enecker, who then lived with his son near New Lisbon, the county seat of Columbiana County. I do not know where Joseph resided. The only thing I can learn of the daughter married to Mock is that she lived at one time in Blair County, near 154 HISTORY OF THE Martinsburg. The daughter married to Abraham Winters lived with her husband on a farm near Williamsburg, then in Huntingdon County, now Blair. They had two sons and two daughters, of whom Abraham Winters, Jr., removed to Iowa in 1854, as Peter Longenecker says he then saw him and his family in Ogle County, Ill., on their way to Iowa. Abraham Longenecker, who died in the latter part of the year 1840, was married to Nancy Snow- berger and had the following children, viz.: Abra- ham, who died early in the fifties, and his family afterward removed to Black Hawk County, Iowa, locating on a quarter section of land sold them by my father, near Waterloo in that county. Fannie, who married Abraham Keagy, a farmer, near the village of Woodbury, Bedford County, and who died in 1898, aged ninety-four years. Samuel, who was a school teacher for many. years, an intelligent man, of extensive reading, and died, unmarried, in old age .at-Woodbury. Catharine, who married Jacob Strock, who was for some years engaged in merchandising in Wood- bury, and early in the fifties removed to a farm near Polo, Ogle County, Ill., where his family still resides. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 155 Jacob, who died in old age in Woodbury, un- married. Daniel, first engaged in the milling business, afterward in merchandising at Claysburg, Blair County, then, about 1855, removed to Northern Illinois, engaged in farming. One of his sons was Charles 0. Longenecker, a very successful mer- chant in Ogle County, Ill., who died a few years ago in the southern part of that county. David S., who was engaged in various occupa- tions, including agriculture, and died a few years ago at Roaring Springs, Blair Count, Pa., a highly respected citizen, and leaving a family of daughters and one son, who is now practicing medicine in Emporia, Kan. Barbara, who intermarried with David F. Buck, a prosperous farmer and merchant. Both died some years ago at their home at New Enterprise, Bedford County, leaving two sons, Charles L. Buck and Samuel L. Buck, and two daughters, Mrs. Obediah Ober and Mrs. D. M. Brumbaugh. Peter Longenecker, who still lives at Galva, Bureau County, Ill. The only remaining member of the family. His son, Calvin S. Longenecker, is engaged in business at 133 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Ill. 156 HISTORY OF THE Susannah, who married John Keagy and removed to Fayette County, Pa. David Longenecker, my grandfather, was born near Waynesboro, Franklin County (or possibly in Lancaster County), about 1760 to 1765. He was a carpenter by occupation and is so described in a deed for his first purchase in Huntingdon County from Daniel Pennington, dated September 3rd, 1794, and is also there described as being from Washing- ton Township, Franklin County. After removing to Huntingdon County, about the time mentioned in said deed, he resided in Franklin Township, Huntingdon County, on Spruce Creek, as the title papers indicate. He afterward removed to Wood- bury Township in the same county (now Huston Township, Blair County), and lived there until the time of his death. The first deed to him for land in the latter community bears date February 25th, 1812, and was for sixteen acres purchased from John Paulus (Paul). By a warrant from the Com- monwealth dated December 9th, 1814, and a patent dated April 10th, 1816, he acquired title to twenty- seven acres in the same neighborhood, and by deed dated August 30th, 1815,, he purchased from John Brumbaugh and his wife one hundred and sixteen. acres, also in the same locality. On the 25th of April, 1828, he and his wife, Elizabeth, sold and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 157 conveyed to their son, John Longenecker, my father, their mansion farm situated as above, re- serving a yearly payment of $50.00 during life, to begin April 1st, 1829. David Longenecker died on these premises, Sep- tember 4th, 1838, aged about seventy-five years, and was buried in the family graveyard, located thereon. He had three sons who survived him. Jacob lived in the same community until he at- tained middle life, when he removed to South Woodbury Township, Bedford County, near New Enterprise, where he died, the ---- day of ------, 187-. He had a son, Samuel, who removed to the West and remained there (locality not known). He also had several daugh- ters, one of whom married a Mr. Dilling; one, Isaac Hoover, who resided until his death in Kan- sas; and one, John Snowberger, of New Enterprise. Peter died unmarried, near Martinsburg, Blair County, in 187-, and John Longcnecker, my father, was born May 21st, 1804, in Huntingdon County, now Blair, and died July 29th, 1876, at his home, near Knob- noster, Johnson County, Mo. He was all his life engaged in farming, first owning the farm which his father had conveyed to him in Huston Town- ship, Blair County, on the 25th of April, 1828, and 158 HISTORY OF THE which he, on the 25th of December, 1843, con- veyed to Jacob Hoover. On the 14th of April, 1846, he purchased from Jacob and Peter Long- enecker one hundred and fifty-nine acres of land in Middle Woodbury Township, being the mansion farm of Abraham Longenecker, the father of the vendors and uncle of the vendees. He removed, with his family, to these premises in 1844, in pur- suance of a contract of their purchase, and resided thereon until 1867, when he sold the same and re- moved to a property which he owned near by, on which stood a grist mill, built by his uncle, Abra- ham Longenecker, early in the centuries, which he operated until 1869. In the spring of that year he disposed of the latter and removed to Johnson County, Mo. He was first married, in 1826, to Susan Smith, by whom he had four children: David, born Octo- her 4th, 1827, who lives with his family in Union- ville, Appanoose County, Iowa; Catharine, born August 22nd, 1829, who lives in Johnson County, Mo., unmarried; John, born December i8th, 1831, who resides in Kingman County, Kan.; and Susan, who died in infancy. David and John are both engaged in farming. His wife having died in 1833, he was again married, in 1836, to Elizabeth Hol- singer, who was born September 6th, 1806, in what LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 159 is now Bloomfield Township, Bedford County, and who died August ----, 1880, at Pomona, Frank- lin County, Kan., at the home of her daughter Nancy. From the second marriage the following issue resulted: Daniel, born October l4th, 1837, now residing near Paola, Miami County, Kan., where he is en- gaged in agriculture and stock-raising. In 1866 he married Susan U. Reichard, a daughter of Dr. Reichard, residing near Hagerstown, Md. He was then engaged in the milling business on his father's property, and in 1867 removed to Johnson County, Mo., and several years later to his present home in Kansas. His children are Oscar M., who, for two terms, was Superintendent of Public Instruction of Miami County, Kan., and is now a practicing physician in the same county; Florence, a successful teacher in the schools of Kansas City; Arthur, now en- gaged as a clerk; Charles H., now practicing med- icine in Kingman County, Kan.; Alice Winnefred, who died at the age of sixteen, on the 2nd day of May, 1898; Albert, just graduated from the Paola High School; and Jacob H. Longenecker (a sketch of whom you have already received). Mary. born April 13th, 1842, attended school at 160 HISTORY OF THE the Allegheny Male and Female Seminary, Bed- ford County. Married Henry Albaugh, and resides in Kingman County, Kan. Has several children, of whom Nannie graduated from the State Normal School at Emporia, Kan., and is now married to ----- Stanley, who is now engaged in the study of the law, in his native State of Kansas, and Mira and Mattie, who are at home with their parents. George Longenecker, born February 26th, 1844, and died July 17th, 1899, at his home in Nelson, Butte County, Cal. He had served in the army during the War of the Rebellion, in Company G, One Hundred and Sixty-first Pennsylvania Volun- teers (Sixteenth Cavalry), had taught school, grad- uated from the Missouri State Normal School at Warrensburg, went to California and engaged in the drug business. He is survived by his wife and two children, both of whom lately graduated from the California State Normal School at Chico. Nancy, born May 24th, 1846. She attended the State Normal School at Millersville, Pa.; went with the family to the West; married Samuel G. Longaker, who engaged in merchandising at Pa- mona, Kan., afterward removed to Baldwin, Kan., and later to Kansas City, where they now reside. Two of their sons are in the service of the Wells- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 161 Fargo Express Company, Irwin being the General Route Agent for the company, and Ira an agent for said company at Hastings, Neb. MEMORANDUM AS TO THE LONGENECKER FAMILY. By the lists of names of foreigners who arrived at Philadelphia and took the oath of allegiance, as given in Volume 17, "Pennsylvania Archives," the following appears: Hans Longenecker arrived by the ship "James Goodwill," D. Crocket, master, from Rotterdam, last from Portsmouth. Was qualified (by taking the oath of allegiance) on September 30th, 1727. (See page 8 of said Volume, also "Colonial Records," Volume I, pages 284-5.) Christian Longinacre & Anna Barbary Longin- acre arrived by the ship "Mortonhouse," James Coultas, master, from Rotterdam, and was qualified on the 19th August, 1729. (See page 17 of same Volume, also "Colonial Records," Volume 3, page 368.) Alrige Langneker, aged 69; Ulrich Loninacre, Jr., or Olrig Langnecker, aged 22; Jackop Lang- necker, aged 19 ; and Stifan Lunneker, aged 33, all arrived by the ship "Hope," of London, Daniel Reed, master, from Rotterdam, and qualified Au- gust 28th, 1733. (See pages 85, 86, and 87,and 162 HISTORY OF THE "Colonial Records," Volume 3, page 517, where the name is spelled "Loninacre," and Alrige and Stifan are omitted.) In Rupp's "Names of 30,000 Pennsylvania Immi- grants," the last edition of which was published by I. Kohler, No. 911 Arch Street, Philadelphia, in 1890, the name of Christian Longenecker appears as having arrived at an earlier date than any of the above-named persons, I think about 1717 to 1720, but have not the book before me and speak only from memory. He was probably the pioneer of the families of the name coming to the United States, or what were then the Colonies. In a German Baptist Calendar, published at Huntingdon, Pa., or Mt. Morris, Ill., the name of Christian Longenecker appears as a minister of that church in Lancaster County, at a very early day, and it is probable that it was tie same person men- tioned in Rupp's book. A list of families of the County of Dauphin, in 1790, taken from the first census of the United States, for that county in that year, the following names occur: On page 17, Jacob Longnecker, Abra- ham Longnecker; on page 18, Christian Longe- necker; and, on page 19, Daniel Longenecker. The United States Marshall for Pennsylvania, at the time of taking said census, was Colonel Clement LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 163 Biddle, and his assistant for Dauphin County was Charles Brown. The list was republished in 1890. Colonel Henry C. Longnecker, of Allentown, Lehigh County, Pa., was Colonel of the Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the three months' service, during the War of the Rebellion (see Bates' History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, page 86). At the time of the choice of officers, Colonel Longnecker was in New York City, but, immediately on being informed of his election, hastened to Harrisburg and joined his regiment. The regiment was organized at Camp Curtin, on the 4th of May, 1861, proceeded to West Chester, where it remained until the 26th of May, when it was ordered to the State of Delaware, and con- tinued there until the 6th of June, when it went to Chambersburg and joined General Patterson's com- mand and served with it until mustered out at Har- risburg, July 24th, 1861. From June 17th to the close of the term of ser- vice, Colonel Longnecker commanded the Brigade, succeeding General Dixon S. Miles, of the Regular Army, in the command. He was also Colonel of the Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania "Militia of 1862," organized September 11th-13th, 1862; dis- charged September 24th-27th, 1862 (see Bates', Volume 5, page 1158). 164 HISTORY OF THE Dr. J. H. Longenecker, of Lancaster County, was Assistant Surgeon of the One Hundred and Thir- tieth Regiment from September 15th, 1862, to May 21st, 1863 (see Bates', Volume 4, page 207). Bates' General Index, Volume 5, gives his name as John H. Longenecker, but on page 207, of Volume 4, it is merely J. H. ****************** BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH-HON. J. H. LONGENECKER. His district was composed of the counties of Bedford and Somerset, each of which had at the time nearly 40,000 population, making one of the largest single districts in the State; that is, one of the largest in its territory and business as well, presided over by one judge. The great coal in- terests of Somerset County were rapidly develop- ing during his term, and at its close the population of that county had grown to at least 60,000. When he went on the Bench the legal business of the district had greatly accumulated and the work of the courts was far behind. He determined to bring it up and in a few years did so, in Bedford County, and before retiring from office, in January, 1902, left it practically so in Somerset also. In addition LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 165 to holding the regular and special courts of his own district, he frequently held courts in quite a num- ber of the other counties of the State. During the ten years he was on the Bench many impor- tant cases and interesting legal questions came before him. It is a matter of gratification that he was affirmed, with a few exceptions, in the cases that went up for review. Amongst such cases of interest might be cited Cypher v. Railroad Com- pany, 149 Pa. 359; Chamberlain et al. v. Hartley et al., 152, Id. 544; Tissue v. Hanna, 158, Id. 384; Young v. Colvin, 168, Id. 449; Eifert v. Lytle et al., 172, Id. 356; Dauler et al. v. Hartley et al., 178, Id. 23; Rutherfoord v. Railroad Company, Id. 38; Fritz et al. v. Menges, 179, Id. 122; Mechessny v. Unity Township, 164, Id. 358; Irwin v. Irwin, 169, Id. 529; Frazier v. Butler Bor., 172, Id. 407; Assigned Estate Fair Hope, etc., v. Fire Brick Com- pany, 183, Id. 96; Philson's Use v. Life Insurance Company, Id. 443; Olinger v. Shultz and Mognet, Id. 469; Commonwealth v. Roddy, 184, Id. 274; Estate of S. S. Reighard, 192, Id. 108; Common- wealth v. Sheets, 197, Id. 69; Clapper v. Fred- erick, 199, Id. 609; Gardner's Estate, Id. 524; and in the Superior Court: Commonwealth v. Dr. Mitchell, 6 Supreme Court Reports, 369; Mauk v. Insurance Company, 7, Id. 633; Hillegas v. Huff- l66 HISTORY OF THE man et al., 6, Id. 211; Chambersburg and Bedford Turnpike Company, 20, Id. 173. In Burkhart v. Insurance Company, II, Id. 280, the judgment was reversed by a divided court, and afterward, when the same question came up in the Supreme Court, in 200, Pa. 340, the first ruling was sustained. Although his time was so largely absorbed in official duties, yet he has been at various times School Director, Town Councilman, and Burgess. He is a member of Major Watson Post, G. A. R., and a member of the Loyal Legion. He married Rebecca V. Russell. His two older sons, Samuel Russell Longenecker and Ralph Longenecker, entered Yale University in the Class of 1890, in the Academic Department. Russell left in his sophomore year, began the study of law in Bedford, and in 1893 was admitted, since which time he has been in practice here. Ralph grad- uated with his class, well up, in 1894, and at once began the study of law with Moses A. Points, Esq., of Bedford. When the Pittsburg Law School opened he entered it as a student and graduated in its first class (and at its head), in June, 1897, taking as a prize a set of the American and English Enc. Law. Since then he has been in practice of his profession in Pittsburg and an Instructor in the Law School. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 167 Charles, the third son, took a course in State College in mechanical engineering, and has been for several years in the employment of the Cam- bria Steel Company, at Johnstown, in the line of his profession. Since the close of his judicial term, the Judge has resumed the practice of the law. His brother, George, resided in Nelson, Butte County, California, July l7th, 1899. He was reared in Bedford County, served in the Union Army in the War for the Suppression of the Rebellion, taught school, went to the West and later to the Pacific Coast, where he was engaged in the drug business. John S. Longenecker, another brother, died at Kingman, Kan., November 21st, 1901. He had also served in the Union Army during two enlistments. Had been a farmer in Bedford County, in Missouri, and Kansas. *************** LONGENECKER FAMILY - GENEALOGY, ULRICH[1] STEM. Longenecker, Jacob H.; residence, Bedford, Pa.; born September l7th, 1839, Huston Township, Blair County, Pa.; married December 21st, 1869, Nannie Rebecca Russell, who had graduated with 168 HISTORY OF THE honor from "Oakland Female Institute," Norris- town. Pa., September 18th, 1866. Her paternal ancestry was Scotch-Irish; maternal, German. Her maternal grandfather was Christian Reamer and her mother Nancy Reamer. Her paternal great-grandfather, Alexander Russell, left Prince- ton College to enter the Revolutionary Army in 1775, was commissioned a Lieutenant in Captain Alexander's Company, of Carlisle. Served five years. Afterward lived and died at Gettysburg. Her grandfather, James McPherson Russell, was a lawyer in Bedford, was in Constitutional Conven- tion of 1837-38, and a member of Congress. Her father, the late Hon. Samuel L. Russell, was also a lawyer in Bedford. Served in Congress and in Constitutional Convention, 1873, and died in Bed- ford September 30th, 1891. Children: Samuel Russell Longenecker, Ralph Longenecker, and Charles Longenecker. Father, John Longenecker; residence, Huston Township, Blair County, until 1844; Middle Wood- berry Township, Bedford County, 1844 to 1869, and thereafter Johnson County, Mo.; born, Huston Township, Blair County, Pa., May 21st, 1804; died, Johnson County, Mo., July 29th, 1879 (near Knob Noster). First married, 1826, Susan Smith, bv whom he had four children: David, born Octo- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 169 ber 4th, 1827, now living in Unionville, Iowa; married and has a family; is a farmer. Catharine, born August 22nd, 1829; not married; now living in Johnson County, Mo. John, born December 18th, 1831; never married; lives in Kingman County, Kan.; farmer. Susan, born October 19th, 1833; died in infancy. First wife died November, 1833. In 1836 he married a second time, Elizabeth Holsinger, born September 6th, 1806, in Bloomfield Township, Bedford County, a daughter of George Holsinger of that township, who came from Waynesboro, Franklin County, not later than 1796 (as the assessment of 150 acres of land to him in that year shows). His father was Jacob Holsinger, who was born on shipboard, June 24th, 1731, while his parents were en route to America. Jacob's father, Rudolph Holsinger, arrived in Philadelphia by the ship "Brittania" and took the oath of allegiance September 21st, 1731. (Volume 17, Pennsylvania Archives, pp. 28-30; Colonial Records, Volume 3, p. 415) Paternal grandfather, David Longenecker; resi- dence, Franklin County, as a young man, and later Huntingdon and Blair Counties; born, Washington Township, Franklin County (or possibly Lancaster County). Date of birth not known, but supposed to be about 1760 to 1765. Died September 4th, 170 HISTORY OF THE 1838 (aged, say seventy-five), at Huston Township, Blair County. He was a carpenter, and is so described in a deed to him for his first purchase in Huntingdon County, from Daniel Pennington, dated September 3rd, 1794, and also as being from Washington Township, Franklin County. When in Huntingdon County he first resided on Spruce Creek in Franklin Township, as his deeds show. He afterward removed to Woodberry Township, same county (now Huston Township, Blair County), and lived there till he died. Is supposed to have been twice married, his wives being sisters named Yorty, of near Frankstown, Blair County. Great-grandfather said to have been Peter Long- enecker; residence, Lancaster County, and later near Waynesboro, Franklin County, Pa.; born in Lancaster County and died in Franklin County, Pa. *************** SKETCH AND FAMILY HISTORY OF JOEL M. LONGENECKER-ULRICH[1] STEM. The father of Joel M. was Edwin A. Long- enecker, born April 12th, 1807, in Lancaster City, Pa., and removed to Crawford County, Ill., and died February 16th, 1894. There were six sons and two daughters. All six boys enlisted in the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 171 Union Army. The oldest, Henry B., was killed and the youngest, Michael, died in the army, the remaining four, Rufus, Addison, Benjamin, and Joel, are still living. Joel M. Longenecker was born in Crawford County, Ill., January 12th, 1847; was educated at Robinson, Ill.; taught two terms of school, read law at Robinson, and in 1870 was admitted to the Bar. He began the practice of his profession at Olney, Ill. He has held several im- portant positions. He was elected Justice of the Peace two months after he became of age, and while reading law. Soon after settling at Olney he was elected City Attorney, and in 1876 was elected State Attorney of Richland County. In 1881 he removed to Chicago; in 1887 he was elected State Attorney of Cook County (being the county in which Chicago is located); this was to fill an unexpired term. In 1888 he was again elected State Attorney of Cook County for four years; in 1892 he declined the nomination for re- election and went into private practice. While he was State Attorney some very important cases were tried, some of which attracted attention throughout the entire country. The one very prominent, the Cronin Case, was tried by him, and, on account of the discoveries made, caused the people everywhere to take great 173 HISTORY OF THE interest in it. One hundred days were consumed in the actual trial of it. He is now residing in Chicago and is widely and prominently known as a jurist, and is a distin- guished and leading member of the Chicago Bar. He was married to Florence Fitch in 1870; has four children, two boys and two girls, living, and two children dead. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Joel M., Chicago, Ill.; born Janu- ary 12th, 1847, in Crawford County, Ill.; has lived in Chicago twenty years; practiced law since 1870; was a soldier in the Civil War (one of six brothers in the Union Army, two of whom lost their lives in the War of the Rebellion); was State Attorney of Cook County for five years; tried the great Cronin Conspiracy Murder Case; was in it one hundred days, etc. August 30th, 1870,. married; Florence Fitch, whose father was born in Virginia, and mother in Ohio; Florence was born in Craw- ford County, Ill. Their children are: Ralph (dead), Rolla R., Theodore (dead), Joel F., Gladys, and Theodocia. The father of Joel M. was Edwin A. Long- enecker, born April 12th, 1807, in Lancaster, Pa.; died February, 1894, in Crawford County, Ill. He LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 173 married Mary Byers, of Lancaster County, Pa., July 22nd, 1830, and removed to Crawford County, Ill., in 1835, residing there until his death. He was a blacksmith, but for twenty-five years before his death he farmed. The grandfather of Joel M. was John Long- enecker, born October 31st, 1775, in Lancaster County, Pa., and died May 29th, 1838, in Lan- caster City, Pa. His wife's name was Prudence. **************** BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF A. M. BEITLER. LONGACRE-BROWER BRANCH. Abraham M. Beitler was educated in the public schools of Philadelphia, graduating from the Cen- tral High School in July, 1870. He was one of the speakers at the school commencement, his address being entitled "A Plea for the Lawyer." He began the study of the law January 1st, 1871, in the office of C. Stuart Patterson, and was admitted to the Bar January, 1875. In January, 1878, having attracted the attention of the City Solicitor elect, William Nelson West, Esq., he selected Mr. Beitler as one of his assistants 174 HISTORY OF THE in the Law Department of the city. Mr. Beitler continued in the office during all the six years of Mr. West's two terms. At the termination of Mr. West's incumbency, Mr. Beitler was a delegate to the convention to select his successor, and in that convention voted for Charles E. Morgan, Jr., who had been Mr. West's first assistant. Mr. Morgan was not selected as the candidate, but the choice of the convention was Charles F. Warwick. In spite of the fact that Mr. Beitler had not supported Mr. Warwick, the latter, when he entered upon his duties as City Solicitor, named Mr. Beitler as his second assistant, and later, upon the resignation of the first assistant, Mr. Alexander, Mr. Beitler was advanced to the important post of first assistant, having won his way by his industry and ability from the lowest grade to the highest in the city's law office in less than nine years. At the same time Mr. Beitler was building up an extensive and lucrative law practice. As First Assistant: City Solicitor he had charge of all the important litigation in the law office of the city during the last term of Mr. Warwick, in- cluding the famous cases against the city passenger railway companies to compel them to renew with modern paving the cobble-stone surfaces of the streets they occupied. After long and bitter litiga- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 175 tion, the city won in the Supreme Court, and to that victory the citizens owe the magnificent pave- ments of Philadelphia, which have given the city the reputation of being the best-paved city in the Union. On October 1st, 1891, Mayor Stuart tendered Mr. Beitler the position of Director of the Department of Public Safety, a department embracing the Bu- reaus of Fire, Police, Health, Building Inspection, Boiler Inspection, City Property, and Electricity, employing upward of three thousand men and dis- bursing annually about six millions of dollars. He accepted the post, and, though he was then but thirty-eight years old, he conducted the department with such success and so entirely to the satisfaction of the people, that when Mayor Stuart's successor, Mr. Warwick, was elected, no one disputed Mr. Beitler's right to be retained, and Mayor Warwick appointed him his Director of the Department of Public Safety. This was in April, 1895. About this time factional politics dictated the appointment of an investigating committee to ferret out alleged abuses in the city government of Philadelphia. Emulating the celebrated committee styled the "Lexow," which had just been showing to the world the corruption in the police force in the city of New York, the Pennsylvania committee began an inquiry 176 HISTORY OF THE into the police methods and administration in Phil- adelphia. In spite of the fact that the committee had on it none but partisans, that it had unlimited means at its disposal, a corps of detectives in its employ, able and determined counsel to represent it, that it paid its witnesses and guaranteed them im- munity from prosecution for whatever crimes they confessed, and in spite of the fact that cross-exami- nation of the witnesses was not permitted and only one side was ever heard, Mr. Beitler and the depart- ment he presided over went through the trial un- scathed. When, after the committee had been taking testimony for over a year, the Governor ap- pointed Mr. Beitler to the vacancy in Court of Common Pleas No. I, caused by the death of the President Judge, Joseph Allison, the Bar and the Press united in praising the selection. In fact, a delegation of the leading members of the Bar waited on the Governor and requested that Mr. Beitler be named. This was in February, 1896. In the autumn following Judge Beitler was unanimously nominated by the Republican Convention for the full term of ten years, and his nomination was endorsed by the Democratic, Prohibition, and the Labor Parties, so that at the November election he had no competitor for the Judgeship. He had had three colleagues on the judicial ticket, but LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 177 received the largest vote cast for Judge, and the largest vote ever given up to that time for any nominee for any office in Philadelphia. He has now been on the Bench over three years. He has never lost those traits which early in life won him friends-modesty, affability, and entire frankness and candor. On the Bench he has been distinguished for his industry, his strict attention to his judicial duties, and his quick grasp of the merits of the cases brought before him. He is regarded as one of the safest, most conservative, and even- tempered Judges on the Bench, and his rulings have rarely been reversed by either the Superior or Supreme Courts. GENEALOGY. Abraham Merklee Beitler; residence, 1015 Pop- lar Street, Philadelphia, Pa.; born July 8th, 1853; married, October 16th, 1879, Julia Louisa Borne- mann. His father, Daniel Brower Beitler, was born May 31st, 1814, in Chester County, Pa., but, in the early part of his life, he came to Philadelphia; he mar- ried, October 7th, 1852, Mary Ann Eliza Merklee; her mother, Catharine Knowsland; her father, Con- rad Merklee, who came from Holland about 1800; he served in the War of 1812. 178 HISTORY OF THE His grandfather, Abraham Beitler, married Mary Brower. Daniel Brower Beitler, born, Chester County, Pa., May 31st, 1814. Mary Ann Eliza Beitler, born, Philadelphia, June i8th, 1820. Married, in Phila- delphia, October 7th, 1852. Issue: Abraham Mer- klee Beitler, born July 8th, 1853. Married Julia L. Bornemann. Issue: Harold Bornemann Beitler, born December 31st, 1880; admitted to the Bar July, 1902. Elise Julia Beitler, born December 6th, 1888. Amanda Catharine Beitler, born November 12th, 1855. William Lejee Beitler, born October 27th, 1857, married Mary B. Brown, January 13th, 1881. Issue: Sydney Hayward Beitler, born July 9th, 1882; William Lejee Beitler, Jr., born November 6th, 1885; Mildred Beitler, born January 5th, 1895. Elsie Mary Beitler, born January 4th, 1860; mar- ried William G. Carroll, December 20th, 1882. Issue: Edwin S. Stuart Carroll, born November 7th, 1883; Helen Beitler Carroll, born September 11th, 1886; Arthur William Carroll, born January 21st, 1889; Elsie Carroll, born October 30th, 1892. George Frederick Beitler, born April 7th, 1862; died ----. Lewis Eugene Beitler, born October 4th, 1863; married Clementine Worrilon Beck, June 12th, 1894. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 179 Issue: Edwin Fitler Beitler, born June 23th, 1895; died December 23nd, 1896; Lewis Eugene Beitler, Jr., born April 19th, 1897. Lewis E. Beitler, after receiving a common-school education, entered into a mercantile business, and, after some time, became a clerk in one of the lead- ing trust companies. He had meanwhile studied stenography, and became an expert shorthand writer. When Edwin H. Fitler was elected Mayor, in 1887, he selected Mr. Beitler as his Private Sec- retary. So successful was he in the discharge of the arduous and delicate duties of this important post, that Mr. Fitler's successor, Edwin S. Stuart, requested Mr. Beitler to remain as his Private Sec- retary. During Mayor Stuart's term, General Daniel H. Hastings was a frequent caller at the Mayor's office. He became acquainted with Mr. Beitler, and, when in 1894, he was elected Gover- nor, he requested Mr. Beitler to become his Private Secretary. Mr. Beitler went to Harrisburg, and, during the four years of Governor Hastings' term, served as the Governor's Secretary. He was, when he went to Harrisburg, acquainted with every man of note in Philadelphia and many throughout the State. His service in Harrisburg extended his cir- cle of acquaintances, and it is safe to say that no man in Pennsylvania of his years knows more men l80 HISTORY OF THE in business, professional, and political life than Mr. Lewis E. Beitler, and his acquaintances are likewise his friends. When Governor Hastings' term ex- pired and Mr. Griest was selected by Governor Stone as Secretary of the Commonwealth, he se- lected Mr. Beitler as his Chief Deputy. In his new position, Mr. Beitler is demonstrating anew his ability. He is already conversant with the duties of his responsible post, and has the regard, esteem, and confidence of his superior. ****************** BEITLER-BROWER-LONGACRE BRANCH- STEM, DANIEL[1] LONGACRE. Daniel Brower Beitler was the oldest son of Abraham Beitler and his wife, Mary Brower. He was born in Chester County, Pa., on May 31st, 1814. His father, Abraham: Beitler, was born March 6th, 1785, and his mother, Mary Brower, on November 1st, 1788. Abraham Beitler died June 23nd, 1866, at Philadelphia. Mary Brower died May 13th, 1862. They are buried at the Diamond Rock Mennonite Meeting Burial grounds, in Ches- ter Valley. Mary Brower's ancestery runs back, through the Browers and the Longakers or Lang- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. l8l eneckers, to the early part of the eighteenth century. Daniel B. Beitler came to Philadelphia when a young man. He received a common school edu- cation in Chester County. His father's family was a large one, and early in life he was compelled to assist his father in maintaining the family. While yet a boy he drove a six-horse team across the mountains to Pittshurg. After locating in Philadelphia he engaged in the feed business and then in the livery stable busi- ness. In 1860 he had three large stables, all in the Ninth Ward. He sold out his stables to take charge of the hotel which his father had conducted for years. This was the New Market Inn on Market Street above Sixteenth, a celebrated old- fashioned farmers' inn, which Daniel B. Beitler continued to run until the time of his death. It was frequented by the farmers of Chester, Mont- gomery, Bucks, and Delaware Counties. During the meetings of the Friends its capacity was taxed to the utmost, the Inn being the headquarters of the Friends' from the rural sections. Attached to the Inn were extensive stables, and on market days from forty to seventy-five horses were accom- modated. In those days the farmers hauled their produce to market. 182 HISTORY OF THE Early in life Daniel B. Beitler took a deep interest in politics. He was an ardent Republican. He was too old and not physically able to take part in the War of the Rebellion, but he became an active member of the Union League, when that patriotic organization was formed, and gave valuable assist- ance in recruiting and equipping the various regi- ments sent to the front by it. His wife's sister was a volunteer nurse at the Cherry Street Hospital, which was located at Broad and Cherry Streets, and which cared for wounded soldiers. His wife gave such assistance as her household duties permitted, but the resources of her kitchen and the services of her cooks were always at the command of her sister. Daniel B. Beitler was ever ready to assist the soldier boy, and many a large pot of coffee and many a ham and hundreds of loaves of bread found their way from his kitchen to the rendezvous of recruits in the neighborhood. On June 1st, 1861, he was appointed by President Lincoln an Inspector in the Customs Service, and he filled this position to the time of his death, except during President Johnson's term. He was a delegate to the National Republican Convention which placed General Garfield in nom- ination. He was for several terms a member of the Republican State Committee, and for many years LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 183 Chairman of the Ninth Ward Republican Executive Committee. He was a great lover of sport with rod and gun and an ardent admirer of horses. For several years he owned the celebrated stallion "Brower Eclipse," whose colts were regarded as the finest in Delaware and Chester Counties. He always drove a pair of them, and in the winter delighted to make trips to his relatives in Chester County. He drove his pair of bays and always took one or more of his children with him. He met a hearty welcome everywhere, whether he visited his relatives or those who enjoyed his hospitality at his Inn. He died April 24th, 1881, at the age of sixty- seven years. He had never accumulated a fortune, hut he left his children the record of a blameless life, and no man ever speaks of Daniel B. Beitler but in words of praise. His heart was tender; he was the friend of the needy and the oppressed; he strove to do his duty as a father, a husband, a friend, a neighbor, and a citizen. He was known to his friends, political and social, and to every man, woman, and boy in the old Ninth Ward as "Uncle Dan," and this term was used as a term of endearment David Beitler was the eighth child of Abraham Beitler and Mary Brower. He was born December 9th, 1830. He married Elizabeth Groves Furey on 184 HISTORY OF THE June 2nd, 1859. He died March 11th, 1875. He left to survive him two children, a son (now deceased) and a daughter, Mary Laura, now the wife of Leonard R. Tapley and still living. David Beitler came to Philadelphia when a young man. He was a man of fine physique, of very pleasant manners, and of more than ordinary capacity. On the 4th of May, 1858, he was elected an Alderman in the Ninth Ward. The next month he was appointed Committing Magistrate at the Central Station by Mayor Henry. He was con- tinued in that position under Mayor Henry and under Mayor McMichael until the expiration of the latter's term in 1869. Mayor Fox then came into office. He was a Democrat. Alderman Beit- ler was a Republican of exceedingly strong political bias, and, while he never allowed politics to control the discharge of his official duties, he refused to serve under a Democratic Mayor. In 1872 William S. Stokley was elected Mayor, on the Republican ticket, and he at once re-. appointed Alderman. Beitler as Committing Magis- trate. The Committing Magistrate is the representative, of the Mayor in the discharge of judicial duty at the Central Police Court. His duties are onerous and responsible. Alderman Beitler was recognized as one of the best Committing Magistrates Phila- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 185 delphia ever had. He served under every Repub- lican Mayor from the time of his election as Alder- man in 1858 until the time of his death. He died in commission, having been elected and re-elected by the people of his ward continuously from 1858 to 1875. He was elected too in a ward in which the political parties were very evenly divided, but his vote was always far in excess of that of his ticket His judgment was so good and his knowledge of the law so much respected and valued that the lead- ing lawyers in the city took to his Court their im- portant cases. He was a member of the Union League, having joined that patriotic organization at its foundation. He was as a father kind and indulgent; as a friend, steadfast, generous, and true; and as an official, fearless, intelligent, and upright. He died beloved by his family and friends and respected by all who knew him. *************** LONGACRE-BROWER-BRANCH-STEM, DANIEL[1]. William Brower, M. D., Spring City, birthplace, Coventry (now East Coventry, Chester County, Pa.); born February 25th, 1842; married, September 186 HISTORY OP THE 18th, 1869, Sallie M. Kendall, of English parentage for four generations preceding her, who had settled in Montgomery Comity, Pa. Unto them was born a daughter, Blanche Brower. Dr. Brower is widely and prominently known as an eminent, successful, and popular practitioner in that portion of Chester County. His father's name was Gilbert Brower, of Parker- Ford, Chester County; date of birth, February 5th, 1815; date of death, December 18th, 1890, at Parker-Ford; he was a farmer occupying the Brower homestead; he married Lydia Urner in 1839, a direct descendant of Ulrich Urner, who came from Alsace, 1708, and she was of the sixth generation. Paternal grandfather, Henry Brower, was born on the homestead, December 29th, 1785, and died April 23rd, 1833; he was a farmer; he married Elizabeth Mattis. Great-grandfather, Abraham Brower, was born on the homestead, April 1st, 1745, and died October 1st, 1805; he married Magdalena Buckwalter. Great-great-grandfather, Henry Brower, who es- tablished the homestead, as a farmer, was born February 14th, 1720; he immigrated in 1726, and is of an ancestry of Swiss origin, who were of the Palatinate region along the Rhine. However this LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 187 may be, it is quite probable that his ancestors for several generations were settled in a district lying near to the city of Worms. He was twice married. First wife, ---- De Fraine, and unto that mar- riage were born Abraham Brower and Salome Brower, who married Jacob Baugh. The second wife, Barbara High, was born April 1st, 1732, and died January 17th, 1797. Unto the second mar- riage the issue were Daniel Brower, Jacob Brower, Elizabeth Brower, John Brower, and Isaac Brower. Barbara High was the daughter of Elizabeth Long- acre, whose father was Daniel Longacre (Long- enecker[1]), Said Daniel Brower married Frances Reiff; issue, Henry, Christian, Abraham, Daniel, Frances, who married Nathan Pennypacker; Bar- bara, who married ----- Kurtz; Mary married Abraham Beitler; Eliza, second wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Ann, married John H. Umstead; Catharine, married Henry Longaker; and Sarah, who died unmarried. The children of the first marriage of Nathan Pennypacker: Joseph, Jacob, and Ann. She mar- ried James A. Pennypacker; issue, first child, Nathan Pennypacker, who was a physician of dis- tinction, had a large practice, and was a member of the State Legislature. He married Eliza Davis; his widow and only daughter, Mattie, reside at 188 HISTORY OF THE Phoenixville; second child, Mary E., who, October 1859, married William Williamson ; he died May 19th, 1885. He was a printer and formed a part- nership with Lewis H. Davis, and up to the time of his death edited and published the Pottstown Ledger. The descendants are: First child, Stan- ley Williamson, died September 11th, 1883, aged twenty-three years, unmarried; second child, Anna Pennypacker Williamson, married Joseph Whitaker Thompson, Attorney-at-law, residing at Montclare, Montgomery County, Pa., practicing in Phila- delphia, and is the first assistant of United States District Attorney James B. Holland; third child, William L. Williamson, Jr., married Olivia Esh- bach; he died March 31st, aged thirty-one years; Percy Williamson, unmarried. The second wife of Nathan Pennypacker was Eliza Brower, a sister of the first wife; issue, an only child, Frances, who married Joseph. Fitz- water; he is a farmer, and they reside near Port Providence; issue, first child, Albert, who married Letitia Vanderslice; issue, two children, Caroline and Joseph; second child, Ada, unmarried. Ann Pennypacker after the death of her husband, James A., married Samuel Buckwalter; no issue by last marriage. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 189 BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM ALEXANDER LONGANECKER--STEM, ULRICH.[1] Rev. Peter Longanecker, a Mennonite minister, came from Lancaster County, Pa., and lived in Fay- ette County for a period. He moved to Holmes County, Ohio, where many of his descendants are living. He and William's grandfather, Joseph Longanecker, were cousins, and his son, David, a second cousin, who lived west of Masontown, Fay- ette County, Pa. His farm is still owned by his son David. He married Miss Peggy Showalter. To them were born Christian Longanecker, who died July 23rd, 1899; Elizabeth Cover, long since dead; and Peter, David, and Absalom, who are still living. Additional remarks about Joseph Longanecker (grandfather of W. A. Longanecker) and family: Maria (Leckrone) Longanecker, the first wife of Joseph Longanecker, was the mother of four chil- dren, viz.: John Longanecker, Frances (Longa- necker) Riley, Catharine (Longanecker) Mack, and Maria (Longanecker) Renshaw, all of whom died of apoplexy in advanced life, except Maria L. Renshaw, who died of typhoid fever. Sarah (Mack) Longanecker, the second wife of 190 HISTORY OF THE Joseph Longanecker, was the mother of three chil- dren, viz.: Jacob F. Longanecker, Nancy (Longa- necker) Moser, and Lydia (Longanecker) Ball. Of these, Jacob and Lydia died of apoplexy, and Nancy of pneumonia. Joseph Longanecker had two brothers, David and Jacob, and one sister, Nancy. David lived in Buf- falo, N. Y., and died without children. Jacob, who died in West Newton, Pa., was the father of seven children, viz.: David, deceased; Henry, deceased; Jacob, deceased; Frances (Longanecker) Eberhart, deceased; Barbara (Longanecker) Brown, Sarah (Longanecker) Goldsmith, and Mary ----. Nancy (Longanecker) Snyder, sister of Joseph Longa- necker, lived in Buffalo, N. Y., and had a family, mostly girls. A number of her descendants still live in Buffalo. Jacob F. and Matilda (Moser) Longanecker. family. Date of marriage, February 24th, 1842. To them were born three children: Mary Ann,, born May 7th, 1843; married to William C. Col- lier, October 8th, 1863; died May 19th, 1887, of phthisis. Almira, born July 10th, 1846; died August 3rd, 1857, of typhoid fever. William A., born April 19th, 1849. Matilda Moser was born January 5th, 1821. She was a daughter of Daniel and Susanna (Custer) LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 191 Moser. Daniel Moser was born August 31st, 1792; died May 3rd, 1887. Susanna (Custer) Moser, born October 18th, 1787; died March 26th, 1873. She was the daughter of George Custer, who was a first cousin of General George Washington, they being sisters' children. George Custer was the fourth son of Paul Custer, and his mother was Sarah Ball, the daughter of Colonel Ball, of Lancaster County, Pa. Her sister, Mary Ball, was married to Mr. Augustine Washington, father of George Washington. Additional remarks about Jacob F. Longanecker: He was an industrious farmer, and took great de- light in raising fine stock. He was held in such high respect as a private citizen and capable busi- ness man that he was elected to the office of County Commissioner in 1855, on the Republican ticket, notwithstanding Fayette County had always been largely Democratic. His management of the affairs of the county was so acceptable to the people that he was urged, at the end of his term, to offer for Sheriff, but he declined, preferring to give his spe- cial attention to the more congenial vocation of farming and dealing in fine stock. He resided until 1882 upon the farm of 212 acres in German Town- ship, near Masontown, Fayette County, Pa., where he was born and reared. He then bought a farm near Fairchance, Pa., where he resided until Feb- 192 HISTORY OF THE ruary l9th, 1889, when he removed to Fairchance, where he died, of apoplexy, April 7th, 1889. Nancy Longanecker, sister of Jacob Longanecker, married Joseph Moser, brother of Matilda (Moser) Longanecker. She was the mother of four children, viz.: Daniel, Sarah (Moser) Griffith, Amanda (Moser) Griffith, Matilda (Moser) Antram, and Altha L. Daniel resides on the old homestead; Altha L. is the leading druggist of Uniontown, Pa., and stands high in business and social circles. By close attention to business and judicious investments, he has acquired a handsome fortune. Lydia Longanecker, sister of Jacob Longanecker, married Zachariah Ball, and was the mother of three children, Sarah and Jacob, both deceased, and Joseph, who resides on a fine farm north of Union- town, Pa. Additional remarks concerning Dr. William A. Longanecker: Dr. Longanecker was born on a farm near Mason- town, Pa., and educated in the common schools and Waynesburg College. Leaving college, he taught six terms in the common schools, receiving a pro- fessional certificate in 1874 from the veteran County Superintendent, Joshua V. Gibbons. In 1870 he served as Assistant Census Marshal. In 1871 he began the study of medicine with Dr. George W. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 193 Neff, of Masontown (the present Major-Surgeon of the Tenth Pennsylvania Volunteers). In 1874 he attended lectures at the Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, and graduated March 10th, 1876. On April 4th, 1876, he formed a partnership with Dr. Henry B. Mathiot, of Smithfield, Pa. In 1880 he located at Fairchance, Pa., where he is now en- gaged in a large and successful practice, and enjoys the confidence and esteem of the best people in his community. He has served, and is now serving, acceptably as physician and surgeon for a number of large companies having done, and now doing, business in his town. In politics he is a Republican, and has served his party with fidelity. Dr. Longa- necker is an uncompromising foe of the liquor traffic, and, by his untiring effort, has saved his town from the curse of the saloon. He has inter- ested himself in the building up of homes for the common people, and many laboring men are enjoy- ing comfortable homes because of his liberality and encouragement. His career has been marked by honesty and integrity of purpose. He is a Chris- tian gentleman, conscientious in his profession, and of fine business ability. On October l9th, 1882, he married Miss Ida F. Mathiot, a daughter of Dr. Henry B. Mathiot, of Smithfield, Pa. Their union has been blessed with two children, Ellen Douglas, 194 HISTORY OF THE born March 10th, 1887; and Carrie Mathiot, born August 3rd, 1889. Ida F. Mathiot Longanecker, wife of Dr. William Longanecker, is a daughter of Dr. Henry Bernard Mathiot, who was one of the most noted physicians of Fayette County, and practiced his profession for over fifty years at Smithfield, Pa. He died on Feb- ruary 24th, 1894, being seventy-eight years old. George Mathiot, grandfather of Mrs. Longanecker, was an officer in the Continental Army of the Rev- olution. Her great-grandfather, Jean Mathiot, was the son of a French officer, and came from France to America, and settled at Lancaster, Pa., in 1754. His wife was Catharine Margaret, daughter of Hon. Jean Bernard, Mayor of Dampierre, France. They were married in 1753, and had three sons, Christian, John, and George, the latter being the grandfather of Mrs. Longanecker. GENEALOGY Longanecker, William Alexander, Fairchance, Fayette County, Pa., born April 19th, 1849, near Masontown, Pa. Stout build, five feet eight inches in height, weighs 180 pounds, fair complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair, broad, high forehead; prom- inent nose, sanguine temperament. Profession, physician (allopathic). October 19th, 1882, married LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 195 Ida Frances Mathiot, a daughter of Dr. Henry Ber- nard and Rebecca Ruth (Brownfield) Mathiot, born at Smithfield, Pa., September 22nd, 1857. Children, Ellen Douglas Longanecker and Carrie Mathiot Longanecker. The father of William Alexander was Jacob F. Longanecker, born June 17th, 1818, near Mason- town, Fayette County, Pa.; died April 7th, 1889, at Fairchance, Pa. He was a large, stout man, five feet eight inches in height, weighed 200 pounds, fair complexion, light hair, blue eyes, high fore- head, large nose inclined to Roman, sanguine tem- perament. February 24th, 1842, married Matilda Moser, daughter of Daniel and Susanna (Custer) Moser. Matilda Moser was born January 5th, 1821. Daniel Moser was born. August 31st, 1792; died May 3rd, 1887. Susanna (Custer) Moser was born October 18th, 1787; died March 26th, 1873. The grandfather of William Alexander was Jo- seph Longanecker, born, in Lancaster County, Pa., in 1778; died, near Masontown, Pa., in 1853. He was a prosperous farmer, and, by his industry, hon- esty, and frugality, accumulated a large estate, be- ing able to give a good farm to each of his eight children. He was a leader in the Mennonite Church. He was a stout man, about five feet seven inches in height, weighed 200 pounds, light com- 196 HISTORY OF THE plexion, blue eyes, light hair. He was twice mar- ried. His first wife was Maria Leckrone. His second wife, Sarah Mack, was the mother of Jacob F. Longanecker. She was the daughter of Jacob Mack, Sr., and was born June 17th, 1798; died June 13th, 1892, aged ninety-three years, eleven months, and twenty-six days. The great-grandfather of William Alexander was John Longanecker, of Lancaster County, Pa. Additional remarks about Joseph Longanecker's children and grandchildren by his first wife: CHILD. John Longanecker. Married Mary ("Polly") Mack. GRANDCHILDREN. None CHILD. Frances. Married John Riley. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN. One daughter died in infancy. Hannah Jane (Johnson), also deceased. CHILD. Catharine. Married Jacob Mack. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN Sarah (Walters), deceased. Joseph, Uniontown, Pa. Alexander, Masontown, Pa. Nancy (Ferren). Jacob, deceased. CHILD. Maria. Married Samuel Renshaw Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN Joseph, deceased. James. Frances (Ross). Sarah, deceased. Jacob. William, deceased. Araminta (Honsaker). John. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 197 CHILD. Joseph Longanecker. Married Annetta Barber. Both deceased. GRANDCHILDREN. Harriet Ann. Sarah (Smith), deceased. John H., Uniontown, Pa Jacob. James Q. Nancy (Franks). Catharine (Llewellyn). Matilda (Johnson). Rezin. Jane (Fort). Annetta (Skiles). David, Masontown, Pa. Jacob Longanecker, of West Newton, had also a daughter, Eliza, who married ---- Rotharmel. **************** ISAAC S. LONGENECKER BRANCH- STEM, ULRICH.[1] GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Isaac S.; residence. Mount Joy, Pa.; born, Londonderry Township, Dauphin County, Pa., January 3rd, 1835. Occupation, Cashier Union Na- tional Bank, Mount Joy. Height, five feet six inches; weight, 137 pounds; regular features; medium-dark complexion. November 15th, 1859, married Harriet G. Fretz, a daughter of Daniel and 198 HISTORY OF THE Margaret Fretz, who were farmers. Unto them one child, Emma Longenecker, was born, who married John W. Eshleman. Mr. Longenecker lived on a farm until reaching the age of fifteen years; he then entered a country store in Mount Joy, Pa.; quit mercantile business in 1882; entered into banking, and, in 1885, became the Cashier of the Elizabeth National Bank; and, in 1890, became the Cashier of the Mount Joy National Bank, which position he still holds. Father, Abraham Longenecker; residence, near Bachmanville, Dauphin County, Pa.; born in the year 1805, in Dauphin County, Pa; died,----, 1881, at Bachmanville, Dauphin County, Pa. Oc- cupation, farmer; height, five feet nine inches; weight, 160 pounds; round face and head; dark complexion, and regular features. Married Anna Shenk, 1830, daughter of Christian Shenk, farmer and preacher. Children: Samuel, born 1831; mar- ried ---- Fishbunn, in 1856. Abram, born 1833; died 1850. Isaac S. (as above). Magdaline, born 1837; married Peter Cramer, 1858; died; 1885. David, born 1843; married Annie Beck, 1862. Peter, born 1846; died 1889. Harry, born 1850; died 1885. Paternal grandfather, Jacob Longenecker; resi- dence, near Bachmanville; born, near Campbells- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 199 town, Lebanon County, Pa., May 16th, 1774; died, Bachmanville, November 30th, 1856. Occupation, farmer. Height, five feet five inches; weight, about 145 pounds; sandy hair, fair complexion. Married Barbara Buck. Children: John, Abraham, Christian, Samuel, Elizabeth, Barbara, Veronica, Catharine, and Jacob. Great-grandfather, Abraham Longenecker; born, Lebanon County, Pa., in 1748; died, in Lebanon County, in 1823. Occupation, farmer. Married Barbara Fretz. Children: Jacob, Abraham, Daniel, Elizabeth, Veronica, Barbara and Peter. **************** BIOGRAPHY-STEM, DANIEL[1]. Dr. Daniel Longaker, the oldest son of Abraham and Susanna (nee Correll) Longaker, was born September, 1858, near Collegeville, Montgomery County, Pa. His early years were spent on the farm. He attended the country schools and the Collegiate Institute of Abel Rambo, at Trappe. At the age of seventeen he went to Philadelphia as an apprentice in a drug store, and soon entered the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, where he at- tended three annual courses of lectures and gradu- ated with honors in 1879. 200 HISTORY OF THE In the fall of the same year he was admitted to advanced standing in the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, and in March, 1881, he took his degree in medicine. Immediately on graduation he commenced the practice of medicine in Philadelphia. He served a three-years' term as attending physician to the Northern Dispensary, and at the same time acting as an assistant of Doctors Albert H. Smith, J. G. Allen, and Elwood Wilson, at the Philadelphia Lying-in Charity. Here his work was largely in the specialty of Sur- gery and Obstetrics. In 1885 he became one of the medical chiefs of this institution, which position he occupied only a few years. Exceptional opportunities for observa- tion led him to contribute frequently to the literature of this special branch of medicine. In 1884 he married' Margaret A. Pancoast, daughter of Nathan F., and Mary E. Pancoast. Two sons and four daughters were born unto them and make up his present family. A laborious family practice engrosses most of his time. He is frequently called in consultation by other phy- sicians in complicated cases. He has always been fond of athletics; walking, swimming, and bicycling have been favorite sports. In these he realizes health-giving agencies which LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 201 are well adapted to overcome the disease tendency of many occupations, especially those of a seden- tary nature. He is a very busy practitioner, with the promise of many years of usefulness and good health in the future. **************** DR. DANIEL LONGAKER BRANCH-STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Longaker, Daniel, of 645 North Eighth Street, Philadelphia, born September 9th, 1858, at Iron- bridge, Montgomery County, Pa. Physician in large practice in Philadelphia for the last eighteen years, of erect figure, five feet eight inches; weight, one hundred and thirty-five pounds; large features, dark complexion, prominent straight nose, broad forehead, large mouth, large head, brown eyes and black hair, nervous temperament; married, December 18th, 1884, Margaret A. Pancoast, daughter of Mary Elizabeth (Hoff) and N. Folwell Pancoast Her mother was of German descent and her father of Quaker. Children, Margaret, William R. (deceased), Norman, Elizabeth P., Edwin, Rachel F., Anna, William R. 202 HISTORY OF THE The father of Daniel was Abraham Longaker, of Linfield, Pa.; born December 2nd, 1835, in Lim- erick Township, near Schwenksville, Pa. In his prime a muscular man, above medium height, broad shouldered, heavy; dark complexion. At present, gray-haired, with gray beard; form slightly bent, quite active, in good health. Living in par- tial retirement. Farmer's lad, carpenter, farmer, marketman, were his varied vocations. Was a school director, bank director, etc. Married, Decem- ber 5th, 1857, Susanna Correll, only daughter of John and Rachel (Fetterolf) Correll. Mother's grandparents on her mother's side came from Germany. The grandfather of Daniel, was Abraham Long- aker, born 1792, near Limerick Square, and died in 1872, near Schwenksville, Pa. Married (first) Anna Smith, who died leaving two children, Anna, who married George Doll, and Mary, who married Nispel. Second marriage, Hannah Haldeman, who died leaving a number of children. She was a Pennsylvania German, a Mennonite, and a good woman. Abraham Longaker "was a weaver (linen and carpet) and a farmer; excelled; in the growth of apples, pears, etc. The great-grandfather of Daniel was Henry Longaker, born near Mingo, 1770, and died near lONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 203 Limerick Square, Pa., about 1800. He was the only son; has four sisters, Sarah (Bowman), Bar- bara (Willauer), Magdalena (?), (Boyer), ----- Reifsnyder (?). His wife's maiden name was Cell, left a widow at an early age; she married Ludwig Miller. The great-great-grandfather of Daniel was (prob- ably) Daniel Longaker, born near Mingo about 1735. The great-great-great-grandfather of Daniel was John Longaker, born about 1708; died, 1745; the son of the original Daniel, the settler on the Mingo. His father was Daniel Longenecker, a Swiss immigrant. Anna (nee Longaker) Doll, wife of the late George Doll, 319 Marshall Street, Philadelphia; her birth- place, Limerick, Montgomery County; her husband was born May 21st, 1814; he died December 28th, 1898. The date of marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Doll was April 12th, 1837. Unto them were born six children: First child, Adaline; second child, Mary A., who married Augustus Henig, May 20th, 1858; he died April 25th, 1895; third child, Matilda; fourth child, Emma, who married Thomas S. Mar- shall, February 7th, 1867; fifth child, Josephine; sixth child, Clara. The father of Anna Longaker was Abraham Longaker, born near Limerick Square 204 HISTORY OF THB in 1792, and died May 17th, 1872, near Schwenks- ville, Montgomery County. He was a sturdy and upright farmer, persevering and energetic; gentle- ness was a very prominent characteristic. Same pedigree as Dr. Daniel Longaker (supra). Mrs. A. C. Senseman, a descendant of Mary (nee Longaker) Nispel (supra), and now residing at 107 North Fifth Street, Camden, N. J. Amelius Sen- seman was born August 26th, and died November 24th, 1894. October 7th, 1875, he married Annie Catharine Nispel, a daughter of Henry and Mary (nee Longaker) Nispel. Unto them were born four children, William, Walter, Bernard, and Mary. Father's name, Henry Nispel, 609 North Second Street, Camden, N. J.; born at Darmstadt, Ger- many, December 12th, 1817; married, September 14th, 1873, Mary Longaker, a daughter of Abraham and Anna (nee Smith) Longaker. Unto Henry and Mary Nispel were born four children, Mary L., Annie, John, and William. Pedigree (supra), as Anna (nee Longaker) Doll. Abraham Longaker, Linfield, Pa.; born Decem- ber 22nd, 1835; married, December 5th, 1857, Susanna Correll, a daughter of John and Rachael Fetterolf Correll; issue, five children, Daniel, Anna, Elizabeth, Henry, and Frank. The father of Abraham Longaker was Abraham; LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 205 born, 1792, and died May 15th, 1872, near Schwenksville. His grandfather was Henry (now deceased); his residence was Limerick. The Rev. Frank C. Longaker, of Continental, Ohio, is said Frank {supra}. ***************** STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Longaker, Samuel H., of Schwenksville, Pa.; born September 15th, 1841, in Limerick Township, Montgomery County, Pa. Married, January 29th, 1866, Elizabeth H. Bardman. Child, Sallie B. Longaker. Father's name, Abram Longaker, born September, 1792; died May, 1872, at Limerick, Montgomery County, Pa. He was married twice; first wife be- ing a Miss Smith; second wife, Hannah Halteman. ******************** C. B. LONGENECKER-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Longenecker, Christian Bachman, 3512 Hamil- ton Street, Philadelphia; born, November 16th, 1856, in Lancaster, Pa.; Doctor of Medicine; mar- 206 HISTORY OF THE ried, December 27th, 1886, Effie R. Dock, who is related to the Rippy, Duncan, Elliott, and Redatte families of Virginia and Pennsylvania. Children, Charles and Mary. The father of Christian B. was Henry Longe- necker; born November 29th, 1828, at Lancaster, Pa.; died April 28th, 1880, at Lancaster, Pa.; iron manufacturer. Married, September 28th, 1852, Elizabeth Bachman. Their children, David, Chris- tian B., Ella, Florence, Charles K. The grandfather of Christian B. was David Long- enecker; born in Lancaster, Pa.; died February 24th, 1882, in Philadelphia; merchant. His wife's name was Susan E. Jungling, whose ancestors came from Germany. Their children were Henry and Jerome. The great-grandfather of Christian B. was Henry Longenecker; born in Lancaster County; died in Lancaster, Pa.; merchant. For further information, see Rafsnyder account. Longenecker, William Roger, Brooklyn, N. Y.; born in Brooklyn, April 30th, 1873. Dark com- plexion, dark eyes and hair; height, five feet eleven and three-quarter inches; weight, one hun- dred and fifty-five pounds; healthy; dentist. Octo- ber 28th, 1896, married Pearl Davison, of East LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 207 Rockaway, L. I. Child, Roger Davison Long- enecker. The father of William R. is David Reinstein Longenecker, of Rockville Centre, L. I., who was born July 30th, 1847, at Dayton, Ohio. Lived in Lancaster, Pa., during boyhood. Dark brown eyes; five feet ten and one-half inches in height; weighs one hundred and forty-five pounds; healthy; occupation, dentist February 1st, 1872, married Jessie Lambard, of Brigus, Newfoundland; had four children, two sons and two daughters. The grandfather of William R. is John Henry Longenecker; born April 29th, 1823, in Lancaster, Pa., who now resides at Islip, L. I. Dark brown eyes; height, five feet nine inches; weight, one hundred and eighty-five pounds; healthy; phy- sician. Connected with Hospital at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., during the war. Married Ellen Fraim, of Lancaster, Pa. Ten sons, six living; all dentists. The great-grandfather of William R. was Henry Longenecker, who died in Lancaster, Pa. He had three children, two sons and one daughter. The latter married Dr. Reinstein, of Philadelphia. 208 HISTORY OF THE RAFSNYDER-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Rafsnyder, Edwin Albert, of Brooklyn, N. Y.; born, Philadelphia, Pa., 1875; unmarried. The father of Edwin Albert Rafsnyder was Edwin Rafsnyder; born 1829, in Philadelphia, Pa.; died May 29th, 1899; married, 1869, Maria Louise Reinstein, a granddaughter of Henry Longe- necker. Their children were Frederick Albert and Edwin Albert. Edwin Rafsnyder was a prom- inent builder. The grandfather of Edwin A. Rafsnyder was Frederick Reinstein; born 1796, in Wertsburg; died 1866, in Philadelphia; a prominent dentist of Philadelphia; married Mary Longenecker, a daugh- ter of Henry Longenecker, in 1829. Children: Henry, Frederick Albert, and Mary Louise. The great-grandfather of Edwin Albert Raf- snyder was Henry Longnecker; born, Lancaster County, in 1779; died, in Lancaster, in 1859. Merchant. Married Mary Huhn. Children: David, John, and Mary. The great-great-grandfather of Edwin A. Rafsny- der was Peter Longenecker, of Lancaster. County, Pa., a minister. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 209 The great-great-grandfather of Edwin A. Raf- snyder is believed to be Christian Longenecker, who resided in Lancaster County, but was born in Switzerland, and one of whose sons, Peter, was a Mennonite preacher. His great-great-great-grandfather was Ulrich Lon- genecker, who immigrated from Switzerland in 1733. Pedigree: Edward Albert[6], Maria Louise[5], Mary[4], Peter[3], Christian[2], Ulrich[1] (Swiss immigrant, 1733). ****************** BIOGRAPHY OF BLIEM BRANCH- STEM, ULRICH[1]. The Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges Stopp was born in Allentown, March 19th, 1875. After spend- ing four years at the Muhlenberg Preparatory School, he took the full classical course of four years at Muhlenberg College, Allentown, where he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1896. Mr. Stopp was a member of the Euterpean Society, Editor-in-Chief of the Muhlenberg, a speaker at the Junior Oratorical Contest, a contestant for the "Butler's Analogy " prize-in both of which con- tests he received honorable mention-and a speaker at the commencement exercises in 1896, where his subject was "The Truly Beautiful." He was also historian of his class. Confirmed in St. John's 210 HISTORY OF THB Lutheran Church, Allentown, on Palm Sunday, March 25th, 1888, he was always identified with the Sunday school and various societies of that prominent parish. In September, 1896, Mr. Stopp entered the Senior Class at Princeton University, where he be- came a member of the Philadelphia Society, and of the famous old "Whig Hall," the American Whig Society, one of whose founders was James Madison, and was graduated with the degree of A. B. in June, 1897. He spent the next year in graduate work at Princeton, and received the degree of A. M. from the University in June, 1898. In September of the same year Mr. Stopp was ad- mitted to the Junior Class of the Lutheran Theolog- ical Seminary at Mount Airy, Philadelphia, where he took the full three-years' course. He was grad- uated in St. Michael's Church, Germantown, on Tuesday, in Whitsuntide week, May 28th, 1901, when, by appointment, he delivered an address on "Truth and Worship." At the request of the Pitts- burg Liturgical Association, he prepared a mono- graph, entitled "A General Survey of the Book of Common Prayer," which was read before that body March 11th, 1901, and afterward printed and re- printed. Mr. Stopp was ordained to the holy ministry by LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 211 the Evangelical Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsyl- vania in St Michael's Church, Allentown, Pa., on Monday, June 3rd, 1901. He was elected pastor of St Paul's Church, Doylestown, June 16th, 1901, and entered upon the performance of his pastoral duties July 1st, 1901. Mr. Stopp is still laboring at Doylestown. GENEALOGY. Stopp, Samuel Augustus Bridges, Allentown, Pa.; born March 19th, 1875, at Allentown, Pa. Grad- uated from Muhlenberg College, Allentown, in 1896; from Princeton University in 1897, degree of A. M.; from Princeton in 1898; graduated at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Mount Airy, Phil- adelphia, Pa., 1901. S. A. Bridges Stopp is the son of John Stopp, Postmaster at Allentown, 1890-94; a son of Joseph Stopp, merchant, of Allentown, and grandson of John Stopp, soldier in the Revolutionary Army. John Stopp married, March 26th, 1874, Ella Mag- dalene Dech, daughter of Solomon and Matilda Magdalene Dreisbach Dech, granddaughter of Jacob Dech, soldier in the Revolutionary Army, and great- granddaughter of Simon Dreisbach, Delegate to the State Congress of 1776. The maternal grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp 212 HISTORY OF THE was Solomon Dech (1818-1871); married Matilda Magdalene Dreisbach (1820-1888). The maternal great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Jacob Dreisbach (1794-1826); married Magdalene Bliem (1798-1847). The maternal great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Christian Bliem (1773-1831); married Magdalene Hoch. The maternal great-great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Christian Bliem (1746-1816); married Salome Longaker. The maternal great-great-great-great-grandfather of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Jacob Longaker, who landed, -with his father and brothers, in 1733, aged nineteen years. The maternal great-great-great-great-great-grand- father of S. A. Bridges Stopp was Ulrich Longe- necker, born in Switzerland, and was an immigrant to the Colonial Province of Pennsylvania in 1733, aged sixty-nine years. THE BLIEM FAMILY IX AMERICA. I. Christian Bliem, born at Mannheim, Germany, December 25th, 1711; immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1735; purchased a farm of three hundred acres, part of which is included within the borough limits lONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 213 of Pottstown; died March 9th, 1810, aged ninety- eight years, two months, and fifteen days. II. His son Christian (1746-1816) was born at the homestead, and married Salome Longaker (1746- 1811), daughter of Jacob and Susanna Longaker. The Bliems were Mennonites, and so took no active part in the Revolution, but furnished supplies to the American Army. III. The children of the above were Jacob, Philip, Daniel, Christian, John, Mary, Susanna, and another Jacob. Christian (1773-1831) became very well-known as a Mennonite minister and performed many self- denying deeds in his itinerant ministry. In 1790 he moved to Northampton County, and, in 1829, was called to Bucks County, where he was stricken with paralysis, while preaching in the Mennonite meeting-house at Springfield. His wife was Mag- dalene Hoch (now High). Their children were: IV. Salome (1796-1847); married Joseph Dech, of Bethlehem. Magdalene (1798-1847); married Jacob Dreisbach (whose daughter Magdalene mar- ried Solomon Dech, the father of Ella Dech Stopp). Elizabeth (1800--); married Peter Anewalt. David (the father of the Rev. J. Christian Bliem) married Susan Boyer. Katharine (1809) married the Rev. Dr. David Kemmerer. 214 HISTORY OF THE The Bliem descendants in Allentown are: Messrs. John and Samuel Anewalt, prominent merchants; and the children of the Anewalts; the Rev. Chris- tian Bliem, 210 North Eighth Street; Calvin Bliem; Mrs. William H. S. Miller, North Jefferson Street; and their descendants. ******************* LONGANECKER FAMILY IN OHIO-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. John Longanecker, of Hiram, Ohio, was born in Burton City, Ohio, July l4th, 1848. He was raised- on a farm, and followed that occupation till about thirty years of age, then ran a meat market five years; afterward took up carpentering. Four years ago moved to Hiram to educate his children, where he is now the janitor of the Young Men's Christian Association building. Married Susan E. Myers, Jan- uary 1st, 1874, whose mother's name was Winger. Her father lived near Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio, and was a tailor by trade. Children: Frank, Lizzie, Lida, and Flora. Frank, in June, 1899, grad- uated at Hiram College, Ohio. He is now professor of languages in Fayette Normal University, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 215 The father of John Longanecker was George Longanecker, who was born in Lancaster County, Pa., and died at Burton City, Ohio, December 30th, 1893. He was a tall, strong man, six feet two inches, and weighed 190 pounds, a carpenter by trade, but spent the latter part of his life on a farm. He was always anxious for peace, had a quiet, retir- ing disposition, and never had a quarrel or lawsuit with anyone in his life. His wife was Martha Westeffer, who was born in Lancaster County, Pa. They were among the pioneer settlers of Ohio. Her mothers maiden name was Weaver. The other children of George Longanecker were: William, of Cerro Gordo, Ill.; Mrs. Jacob New- comer, Seville, Ohio; and Mrs. S. M. Lehman, of Burton City, Ohio. Circular Letter gives names, to wit: Frank M. Longanecker, New Brighton, Pa.; John Longa- necker, Beach City, Ohio; John Longanecker, Wadsworth, Ohio; a family of Longaneckers, Delta, Ohio; William Longanecker, Cerro Gordo, Ill. Adam Steiner, Morrison, Ill, knows of some of the families. Longenecker, Harry, Fort Washington, Pa.; born May 19th, 1865, at Landisville, Lancaster County, Pa. He is five feet seven and one-half inches tall, of stout build, light complexion, gray eyes, and 216 HISTORY OF THE Roman nose; single at the age of thirty-four; fol- lows farming and butchering for a living. He has one sister married to a Reformed minister, William H. Mader, located at South Easton, Pa. The father of Harry Longenecker is Joseph Longenecker; of Londonderry Township; born August 15th, 1838, Lebanon County, Pa. He is five feet seven inches in height, dark complexion, heavy set, black hair, full, strong beard, and Roman nose. By occupation always a farmer and fancy stock breeder; in his early days he was one of the founders of the American Devon Cattle Club; was in the cattle breeding business until 1893. Married, December 4th, 1860, Susan S. Creider, one of the ten children of John E. Creider, an enterprising farmer of Lancaster County. The grandfather of. Harry Longenecker was Samuel Longenecker, of Londonderry Township; born, 1812, in Lebanon County, Pa.; died, No- vember 26th, 1893, at Florin, Lancaster County, Pa. He was of medium height. He was a minister, belonging to the United Brethren in Christ. He was of an inventive turn of mind, a plow-builder, and farmed in earlier days. Two of his sons, John and Samuel, were ministers also. In 1833 he married Magdalena Brubaker, a daughter LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 217 of Benjamin Brubaker, a farmer, at Conewa? Lebanon County, Pa. The great-grandfather of Harry Longenecker was Jacob Longenecker; born in Lebanon County, died in Londonderry Township, early in the sixties He owned and carried on a distillery in Lebanon County. He married Barbara Buck. They had eight children. Longenecker, Alfred R., Bryan, Ohio; born Sep- tember 9th, 1841, in Richland County, Ohio. Came to Williams County some time during the early part of his life; lived on a farm for many years. In 1893 he moved his family to Bryan, and he is now employed by the Standard Oil Company. He is a man of medium height, with blue eyes and brown hair. September 17th, 1863, married Sarah Ellen Altaffer, daughter of John Altaffer, who came to Williams County with her parents at ihe age of four years. Children, Lillian Elnora, Elva Alden, and Luella May. The father of Alfred R. was Peter Longenecker, born December 25th, 1816, in Lancaster County, Pa.; died December 18th, 1882, near Paris, Mich. He had three brothers, Jacob, John, and George. George lived for some time in Mason County, Ky. He also had several sisters. At the age of twenty- 218 HISTORY OF THE one he married Nancy Reifsnider, April 13th, 1837, in Star County, Ohio, having settled there early in life. His trade was plastering. He was a man of medium height, with dark eyes and hair. Had nine children, Savilla, Deliah, Alfred R., Laruha- mah, Kezia, Benton, Oliver, Marion. Longenecker, Daniel, Columbus, Ohio; born Jan- uary 14th, 1842, near Lancaster, Pa.; was killed in a railroad collision on the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, and St Louis Railroad on May 7th, 1891. Married, March 9th, 1870, Cornelia A. Simpson, daughter of Washington Simpson, of Columbus, Ohio. Chil- dren, Mary, Charles, Alvah, Daisy, Orrin, James Carl, and Rae. Longacre, Rudolph Franklin, of Meadville, Pa.; born September 11th, 1869, at Cleveland, Ohio. Di- vision Freight Agent, Meadville Division, Erie Rail- road. Married, September, 23rd, 1889, Nellie Sher- wood. Children, Mabel Ford Longacre and Ger- trude Sherwood Longacre. The father of Rudolph F. was Joseph Franklin Longacre, of Cleveland, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 219 ESTHER G. MAXTON-STEM, DANIEL.[1] GENEALOGY. Maxton, Esther G. (Longacre), of Pughtown, Pa., was born March 7th, 1875, at Nantmeal Village, Pa.; married I. Winters Maxton, March 10th, 1897. The father of Esther G. Maxton is David Long- acre, of Pughtown, who was born August 18th, 1826, in Montgomery County, Pa. David Long- acre was twice married, his first wife being Hannah B. Reinhart, who was burned to death, June 14th, 1869. They had four children, Prizer (who died at Aiken, S. C., May 18th, 1894, of consump- tion); Dr. H. Y. Longacre, St. Charles, Ill.; Annie M. Wynn, of Spring City; and Debbie S. Cloud, of Sheeder, Pa. By the second wife, who was Rebecca Wynn, a daughter of Samuel and Ann (Guest) Wynn, and to whom he was married March 27th, 1873, David Longacre had one daughter, Esther G. The grandfather of Esther G. Maxton was Henry Longacre, born 1786; died 1848, in Montgomery County, Pa.; married, 1808, Debora Cressman. The great-grandfather of Esther G. Maxton was Jacob Longacre, born December 6th, 1751; died May 21st, 1837. His wife's name was Juliann. 220 HISTORY OF THE SAMUEL DIEMER LONGACRE. Samuel D. Longacre, residence Phoenixville; born September 28th, 1847, in East Vincent Town- ship, Chester County, Pa. April 10th, 1871, mar- ried Beulah Martin, daughter of Benjamin Martin, of Uwchland, Chester County, Pa. Children, Eva M., Sarah M., Mary L., and John 0. Father, John Longacre, residence East Pikeland, Chester County, Pa.; born at Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa., April 28th, 1815; died at East Pikeland, September 6th, 1878. Was a farmer by occupation, and a member of the German Reformed Church of East Vincent, Chester County, Pa. Married, December 31st, 1846, Maty Ann Diemer, daughter of Samuel and Sarah, Finkbiner Diemer. Grandfather and grandmother both died while he was young. Knew very little about them. Isaac Longacre, now deceased, who lived at Rodenbach Church, farmer, told me about twenty years ago that the ancestors of the Longacre family were two brothers, each of whom bought about 1000 acres of land; one located in Montgomery County, and the father and son together had 1000 acres, which included the Poor-house Farm; the other in LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 221 Chester County. Some of the land was at Paw- ling's Bridge and some in what is now Schuylkill Township. The latter sold his land and went with his family to Lancaster County. He said they came from Germany. F. W. Longacre, M. D., Great Bend, Kan., writes that he is much interested in the Longacre history, and refers to his brother Samuel, of Phoenixville, to give information as to his ancestors. He mar- ried Mary L. Wise, of Kansas City, November 25th, 1880 (have no children). She was reared in Mont- gomery County, Pa. ****************** BIOGRAPHY AND GENEALOGY OF DAVID LONGENECKER (DECEASED) - STEM, ULRICH[1]. Peter Beller to David Longenecker, deed, dated May 29th, 1729, for 250 acres of land in Strasburg Township, Lancaster County. Deed of David Longenecker, Sr., to David Longenecker, Jr., his eldest son, dated May 23rd, 1759, for 150 acres in Lampeter Township. Deed of the executors of David Longenecker, dated March 27th, 1787, for 75 acres, recited to be part of the said 150 acres. Some of his descendants are living on the home- 222 HISTORY OF THE stead, and this record is given as facts standing in the ancestral line, to wit: Personally appeared in court John Witmer, Jacob Hartman, and Abraham Longenecker, executors of the last will and testa- ment of David Longenecker, late of Lampeter Township, deceased, together with David Longen- ecker, Jr., one of the sons and devisees of the said testator, and it being submitted to the court under the special circumstances of the said estate what in- terest moneys are of right due and payable unto the said David Longenecker, Jr., of his distributive share of the said estate settled in the register's office at Lancaster the 2nd day of June, 1770. The court on argument and advisement had of the premises do order and direct that the sum of L25 18s. 3d., the interest for nine years on L48, the proportion of the said David Longenecker, Jr., of the moneys at in- terest and under the particular management of John Witmer, be paid to the said David Longenecker, Jr., in full of his distributive share of the personal estate whereof his said father died possessed, amount- ing in the whole to L85 6s. 4d., which said sum was accordingly paid by the said John Witmer to the said David Longenecker, Jr., in open court, and the same David agreed that he was fully satisfied and contented therewith. (The above is recorded in Record Book, 1784- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER. FAMILY. 223 1787, on page 429, in the Clerk of the Orphans' Court Office at Lancaster on March 27th, 1787.) **************** BIOGRAPHY OF LUELLA MAY LONGEN- ECKER (YUNCK) AND FAMILY. Peter Longenecker was father of nine children; six are yet living. I will give you the births and as much concerning them as I can. 1. Savilla Longenecker was born November 25th, 1837; died November 27th, 1837. 2. Deliah Longenecker was born October 30th, 1838. I cannot give the date of her death defi- nitely, but think she was about fifty years old. She married Levi Hamman. To them five children were born; their names are Lewis, Franklin, Della, Alice, and Mabel. Alice Hamman is married. Deliah was a woman of medium height; black eyes and black hair. 3. An infant born September 4th, 1840, died September 4th, 1840. 4. Alfred R. Longenecker (see blank). 5. Laruhamah Longenecker was born October 13th, 1843; married Wilson Overly. To them were born four children; one died when but an in- fant The names of the children living are Albert, 224 HISTORY OF THE William, and Harvey. William Overly is married. He has dark eyes and dark hair; is tall and slender. Residence, Pioneer, Ohio. 6. Kezia Longenecker was born April 24th, 1845; married Lem Richards. She has dark eyes and dark hair. She is very fleshy, and not very tall. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. 7. Benton Longenecker was born March 6th, 1847; married Mary Page. He is of medium height; brown eyes and brown hair. Residence, Pioneer, Ohio. 8. Oliver Longenecker was born January 23rd, 1849. Oliver seems contented to spend his days alone, as he has never married. He takes much comfort from his pipe, and says that an old bache- lor's life is the life for him. He is very fleshy; has blue eyes and gray hair. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. 9. Marion Longenecker was born May 19th, 1851; he married Ellen Conely. To them were born two children, whose names are Charles and Clinton. Marion has black eyes and black hair. He is very tall; I think perhaps he might measure seven feet. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. Names, births, etc., of A. R. Longenecker's chil- dren: 1. Lillian Elnora Longenecker was born May 28th, 1865; married Henry Radabaugh, May 27th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 225 1883. To this union one daughter was born, June 17th, 1884; her name is Gertrude Belle. Lillian is short and fleshy; she has brown eyes and brown hair. Mr. Radabaugh's occupation is the agricul- tural business. Residence, Stryker, Ohio. 2. Elva Alden Longenecker was born October 22nd, 1867; married Irwin E. Reed, November 11th, 1886; to them one son was born, August l7th, 1887. His name is Charles Guy. Elva is tall and very slender; has brown eyes and brown hair. Res- idence, Cleveland, Ohio. 3. Luella May Longenecker was born September 30th, 1878; married Frederick A. Yunck, October 20th, 1898. She has blue eyes and brown hair; is of medium height. Mr. Yunck is employed at the L. S. and M. S. Freight Office. Residence, Bryan, Ohio. GENEALOGY. Peter Longanecker, deceased, Richmond, Ind., a son of Samuel Longanecker, of North Star, Darke County, Ohio. Peter has three brothers: Joseph, Samuel, and Frank. Their mother's name was Lehman. [Extract from letter of Mrs. Peter Longanecker, Richmond, Ind.] 0. B. Longenecker, M. D., Dayton, Ohio; born, 226 HISTORY OF THE September 11th, 1859, Hillgrove, Ohio; was reared on a farm; taught school for two years. Graduated in medicine in 1884, and is now at the head of The Dayton Medical and Surgical Institute, Dayton, Ohio. In height, five feet nine inches; dark hair and eyes; good physique, muscular and active; en- gaged in special practice along with college duties, and is eminently successful in his profession. He married, July, 1884, Clara Lowry, whose father's people come from the State of New York, and he was reared in Clark County, Ohio, on a farm. The family were prosperous farmers. Her father was a physician, practiced medicine, and died at Rosehill, Darke County, Ohio., Unto 0. B. and wife two children were born, Hilton and Irene. The father of 0. B. was Henry, born at Green- wood Township, Mifflin County, Pa., and moved to Hillgrove, Darke County, Ohio. He was born in 1830, and died, Hillgrove, Ohio, October 21st, 1896. He was a prosperous farmer, quiet, sober, upright. About five feet ten inches high, dark sandy hair and dark eyes. One child, Frank, with first wife. Second wife, nine children, 0. B., Har- vey, Belle, John, Alice, Olive, Edward, Rutherford B., and Mary. All living except Belle, Alice, and, Frank; Married first wife about 1852 or 1853; named Hettie Herr. Married second wife, August LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 227 l5th, 1858, named Elizabeth Nowlin, who was reared on a farm, near Hillgrove, Ohio; of Scotch- German ancestors. Her father was a blacksmith and farmer; was Justice of the Peace for many years. Prosperous, and a man of good, hard service and large influence in his neighborhood. Paternal grandfather, Henry, resided at Pleasant Hill, Miami County, Ohio. He was born in Juniata County, Pa., in 1791, and died near Pleasant Hill, Ohio, in 1872, aged eighty-one years. He lived first three miles west of Lewistown, Pa., on the Juniata River. In 1834 moved to Pleasant Hill, Ohio, on farm of 160 acres. He was a successful farmer. For many years before his death he was a Dunker, or German Baptist preacher, deacon, and leader. He married Anna Hart, and unto them were born ten children: Benjamin, David, Henry, Sarah, Anna, Fanny, Susan, Esther, Isaac, and Elizabeth. His wife was born in Juniata County, in 1794, and died at Pleasant Hill, in 1863. Great-grandfather, David Longenecker, resided at McAlisterville, or Swales, Juniata County, Pa. He married twice. Issue of first wife six children- Henry, Esther, Samuel, Joseph, David, and Cath- arine. One with second wife-John. [Dr. 0. B. Longenecker is believed to be of the sixth generation from his European ancestor, Ul- 228 HISTORY OF THE rich[1], born in 1664. His genealogy has one link to be supplied.-A. B. L., Historian.] ***************** H. F. LONGENECKER FAMILY-STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Grandfather of H. F. Longenecker, Samuel Longenecker. The following is a list of his brothers and sisters as near as we know: Abraham, John, Christian, Jacob, Elizabeth. One married to Benjamin Brubaker, one married to Henry Bru- baker, one married to John Enswinger, one married to Jacob Moyer. Grandmother Longenecker's maiden name, Magdalena Brubaker. John B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa., is in possession of grandfather's Bible. Fur- ther information may be obtained from him. Grandfather and grandmother's family: John, B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa.; Joseph B. Longenecker, Fort Washington, Pa.; Elizabeth B. Longenecker (now Brenner), Madison- burg, Wayne County, Ohio; Samuel B. Longen- ecker, Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 229 Marriage of Samuel B. Longenecker (father) and Elizabeth S. Brenner (mother), January 28th, 1868. Father born in Dauphin County, Pa.; mother born in Lancaster County, Pa. Births: Samuel B. Longenecker (father), Novem- ber 2nd, 1846; Elizabeth S. Longenecker (mother), November 26th, 1845. Their children: H. F. Longenecker, January 7th, 1869; Mary M. Longenecker, August 6th, 1870; infant daughter, August 4th, 1873; John B. Longenecker, July 27th, 1874; Catharine Longen- ecker, August 27th, 1876; Anna B. Longenecker, September 12th, 1877; Elizabeth Longenecker, June 1st, 1879; Allen Longenecker, July 13th, 1883; Nettie Longenecker, July 30th, 1885. Marriages of children: Allan C. Buchwalter to Mary M. Longenecker, November 9th, 1893. Their child, Jesse Buchwalter (son), born September 9th, 1895. John B. Hostetter to Anna B. Longenecker, November 28th, 1897. John B. Longenecker to Mary A. Gerber, March 13th, 1898. Deaths of children: Infant daughter, August 4th, 1873; Catharine Longenecker, September 10th, 1876; Nettie Longenecker, January l7th, 1887. Mr. Samuel Longenecker (grandfather) came to Ohio from Pennsylvania in the spring of 1864, 230 HISTORY 0F THE having sold his farm in Pennsylvania; he invested in several farms near Smithville, Wayne County, Ohio. He owned at different times the farms now known as the John Billman farm, two miles west of Smithville; the Daniel Ramseyer farm, one-half mile north of Smithville; and the Samuel B. Long- enecker farm, two and one-half miles southeast of Smithville. Thinking Pennsylvania better, on ac- count of his ill-health he removed to Union Deposit, Dauphin County, Pa., after living in Ohio for about fifteen years, having disposed of his Ohio property to the above-named persons. Grandfather and grandmother are both dead, but we are not able to give the dates of their deaths, not having access to the family Bible held by John B. Longenecker, Florin, Lancaster County, Pa. Anna B., married to John B. Hostetter, live on a farm two and one-half miles south of Smithville, Ohio; Elizabeth and Alien being at home with their parents. Elizabeth B. Longenecker (father's sister) was married to Benjamin Brenner, 1863. One child was the result of their marriage, Elenora, born in 1865. They live on a beautiful farm one mile northeast of Madisonburg, Wayne County, Ohio. Mr. Brenner, died April, 1899. Benjamin Brenner and Elizabeth (mother) S. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 231 Brenner's parents were Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Brenner's children, who came to Smithville from Lancaster County, Pa., in 1855. Samuel B. Longenecker (father) came to Ohio from Pennsylvania in the fall of 1867, and after his marriage moved on his father's farm, two and one- half miles southeast of Smithville, which he now owns, having lived there ever since his marriage. He is about five feet eight and one-half inches tall, weighs 165 pounds, hard working, scrupulously honest and religious in all his dealings. He is a member and minister in the Brethren in Christ Church. Their children are variously engaged. H. F. Longenecker, who is a graduate of the Ohio Nor- mal University of Ada, Ohio, is Superintendent of Schools at Smithville, Ohio. Mary M., married to Allen C. Buchwalter, live in Smithville, Ohio; Mr. Buchwalter being engaged in the milling business known as the Smithville Milling Company, Shrock & Buchwalter; John B. Longenecker living on the home farm. Harry C. Longenecker, Union Deposit, Dauphin County, Pa., is of kinship to this branch. 232 HISTORY OF THE FAMILY OF CORNELIA A. LONGENECKER. Daniel Longenecker (the husband of Cornelia A.), who was killed in a railroad collision, May 1st, 1871, was born near Lancaster City, Pa., January l4th, 1842; was married to Cornelia A. Simpson, March 9th, 1870, in Franklin County, Ohio. His father's name was Daniel; his mother's name Mary; seven children were born unto said Daniel and Cornelia: Mary M., Charles F., Alvah D., Daisy B., Orrin J., James Carl, and Rae S. Amos Longenecker, Bird-in-Hand, Lancaster County, Pa., the eldest brother of said Daniel, is referred to for full information as to the family history. ****************** LONGACRE T. MILLER-STEM, DANIEL[1]. GENEALOGY. Lucinda T. Miller, Upper Providence; born De- cember 30th, 1802; married Addison T. Miller, De- cember 29th, 1859. Issue, six children: Horace, Ella, Elizabeth, Cora, Edgar, and Newton; the mother of Lucinda Miller was born October 15th, 1810,and died September 6th, 1895. Her ancestors are of the lineage of John Longacre, a Mennonite LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 233 preacher, and a son of Daniel[1] Longacre, of Mingo. [As John Longacre died about 1744, and Jacob Longenecker married his widow, Susanna, about 1745, there is a link missing in this genealogy.- A. B. L., Historian.] **************** ESTER G. LONGACRE GENEALOGY, ETC. VINCENT, PA., AUGUST 17, 1895. Hon. A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa.: "DEAR SIR: Your invitation and courteous note of July 30th received, after some delay. Father and mother (Mr. and Mrs. David Long- acre) are thinking of coming to the Re-union, and the rest of us would thoroughly enjoy the treat were it possible. My great-grandfather's (that is, father's grand- father's) name was Jacob Longacre, and father's father's name was Henry Longacre, who had three brothers and one sister, namely: Peter, Samuel, George, and Anna. Anna married a Beidler. I know nothing more of her, and nothing at all of grandfather's (Henry Longacre's) brothers. We are descendants of the Longacres who settled at Mingo, but know nothing of our ancestors. 234 HISTORY OF THE Do you know where we could obtain a history of the Longacre family? Will there be an account of this Re-union published? We would like to have an account, if possible. Henry Longacre married Debora Cressman; of this union there were twelve children, three of whom are living, namely: Elijah Longacre, Leba- non; David Longacre, Vincent; Semella Lessig, Spring City. I am the youngest daughter of David L. There are two girls and one boy besides myself, namely: Dr. H. Y. Longacre, St. Charles, Kane County, Ill.; Anna M. Wynn, Spring City; Debbie S. Cloud, Sheeders, Chester County, Pa. My oldest brother, Milton P. Longacre, of Fort Wayne, Ind., died of consumption, May 18th, 1894, leaving five children, three boys and two girls. We would be glad to hear any further informa- tion concerning the family. Yours respectfully, ESTER G. LONGACRE." These are the children of David Longacre: Milton Prizer was born January 14th, 1851; Dr. H. Y. Longacre was born December 31st, 1853; Anna M. Longacre was born June 14th,1855; Deb- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 235 bie S. Longacre was born July 5th, 1862; and Ester G. Longacre was born March 7th, 1875. Milton was married May 1st, 1873, to Rachel Lilley, who died March i6th, 1876; was married again September 20th, 1880, to Carrie Schlatter. Dr. H. Y. was married May 28th, 1884, to Nettie B. Norton. Anna M. was married November 19th, 1884, to Thomas G. Wynn. Debbie S. was married February 12th, 1889, to Lewis W. Cloud. Ester G. was married March 10th, 1897, to I. Winters Maxton. Of this ancestry is Anna M. Wynn, of Spring City, Chester County, Pa.; and Debbie S. Cloud, of Sheeder. Rebecca Wynn (second wife) is the mother of Ester G. (nee Longacre) Maxton; her maiden name was Ann Guest, who married Samuel Wynn, a son of James and Nancy Wynn. Pater- nal grandfather of Ester G. had two sisters; Anna married a Beidler, and Julia Ann married ---- King. These are my father's brothers and sisters, chil- dren of Henry and Debora Longacre: George Longacre was born December 17th, 1808; Susanna Longacre was born August 18th, 1810; Jacob Longacre was born June 16th, 1812; John 236 HISTORY OF THE Longacre was born February 2nd, 1815; Henry Longacre was born December 26th, 1817; Elijah and Elisha Longacre were born June 7th, 1820; Manoah Longacre was born January 16th, 1822; Elijah Longacre was born May 5th, 1824; David Longacre was born August 18th, 1826; Julia Ann Longacre was born February 15th, 1829; and Sem- ella Longacre was born May 8th, 1832. They are all dead, except Elijah, born 1824, who lives in Lebanon; David, at Pughtown; and Se- mella Lessig, Spring City. My father, David, was married to Hannah B. Reinhart, December 25th, 1849. ****************** FAMILY OF MRS. CARRIE S. LONGACRE. Milton Prizer Longacre, residence (Mrs. Long- acre's), 29 Garden Street, Fort Wayne, Ind.; born, in Chester County, Pa., January 14th, 1851; died, at Aiken, S. C., May 18th, 1894, of consumption, brought on by the grip. Married, May 1st, 1873, Rachel Lillie, of Pennsylvania, who died March 1st, 1876. They had one daughter, Bertha L. Longacre, born September 20th, 1874, and she died September 1st, 1898. On September 20th, 1880, he married Caroline Schlatter, who was born LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 237 July 12th, 1853, near Fort Wayne, Ind,, and edu- cated at Wooster, Ohio. Lived in Fort Wayne, Ind., except the winter of 1893 and 1894, which was spent in Alabama. Children: Milton Guy Longacre, born November 2nd, 1882; Hazel Irene, born October 29th, 1884; David Sebastian, born March 1st, 1886; Ray Leon, born February 19th, 1899. Father, David Longacre, residence Vincent, Ches- ter County, Pa.; born August 18th, 1826. To his first wife, Hannah B. Reinhart (born March 15th, 1831; died June 14th, 1870) were born four chil- dren: Milton P., Harmon Y., Anna M.,and Debbie S. In 1873 he married Rebecca Wynn. They had one daughter, Esther. Harmon Y. Longacre, M. D., St. Charles, Ill.; born at Phoenixville, Chester County, Pa., Decem- ber 31st, 1853; dark complexion, dark hair and eyes, and Roman nose. May 17th, 1884, married Nettie Bell Norton; unto them was born one child, Frank H. Father of Dr. Longacre is David Longacre (supra). Abel Longacre, Newport, Perry County, Pa,, a son of Joseph Longacre, has an uncle Isaac, of Chester County, Pa., and also had an uncle John, whom he believes died in Norristown, Pa. 238 HISTORY OF THE MANOAH LONGACRE FAMILY. His father, Henry Longacre, was born April 26th, 1787, and his mother, Debora, was born January 23rd, 1781; issue born unto them: George, De- cember 17th, 1808; Susanna, August 18th, 1810; Jacob, June 16th, 1812; John, February 2nd, 1815; Henry, December 25th, 1817; Elijah, June 2nd, 1820; Manoah, January 16th, 1822; Elijah, May 5th, 1824; David, August 18th, 1826; Juliann, February 15th, 1829; Samella, May 8th, 1832. The above, as is believed, were born in Lebanon County, Pa., and belonged to the Mennonite Meet- ing. The said Manoah Longacre was twice mar- ried; first wife was Lucy Hoffman. Issue were: Abraham, born October 31st, 1843; Annie, born January 28th, 1846; Mary, born February l4th, 1850; Noah, born April 20th, 1852; Henry, born November 19th, 1854; Edward, born January 11th, 1861. The first wife died in Cleveland, Ohio, 1870, and all of the children, of first wife were born in Philadelphia, Pa. He married second wife, Catharine Herig, of Cleveland, in 1871, who was born November 25th, 1851. Unto the second marriage three children LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 239 were born: Savilla, born March 12th, 1874; Charles H., born October 27th, 1876; George H., born November 8th, 1888. Manoah died December 15th, 1893. Address of Mrs. Manoah Longacre, No. 7 Shale Street, Cleveland, Ohio. ***************** FAMILY OF JACOB LONGACRE-M. R. LONGACRE BRANCH. STEM, DANIEL[1]. Selma Pawling, residence Portland, Ind., born near Pittsburg, Ohio, December 29th, 1865; mar- ried, June 15th, 1889, Joseph Brewington, whose father came from Maryland and his mother from Pennsylvania. Children: Charlie, Delee, and Gaynelle. Mother, Thamazine Longacre, residence Portland, Ind., born in Chester County, Pa., December 6th, 1829; died at Hector, Ind., June 27th, 1886; mar- ried, in 1849, Charles Pawling, who was born and raised in Philadelphia. Children: Allie, Samuel, Ida, Elmer, Sophia, Lincoln, and Selma. Maternal grandfather, Abraham Longacre, born September 29th, 1798; married Ruth Jones. Chil- dren: Isaac, Jacob, Josiah, Joseph, Mary, Thama- zine, Abraham, Thomas, and Samuel. Great-grandfather, Jacob Longacre, born October 240 HISTORY OF THE 15th, 1767; died April 15th, 1845; married Cath- arine Zimmennan, May 7th, 1795. Children: Mary, Abraham, Rachel, Julia Ann, Debora, Henry, and Catharine. Edward Thompson Kurtz, of Newcastle, Pa., born April 5th, 1844, in Juniata County, Pa.; attorney- at-law and speculator in real estate. Height, about five feet ten and three-quarter inches; weight, 160 pounds; complexion fair, hair light; married, June 23rd, 1868, Ellie E. Frampton, born in Philadelphia; only child of James B. and Mary (Loy) Frampton. Children: James Hanna (deceased), Edward Framp- ton. James Hanna was solo violinist on Princeton University Mandolin Club for two years. The father of Edward Thompson was Isaac Kurtz, of Walnut, Bureau County, Ill.; born Febru- ary 28th, 1799, in Chester County, Pa.; died April 1890, at Walnut, Ill.; married, December 27th, 1821, Rachel Longacre, a daughter of Jacob and Catharine (Zimmerman) Longacre. The grandfather of Edward Thompson was Jacob Longacre; born October 15th, 1767; died April 15th, 1845; married, May 7th, 1795, Catharine Zimmerman. Davis Brooks Kurtz, of Newcastle, Lawrence County, Pa.; born, July 6th, 1826, in Chester County, Pa.; married, September 15th, 1853, Julia LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 241 Maria Wilder, of Plymouth County, Mass., whose ancestors were Pilgrims and landed at Plymouth Rock from the Mayflower. Children: Charles M., Emilie, Louis T., Edward Lawrence, and Katie Wilder. The father of Davis Brooks was Isaac Kurtz, born February 28th, 1799, in Chester County, Pa.; died April, 1890, in Bureau County, Ill.; married, De- cember 27th, 1821, Rachel Longacre. Thomas Walker, of Howells, Neb., born May 26th, 1846, at West Whiteland, Chester County, Pa.; married, March 24th, 1869, Rebecca C. Bearss, a daughter of Orson L. and Martha (Pickard) Bearss. Children: Homer D., Debbie M., Martha B., Daisy D., Verner V. The father of Thomas Walker was Thomas Walker; died several years ago; had no record of his death or marriage, as sister, Mrs. H. C. Stevens, of Carroll, Iowa, has all the family records. Milton V. Detwiler, of Oaks, Montgomery County, Pa.; born March 15th, 1850, at Royers- ford, Pa.; married, February 18th, 1875, Hannah Rosenberger, whose mother's maiden name was Catharine Longacre, a daughter of Jacob Longacre. Children: David R., Frank R., Joseph Warren, and Katie. 242 HISTORY OF THE GENEALOGY-STEM, DANIEL[1]. Daniel W. Longacre, born January 10th, 1843; married, December 23rd, 1874, Mary H. Shultz. Her father's name was Andrew R. Shultz; her mother's maiden name was Magdalena E. High; lived at Clayton, Berks County, Pa. Children of Daniel W. and wife: Emma S. and May S. Long- acre. David W. branch (ante). John W. Longacre, Rich Hill, Bucks County, Pa.; born October 28th, 1848, in Lower Provi- dence, Montgomery County, Pa., second youngest of eight children; married, January 9th, 1875, Mary (Bechtel) Schantz, daughter of Henry and Eliza- beth (Bechtel) Schantz, of Hosensack, Lehigh County, Pa.; issue seven children: Aaron, Henry, David, Milton, Lizzie Ida, Mary, and Katie. Father's name, Isaac Longacre; residence, Lower, Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.; born near Black Rock, February 20th, 1803; died at Skip- pack, Pa., July 8th, 1879. He was the youngest of seven children and suffered from gravel and kid- ney disease, and was blind a few years. He mar- ried Hannah Weiss, daughter of Samuel Weiss, of Douglass Township, Montgomery County, Pa. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 243 The paternal grandfather of John W. Longacre was David, near Black Rock, Montgomery County, Pa. Same ancestral line as David W. ********************* ISAAC W. LONGACRE BRANCH. Isaac W. Longacre, bora Lower Providence Township, June 6th, 1841; worked on the farm and attended the public school; had several terms in the Freeland Seminary, and one term at Freemount Seminary, Norristown; he taught five terms in the common schools of Montgomery County, and one term in the town of Wakarusa, State of Indiana; married, January 6th, 1870, Susan K. Shantz, of Milford, Bucks County, Pa., and commenced farm- ing on the old homestead. Two years later he purchased the home of his wife, in Bucks County, where he now resides. Unto them were born five sons and two daughters: John, Daniel, Isaac, Henry, Ross, Horace, Katie Blanche, and Susan Viola; two other sons died in infancy. His father was Isaac Longacre, whose grandchildren, now living, are seventeen sons and eighteen daughters. He was noted for firmness in habits and dealings; he was a deacon in the Mennonite Church; was blind the last year or more of his life, and bore it 244 HISTORY OF THE without a murmur. He had a family of six sons and two daughters, namely: David W., Henry, Isaac W., Daniel, Jacob, John, Kate, and Han- nah; married, October 16th, 1831. Hannah Weiss. His father was born February 20th, 1803; died July, 1879. Isaac W. same lineage as David W. (ante, page). **************** SHENKLE BRANCH. Shenkle, Barbara Ann, of Trappe, Montgomery County, Pa.; married, March 12th, 1858, Philip Shenkle, born November 24th, 1824, at Coventry, Chester County. Children: Michael R., Anna M., Alfred E. (deceased), Elwood P. (deceased), and Wesley H. (deceased.). The father of B. A. Shenkle was Michael Roudenbush, born June 26th, 1792, and died April 20th, 1864, at Upper Providence, Montgomery County; married, January 12th, 1819, Debora Roudenbush, a daughter of David Longacre. The grandfather of Barbara Ann Shenkle was David Longacre, born December 25th, 1759, and died May 15th, 1826, at Mingo, Montgomery County, Pa.; married Deborah Ziegler. Great-grandfather supposed to have been Daniel Longacre. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 245 CHRISTOPHER LONGACRE BRANCH AND HIS DESCENDANTS. Christopher Longacre, born October 22nd, 1786; died March 10th, 1860. Successful farmer of Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.; married Cath- arine Roudenbush, first wife. Issue, one daughter, Debora Longacre; married second wife, Frances Herstine. Issue, three children: Mary, John H., Fannie H. Debora Longacre married Andrew B. Bauer, far- mer, of Douglass Township. Issue six children: Catharine Bauer, married Milton Shantz. Child, Aaron Shantz; married Annie Stauffer. Issue, one daughter, Edna. Elizabeth Bauer (died young). John L. Bauer, married Annie Bechtel. Issue, Irvin B., Laura, Annie; married (second wife) Sophia Gabel. Andrew Bauer (died young). Jacob L. Bauer, married Susanna Linsenbigler. Issue, Annie, Amanda, Ella. Aaron Bauer, married Liz- zie Bauman. Issue, Andrew B., Mary, Sammie, Katie, John, and Irvin; married (second wife) Malinda Latshaw. Mary Longacre, born July l4th, 1834; married John E. Force, February 1st, 1857. Issue, Fannie Elizabeth Force, born November 10th, 1857; mar- 246 HISTORY OF THE ried Cornelius Smith; died July 23rd, 1882. Er- win L. Force, born June 19th, 1861; married An- nie Funk. Issue, Mary Force (living in Chester County, near Spring City). John L. Force, born October 10th, 1866; died August 2nd, 1894. John H. Longacre, born April 21st, 1837; mar- ried Lydia Bertolet Issue, Fannie Longacre; mar- ried Aaron Funk. Issue, Lydia Funk and Annie Fnnk, Chester County. Mary J. Longacre, married Jacob Stauffer. Issue, John, Rudy, Mary, and Clayton. Sallie Longacre, married Jacob Funk. Issue, Alvin and Lizzie (Upper Providence, Mont- gomery County). Samuel Longacre (died young). Lizzie Longacre, married Samuel Pool (Upper Providence, Montgomery County, Pa.). Emma Longacre, married Clayton Kulp. Issue, Ruth and Mary (East Vincent, Chester County). Fannie H. Longacre, born September 21st, 1839; married Samuel B. Detwiler, M. D. Issue, Laura; Detwiler, born March 9th, 1864; married Howard Yocum. Issue, George, Mary (deceased), Ernest, and Frances. Lizzie Detwiler, born February 13th, 1866; married Harry K. Hoar. Issue, Frances Hoar. John L. Defrwiler, born August 24th, 1868; married Emma Roberts. Issue, Mary, Ira, Ruth, Wesley, and Irvin. Fannie Detwiler, born January 4th, 1871; died of diphtheria, aged seven years, eight LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 247 months, seventeen days. William Penn Detwiler, born May 27th, 1873. Druggist, Phoenixville, Pa. Bertha Detwiler, born December 9th, 1875. Sam- uel Bertolet Detwiler, born September 18th, 1881. ****************** FAMILY HISTORY OF MARY BEAR. My mother's grandfather, Abraham Longnecker, married Catharine Wagner. They had ten chil- dren: Joseph, Elizabeth, Barbara, Susanna, Anna, Catharine, Isaac, Frances, Daniel, and Benjamin. Joseph Longnecker, born June 10th, 1773; mar- ried Betsy Ripley; had eleven children, all born in Cumberland County, Pa. Elizabeth Longnecker, born January 1st, 1775; married David Gipe; had eleven children. Lived in Franklin County, Pa. Barbara Longnecker, born February 26th, 1777; married twice, Wolf-Miller; had three children by Wolf. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Susanna Longnecker, born December 10th, 1780; married Michael Livingston; had three children. Lived in Perry County, Pa. Anna Longnecker, born December 11th, 1782; married John Dill; had seven children reach ma- turity. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. 248 HISTORY OF THE Catharine Longnecker, born February 26th, 1785; married Miller; had three children. Lived and died in Cumberland County, Pa. Isaac Longnecker, born February 19th, 1788; married Frances Eshleman; had five children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Frances Longnecker, born April 9th, 1790; mar- ried John Olewine; had six children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. Daniel Longnecker, born June 2rd, 1793; was mentally and physically weak; was never able to walk; died at the age of fourteen. Benjamin Longnecker, born February 15th, 1796; married Mary Rife; had eleven children. Lived in Cumberland County, Pa. The tradition amongst the oldest of the descend- ants is that the European ancestors lived in Switzer- land. **************** PETER LONGACRE BRANCH-STEM, ULRICH[1]. William Wellington Longacre, residence Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa.; born October 9th, 1865, at Verdilla, Pa.; married, September 2nd, 1894, Kate M. Houser, eldest daughter of George M. Houser. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 249 Father, Isaac S. Longacre, residence Verdilla, Pa.; born, Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa., December 5th, 1836; died at Verdilla, Pa., June 20th, 1895. Far- mer and auctioneer. He was celebrated as an auc- tioneer, and was called to almost every part of the State to conduct large sales of live stock, which was his specialty. Elected County Commissioner of Snyder County, Pa., 1868-1871, which office he filled with credit to himself and to the county. He was a great promoter of church and school work. In June, 1858, married Mary A. Witmer, only daughter of John Witmer, and a niece of Judge Witmer and David H. Witmer. John Witmer, her father, took up 200 acres of land along the Susque- hanna River, north of Port Trevorton, where he also had a distillery. They spoke the English lan- guage. Children: Sadie E. Witmer, Susan Ar- dilla, William W., M. D., J. Oscar, Alice R. Shotz- berger, Isaac W. Longacre. Paternal grandfather, Peter Longacre or Longen- ecker; residence Mount Pleasant Mills, Pa.; born March 27th, 1789, in Chester County, Pa.; died De- cember 31st, 1843, in Coventry Township, Pa. He was a tanner by trade, having learned his trade from Peter Shantz, of Chester County, Pa., to whom he was apprenticed for three years. Married Eliza- beth Rhoads and moved to Mount Pleasant Mills, 250 HISTORY OF THE Pa., where he bought a large farm, and engaged in farming until his death. Here his first wife died, December 17th, 1831. On May 22nd, 1834, he mar- ried Susan Shaffer, who died January 27th, 1879. His children by the first wife were: Esther Long- acre, born May 2nd, 1810; William, born April 22nd, 1812; Elizabeth, born December 25th, 1813; James, born October 3rd, 1815; Mary, born Novem- ber 21st, 1817; Peter, born December 17th, 1819; Debora, born April 21st, 1822; Catherine, born August 8th, 1824; John, born September 15th, 1827; Hannah, born September 3rd, 1829. By the second wife he had the following chil- dren: Isaac S. (deceased); Samuel S., born August 26th, 1837. Resides at Elkhart, Ind. Jacob S., born December 10th, 1839; died September 10th, 1894. Great-grandfather, Peter Longenecker, of Chester County, Pa. William Wellington Longacre was born at Ver- dilla, Snyder County, Pa., on October 9th, 1865, being the oldest son of Isaac S. Longacre. During the summer he worked on the farm for his father, and attended the public school in winter. At the age of sixteen years he entered the Freeburg Academy. At the age of nineteen be began teach- ing public school; then taught school in winter LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 251 and attended the academy during the summer, graduating in June, 1889, with honors. In the fall of the same year he began reading medi- cine with the Hon. Dr. E. W. Tool, of Freebnrg, Pa. He entered college September 1st, 1890, and graduated April 18th, 1893, with honorable mention in a class of 212. This was the largest class in the history of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. After passing the State Board of Medical Examiners of Pennsylvania, he took a trip to the State of Ohio with the intention of locating there, but returned to Pennsylvania and located at Mount Pleasant Mills, Snyder County, Pa., where he resides at the present time, and enjoys a very lucrative practice. His ability as a general practitioner and surgeon is admitted by his medical colleagues, and the laity as well. He has achieved success as a surgeon by exercising good judgment in technical cases. On September 2nd, 1894, he married Miss Kate M. Houser. ELKHART, INDIANA, JANUARY 21, 1902. Judge A. B. Longaker, Norristown, Pa.: "DEAR SIR: I am in receipt of your favor of the 16th instant, and enclose herewith express money order for one dollar, in payment for one volume of the Longaker history, which I shall be glad to receive as soon as published. I regret that I am able to give you but little information regarding my ancestors. My grandfather, Peter Longacre, was born March 27th, 1789, in Chester County, Pa., in or near what 252 HISTORY OF THE city, I do not know. On August 4th 1809, he was married to Elizabeth Rhoads. They moved to Union County, Pa., near Selinsgrove, and there, after some years, his wife died. On May 22nd, 1834, be was married to Mrs. Susannah Shaffer, my grand mother. They had three sons, Isaac, Samuel S. (my father), and Jacob. Grandfather died December 31st, 1843, and grand- mother in the year 1879, both near Selinsgrove. Our family record shows the death of Jacob Longacre (who, we believe, was one of grandfather's brothers), February 1st, 1832; also the death of Estor Settlon (who, we believe, was a sister), in 1823. Father was born August 26th, 1837 near Selinsgrove. Mother's maiden name was Mary J. Getten. I have two brothers, Simpson and Charles, and one sister, Elizabeth. Both of my uncles, Isaac and Jacob, were born, married, and lived near Selinsgrove. They died during the last eight years. I have tried for a number of years to obtain some information regarding my grandfather's relatives, but have met with little success. If, as editor of the history, you can give me any further information, it will be very gratefully received. Thanking you for the information contained in your letter of the l6th instant, I remain, Very respectfully yours, MISS MAY S. LONGACRE." George F. Longaker, born January 19th, 1872, at East Coventry, Chester County, Pa.; occupation, cleric; height, six feet one inch; weight, 205 pounds. Married Lottie E. Rennard, November 28th, 1894, a daughter of Jacob and Hannah Rennard of An- selma, Chester County, Pa., farmers. Father's name, Isaac W., residence Spring Mill, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 253 Pa.; born April 29th, 1843, Birchrunville, Pa.; occupation, farmer and agent; height, six feet one and one-half inches; weight, 220 pounds. Had only one child. Married, March 14th, 1868, Lizzie Deery, a daughter of George and Mary Deery, Chester Springs, Pa., farmers. Paternal grandfather's name, John S. Longaker, residence Upper Pottsgrove, Montgomery County, Pa.; born June 9th, 1808; died at Fox Hill, Mont- gomery County, Pa., April -, 1876. January 31st, 1834, married Hannah Hipple. Issue, six children: John H., Mary Ann, Hannah, Isaac W., Morris F., and Clara F. Great-grandfather, Isaac Longenecker. Married Mary Sheleigh. Issue, eleven children: John S., Peter, Samuel, Jacob, Susan, Lizzie, Isaac, Rachel, Enos, Mary, and Nathan. Great-great-grandfather, Peter Longenecker. First wife, Elizabeth Rhoads; second wife, Susan Sheleigh. Issue, eleven children: John, Jacob, Peter, Isaac, James, Hannah, Hannah-Kate, Susan, Hettie, Elizabeth, and Mary. ***************** ANCESTRY OF GEORGE F. LONGAKER, WILLIAM PENN,. PA. George Frowert Longaker, William Penn, Pa., 254 HISTORY OF THE only son of Isaac W. Longaker, and Elizabeth (Deery) Longaker. Isaac W. Longaker, Chester Springs, Pa., one of six children of John S. Longaker and Hannah (Hipple) Longaker. John S. Longaker, East Coventry, Pa., one of eleven children of Isaac Longenecker and Mary (Sheleigh) Longenecker. Isaac Longenecker, one of eleven children of Peter Longenecker. Peter Longenecker, great-great-grandfather of George F., married Susan Sheleigh. Issue, seven daughters: Hannah, married Gottshall, no chil- dren; Kate, died young; Susan, married Slifer; Hettie, married Setzler; Elizabeth, married Peltz, no children; Mary, died young. The boys, were John, Jacob, Peter, Isaac, and James. James died young. My great-grandfather's name was Isaac, grandfather's name was John S., and father's name was Isaac. Henry Clay Longnecker, deceased; residence, Allentown, Pa.; born near Mechanicsburg, Pa., April 17th, 1820; died September 16th, 1871. Graduate of Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. Studied law, and practiced his profession until his death. Served in the Mexican and Civil Wars, and was elected District Attorney, and afterward a Repre- sentative from Pennsylvania in the Thirty-sixth LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 255 Congress. June 27th, 1866, married Mary Jane Lewis; children: Kendig Lewis Longnecker, Bessie Longnecker, Reginald Longnecker. Father, Henry Longnecker, residence near Me- chanicsburg, Pa.; born April 14th, 1782; died February 17th, 1837. On February 22nd, 1810, mar- ried Elizabeth Kendig, daughter of Daniel Kendig, who was a son of John Kendig, and was born near Conestoga, Lancaster County, Pa. Daniel had but one brother, older than himself, Henry. His mother was married twice, the second time to a Mr. Yerdy, whose mother's name was Ann Stay- man. Children of Henry and Elizabeth Kendig Long- necker: Mary Ann; Matilda (married her cousin, Hymen Longnecker; children: Edwin, married Elizabeth Halderman; children: Matilda, Jacob, Caroline, and Edward; Henry C., married Ella Lewis; issue, one son: Parke L.; John, Gustavus), Rudolph, John Kendig, Elizabeth, Barbara, Sarah, and Henry Clay. Paternal grandfather, Daniel Longnecker, resi- dence near Manheim, Lancaster County, Pa,; born 1735. Daniel Longnecker had blue eyes and dark hair. His wife's name was Witmer, and their children were: Barbara, married Henry Kendig; John, Christian, Ann, George Fisher, Henry, Eliza- beth, married John Rhodes. 256 HISTORY OF THE Great-great-grandfather, Ulric[1] Longenecker; born in Switzerland in 1664. ***************** LONGNECKER FAMILY. "Martin Kendig settled in Lancaster County, for- merly Pequea, Chester County. Martin Kendig was sent as commissioner to Europe in 1711 and 1717, in which years there were large accessions. Benedic- tus Witmer David Longenacker appears to have settled at the same place in 1720. When he immi- grated does not appear. Also George Kendig and Jacob Byers. These were of the Mennonites who, on account of persecution, fled from the Cantons of Zurich, of Bern, and Shauffhausen, about the year 1672, to Alsace, above Strassburg on the Rhine,where they remained till they immigrated in 1708 to Lon- don; thence to Pennsylvania, They lived some- time near Germantown, Pa. In 1712 they pur- chased a large tract of land from Penn's agents in Pequea, then Chester, now Lancaster County. (Rupps' Collection of 30,000 Names. November number of 1836, pages 352 and 353.) Hans Langenecker, among fifty-two Palatines, with their families, came in the ship James Good- will, David Crocket, Master, from Rotterdam, but last from Plymouth, England, September 29th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 257 1727. August 19th, 1729, ship Morton House, James Conetas, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, England, when sailed, June 21st, Christian Longenacre (in Rupps' and in Colonial Records is printed Longinacre). (Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 301. Rupps' Names, April, 1856, page 7. Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 391. April number Rupps', page 14.) August, 1733, Hans Stayman, Peter Stayman. Hans Stayman, Jr., Michael Whitmer, Ulrich Whitmer, Peter Whitmer, Ulrich Longinacre, Ulrich Longinacre, Jr., Jacob Longinacre, ship Hope, of London, Daniel Reid, Master, from Rot- terdam, but last from Cowes, England. (Colonial Records, Vol. 3, page 556. May and June num- bers of Rupps', page 37). My grandfather's name was Daniel, and his father's name (my great-grandfather) was Ulrich. My grandfather, Daniel, was born near Manheim, Lancaster County. My father was born near May- town, Lancaster County. H. C. LONGNECKER." The foregoing is a memorandum made by H. C. Longnecker-how long before his death is not known. "My husband's father was named Henry, and was born April 14th, 1782; died February 17th, 1837. 258 HISTORY OF THE Colonel Longnecker had but one brother, John, who read and practiced law with Judge Banks, at Reading. He was born in 1813 and died Novem- ber 9th, 1852, at Panama. He had several sisters. Not any of his family are now living. Some of the descendants of those persons mentioned may be found about York and Lancaster Counties. (Daniel Longnecker was married to a Witmer; his son Henry to Elizabeth Kendig). There was no history or record to be found with the crest excepting the name Van Langenecker, which I have marked on the copy. I have another copy, not colored, arranged for a seal or letter heads, which I could not get copied. A gentleman called here last Friday. He said his name was M. R. Longacre, and left his business card. He saw the crest I speak of, and, as he is acquainted with you, will be able to describe it to you if you wish to use it. MRS. MARY. C. LONGNECKER." This sketch is presented by Mrs. Longnecker at the request of the historian. The crest spoken of indicates that the ancestor had a coat of arms; an iron seal, spoken of by Dr. C. B. Longenecker, of Philadelphia, and of which he holds a copy-brought from Zurich-verifies the fact of an ancestral coat of arms, and it is be- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 259 lieved that if a future historian will prosecute a search his reward will be the finding of it. Longenecker, William Roger, residence Brook- lyn, N. Y.; born, Brooklyn, N. Y., April 30th, 1873. Dark complexion, dark eyes and hair; height, five feet eleven and three-quarter inches; weight, 155 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, dentist Octo- ber 28th, 1896, married Pearl Davison, of East Rockaway, Long Island. Son, Roger Davison Longenecker. Father, David Rinestein Longenecker, residence Rockville Centre, Long Island; born, Dayton, Ohio, July 30th, 1847. Dark brown eyes; height, five feet ten and one-half inches; weight, 145 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, dentist. Lived in Lan- caster, Pa., during boyhood. February 1st, 1872, married Jessie Lambard, from Brigus, Newfound- land. Children: two boys and two girls. Paternal grandfather, John Henry Longenecker, born at Lancaster, Pa., April 29th, 1823. Dark, with brown eyes; height, five feet nine inches; weight, 185 pounds. Healthy. Occupation, phy- sician. Was connected with hospital at Naval Academy, Annapolis, during the war. Resides in Islip, Long Island. Married Ellen Fraim, of Lan- caster, Pa. Children: ten sons, six living, all den- tists. 260 HISTORY OF THE Great-grandfather, Henry Longenecker, died at Lancaster, Pa. Children: two sons and one daughter. The daughter married Dr. Rinestine, of Philadelphia. ***************** DR. JOHN H. LONGENECKER DEAD. OLD GRADUATE OF JEFFERSON COLLEGE; TREATED PRISONERS IN LIBBY PRISON. Islip, Long Island, August 21, 1902.-Dr. John Henry Longenecker, a retired physician, died on the 19th inst. at his home on Union Avenue. He was eighty years old. Dr. Longenecker was a native of Lancaster, Pa. He was graduated from the Jefferson Medical Col- lege, Philadelphia. He practiced his profession in New York, Brooklyn, and, for many years, at Hud- son, Mass. During the war he was assistant sur- geon at Annapolis Hospital and treated, among others, Union soldiers who had been confined at Libby Prison. For a time he was connected with a Pennsylvania regiment as surgeon and saw active service. He was wounded in the ankle by a spent shell. A widow and six sons survive him. The body will be taken to Lancaster, Pa., to-day, for interment. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 261 HON. HENRY LONGAKER AND BRANCHES OF HIS FAMILY-STEM, ULRICH[1]. The name of Henry Longaker appears in the list of soldiers of the War of 1812, as private in a com- pany commanded by Captain John Hall, in the Sixty-fifth Regiment, commanded by Colonel John L. Pearson. This regiment was in the service of the United States, under Brigadier-General Samuel Smith, commanding the Fourth Military District, at Camp Snyder, October 18th, 1814. (See Vol. XII., Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, page 171.) August 3rd, 1835, he was commissioned Colonel of the 109th Regiment of the Militia, Second Bri- gade, Second Division, composed of the counties of Bucks and Montgomery. July 5th, 1825, commissioned Justice of the Peace for the district composed of the townships of Lim- erick, Upper and Lower Providence, and Skippack and Perkiomen. November 10th, 1831, commissioned Sheriff of Montgomery County, Pa. He was a member of the House of Representatives for the sessions 1836-1837 and 1837-1838. In 1851 he was elected and commissioned one of the Associated Judges of the Court of Common 262 HISTORY OF THE Pleas, etc., of Montgomery County, Pa., and re- elected and commissioned. He was well and popu- larly known throughout the county, and recognized as a leader in public affairs. He was an ardent and effective supporter of the public schools, and as a Legislator voted to extend the system. A biographical sketch and a portrait of him ap- pears in the "Biographical and Portrait Cyclo- pedia," of Montgomery County, Pa., published in 1895. He and his brother Isaac were born Feb- ruary 4th, 1792. Henry died November 2nd, 1872. He married Catharine Brower, who was born Jan- uary 23rd, 1799, and died December 1st, 1860; issue born unto them: Price, October 18th, 1816; died December 10th, 1826; John, February 9th, 1818; died November 25th, 1892; Frances, May 4th, 1819, died, unmarried, 189-; Albert, May 4th, 1821; died February 25th, 1895; James, March 4th, 1823; died August l9th, 1846; Sarah Ann, born June 23rd, 1825; died December 19th, 1901; Abraham Brower (and his sister, Elizabeth), born April 21st, 1828; Eliza- beth died May 7th, 1828; Henry D., born July 15th, 1829; died October 3rd, 1894; Davis, born Decem- ber 2nd, 1833; died March, 1897; Mary Jane, born March 23rd, 1836. Daniel Brower, the father; of said Catharine (nee Brower) Longaker, was born May 2nd, 1757, and LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 263 died April 2nd, 1802. The issue born unto them were: Henry, born May 3rd, 1780; Barbara, born January 3rd, 1782; Frances, born June 1st, 1783; Christian, born September 11th, 1784; Abraham, born May 22nd, 1787; Mary, born October 31st, 1788; Eliza, born November 3rd, 1790; Sarah, born August 15th, 1783; Daniel R., born May 22nd, 1796; Catharine, born June 23rd, 1799; Ann, born October 1st, 1801. SKETCH OF BROWER BRANCH (ante, PAGE 185.) Jacob[3], father of the Honorable Henry Longaker (Jacob[2], Ulrich[1]), married Catharine Detwiler, a daughter of John Detwiler. Unto them were born eleven children: John, Jacob, Peter, Hannah, mar- ried James Miller; Susanna, married Peter Wagen- seller; Abraham, Isaac, Henry, Joseph, Samuel, and Catharine, who married Henry Swinehart. The father of these children died in 1806, and their mother in 1817. Of the sons only three married, Peter, Henry, and Isaac. Abraham studied medi- cine, graduated, and went to Memphis and practiced there a few years, and died. Jacob died unmarried in Canada. John, Joseph, and Samuel went South. The dates of their deaths are unknown. Catharine died in Ohio, not far from Mercer County, Pa. Some of her descendants are living there. 264 HISTORY OF THE ALBERT ALONZO LONGAKER-JOHN LONGAKER BRANCH. Albert Alonzo Longaker, born in Philadelphia, August 26th, 1861; now a resident of Johnstown, Pa. Vocation, draughtsman. September 24th, 1885, married Mary Reese Hawkins, a Quakeress, whose English lineage goes back to Sir John Haw- kins, and whose mother is of the Cover family ancestry-German immigrants to Lancaster County, Pa. They have no children. The father of Albert Alonzo was John Longaker, of Philadelphia, but born in Upper Providence Township, Montgomery County, Pa. He married Harriett Crawford Allabaugh, a daughter of John Allabaugh, of same township, a farmer by occupa- tion. John Longaker was born February 9th, 1818; died November 25th, 1892, in Philadelphia. His wife was born November 2nd, 1824, and died in Philadel- phia, May 25th, 1863. Issue born unto them, seven children: Henry Orlando Longaker, born July 27th, 1853; died February 25th, 1862; Mary Magdalene Longaker, born October 27th, 1855; died February 13th, 1856; Abraham Brower Long- aker, born November 26th, 1856; David Allabaugh Longaker, born May 27th, 1858; Sarah Jane Long- aker, born October 29th, 1859; died June 27th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 265 1860; Albert Alonzo Longaker, born August 26th, 1861; Joseph Emanuel Longaker, born May 8th, 1863; died August 25th, 1863. Abraham Brower Longaker resides in Chicago, is married, and has a family of children. David Allabaugh Longaker, Chester, Pa.; born May 27th, 1858; married, May 14th, 1895, Clara Elizabeth Weidner, a daughter of Helen Safford, of Bennington, Vt, and Charles A. Weidner, of Phila- delphia and Chester, iron founder and ship builder. ****************** ALBERT LONGAKER BRANCH. Albert Longaker married Rachel R. Stem, No- vember 27th, 1855. For thirty-five years he was an active and leading business man, engaged in the lumber trade and planing mill manufactory. He was a director of the Montgomery National Bank, prosperous, and left a comfortable estate to his widow and children. Albert and Rachel's issue: Frances Brower Longaker married William M. Shoemaker, February 8th, 1888. Issue, William M. Shoemaker. Sarah J. Longaker, deceased, married Henry C. Conrad, February 20th, 1884. Issue, Edith L. Conrad and Rachel L. Conrad. A. Edwin Long- aker, deceased. E. Louisa Longaker married 266 HISTORY OF THE George K. Yeakel, August 27th, 1901. Henry C. Conrad is one of the leading members of the Bar of the city of Wilmington, Del. In statecraft he is very popular and efficient, and is widely known as an eminent jurist as well as one of the leaders of the Republican Party. In social and religious cir- cles he is conspicuous, and stands in the foremost rank. At the burning of the Park Side Hotel, New York City, his escape and rescue, whilst it seems to border on the miraculous, was largely due to heroic courage and indomitable will power, in- spired, in moments of great emergencies, to act with calm and deliberate judgment-it is an act which should be made historic. ***************** HENRY D. LONGAKER BRANCH. Henry D. Longaker was born July 15th, 1829; died October 30th, 1894; married Mary A. Young, a physician of Bethlehem, Pa. Issue born onto them: Henry (deceased), Francis Abraham, and Mary A. In 1884 Doctor Longaker and his wife settled at Seattle, Wash, and established a sanitarium for the treatment of chronic cases. They were successful practitioners. His wife died a few years before her husband. The two surviving chil- LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 267 dren reside at Kent, near Seattle, and enjoy an ample estate left by their parents. ****************** SARAH ANN LONGAKER BRANCH. Sarah Ann Longaker married Aaron Fretz. There were five children born unto them: Joseph Henry married Annie M. Neal. Issue, one child, Sara J., who married Penrose Vernon. J. Henry Fretz died November 26th, 1876. Albert L. married Annie Hoffman, who died, leaving one child, David A. Fretz. His second marriage was to Clara Graves, and there was one child born unto them, Alberta, who died at the age of seven. Frances L. married Henry C. Messinger. Mr. Messinger is a leading and prosperous merchant- full of energy and enterprise-and a prominent and active citizen of the flourishing town of Consho- hocken. Kate B. married Charles Bevan, and four chil- dren were born unto them: Maude L., Sara F., Frances M., and Henry Charles. Kate B. died February 9th, 1895. Charles Bevan died May 12th, 1899. Mary Jane married Henry C. Styer. One child was born unto them, Elizabeth Augusta. 268 HISTORY OF THE Aaron Fretz died May 16th, 1898. Sarah Longaker Fretz died December 19th, 1901. **************** DAVIS LONGAKER BRANCH. Davis Longaker, born December 2nd, 1833; mar- ried, June 5th, 1866, Elizabeth W. Ullman, a daughter of Philip and Eve Ullman. He died March 6th, 1897. Issue: Eva, Katie Brower (who died August 11th, 1869), Henry D. Davis Brower, John Ullman, Frances Brower, Elizabeth Spare (who died September 5th, 1896), George Everett, Mary LaRue, Albert, and Helen (who died October 15th, 1891). Davis Brower Longaker was born March 1st, 1872; attended the public schools at Lansdale, and in 1888 graduated from the High School and en- tered the West Chester Normal School; taught school for a year, then graduated at West Chester, 1893. Spent two years at St. George's Hall, Sum- mit, N. J., and seven years at Cheltenham Military Academy, Ogontz, Pa., as a teacher. Married, Sep- tember 18th, 1900, Miss Maud Rice, of Reedsville, Mifflin County, Pa., daughter of George Clifford and Catharine Relph Rice. John Ullman Longaker is in the civil service of the United States in the Philippine Islands. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 269 MARY JANE (NEE LONGAKER) KIRK BRANCH. Children of Morris L. and Mary Jane (nee Long- aker) Kirk; first child, Henry L., born October 10th, 1865; married Maria Cressman. Unto them were born three children: Ralph Levering, Franklin, and Nelson. Second child, Davis T., born November 27th, 1869. Third child, John Morris, born February 4th, 1872; married Gertrude M. Levy, June i4th, 1900. Fourth child, Franklin F., born July 4th, 1877. ******************* PARKER. Mrs. Laura C. Parker, 3608 Ellis Avenue, Chi- cago, Ill, is of this lineage. Her father was the late Joshua Wagenseller, of Pekin, Ill. Her mater- nal grandparents were Peter and Susanna (nee Longaker) Wagenseller, born in Montgomery County, Pa. A full biography of them appears in the History of the Wagenseller Family, edited and published by George W. Wagenseller, A. M., of Middleburg, Union County, Pa. The father of Mrs. Parker, Joshua Wagenseller, who lived at Pekin, Ill., and died there, being very intimate with President Lincoln, was offered a cab- 270 HISTORY OF THE inet appointment, which was declined by him (see History of Wagenseller Family). ***************** ROSENBERGER BRANCH. SAME STEM AS M. R. LONGACRE (ante, PAGE ---). David Rosenberger married Katharine, daughter of Jacob Longacre, December 31st, 1837. David Rosenberger was born January 7th, 1809; died December 7th, 1882, aged seventy-three years and eleven months. Katharine Longacre, wife of David Rosenberger, was born October 19th, 1813; died December 8th, 1893, aged eighty years, one month, nineteen days. Children: Mary, Margaret, Hannah, Abram, Davis, Joseph, Warren, and Henry. Mary Rosenberger, born December 21st, 1838. Living. Married Samuel H. Hallman. Residence Montclare, Montgomery County, Pa. Carpenter. Margaret Rosenberger, born February 21st, 1841; married Job T. Cox. Died February 11th, 1887, aged forty-five years, eleven months, twenty-one days. Residence, Oaks. Hannah Rosenberger, born October 1st, 1843. Living. Married Milton V. Detwiler, farmer. Res- idence, Oaks, Montgomery County, Pa. Abram Rosenberger, born May 16th, 1847; died LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 271 January 10th, 1849, aged one year, seven months, twenty-two days. Davis Rosenberger, born October 22nd, 1849; died April 4th, 1873, aged twenty-three years, five months, twelve days. Joseph Warren Rosenberger, born September 19th, 1852. Clerk. Married Ida F. Kratz. One child, Katharine K. Rosenberger, born June 15th, 1889. Residence, Yerkes, Pa. Henry Rosenberger, born August 19th, 1858. Farmer. Married Hannah Schwenk. Residence, Kirkwood, Alachua County, Fla. ***************** BEARSS WALKER BRANCH. SAME STEM AS M. R. LONGACRE (ante, PAGE ---). Thomas Walker was born May 26th, 1846, in Walkerville, Chester County, Pa. Moved to Galena, Ill., in 1851. Was married to Rebecca C. Bearss, in Bureau County, Ill., on March 24th, 1869. His oldest son, Homer D. Walker, was born in Bureau County, December 12th, 1869. The spring of 1872 he moved to Colfax County, Neb. His oldest daugh- ter, Debbie M. Walker, was born on the 22nd day of August, 1872; Martha Bearss Walker was born on the 25th day of November, 1874; Daisy D. Walker 272 HISTORY OF THE was born on the 16th day of July, 1877; Verner V. Walker was born on the 3rd day of September, 1881. Henry Longaker Rosenberg, born August 19th, 1858. Married, June 12th, 1884, Hannah R. Schwenk, of Montgomery County, Pa. Issue unto them born: Eugene, Lena, and Bertha. Residence of the family, Kirkwood, Fla. Same stem as M. R. Longacre (ante, page --). Mathias R. Longacre, residence Haddon Heights, N. J.; born April 1st, 1859. March 18th, 1877, married Ella Viola Hainer, a Quakeress; children: Leon B., Clarence H., Walter M., J. B. Ward. Same stem as his father, M. R. Longacre (ante, page, --). Mary A. Kern, 1815 Bouvier Street, Philadelphia; born August 21st, 1863. Married, December 12th, 1883, D. Edgar Kern. Issue unto them born, five children: Edgar Longacre Kern, Harry Collier Kern, Raymond Clifford Kern, Collier Kem, and Grace Kern. Maternal father, Mathias R. Longacre; born June 6th, 1836 {ante, page --). Benner, Anndora Longacre, of Yerkes, Mont- gomery County, Pa.; born October 8th, 1839, at Lower Providence, Montgomery County, Pa. Mar- ried Milton Benner, April 29th, 1857, who died in Chicago, February 22nd, 1891. Served in Civil War LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 273 as Signal Officer. Children: Ida (married Gros- venor C. Varnum, of Jonesville, Mich.; daughter, Hattie C. Varnum) and Alice Gertrude Benner. Mrs. Benner is a sister of Mathias R. Longacre, and refers to him for her ancestry. ***************** HON. A. B. LONGAKER. He was educated in the public schools, and pre- pared for college at the Washington Hall Academy at the Trappe, and entered in the fall of 1847 the sophomore class of Franklin and Marshall College, at Mercersburg, Pa. In the fall of 1848 he entered the junior class of Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., and graduated in 1850; was one of the prize orators, and entered the Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. He was a member of the A. 0. Fraternity, now merged in Delta Upsilon; is a member of the Alumni of Union College, of New York City, and of the American Institute of Civics, New York. In July, 1853, he was graduated from the State and National Law School of New York, taking the degree of B. L. In September, 1853, he graduated from the law school of Judge Washington McCart- ney, at Easton, Pa., and was admitted to practice in the courts of Northampton County, August 19th, 274 HISTORY OF THE 1853. On September 23rd, 1853. he was admitted in the courts of Montgomery County, and com- menced the practice of law in Norristown, Pa. In 1854 he was one of the delegates to the Demo- cratic Convention, at Harrisburg, to nominate a Canal Commissioner. In 1856 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Pennsylvania Legislature. He was re-elected in 1857 and 1858; in 1858 he was chosen Speaker of the House; from 1860 to 1870 he was Secretary of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society. Sep- tember 13th, 1862, he enlisted as a private in the independent cavalry, commanded by Captain D. H. Mulrany, and served during the emergency. July 1st, 1863, he was mustered into Company H, Cap- tain B. Markley Boyer, Forty-first Regiment, Emer- gency Militia. He was elected Quartermaster of the regiment. When the regiment, with others, formed the brigade commanded by Colonel James Nagle, acting as commander, he became Commis- sioner of the brigade; in the division of General Couch, Department of the Susquehanna. February, 1867, he was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the Sixth District, composed of the counties of Lehigh and Montgomery. In 1868 he was elected President Judge of the Courts of the Third Judicial District, composed of the LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 275 counties of Lehigh and Northampton; under the State Constitution of 1874, the counties became separate districts; then, living at Allentown, he selected Lehigh as his district. At the close of his term he returned to Norristown, and resumed prac- tice. December 8th, 1859, he married Mary Moore Slingluff, the second daughter of William H. and Mary Knorr Slingluff. There are three children: the eldest, Leila, married, August 7th, 1884, Henry Keller Kurtz, member of the firm of W. W. Kurtz & Sons, bankers, Philadelphia, Pa. Their children are William Nesley Kurtz[2], born May 12th, 1885; a daughter, Leila, born July 11th, 1888; and a son, Henry Keller Kurtz[2], born July 19th, 1891. The second child is a daughter, Rosalie, and the third a son, Norris Slingluff Longaker, who, in his twenty-second year, enlisted as a private for the Spanish-American War, April 21st, 1898, in Com- pany H, Captain Hendler, Third Regiment, Penn- sylvania Volunteers, under Colonel Robert Ralston. The regiment was mustered out in 1898. A biographical sketch and portrait of Hon. A. B. Longaker appears in the "Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia," of Montgomery County, published in 1895, and also in "The Bench and Bar of Pennsyl- vania." 276 HISTORY OF THE ISAAC LONGAKER'S FAMILY. His widow, Caroline (nee Hallman) Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Jacob S. Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. J. L. Longaker, 823 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. Mrs. D. K. Neiffer, 936 Dauphin Street, Phila- delphia, Pa. H. C. Longaker, 1216 Cambria Street, Philadel- phia, Pa. F. D. Longaker, 3116 Hazel Avenue, Philadel- phia, Pa. R. R. Longaker, 549 Westmoreland Street, Phila- delphia, Pa. Mrs. A. F. Young, 2550 North Ninth Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Samuel Longaker, Righter Street, Wissahickon, Philadelphia, Pa. Reuben R. Longaker, 549 Westmoreland Street, Philadelphia, born March 23rd, 1859. Married Emma P. Parkhill, January 5th, 1881. Issue, five children: Jennie A., Howard H., Reuben Ralph, Elizabeth M., and Caroline H. The parents of Reuben R. were Isaac S. and Caroline H. (nee Hallman) Longaker. Father, born September 5th, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 277 1812; died February 15th, 1887; date of marriage, 1837. The grandfather of Reuben R. was Isaac Long- aker, born 1792. Married Cathanne Diehl. Issue, three children: Daniel, Isaac, and Francis. Caroline H. Longaker, December 23rd, 1880, mar- ried Jacob Young, wholesale grocer, Philadelphia. Children: Walter Scott Young, Edgar L. Young. Amanda J. Longaker, April 27th, 1876, married David K. Neiffer, residence 936 Dauphin Street, Philadelphia. Children: Jennie Argue Neiffer and Florrie Marie Longaker, adopted; a daughter of John L. Longaker, deceased. Isabella Longaker married John Y. Linderman, residence Pottstown, Pa. ****************** BIOGRAPHY-LANDIS-LONGAKER BRANCH-STEM, ULRICH[1]. James M. Landis was born near what is now the village of Graters Ford, in Montgomery County; his father removed soon afterward to Upper Providence Township, near Royersford, where he lived almost continuously until 1860. During boyhood he received a common school ed- ucation and attended for one year the Washington 378 HISTORY OF THE Hall Academy, at the Trappe. After leaving the Academy he became Assistant Station Agent at Royersford, from 1860 to 1864; in the latter year he entered the Freight Claim Office of the Reading Railroad Company in Reading. In 1868 he became Traveling Auditor, and in 1871 Chief Clerk in the General Superintendent's Office at same place. In 1877 removed to Philadelphia, and since that time has been and is now Chief Clerk in the General Manager's Office, as well as of the Vice-President's Office, at the central offices of the Reading Com- pany. Mr. Landis is of the true type of his ancestry- persevering, resourceful, habitually trained to brev- ity and accuracy-of sound morality and strictest integrity. He is held in high estimation by the officials of the corporation whose interests he has so well guarded with the strictest fidelity. His biographical sketch appears in the "Bio- graphical and Portrait Cyclopedia," of Mont- gomery County, published in 1895, page 612. LANDIS-MILLER-LONGAKER GENEALOGY. James M. Landis, 1855 North Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, born November 19th, 1842, at Graters Ford, Montgomery.County, Pa.; married, September 21st, 1868, Emma M. Good, daughter of John S. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 279 and Lavinia Good, born in Berks County, of Penn- sylvania German ancestry. Children: Bertha M., born August 24th, 1869; Herbert D., born De- cember 21st, 1871; died July 8th, 1871; Charles A., born June 6th, 1872; died May 28th, 1878; Edward H., born November 16th, 1876; Arthur S., born May 20th, 1879; died April 16th, 1880; George 0., born December 15th, 1880. (Bertha M. Landis married Howard W. Curry, June 20th, 1894. Children: Harriette E., born July 28th, 1895, and Jean L., born January 30th, 1897, and died April 17th, 1898.) The father of James M. Landis was Abraham B. Landis, born October 26th, 1808, at Trappe, Pa.; died July 3rd, 1890, at Howellville, Chester County, Pa. He was a son of John and Mary (Beidler) Lan- dis. February 9th, 1840, married Hannah Miller, daughter of James and Hannah (Longaker) Miller; born February 1st, 1816; died July 29th, 1851. She is buried at Providence Mennonite Meeting, near Yerkes Station, Montgomery County, Pa., by the side of her husband. The paternal grandfather of James M. Landis was James Miller, born August 25th, 1784, in Mont- gomery County, Pa.; died February 17th, 1871, at Philadelphia. He was a son of Christian and Eliza- beth (Tyson) Miller; married, May 13th, 1810, 280 HISTORY OF THE Hannah Longaker, a daughter of Jacob and Cath- arine (Detwiler) Longaker. She was born May 19th, 1787; died February 5th, 1816. Buried at St Augustus Lutheran Church, Trappe, Pa. The maternal great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Jacob Longaker, died 1806, whose wife was Catharine Detwiler. The maternal great-great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Jacob Longaker (Langenecker), of Parker-Ford, Chester County, Pa. About 1746 married Susanna, the widow of John Langenecker. (John was a son of Daniel, who settled at Mingo in 1733. He arrived some time prior to 1727; because of that date he was a member of the Quaker Con- ference at Germantown, attending as a Mennonite minister and representing Manatawny District, Berks County. He and Ulrich are believed to be. brothers. He was aged about sixty-seven years in 1733; his granddaughter, Barbara. High, married Christian Brower about 1748.) The maternal great-great-great-grandfather of James M. Landis was Ulrich Langenecker, who was born in Switzerland, and immigrated in 1733 and settled in Lancaster County, Pa. He was then sixty-nine years of age. His sons, Ulrich, Jr., and Jacob, aged twenty-two and nineteen years, re- spectively, came with him. Three, sons, David, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 281 John, and Christian, preceded him, and all settled in Lancaster County, Pa. Landis, Davis M., of Davenport, Iowa; born May 3rd, 1846, at Royersford, Montgomery County, Pa.; married, April 22nd, 1890, Margaret Shannon. Child: Rita May Landis, born February 24th, 1891. Fathers name, Abraham B. Landis. Same geneal- ogy as James M. Landis. Longaker, David Allabaugh, Chester, Pa.; born May 27th, 1858, Philadelphia; married, May 14th, 1895, Clara Elizabeth Weidner, daughter of Charles A. Weidner and Helen Safford, of Bennington, Vt. Mr. Weidner is an iron founder and ship builder, doing business in Philadelphia and at Chester, Pa. The father of David A. was John Longaker, of Philadelphia; born February 8th, 1818; married, March 4th, 1852, Harriet Allabaugh; died Novem- ber 25th, 1892, at Philadelphia. The grandfather of David was Henry Longaker (ante, page --.) Jacob Longacre was born at Black Rock, Mont- gomery County, Pa., November 12th, 1800. He was married to Sarah Stauffer, of the same place, and had seven children, viz.: David, Mary Ann, John, Harriet, Jacob and Joel (twins), and Sarah. They moved to West Penn Township, Schuylkill County, Pa., soon after their marriage. David mar- 282 HISTORY OF THE ried Polly Hoppes, from West Penn, Schuylkill County, and they had ten children: Deborah, Emma, Jacob, David, Mary, Sarah, Christopher, and three infants. Deborah is married to Frank Behler, of West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has one son by the name of Elmer. Emma is married to Pierce Troxell, of Sittler, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has three children: Ira, William, and Irene. Rev. Jacob is married to Irene Fenstermacher, of Lehighton, Carbon County, Pa., and has one son, David F. David, Jr., is married to Minnie Miller, of Normal, Carbon County, Pa., and has four children; Harrison, Frederick, James, and Lizzie. Mary died when she -was about twelve years of age. David S. Longacre, a son of Jacob Longacre, and his wife, Sarah, a born Stauffer. He was born August 16th, 1833, near Trappe, Montgomery County, Pa., and moved with his parents to Schuyl- kill County, near Tamaqua, in his boyhood days. He was married to Miss Polly Hoppes, a daughter of Solomon Hoppes, and his wife, Polly, a born Snyder. He moved with his family to Normal, Carbon County, in the year 1865, on an hundred- acre farm, in the beautiful Mahoning Valley, where LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 283 they still reside. He was blessed with ten children in the family, namely, six boys and four girls. However, six of the children have gone to their eternal rest. Four died in infancy, and one at the age of six, and another at the age of ten. At this writing he is living, but suffering from rheumatism. Emma L. (Longacre) Troxel, the oldest daughter of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly. She was born July 29th, 1862, in Schuylkill County, Pa. She was married to Pierce Troxel, a son of William Troxel, and his wife, Polly, a born Haberman. She lives in Schuylkill County, Pa. Postoffice station, Andreas. She was blessed with three children, namely, Ira, William, and Sadie Irene Troxel. She is engaged in farming. Deborah (Longacre) Behler, the second daughter of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly. She was born September 7th, 1863, in Schuylkill County, Pa. She was married to Frank A. Behler, a son of Emanuel Behler, and his wife, Maria, a born Haberman. She lives in Kepners, Schuylkill County, Pa. Blessed with one boy, Elmer E. Behler. She is engaged in farming. Rev. Jacob H. Longacre, son of David S. Long- acre, and his wife, Polly (Hoppes) Longacre, was born at Normal, Carbon County, Pa., August 10th, 1865. He taught public school for three years, and 284 HISTORY OF THE prepared at the same time for college at Normal Institute, Carbon County, Pa., and Palatinate Col- lege, Myerstown, Pa. Entered college September 6th, 1887, and graduated June 26th, 1890. In the fall of 1890 he entered the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Mount Airy, Philadelphia, and graduated in the spring of 1893; was ordained to the office of the ministry in the Lutheran Church. He is serving four congregations since ordained, in the neighbor- hood or vicinity of Weissport. He was married, June 23rd, 1896, to Miss Irene Deborah Fenster- macher, from Lehighton, Carbon County. She is a graduate of the High Schools of Lehighton, and was a student at West Chester State Normal School. She taught school at Lehighton for five terms, and is also a musician. She is a daughter of Reuben Fenstermacher (deceased) and his wife, Levina, a born Frontz. He lives in Weissport, Carbon County, Pa. He has one son, namely, David Fenstermacher Longacre, born May 7th, 1897. His calling is that of a shepherd or minister. David H. Longacre, a son of David S. Longacre, and his wife, Polly Hoppes Longacre. He was born December 19th, 1869, at Normal, Carbon County, Pa. He was married to Miss Minnie Miller, a daughter of Moses Miller, and his wife, Sania, a born Frontz. He has made his home with his LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 285 father. He was blessed with four children, namely, Harrison, Frederick, James, and Lizzie Irene Long- acre. His occupation is farming. Mary Ann Longacre, who died in 1863, was mar- ried to Henry S. Boner, and had three children: Emily Priscilla, Charles Lincoln, and Lewis Oliver. Emily Priscilla died at the age of three years. Charles Lincoln is married to Estella Gertrude Denison, of Mystic, Conn., and has three daughters, Ethel Eudora, Ellen Elizabeth, and Emlie Estella, all of whom are living. Lewis Oliver, who died in Philadelphia, at the age of thirty-four, was married to Hannah B. Ren- ninger, of Philadelphia, and had two children, Harry Strong and Edna, both of whom are liv- ing. John married Amanda Sittler, of Mahoning, Car- bon County, Pa., and had six children: Olivia, Lizzie, Lillie, Hattie, Carrie, and Roscoe. Olivia is married to Dr. Alvin Wertman, of Sittler, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; has one daughter, Elsie. Lizzie is married to James W. Delp, of Reading, Berks County, Pa., and has three children: Mamie, Bert Alma, and Llewellyn. Lillie died at the age of six years. Hattie is married to D. B. Zehner, of Reynolds, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has one son, David. 286 HISTORY Of THE Carrie is married to Dr. Austin Wertman, of Sittler, Schuylkill County, Pa. Harriet is unmarried, and resides at North Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. -Jacob S. is married to Lovina Kistler, of Mantz, Schuylkill County, and has six children: Mamie, Edwin, Jacob, William, Sallie, and Hattie. Mamie is married to Dr. Jacob H. Behler, of Kep- ner, Schuylkill County; has one daughter, Mary. Dr. Edwin is married to Amanda Mosser, Lehigh County, Pa. Dr. Jacob is married to Cora Barrall, Weavers- ville, Northampton County. Has one daughter. Dr. William, single. Sallie, single. Hattie, single. Joel was married to Sallie Miller, of Lehighton, Carbon County, and had one daughter, Jennie. After his first wife's death, he married Sophia Smith, from Monroe. County, Pa., and has six children. Jennie is married to Thomas Leeser, of Mantz, Schuylkill County, and has one son, David. Sarah Longacre is married to Francis Mantz, of. Mantz, Schuylkill County, Pa., and has eight chil- dren: Sylvester, Oliver, Ella, Abyssinia, Sabina, Eugene, Buehia, and Mary. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 287 Oliver is married to Harriet Ohl, of Wehr, Schuylkill County, and has one son. Ella is married to Daniel S. Zehner, of North Penn, Pa. The others are single. John S. Longacre, son of Jacob and Sallie A. (Stauffer) Longacre, was born in West Penn Town- ship, Schuylkill County, Pa., on February 25th, 1839, and now resides at North Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. In his earlier days he taught school; afterward he was engaged in various kinds of busi- ness. At present he is a farmer. His height is five feet nine inches. His complexion is light; has blue eyes and light hair (gray now). His weight is 140 pounds. On December 20th, 1865, he was married to Amanda Sittler, daughter of Samuel Sittler and Elizabeth, his wife. Six children were born to them, namely, Olivia, Elizabeth, Lillie, Hattie, Carrie, and Roscoe. Jacob S. Longacre, son of Jacob and Sallie A. (Stauffer) Longacre, was born in West Penn Town- ship, Schuylkill County, Pa., in the year 1843. Having obtained his preliminary education at home under the private family teacher, he attended Freeland Seminary, Montgomery County, Pa. He taught school for two terms. At the breaking out of the Civil War he enlisted in the Union Army. After his discharge, in 1862, he went to the State of Wis- 288 HISTORY OF THE consin and worked on a farm. When President Lin- coln made a call for volunteers he enlisted in the Sixtieth Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and went with General Sherman to the sea in 1865. At the close of the war he was discharged from the army service, and returned to his native State. On re- turning home, he found his mother had died while he was in the army. His father died in 1860. In 1866 he married Lovina H., daughter of David Kistler, a tanner. In 1867 he bought the farm and tannery from his father-in-law, and took his brother- in-law, William H. Kistler, as a partner, and ever since they have been partners in tanning and farm- ing. Since 1880 he has held public office-for two terms Justice of the Peace, and since then that of notary public. During their union he and his wife were blessed with seven children; one of the daughters, Allie K., died during infancy, but the rest are grown up. His oldest son, Edwin D., graduated in 1893 from the Ontario Veterinary College, Canada,, and is located at Shenandoah, SchuyUdll County, Pa. In 1894 he was married to Miss Mary M. Mosser, of Stines Corner, Lehigh County, Pa. Jacob E. graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1894, as an M. D., and is located L0NGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 289 at Weaversville, Northampton County, Pa. In 1896 he was married to Miss Cora A. Barrall, of Allentown, Pa. William S. graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College in 1896, and is engaged in a lucrative practice at home. His eldest daughter, Mame J., was married in 1895 to Dr. J. H. Behler, who is a practicing physician at Nesquehoning, Carbon County, Pa. Sallie L. is a seamstress by trade. My youngest child, Hattie I., graduated from the Nesquehoning High School in 1897, and has since taught in the public schools of the town- ship in which she resides. He and his family are members of the Lutheran Church, and in politics are Republicans. Behler, Mary Jane Longacre, of Nesquehoning, Pa.; born May 11th, 1867, at West Penn, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; married, June 15th, 1895, J. H. Behler, M. D. Child: Mary Edna Behler. The father of Mary J. L. Behler is Jacob S. Long- acre, of Mantz, Pa.; born May 26th, 1843, at West Penn; married, May 26th, 1866, Lovina Kistler. The grandfather of Mary J. L. Behler was Jacob Longacre, of Black Rock, Pa.; born Black Rock, 1800; married Sarah Stauffer; died February 5th, 1860, at West Penn. Behler, Jacob H., M. D., of Nesquehoning, Pa.; born, April 6th, 1865, at West Penn, Schuylkill 290 HISTORY OF THE County, Pa.; raised on a farm; attended country school; at the age of seventeen started to teach public school; taught for five terms; in the mean- time attended Normal School at Bloomsburg and Kutztown; after three years' course at Jefferson College, Philadelphia, graduated in 1891, April 15th; afterward practiced medicine at Bowmans and New Ringgold; located at Nesquehoning, July 15th, 1893. Member of P. 0. S. A., K. of P., A. A. S. R., Masons, Medical Societies of Carbon County, Lehigh Valley, and Pennsylvania. Height, five feet eleven inches; weight, 185 pounds. Married Mary Jane Longacre, June 15th, 1893, daughter of Jacob S. Longacre. Child: Maty Edna. Longacre, Edwin D., of Shehandoah, Pa.; veteri- nary surgeon; born September 27th, 1869, at West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. Height, five feet ten inches; weight, 165 pounds; complexion, light; temperament, cool-headed. Married, Sep- tember: 18th, 1894, Mary S. Mosser, daughter of Levi J. and Polly Mosser, of Stines Corner, Lehigh County, Pa. The father of Edwin D. is. Jacob S. Longacre, of Longacre Station (Mantz P. 0.), Pa. Longacre, Jacob E., M. D., Weaversville, Pa.; born July 20th, 1870, at Longacre Station, Schuyl- kill County, Pa.; married, November 10th, 1896, LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 291 Cora A. Barrall, daughter of Dr. A. Barrall and Susan, his wife, both of whom were born in North- ampton County. Child: Hilda May Barrall Long- acre. Cora A. Barrall Longacre, wife of Dr. J. E. Long- acre, of Weaversville, Northampton County, Pa., died July 14th, 1901. Hilda M. B. Longacre, daughter of Dr. J. E. and Cora A. B. Longacre, born October 2nd, 1897; died December 6th, 1901. Father's name, Jacob S. Longacre, of Longacre Station, Pa.; born West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa.; married, May 26th, 1866, Lovina Kistler, daughter of David and Mary Kistler. Grandfather's name, Jacob Longacre; born near Norristown, Pa.; married Sarah Stauffer; died in West Penn, Schuylkill County, Pa. ******************* DANIEL LONGAKER- ISAAC BRANCH. STEM, ULRICH[1]. GENEALOGY. Isaac Longaker and his brother, the Hon. Henry Longaker, were born February 4th, 1792. Isaac married Catharine Diehl, December 27th, 1812, and died June 20th, 1818. He was a shoemaker by 292 HISTORY OF THE trade, and a farmer by occupation. Isaac and Catharine (nee Diehl) Longaker had three children, Daniel, Isaac, and Francis. Francis Longaker was born in 1817, and was reared on a farm near Norristown, Pa., until about the age of twenty years, when he learned the trade of a plasterer; he was educated in the public schools. About 1850 he went to Louisville, Ky., married, and followed his trade, and was well and popularly known amongst the enterprising citizens and business men of that city. He reared a family of children, and they and his widow survive him, and are living in Louisville. His eldest son, Daniel, is well and popularly known, and is established in the sale and repairing of bicy- cles, and, in that line, has established one of the largest houses and shops in that city. He is pros- perous in business and the owner of valuable real estate, and is recognized amongst his numerous ac- quaintances as energetic, trustworthy, and success- ful. Sallie Longaker and Mrs. Kate L. Cameron, Cynthia, Ohio, are sisters of said Daniel. H. A. Cole and his wife, Jenny W. Arnold Cole; no children. Mary (nee Longaker) Cole and Abra-, ham C. Cole are the parents of H. A. Cole. John S. Hunsicker married Louisa Cole, a daughter of said Abraham C. and Mary Cole. They have four LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 293 children: Emma, married Henry T. Hunsicker; Jene, married Frank Saylor; Wilmer C. Hun- sicker, married Maggie Spare; and Harry C. Hun- sicker, married Matilda Halteman. ***************** DISMANT FAMILY-BRANCH, JOHN LONG- AKER. STEM, DANIEL[1]. Names of brothers and sisters of Benjamin F. Dismant, son of the late John and Deborah Dis- mant. Deborah Dismant was the daughter of John Longaker. Susan Dismant Williams, aged seventy-two years, born November 11th, 1829; married to Samuel Williams, deceased. Names of children: Edward Williams, deceased, a physician, married to Miss Dennison; one child, Clifford. John Williams, de- ceased. Howard Williams, married to Miss Coch- raine; one child. Emma Williams, married to Henry Smith. Effie Williams. Harry Williams, married to Miss Peacock. Herbert Williams, a phy- sician, married to Miss Lillian Becket; one child. Bertha Linden Williams, married to Rev. Hunter, one child, Desmond Hunter. Lucinda Dismant, aged sixty-nine years, born December 30th, 1832; married to Addison T. Mil- 294 HISTORY OF THE ler. Names of children: Horace, deceased, married to Adele Fetterolf; two children: Ernest and Helen. Ella, married to Abram H. Hendricks, Esq.; one child, Miriam. Lillian T. Miller. Cora, married to Heyser Detwiler, farmer; six children living: Elsie, Leroy, Florence, Gertrude, Norma, deceased, and Carl. Edgar T. Miller, a physician. Newton T. Miller. John Dismant, deceased, born October 30th, 1834. Lizzie, aged sixty-five years, born June 21st, 1838; married to Owen Evans; three children: Franklin, Florence, and Wallace, deceased. Sallie, deceased, born December 17th, 1841; mar- ried to Owen Evans. Two children: David Evans, married to Miss Hibbert; two sons. Elma Evans, deceased, married to Joseph Scheidt;. one son, Harvey. Benjamin Franklin Dismant, a physician, aged fifty-seven years, born February 27th, 1845; mar- ried Mary M. Walt Five children: Elizabeth, Nellie, Georgiene, John, and Harry. Francis and Emma Dismant, twins. Emma, de- ceased, born November 15th, 1847, aged fifty-four years. Horace, deceased, born June 13th, 1854. Dark hair and eyes predominate. LONGACRE-LONGAKER-LONGENECKER FAMILY. 295 ALCINDA M. LONGNECKER. GENEALOGY. Father's name, Benjamin K.; birthplace, East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pa.; residence, Shiremanstown, Cumberland County, Pa.; date of birth, July 16th, 1816; date of death, January 26th, 1887; place of death, Shiremans- town; date of marriage, November 26th, 1840; wife's name, Margaretta Moltz; three children: Alcinda M., Catharine A., and Jacob Moltz. Grandfather's name, Isaac; birthplace, ----; date of birth, February 19th, 1788; date of death, ----; residence, near Good Hope, Cumberland County, Pa.; place of death, near Good Hope, Cum- berland County, Pa.; wife's name, Frances Eshel- man; five children: Jacob, John, Benjamin, Catha- rine, and Elizabeth. Great-grandfather's name, Abraham; residence, East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pa.; wife's name, Catharine Wagner; ten children: Joseph, Elizabeth, Barbara, Susanna, Anna, Catha- rine, Isaac, Frances, Daniel, and Benjamin. ************************************* ************************************* INDEX. PAGE A. Association, Re-union, formed........................... 1 Address of Hon. A. M. Beitler, Re-union Convention at Ring- ing Rocks........................................ 15 Address of Hon. A. B. Longaker at Ringing Rocks........ 15 Address of Rev. Frank C. Longaker...................... 15 Allegiance, oath of, required............................ 31 Ancestors, Colonial, Ulrich[1] Daniel[1] Longenecker, brothers, the Stem......................................... 73-74 Andrew Longacre, D. D., third Stem, not of kinship....... 74-77 Arms, Coat of, and Crest.............................. 258 B. Boner, C. Lincoln, Vice-President...................... 15, 285 Boner, Lewis Oliver................................... 285 Boner, Henry S....................................... 285 Brower Branch, Longaker Family........................ 20 Barbara High, wife of Henry Brower .................... 31 Brower, John, marries Susanna Longenecker.............. 92 Bliem, Christian, marries Salome Longenecker............. 92 Badges for members at Re-union Convention............... 70 Biography of Colonial Stems............................ 73 Beitler-Brower-Longacre Branch ........................ l80 Beitler, Daniel B...................................... 182 Beitler, David B., Alderman............................ 183 Beitler, Hon. A. M., Judge Common Pleas Court, Philadel- phia, biography of................................. 173-177 Beitler, Hon. A. M., genealogy of....................... 177-180 (297) 298 INDEX. PAGE Book, order for....................................... 72 Brower-Longacre Branch............................... 185 Brower, William, M. D................................ 185 Brower, Henry, immigrant, born February l4th, 1720...... 186 Brower, Blanche...................................... 186 Brower, Gilbert, Parker-Ford........................... 186 Brower, Henry; first wife, Eva DeFraine; second wife, Bar- bara High; granddaughter of Daniel Longacre.......... 187 Baugh, Jacob, husband of Salome Brower................. 187 Brower, Catharine, wife of Hon. Henry Longaker......... 187 Brower, Mary, married Abraham Beitler; Frances, first wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Eliza, second wife of Nathan Pennypacker; Barbara, wife of -- Kurtz; Ann, wife of Rev. John H. Umstead.......................... 187 Bliem-Longaker Branch, Stem Ulrich[1] ................... 309 Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges Stopp lineage.............. 209-214 Bear, Mary, Longenecker, family ........................ 247 Benner, Milton, in Civil War........................... 272 C. Convention, first one of Longaker family at Ringing Rocks.. 24 Colonial immigrants and settlers, Ulrich and Daniel Longen- ecker, brothers; five sons of Ulrich and four of Daniel.. 77-82 Civil War Soldiers, Hon. A. B. and Davis Longaker........ 274 Civil War, soldier of, Emmanuel Longacre................. 100 Civil War, Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio, prisoner, etc.. 103-104 Caveat of John, Philip, and Jacob Longacre, and for children, of Caspar Longacre, deceased, as to certain lands, Hereford Township, Berks County .................. 89 Committee, Executive, Hon. A. B. Longaker, Miss Nellie Dismant, C. Lincoln Boner, Rev. Henry E. Longen- ecker, Henry A. Longacre, W. P. Detwiler, Rev. Frank C. Longaker, Reuben R. Longaker, Dr. Daniel Long- aker, Walter F. Longacre, Miss Lillian Miller, Miss Anna R. Evans.................................... . 59 INDEX. 299 PAGE Chapter I. Organization, minutes, proceedings, etc........ 73 Chapter II. Colonial Stems, first immigrants.............. 73 Chapter III. Genealogy and biography of those living..... 93 Cole, Henry A., Mary Longaker Branch.................. 147 Coat of Arms......................................... 258 D. Dismant family and others of the branch.................. 393 Dismant, Miss Elizabeth, Treasurer...................... l6 Detwiler, Miss Bertha, vocal solo........................ 59 David W. Longacre, genealogy and biography, children, his branch, etc....................................... 97-100 Detwiler, Milton V., Jacob Longacre Family.............. 241 E. Evans, David, cornet solo at Ringing Rocks........... ... 15 Evans, Rev. L. K., D. D., invoked a blessing............ 55 Evans, Mrs. L. K., member of committee................ 57 Evans, Miss Anna R., piano solo........................ 55 Evans, Daniel L., recitation............................ 59 Emmanuel Longacre and family......................... 100-101 H. Hunsicker, --. and others of that family................ 292-294 300 INDEX. PAGE I. Invitation, third Re-union, Sanatoga Park................. 72 Immigrants, Daniel and Ulrich Longenecker, from 1722 to 1733, biography, etc., of them and their sons. Chapter II.............................................. 73-88 Immigrants, Colonial, nine sons: David, Christian, John, Ulrich, Jr., Jacob. David, John, Henry, and Jacob..... 77-79 Immigrants of Swiss origin............................. 79-81 Immigrant with Swedes, Andrew Longacre, sometimes writ- ten Anders Long'ker, settled at Kingsessing, Philadel- phia, 1634....................................... 75-76 Israel Longacre with Swedes, soldier of the Revolution, etc.. 76-77 Iron seal ring to attest name to legal papers............... 93 In memoriam, Longenecker Family...................... 160 K. Kendall, Sallie M., wife of William Brower, M. D......... 186 Kurtz, Edward Thompson, Jacob Longacre Family ........ 240 Kurtz, Davis Brooks.................................... 240 L. Landis-Longaker Branch: James M. Landis, Assistant Sta- tion Agent, Reading Railroad Company, now Chief Clerk, General Superintendent's Office, as well as of the Vice-President................................... 277 Landis, genealogy of; maternal great-grandfather of, was Jacob Longaker...................................... 278 Landis. Davis M., sketch of............................ 281 Longacre, Andrew, the immigrant with the Swedes, and Israel Longacre and descendants,................... 75-77 INDEX. 301 PAGE Longenecker, Jacob[1] (now Longaker), settled at Parker-Ford, names of children, etc.............................. 81-83 Longenecker, John H., letter, ancestor was printer at Zurich, Switzerland....................................... 79 Longenecker, David, visited Zurich and brought with him a genealogical tree, etc.............................. 79 Longenecker, John H., six sons, all practicing dentists...... 79 Longenecker, Jacob, changed the name to Longaker about 1780, and Daniel's descendants changed to Longacre... 81 List of members who paid dues of 25 cents................ 51-54 List of members present. Re-union of 1899................ 60-66 Longaker, Miss Mabel, recitation........................ 59 Longacre, Miss Mae, recitation.......................... 59 Longaker, Samuel G., Kansas City...................... 160 Longaker, Irwin, General Route Agent of Wells-Fargo Ex- press Company at Hastings, Neb.................... 160 Longaker, Rev. Frank C, Continental, Ohio.............. 55 Longaker, Hon. A. B., elected President.................. 56 Longaker, Miss Gertrude B., elected Secretary ............ 56 Longenecker, Hon. J. H., Bedford, regret of absence....... 56 Longacre, Jacob, birth of, May 15th, 1867; husband of Catharine Zimmerman........................................ 109 Longacre, Elizabeth, mother of Barbara High; said Barbara second wife of Henry Brower....................... 187 Longacre, Esther G., Maxton, biography of...'............ 219 Longacre, Samuel Diemer.............................. 220 Longacre, T. Miller, Stem Daniel[1], pedigree.............. 232 Longacre, Ester G., Family Branch...................... 233 Longacre, Carrie S., family of.......................... 236 Longacre, Jacob, family of, M. R. Longacre Branch........ 239 Longacre, Daniel W., Stem Danie[1]...................... 242 Longacre, John W., Stem Daniel[1]....................... 242 Longacre, Isaac W., Stem Daniel[1]....................... 242 Longacre, Christopher, and family of..................... 245 Longaker, John S., Fox Hill, Montgomery County......... 253 Longaker, George F., biography of........... ........... 252 Longaker, Samuel H., genealogy of...................... 205 Longaker, Dr. Daniel, Philadelphia, biography of.......... 199-205 Longaker, Peter, family of............................. 141 302 INDEX. PAGE Longaker, Rufus B., Mary, Louisa, Emeline, John B., Fran- ces Mira......................................... 141 Longaker, Rufus B., and family, Montgomery S., Hannah E., Elmira, Sarah Ann, Horace, Mary, Lewis C.......... 142 Loogaker, Lewis C., and family......................... 143 Longaker, Montgomery S., and family, Charles K., Mont- gomery B., Beulah, Mabel, Joseph, Louis, Russell B... 143 Longaker, Montgomery, biography of.................... 144-147 Longaker, Mary, Cole Branch .......................... 147 Longaker, Rufus B., biography........................ . 148-150 Longaker, Daniel, and family, sketch of, children of, George W., Mary N., Katie, Annie E., Daniel M., Mary B., Ellie V., Bertha, Sallie, Elizabeth, and Claribel....... 150-152 Longenecker, George, Nelson, Butte County, Cal., in drug business, served in Union Army in Civil War.......... 167 Longenecker, John S., deceased, served in Union Army in Civil War........................................ 167 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., genealogy.................. 167 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., genealogy; Adjutant of 101st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, "Cyclopedia of Montgomery County, Pa.".......................... 357 Longenecker, Joel M., sketch of, his father's family, six sons aad two daughters; all the sons enlisted in Union Army, Civil War; Henry R. was killed in the army, and Michael died in the service; four are living; admitted to the bar in 1870; State Attorney, Cook County, Ill.; tried the celebrated Cronin case (for murder); trial, lasted 100 days ................................... 170-171 Longanecker, William Alexander, biography of, father of the Rev. Peter Longenecker, Mennonite preacher; married Peggy Showalter; children: Christian; Elizabeth mar- ried Cover; Peter, David, and Absalom.............. 189 Longanecker, second wife of Joseph Longanecker was Sarah Mack; children: Jacob F.; Nancy married Moser; Lydia married Zachariah Ball............................ 189 Longanecker, Joseph, father of Lydia Longanecker Ball..... 189 Longanecker, Nancy, a daughter of Joseph.......'.......... 190 Longenecker, Isaac S., biography and pedigree.............. 197 Longenecker, Dr. C. B., biography of ................... 205 INDEX. 303 PAGE Longenecker, John, grant of land now poorhouse farm; died in 1745; will of; children.......................... 85 Longenecker, John, Susanna, widow of; marries Jacob Long- enecker.......................................... 85 Longenecker, Henry and David, brothers................. 88 Longenecker, Daniel[1], letter of, to his cousin Clotz......... 88 Longacre, Philip, Jacob, and John, and the children of Cas- per, deceased..................................... 89 Longenecker, John and David, Mennonite preachers at Schuylkill, 1750 to 1772............................ 91 Longenecker, Jacob[1], will of, children of, land at Parker- Ford, etc........................................ 92 Longenecker, David, son of Ulrich[1], immigrated about 1719; settled in Lancaster County, Pa.; tax collector; will of, in High Dutch.................................... 92-93 Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio; sketch of, genealogy, etc. 101-107 Longenecker, John, Wilmot, Ohio; list of names of his branch to circular letter was mailed.................. 108 Longenecker (now Longacre), Daniel, and his sons........ 87-88 Longenecker, letter of May 18th, 1738................... 88 Letter of H. E. Longenecker, Mount Joy; names of father, grandfather, etc................................... 95 Longacre, David W., and family........................ 98-100 Longacre, Emmanuel, and family... .................... 100-108 Longacre, Matthias R., genealogy and biography of........ 109-125 Longacre, Matthias R., boyhood days.................... 116 Longacre, Matthias R., genealogy....................... 123 Longnecker, Col. Henry C., deceased.................... 23, 163 Longenecker, David, deceased, biography of, died about 1770............................................ 221 Longenecker, Rev. Henry E., biography and genealogy of his branch........................................ 125-141 Longenecker, Hon. Jacob H., and branch of: Jacob, David, Daniel, Joseph, Abraham, Mrs. Mock, and Mrs. Abra- ham Winters................................. 152-161, 357 Longenecker Family, in memoriam...................... 161-164 Longenecker, Hans, immigrant. Colonial; Christian, immi- grant, Colonial; Alrige or Ulricb, immigrant. Colonial; Stifan (or Stephen), immigrant. Colonial ............. l6l 304 INDEX. PAGE Longenecker, Col. Henry C............................ 163 Longenecker, Dr. J. H., Assistant Surgeon............... 164 Longanecker family in Ohio, pedigree of.................. 214 Longenecker, Peter S., Galva County, Ill................. 153 Longenecker, Abraham, and family, Morrison's Cove....... 153 Longenecker, Daniel, New Lisbon, Ohio.................. 153 Longenecker, Abraham, married Nancy Snowberger........ 154 Longenecker, Samuel, school teacher..................... 154 Longenecker, Fannie, married Abraham Keagy............ 154 Longenecker, Catharine, married Jacob Strock............. 154 Longenecker, Jacob, died unmarried...................... 155 Longenecker, Daniel, and his son, Charles 0. ............. 155 Longenecker, David S.; a family of daughters and one son, a physician, of Emporia, Kan........................ 155 Longenecker, Barbara, married David F. Buck............ 155 Longenecker, Peter, and bis son, Charles S., 133 Wabash Avenue, Chicago ................................. 155 Longenecker, Susanna, married John Keagy.............. 156 Longenecker, David, Lancaster County; born about 1760-65. 156 Longenecker, John, father of Hon. J. H. Longenecker...... 157 Longenecker, Nancy, married Samuel G. Longaker........ 160 Longenecker, Hon. J. H., President Judge, biography of; leading cases decided by him; member of G. A. R. and Loyal Legion..................................... 164-167 Longenecker, Samuel Russell, Attorney-ai-Law............ 166 Longenecker, Ralph, Attomey-at-Law and instructor in law school .......................................... 166 Longenecker, Charles, Mechanical Engineer, with Cambria Steel Company.................................... 167 Longenecker, Luella May Yunk, biography and genealogy of..223-228 Longenecker, H. F.. family. Stem Ulrich[1]............... 228-231 Longenecker, Cornelia A., family of...................... 232 Longenecker, George................................. 160 Longenecker, George, in Union Army........................ 167 Longenecker, John S., in Union Army....................... 167 Longacre, William Wellington, biography of; Isaac S. Longacre, father of; married Mary Witmer; children of, Sadie E., Susan Ardilla, William W;, M. D.; J. Oscar, Alice R. Shotzberger, Isaac W................ 248 INDEX. 305 PAGE Longacre, Peter, grandfather of; married Elizabeth Rhoads; children of: Esther, William, Elizabeth, Mary, Peter, De- bora, Catharine, John, Hannah; second wife: Isaac S., deceased; Samuel S., Jacob S....................... 249 Longenecker, Peter, great-grandfather of the above......... 249 Longacre, Miss May S., Elkhart, Ind., letter of............ 251 Longnecker, Alcinda M., and others of her father's family... 295 Longnecker, Mary J., wife of Col. H. C., deceased; chil- dren of: Kendig Lewis Longnecker, Bessie, and Reginald ........................................ 254-255 Longnecker, Henry, and Elizabeth Kendig, his wife; chil- dren of, Mary Ann, Matilda married Hymen Long- necker, Edwin married Elizabeth Halderman, Henry C. married Ella Lewis, one son; Parke L., John, Gus- tavus Rudolph, John Kendig, Elizabeth Barbara, Sarah, and Henry C..................................... 255 Longnecker, Daniel, and family......................... 255 Longnecker Family as given by Col. H. C Longnecker; Martin Kendig, Commissioner, sent to Europe, 1711 and 1717............................................ 256 Longnecker, John, Attorney-at-Law; died at Panama...... 257 Longaker, Hon. Henry, and branches of his family; biog- raphy of; soldier, War 1812-14; Colonel of 109th Regiment, Militia; July, 1825, commissioned Justice of the Peace; 1831, Sheriff; 1851, one of the Associate Judges; re-elected 1856 ........................... 261-269 Longaker, Jacob; married Catharine Detwiler; children of 263 Longaker, Albert Alonzo, of John Longaker Branch....... 264 Longaker, Albert (family); married Racbael Stem; children: Frances Brower, married William M. Shoemaker; one child, William M.; Sarah J., deceased, married Henry C. Conrad; children: Edith and Rachael; E. Louise, married George K. Yeakel......................... 265 Longaker, Dr. Henry D., deceased; children of........... 266 Longaker, Sarah Ann; married Aaron Fretz; children: Joseph Henry, Albert L.; Frances L. married Henry C. Messinger; Kate B. married Charles Bevan; Mary Jane married Henry C. Styer ....................... 267 Longaker, Davis, family of............................. 268 306 INDEX. PAGE Longaker, Davis Brower, biography of................... 268 Longaker, Joho U., Civil Service in Philippine Islands ..... 268 Longaker, Mary Jane, wife of Morris L. Kirk; family of... 268 Longacre; Rosenberger Branch......................... 270 Longacre; Bears-Walker Branch........................ 271 Longacre, M. R., Haddon Heights, N. J.; family of ...... 272 Longacre, Andora Benner; Milton Benner served in Civil War............................................ 272 Longaker, Hon. A. B., sketch of; student at Washington Hall, Trappe; graduated at Union College, Schenectady, 1850; one of class orators; A. 0. Fraternity-now Delta Upsilon; Phi Beta Kappa; Alumni of New York City; Institute of Civics, New York; graduate of State and National Law School of New York State; also of law school of Judge McCartey, Easton, Pa.; Quarter- master 41st Regiment, then Commissary of Brigade; member of House of Representatives, Pennsylvania, sessions 1856, 1857, and 1858, and Speaker of House in 1858; Collector of United States Revenue, 1867; President Judge of Court of Common Pleas, 1868-term ten years; close of judicial term resumed practice at Norristown. December 8th, 1859, he married Mary Moore Slingluff, the second daughter of William H. and Mary Knorr Slingluff; children: Leila, married, Au- gust 7th, 1884, Henry Keller Kurtz, member of firm of W. W. Kurtz & Sons, Bankers; their children, William Wesley Kurtz, born May 12th, 1885; Leila, born July 11th, 1888, and Henry Keller Kurtz[2], July 19th, 1891; the second child, Rosalie, and the third, a son, Norris Slingluff-Longaker, soldier in Spanish-American War..... 273-275 Longaker, Isaac S. (family of); widow of, Caroline; chil- dren of: Jacob N., J. L., Mrs. D. K. Neiffer, J. H. C.. F. D., R. R.. Mrs. A. F. Young, Samuel............ 276 Longaker, Isabella; married John Y. Linderman........... 277 Longaker, David Allabaugh, sketch of.................,.. 281 Longacre, Jacob and family, biography of....^.».......... 281-291 Longacre, M. R., stationed, at Baton Rouge, La.; Military Storekeeper......................................... 112 Longenecker, Joel M., and five of his brothers, Henry B., Michael, Rufus, Addison, and Benjamin.............. I71 INDEX. 307 PAGE Longenecker, John, Lancaster County (father of Joel M.), born October 31st, 1775............................ 171 Longeneckcr, Dr. John Henry, at hospital aod Naval Acad- emy during Civil War.......................... 207 Longnecker, Colonel Henry C., Civil War and Mexican War............................................ 254 Longenecker, William Roger, genealogy of............... 259 M. Mennonites, Tunken, Quakers, and Swedes as Colonial immi- grants and settlers................................. 25-30 Mennonites' protest against slavery in 1688.............,.. 32-35 Mennonite preachers: Daniel[1] Longenecker, Christian Longe- necker, David and John............................ 73-75 Members, list of, who have paid dues-25 cents............ 51-54 Minutes, proceedings, history, etc., to be printed........... 54 Members of the Re-union Association-registration fee, 25 cents............................................ 57 Members of Committee: J. L. Longaker, Matthias R. Long- acre, Miss Lizzie B. Detwiler, Mrs. L. K. Evans...... 57 Members of Pennsylvania State Legislature............... 187 Memoriam to Longenecker Family......................... 160 0. Officers of Re-union Association.......................... 1 Order for the book.................................... 72 Organization, origin. Chapter I.......................... 1-73 308 INDEX. PAGE P. Pennypacker, Matthias, married Mary Maris, widow, and daughter of David Longenecker..................... 84 Pennypacker, Sarah, married William Walker............. 84 Pennypacker, Judge Samuel W., letter of, as regards Mary (nee Longaker) Maris....... ..................... 91 Pennypacker, Nathan, married Frances Brower; children: Joseph, Jacob, Ann................................ 187 Pennypacker, Ann, wife of James A. Pennypacker; chil- dren: Nathan, Mary E............................ 187 Pennypacker, Mattie................................... 187 Pennypacker, Mary E., married William Williamson; issue, Stanley, deceased; Anna, wife of Joseph Whitaker Thompson, attorney-at-law; First Assistant United States District Attorney James B. Holland, William L. Wil- liamson, Jr., deceased; Percy Williamson, unmarried... 188 Pennypacker, Frances, married Joseph Fitzwater; children: Albert and Ada.... .............................. 188 Pennypacker, Nathan, M. D............................ 187 Proceedings, history, etc., to be printed.................. 55 R. Revolutionary War, soldiers of; George Mathiot, grandfather of Mrs. Alexander Longanecker, was an officer in the Continental Army..................................... 194 Raftsnyder, Edward Albert, genealogy of................... 208 Re-union, first meeting................................... 2 Re-union of 1899............................................ 58 Ringing Rocks, First Re-union Convention................... 14 Re-union of 1902 ........................................ 71 Report of First Convention, exercises, etc................ 14 Re-union of 1896, Ringing Rocks; list of those present.... 36-47 Revolutionary War, soldiers of, enrolled and mustered with the Militia: Jacob Longenecker, Jacob Longenecker, Jr., John Wagenseller, whose son, Peter, married Susanna Longaker.......................................... 90-91 INDEX. 309 PAGE Revolutionary War, soldiers of: Alexander Russell, great- grandfather of Nannie Rebecca Russell, wife of Hon. Jacob H. Longenecker, left Princeton College in 1775; was commissioned as Lieutenant, Captain, and served five years......................................... 167-168 Russell, Captain Alexander; James McPherson, Member of Congress; Hon. Samuel L,, Member of Congress; Nan- nie Rebecca, wife of Judge Longenecker.............. 168 Register of names in 1896-about 285 members............ 56 Registration fee, 25 cents............................... 57 S. Secretary, Miss Gertrude B. Longaker ................... l6 Subscribers, list of, for history........................... 47-51 Sanatoga Park, Third Re-union of 1902.................. 71 Shenkle, Miss Florence, piano solo ...................... 55 Swiss origin, letter of Ulrich Hein....................... 80 Soldiers in the Civil War: Hon. A. B. and Davis Longaker.. 91 Stopp, Rev. Samuel Augustus Bridges, biography of........ 209-214 Shenkle, Barbara, Ann Longacre Branch.................. 244 W. War of 1812-14, Hon. Henry Longaker and Joseph Long- aker............................................ 90 War of the Rebellion, A. B. and Davis Longaker; War, Spanish-American, Norris S. and John U. Longaker, soldiers of ....................................... 91 Will of David Longenecker, children of: John, Mary, David, Jacob, Henry, Daniel, Peter, Isaac. Mary married --- Maris; he died, and she then married Matthias Pennypacker..................................... 84 310 INDEX. PAGE Will of David Longacre[3]; his widow, Barbara, and eight children surrived him: John, Christopher, Frances, Daniel, Debora, Elizabeth, Jacob, and Isaac.................. 85 Will of John Longenecker, Rapho Township, naming children, etc......................................... 93 Will of Christian Longenecker, abstract, etc., names of children ........................................... 94 Will of Ulrich Longenecker, Jr., lands, children, etc.; executors named...................................... 95 ©2016 Steve Penfold all rights reserved